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Since 1975 so many people have been moving to Utah such that [#permalink]

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20 Sep 2004, 07:31

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00:00

A

B

C

D

E

Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

64% (00:54) correct
36% (00:59) wrong based on 1150 sessions

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Since 1975 so many people have been moving to Utah such that Mormons who were once 75 percent of the population are now only accounting for half of it.

A. so many people have been moving to Utah such that Mormons who were once 75 percent of the population are now only accounting for half of it B. many people have been moving to Utah, so Mormons once 75 percent of the population are now accounting for only half C. that many people have been moving to Utah, such that the Mormons that were once 75 percent of the population are now accounting for only half of it D. many people have been moving to Utah such that the Mormons, who once represented 75 percent of the population, now only account for half E. so many people have been moving to Utah that the Mormons, who once represented 75 percent of the population, now account for only half

Re: Since 1975 so many people have been moving to Utah such that [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2013, 00:10

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fozzzy wrote:

Can someone explain why option D is incorrect. I picked E but what are the errors in D

Can someone also elaborate on the usage of "such that"

Hi fozzzy.

A simple rule is: "Such that" tells you HOW a thing is to be done ("such that" = such a way that) "So that" tells you WHY a thing is to be done

Back to this question: D. many people have been moving to Utah such that the Mormons, who once represented 75 percent of the population, now only account for half Wrong. D does not convey the result of "the moving". In fact, D says that many people have been moving such a way that the Mormons now only account for half. ==> D indicates the way that many people have been moving [HOW people have been moving]. Hence, D does not make sense.

E. so many people have been moving to Utah that the Mormons, who once represented 75 percent of the population, now account for only half Correct. "so that" tells you the result. Because so X, that Y......

Hope it helps.
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Since 1975 so many people have been moving to Utah [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2015, 23:28

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I don't think the 75% of the population is the subject of the choices of A, B and C. The subject of those choices is Mormons.

A. so many people have been moving to Utah such that Mormons who were once 75 percent of the population are now only accounting for half of it >> pronoun error, is it 75% of Utah or population B. many people have been moving to Utah, so Mormons once 75 percent of the population are now accounting for only half >> accounting for = responsible for, object caused something >> changes the meaning C. that many people have been moving to Utah, such that the Mormons that were once 75 percent of the population are now accounting for only half of it >> same error in choice A D. many people have been moving to Utah such that the Mormons, who once represented 75 percent of the population, now only account for half >> only is misplaced >> changes the meaning E. so many people have been moving to Utah that the Mormons, who once represented 75 percent of the population, now account for only half >> meaning intact, no error.
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Re: Since 1975 so many people have been moving to Utah such that [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2015, 21:38

Since 1975 so many people have been moving to Utah such that Mormons who were once 75 percent of the population are now only accounting for half of it.

Split 1# : “Only accounting for half” Vs “Accounting for only half” Only should modify Half not account or accounting. Only accounting implies, Mormons could have done something great but they only account. So option A and D are incorrect. Split 2 # : “Are now accounting” Vs “now account” Present progressive is not required. Sentence presents a general fact, I think Simple present is much better choice than Simple progressive. Option A, B, C – Incorrect Split 3 : “Were 75 % population” Vs” represented 75% of population” One cannot be 75% of population, but it can represent 75% of population. Indians Represent 30 % of Canadian population. We cannot say Indians are 30% of Canadian population. Later is not proper. So “were 75 % of population” is incorrect Option A,C incorrect

A. so many people have been moving to Utah such that Mormons who were once 75 percent of the population are now only accounting for half of it - Incorrect – Split1, 2 , 3 B. many people have been moving to Utah, so Mormons once 75 percent of the population are now accounting for only half Incorrect – Split 2 C. that many people have been moving to Utah, such that the Mormons that were once 75 percent of the population are now accounting for only half of it Incorrect Incorrect - split 2,3 D. many people have been moving to Utah such that the Mormons, who once represented 75 percent of the population, now only account for half Incorrect Incorrect – split 2 E. so many people have been moving to Utah that the Mormons, who once represented 75 percent of the population, now account for only half - Correct

Re: Since 1975 so many people have been moving to Utah [#permalink]

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12 Dec 2015, 16:31

To solve this, we must keep in mind that, "so" and "that" are used together in a sentence.

