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# Since chromosome damage may be caused by viral infections,

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Director
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Since chromosome damage may be caused by viral infections, [#permalink]

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25 Apr 2006, 03:14
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Since chromosome damage may be caused by viral infections, medical x-rays, and exposure to sunlight, it is important that the chromosomes of a population to be tested for chemically induced damage be compared with those of a control population.

(A) to be tested for chemically induced damage be compared with
(B) being tested for damage induced chemically are compared with
(C) being tested for chemically induced damage should be compared to
(D) being tested for chemically induced damage are to be compared to
(E) that is to be tested for chemically induced damage are to be comparable with

If you have any questions
New!
Director
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25 Apr 2006, 03:34
I think it's A.
First of all I thought to eliminate B C and D just because the presence of 'being' in them then I thought to dig more.

(A) to be tested for chemically induced damage be compared with
Correct
(B) being tested for damage induced chemically are compared with
Incorrect - 'damage induced chemically' is not properly used
(C) being tested for chemically induced damage should be compared to
Incorrect - 'compared with' is required
(D) being tested for chemically induced damage are to be compared to
Incorrect - 'compared with' is required
(E) that is to be tested for chemically induced damage are to be comparable with
Incorrect - 'that is' and 'are to be comparable' are awkwardly used

Regards,
Brajesh
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25 Apr 2006, 04:13
The OA is A.

But can someone explain this..

Since chromosome damage may be caused by viral infections, medical x-rays, and exposure to sunlight, it is important that the chromosomes of a population to be tested for chemically induced damage be compared with those of a control population.

How can "that" and "to be" go together.

Since chromosome damage may be caused by viral infections, medical x-rays, and exposure to sunlight, it is important that the chromosomes of a population be tested for chemically induced damage be compared with those of a control population.

then it would have been right.
But doesn't the "to" distort the sentence?
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25 Apr 2006, 04:28
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remgeo wrote:
Since chromosome damage may be caused by viral infections, medical x-rays, and exposure to sunlight, it is important that the chromosomes of a population to be tested for chemically induced damage be compared with those of a control population.

(A) to be tested for chemically induced damage be compared with
(B) being tested for damage induced chemically are compared with
(C) being tested for chemically induced damage should be compared to
(D) being tested for chemically induced damage are to be compared to
(E) that is to be tested for chemically induced damage are to be comparable with

remgeo buddy,
At first, i was also misguided by what confuses you. But after closely examing the sentence, i find there's nothing wrong with the structure:

+it is important that the chromosomes of a population to be tested for chemically induced damage be compared with those of a control population.

...that ....be compared ..... ---> a subjunctive usage.

+what it means by "to be tested" ? ..this usage indicates that something will be acted on in a future arrangement.

+Btw, I want to make clear what the difference between "compare to" and "compare with " is: ( This will be posted in "Advanced grammer points" again)

Compare usually takes the preposition to when it refers to the activity of describing the resemblances between unlike things:
Example: He compared her to a summer day. Scientists sometimes compare the human brain to a computer.

It takes with when it refers to the act of examining two like things in order to discern their similarities or differences:
Example: The police compared the forged signature with the original.
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25 Apr 2006, 04:28
remgeo wrote:
The OA is A.

But can someone explain this..

Since chromosome damage may be caused by viral infections, medical x-rays, and exposure to sunlight, it is important that the chromosomes of a population to be tested for chemically induced damage be compared with those of a control population.

How can "that" and "to be" go together.

Since chromosome damage may be caused by viral infections, medical x-rays, and exposure to sunlight, it is important that the chromosomes of a population be tested for chemically induced damage be compared with those of a control population.

then it would have been right.
But doesn't the "to" distort the sentence?

I think in this case for parallelism

exposure to sunlight, it is important that the chromosomes of a population to be tested
Director
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25 Apr 2006, 06:02
Laxie, thanks for the compare to and compare with. I used to scan only for "compare with" for the right answer.
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25 Apr 2006, 06:57
"A" for me.

Great explanations Brajesh & Laxie!
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28 May 2006, 20:10
'Compare with' is the correct idiom. C,D are out.
E changes the meaning with 'comparable with'
B is out --> 'damaged induced chemically' is awkward

A is the best choice.
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29 May 2006, 04:12
Will go with A
From my Notes:
Difference Bt Compare to and Compare with

Compare usually takes the preposition to when it refers to the activity of describing the resemblances between unlike things:
Example: He compared her to a summer day. Scientists sometimes compare the human brain to a computer.

It takes with when it refers to the act of examining two like things in order to discern their similarities or differences:
Example: The police compared the forged signature with the original.
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15 Jun 2007, 11:12
b14kumar wrote:
I think it's A.
First of all I thought to eliminate B C and D just because the presence of 'being' in them then I thought to dig more.

1. we have to be cautious when eliminating being. in rare cases, being is correct.

2. B is wrong because the GMAT syntax and SWE state this rule:

A is correct.
Manager
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04 May 2008, 04:21
it is a case of subjunctive

so be is used

compared with to signify difference
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04 May 2008, 09:03
We are comparing chromosomes. So we need to use compare with (like terms, to show similiarities or differences). So eliminiate C & D.
E is awkward. Between A & B,. "chemically induced damage" vs "damage induced chemically" what is the rule here ?
Why is chemically induced damage better ?

remgeo wrote:
Since chromosome damage may be caused by viral infections, medical x-rays, and exposure to sunlight, it is important that the chromosomes of a population to be tested for chemically induced damage be compared with those of a control population.

(A) to be tested for chemically induced damage be compared with
B) being tested for damage induced chemically are compared with
(C) being tested for chemically induced damage should be compared to
(D) being tested for chemically induced damage are to be compared to
(E) that is to be tested for chemically induced damage are to be comparable with

Re: SC chromosome damage   [#permalink] 04 May 2008, 09:03
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