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Since dogs may be attracted to alcoholic beverages left out by the mot

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Since dogs may be attracted to alcoholic beverages left out by the mot  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2020, 01:34
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Question Stats:

21% (01:14) correct 79% (01:11) wrong based on 375 sessions

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Since dogs may be attracted to alcoholic beverages left out by the motel guests, it is strongly recommended to keep drinks and bottles out of their reach at all times.

(A) it is strongly recommended to keep drinks and bottles out of their
(B) it is highly recommended that drinks and bottles be kept out of dogs'
(C) it strongly recommended to keep drinks and bottles out of dogs'
(D) it is highly recommended that drinks and bottles are kept out of dogs'
(E) it is highly recommended to keep drinks and bottles out of dogs'

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Re: Since dogs may be attracted to alcoholic beverages left out by the mot  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2020, 04:31
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(A) it is strongly recommended to keep drinks and bottles out of their
(B) it is highly recommended that drinks and bottles be kept out of dogs'
(C) it strongly recommended to keep drinks and bottles out of dogs'
(D) it is highly recommended that drinks and bottles are kept out of dogs'
(E) it is highly recommended to keep drinks and bottles out of dogs'

(B) is the correct one, recommended with that requires the subjunctive.
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Re: Since dogs may be attracted to alcoholic beverages left out by the mot  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2020, 07:47
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Bunuel wrote:
Since dogs may be attracted to alcoholic beverages left out by the motel guests, it is strongly recommended to keep drinks and bottles out of their reach at all times.

(A) it is strongly recommended to keep drinks and bottles out of their
(B) it is highly recommended that drinks and bottles be kept out of dogs'
(C) it strongly recommended to keep drinks and bottles out of dogs'
(D) it is highly recommended that drinks and bottles are kept out of dogs'
(E) it is highly recommended to keep drinks and bottles out of dogs'


B, IMO
There is subjunctive usage in this ques . As per subjunctive rule trigger word + that + subject + base form (plural form ).
Instead of helping verbs such as IS , AM , ARE , 'be' must be used .

Since dogs may be attracted to alcoholic beverages left out by the motel guests, it is strongly recommended to keep drinks and bottles out of their reach at all times.

(A) it is strongly recommended to keep drinks and bottles out of their

--Incorrect .Subjunctive rule not followed .

(B) it is highly recommended that drinks and bottles be kept out of dogs'

-- Correctly used subjunctive rules mentioned above
(C) it strongly recommended to keep drinks and bottles out of dogs'

--Incorrect .Subjunctive rule not followed .

(D) it is highly recommended that drinks and bottles are kept out of dogs'

--Incorrect .Subjunctive rule not followed .

(E) it is highly recommended to keep drinks and bottles out of dogs'

--Incorrect .Subjunctive rule not followed .
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Re: Since dogs may be attracted to alcoholic beverages left out by the mot  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2020, 11:47
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Since dogs may be attracted to alcoholic beverages left out by the motel guests, [u]it is strongly recommended to keep drinks and bottles out of their reach at all times.

Tested: Pronouns, Subjunctive mood

(A) it is strongly recommended to keep drinks and bottles out of their - 'Their' could be referred to guests and dogs. Ambiguous. Out
(B) it is highly recommended that drinks and bottles be kept out of dogs' - subjunctive rule error, it should take the Base verb form. Out.
(C) it strongly recommended to keep drinks and bottles out of dogs' - Main verb 'is' is missing. Out
(D) it is highly recommended that drinks and bottles are kept out of dogs' - Same issue as 'B'.
(E) it is highly recommended to keep drinks and bottles out of dogs' - Correct and clear.
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Re: Since dogs may be attracted to alcoholic beverages left out by the mot  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2020, 12:31
Leadership wrote:
Since dogs may be attracted to alcoholic beverages left out by the motel guests, [u]it is strongly recommended to keep drinks and bottles out of their reach at all times.

Tested: Pronouns, Subjunctive mood

(A) it is strongly recommended to keep drinks and bottles out of their - 'Their' could be referred to guests and dogs. Ambiguous. Out
(B) it is highly recommended that drinks and bottles be kept out of dogs' - subjunctive rule error, it should take the Base verb form. Out.
(C) it strongly recommended to keep drinks and bottles out of dogs' - Main verb 'is' is missing. Out
(D) it is highly recommended that drinks and bottles are kept out of dogs' - Same issue as 'B'.
(E) it is highly recommended to keep drinks and bottles out of dogs' - Correct and clear.