A. so many people have been moving to Utah such that Mormons who were once 75 percent of the population are now only accounting for half of it - such that is wrong, it should only be that B. many people have been moving to Utah, so Mormons once 75 percent of the population are now accounting for only half - here the population has been compared with a value, hence, wrong comparison C. that many people have been moving to Utah, such that the Mormons that were once 75 percent of the population are now accounting for only half of it - that/such that combination is wrong, as in case of A + the usage of "it" is ambiguous D. many people have been moving to Utah such that the Mormons, who once represented 75 percent of the population, now only account for half - here the population has been compared with a value, hence, wrong comparison E. so many people have been moving to Utah that the Mormons, who once represented 75 percent of the population, now account for only half - no such errors
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Re: Since 1975 so many people have been moving to Utah [#permalink]

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13 Dec 2015, 01:11

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The sentence tests usage of 2 correct idiomatic expressions

1. So X that Y { Answers the question why } 2. Account for {gives a satisfactory record of something}

A. so many people have been moving to Utah such that Mormons who were once 75 percent of the population are now only accounting for half of it B. many people have been moving to Utah, so Mormons once 75 percent of the population are now accounting for only half C. that many people have been moving to Utah, such that the Mormons that were once 75 percent of the population are now accounting for only half of it D. many people have been moving to Utah such that the Mormons, who once represented 75 percent of the population, now only account for half E. so many people have been moving to Utah that the Mormons, who once represented 75 percent of the population, now account for only half So IMHO (E) _________________

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Re: Since 1975 so many people have been moving to Utah such that [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2016, 21:49

Grammar in action:

Correct idiom usage: so x that y

Every option, other than E, demonstrates what not to combine with many, such that etc. Also, option E showcases the modifier placement very well Mormons, <phrase modifying or talking about what comes just before the comma> _________________

Since 1975 so many people have been moving to Utah such that Mormons w [#permalink]

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06 Mar 2017, 19:46

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Note that plain usage of "such that" is considered unidiomatic.

We need to say something like "such + Noun/Adjective + that" for its usage to be correct. For example - "the crime has risen to such levels that ..."

Let us look at the answer options.

Option A - Incorrect. "so many people have been moving to Utah such that" - Usage of such that is incorrect.

"such that Mormons who were once 75 percent of the population" - Usage of restrictive clause suggests that we are referring to ONLY those Mormons who accounted for 75% percent of the population. Implies that there were other Mormons who did not account for 75% of the population. Illogical.

"Mormons who were once 75 percent of the population are now only accounting for half of it" - Inappropriate usage of present continuous. To talk about facts/general truths we use the simple present.

Option B - Incorrect. "Mormons [who were] once 75 percent of the population are now accounting" - usage of restrictive modifier changes the meaning of the sentence.

Usage of present continuous tense is inappropriate.

Also note that the intended meaning is "so many people have been moving to Utah that Mormons, who were once 75 percent of the population, now only account for half" - this suggests something unusual or dramatic.

However, in this option that effect is lost - "many people have been moving to Utah". This no longer conveys the intended meaning.

Option C - "that many people have been moving to Utah" - the usage is incorrect. "such that the Mormons that were once 75 percent" - Plain "such that" is unidiomatic.

"such that the Mormons that were once 75 percent" - We do not use "that" to refer to people. Moreover, this suggests that we are referring ONLY to those who were once 75%, not to other Mormons there. "... are now accounting for only half of it" - We need simple present.

Option D - "many people have been moving to Utah" - this distorts the intended meaning by suggesting that the movement was not dramatic/remarkable situation. "such that the Mormons" Usage of "such that" is unidiomatic.
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Re: Since 1975 so many people have been moving to Utah such that Mormons w [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2017, 05:58

Since 1975 so many people have been moving to Utah such that Mormons who were once 75 percent of the population are now only accounting for half of it

A. so many people have been moving to Utah such that Mormons who were once 75 percent of the population are now only accounting for half of it B. many people have been moving to Utah, so Mormons once 75 percent of the population are now accounting for only halfChange in meaning C. that many people have been moving to Utah, such that the Mormons that were once 75 percent of the population are now accounting for only half of it D. many people have been moving to Utah such that the Mormons, who once represented 75 percent of the population, now only account for half --> Only is incorrectly modifying Account. E. so many people have been moving to Utah that the Mormons, who once represented 75 percent of the population, now account for only half
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Mdacosta, there's some pretty persistent voices out there saying that you can "ignore the fluff" or "ignore the middleman" between two commas. That's an oversimplification, and not something that you'd want to apply too broadly to GMAT questions.

Don't get me wrong: it can be useful to strip out some modifiers to help you see the sentence structure more clearly. Subject-verb agreement is the most obvious example:

A bag of peaches, which are delicious fruit grown in the hills of southern Georgia and on the western slope of Colorado, cost more at Whole Foods than at Safeway.

Obviously, it's much easier to spot the error ("A bag... cost" is incorrect) if you "ignore the fluff" ("of peaches" and that whole mess inside the commas).

Thing is, you don't want to permanently and completely ignore that stuff. Absolutely anything in the sentence can impact the meaning, or provide a referent for a pronoun. In the GMATPrep example about Mormons in Utah, the sentence makes perfect sense if you're reading the whole thing, including the stuff inside the commas -- but if you ignore that modifier completely, you'll end up with the wrong answer.

So yes, "ignore the middleman" temporarily to help you understand structure or subject-verb agreement, but don't completely ignore anything when it comes to the meaning of the sentence.

Need an expert reply? Hit the request verbal experts' reply button -- and please be specific about your question. Feel free to tag @GMATNinja and @GMATNinjaTwo in your post.

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