I think subjunctive mood rules are not violated in option (B). Use of "be" is allowed if voice is passive

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Re: Since dogs may be attracted to alcoholic beverages left out by the mot  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2020, 17:58
Since dogs may be attracted to alcoholic beverages left out by the motel guests, it is strongly recommended to keep drinks and bottles out of their reach at all times.

This question test the subjunctive verb & pronoun concept.


(A) it is strongly recommended to keep drinks and bottles out of their

1. while using "to" violates the subjunctive verb error.
2. "their " is ambiguous , it may refer to dogs or guest. Ambiguity doesn't allow in GMAT.

- Incorrect

(B) it is highly recommended that drinks and bottles be kept out of dogs'

1. while using "that" & "be" corrects the subjunctive verb error.
2. replacing "their" with "dog's" removes ambiguity.

- Correct

(C) it strongly recommended to keep drinks and bottles out of dogs'

1. " is" is missing in the sentence
2. using "to" after the word" recommended" violates the subjunctive verb rule.
3. In subjunctive verb rule - [recommended] + [that] + [subject(doesn't matter singular/plural)] + [plural verb form but in case of is/are/am - be should be used] ; plural verb form is missing.

- Incorrect


(D) it is highly recommended that drinks and bottles are kept out of dogs'

- using "are" violates the subjunctive verb rule.

- Incorrect

(E) it is highly recommended to keep drinks and bottles out of dogs'

- using " to" after "recommended" violates the subjunctive verb rule.

- Incorrect
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Re: Since dogs may be attracted to alcoholic beverages left out by the mot  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2020, 20:54

OFFICIAL EXPLANATION



Since dogs may be attracted to alcoholic beverages left out by the motel guests, it is strongly recommended to keep drinks and bottles out of their reach at all times.

(A) it is strongly recommended to keep drinks and bottles out of their

Incorrect.

This answer choice is stylistically flawed. The pronoun their is ambiguous because it agrees with more than one noun (dogs, motel guests).

What helps us identify this question as a Pronoun question as well as identify the ambiguity mistakes is the following Stop Sign: Every pronoun in the underlined part of the sentence or after it



(B) it is highly recommended that drinks and bottles be kept out of dogs'

Incorrect.

This answer choice repeats the original mistake. The pronoun their is ambiguous because it agrees with more than one noun (dogs, motel guests).

Moreover, this answer choice adds another ambiguity mistake as a result of replacing it with they. They is ambiguous because it agrees with more than one noun too (dogs, motel guests).



(C) it strongly recommended to keep drinks and bottles out of dogs'

Incorrect.

While this answer choice corrects the original ambiguity mistake by replacing the ambiguous pronoun their with dogs', it is grammatically incorrect.

With the removal of the verb is, we now do not know what the pronoun it refers to. What does it replace in the sentence? In the original sentences, it is recommended makes sense as it is a pronoun tsubject replacement and therefore it needs no referent. But in the phrase it strongly recommended, it is the active subject of the sentence with no referent.



(D) it is highly recommended that drinks and bottles are kept out of dogs'

Incorrect.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect. The singular pronoun its can only grammatically refer to motel, but this is not logical.

Since the phrase out of X's reach could only logically refer to dogs in the current context, the corrected sentence would require a plural pronoun.



(E) it is highly recommended to keep drinks and bottles out of dogs'

This answer choice corrects the original ambiguity mistake, by replacing their with dogs'. Note that replacing strongly with highly does not constitute a change of meaning as strongly and highly are synonyms in this case.
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Re: Since dogs may be attracted to alcoholic beverages left out by the mot  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2020, 22:25
Since dogs may be attracted to alcoholic beverages left out by the motel guests, it is strongly recommended to keep drinks and bottles out of their reach at all times.

(A) it is strongly recommended to keep drinks and bottles out of their
- the pronoun 'their' has multiple possible antecedents: dogs, beverages, motel guests.
(B) it is highly recommended that drinks and bottles be kept out of dogs' - (B) uses the subjunctive verb form, the verb form that is usually used to describe recommendations. Hence, (B) is the right answer choice.
(C) it strongly recommended to keep drinks and bottles out of dogs'
- does not have the subjunctive verb tense. besides, the verb ''is'' is missing here.
(D) it is highly recommended that drinks and bottles are kept out of dogs'
- does not have the subjunctive verb tense.
(E) it is highly recommended to keep drinks and bottles out of dogs'- does not have the subjunctive verb tense.
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Re: Since dogs may be attracted to alcoholic beverages left out by the mot  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2020, 10:35
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Bunuel wrote:

OFFICIAL EXPLANATION



Since dogs may be attracted to alcoholic beverages left out by the motel guests, it is strongly recommended to keep drinks and bottles out of their reach at all times.

(A) it is strongly recommended to keep drinks and bottles out of their

Incorrect.

This answer choice is stylistically flawed. The pronoun their is ambiguous because it agrees with more than one noun (dogs, motel guests).

What helps us identify this question as a Pronoun question as well as identify the ambiguity mistakes is the following Stop Sign: Every pronoun in the underlined part of the sentence or after it



(B) it is highly recommended that drinks and bottles be kept out of dogs'

Incorrect.

This answer choice repeats the original mistake. The pronoun their is ambiguous because it agrees with more than one noun (dogs, motel guests).

Moreover, this answer choice adds another ambiguity mistake as a result of replacing it with they. They is ambiguous because it agrees with more than one noun too (dogs, motel guests).



(C) it strongly recommended to keep drinks and bottles out of dogs'

Incorrect.

While this answer choice corrects the original ambiguity mistake by replacing the ambiguous pronoun their with dogs', it is grammatically incorrect.

With the removal of the verb is, we now do not know what the pronoun it refers to. What does it replace in the sentence? In the original sentences, it is recommended makes sense as it is a pronoun tsubject replacement and therefore it needs no referent. But in the phrase it strongly recommended, it is the active subject of the sentence with no referent.



(D) it is highly recommended that drinks and bottles are kept out of dogs'

Incorrect.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect. The singular pronoun its can only grammatically refer to motel, but this is not logical.

Since the phrase out of X's reach could only logically refer to dogs in the current context, the corrected sentence would require a plural pronoun.



(E) it is highly recommended to keep drinks and bottles out of dogs'

This answer choice corrects the original ambiguity mistake, by replacing their with dogs'. Note that replacing strongly with highly does not constitute a change of meaning as strongly and highly are synonyms in this case.




Explanation for B seems a bit off. Option B does not have either " their" or " they" yet the explanation for B cite these as reasons to eliminate option B? Am I is missing something?
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Re: Since dogs may be attracted to alcoholic beverages left out by the mot  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2020, 17:36
OA's explanation for B seems irrelevant to the actual option.
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Re: Since dogs may be attracted to alcoholic beverages left out by the mot  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2020, 05:11
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I think the OA is indeed E but there has been a typo on answer B. I just did a quick google search and it looks like the original answer for B was meant to be: "they are strongly recommended to keep drinks and bottles out of their" (Im not allowed to post the link here but if you just google it, you'll find it posted by Bloombergprep).

So in this case, it does make sense that answer E is the correct one.
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Re: Since dogs may be attracted to alcoholic beverages left out by the mot  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2020, 05:47
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Yes, as others have pointed out above, the Official Explanation offered for (B) must refer to a sentence that does not appear here. Furthermore, for those justifying the use of the subjunctive tense in (B), that is absolutely correct: it is recommended that often adopts a subjunctive construct. For reference, here is an article from Grammarly that addresses the issue using this exact clause trigger (it is recommended that). Are there other ways of correctly expressing the above sentence? In a word, yes, and choice (E) presents one such case. It is also fine to recommend to do something, as the Oxford Learner's Dictionaries outlines in this post. (See the next to last example in the second definition.) In short, either (B) or (E) is justifiable on grammatical grounds. If you want to argue that the latter is optimal because of its lesser word count, then so be it, but you cannot eliminate this iteration of (B) because of its grammar.

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Re: Since dogs may be attracted to alcoholic beverages left out by the mot  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2020, 09:51
This is an amazing question in that a curve ball has been brilliantly thrown to test the concept of subjunctive.

I fell for B too and even though I usually do realize my mistake after looking at the correct answer choice I had to thoroughly read out the post by Leadership to understand the error.

Thank you Leadership
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Re: Since dogs may be attracted to alcoholic beverages left out by the mot  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2020, 10:15
arun@crackverbal - Can you please help with this?
I have gone through the explanation, but most of the folks are actually debating whether the correct answer is E or B.

I marked B, read about subjunctive mood again, and yet can not find out the problem over here.
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Re: Since dogs may be attracted to alcoholic beverages left out by the mot   [#permalink] 05 Jun 2020, 10:15

Since dogs may be attracted to alcoholic beverages left out by the mot

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