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Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest

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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2016, 00:48
hsbinfy wrote:
daagh wrote:
November is yet to come and the process of prediction by analysts is continuing; therefore, there is no room for a past tense verb here; So, B, C and E are just out at the first kick. A raise in target is not a matter of command subjunctive; can analysts command the FED? Never. By dropping the word will, the clause is unduly rendered subjunctive. Therefore, D is also out. A, the winner all the way.


hi daagh,

aprreciate ur inouts on this question .Although i marked A have some doubts for C

after reading the option C for first time i think it lacked 'have' (analysts have predicted )

if have was there in C was C also correct?


No, the present perfect tense (e.g. have predicted) is used to refer to an action that happened in the past but whose effect is still present. Nonethelesss, if the action is still continuing to happen in the present then a present perfect continuous tense (have been predicting) is preferred in order to emphasise the on-going aspect of the verb.

With phrases such as "for 10 months", "since Tuesday" etc., the present perfect continous fits better.
I have deen feeling this pain since last Friday... (means I am still feeling)
He has been studying for the last 2 hours.... ( means he is still sick)
BUT
I have felt the pain. (means I felt the pain in past, but the effect of the feeling is still there)
He has studied. (means he studied in past, but the effect of studying is still there)

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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2016, 05:19
jj32 wrote:
Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times, and because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November.

A. because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will
B. with the economy’s strength continuing, analysts predicted for weeks that the target
C. because the economy continues strong, analysts predicted for weeks that the target would
D. due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target
E. due to the fact of the economy’s continued strength, analysts predicted for weeks that the target will


A. because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will. The sentence is in 'present perfect' tense, and hence 'will' form of verb looks perfectly fine. 'because of' is also right. Hold it.

B. with the economy’s strength continuing, analysts predicted for weeks that the target. 'with the economy strength continuing' has meaning issues. Analysts predicted because of economy’s strength continuing?

C. because the economy continues strong, analysts predicted for weeks that the target would. 'predicted' and 'would' are redundant.

D. due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target. replace 'due to' with 'caused by', and we will not get the meaning.

E. due to the fact of the economy’s continued strength, analysts predicted for weeks that the target will replace 'due to' with 'caused by', and we will not get the meaning.

A is the answer
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2016, 08:21
There is no issue with the original sentence, so answer choice A is the correct one by default.
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2016, 08:18
jj32 wrote:
Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times, and because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November.

A. because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will
B. with the economy’s strength continuing, analysts predicted for weeks that the target
C. because the economy continues strong, analysts predicted for weeks that the target would
D. due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target
E. due to the fact of the economy’s continued strength, analysts predicted for weeks that the target will


becuase modifies verb, in option A becuase modifies which verb?

If we have option D as "D. due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will" - is it correct!

also if we replace "due to" with "caused by" doesn't it make sense.
whats wrong in saying caused by economy's continued strength; is that wrong since it modifies analysts :?:

pls advise
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2016, 08:30
smartguy595 wrote:
jj32 wrote:
Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times, and because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November.

A. because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will
B. with the economy’s strength continuing, analysts predicted for weeks that the target
C. because the economy continues strong, analysts predicted for weeks that the target would
D. due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target
E. due to the fact of the economy’s continued strength, analysts predicted for weeks that the target will


becuase modifies verb, in option A becuase modifies which verb?

If we have option D as "D. due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will" - is it correct!

also if we replace "due to" with "caused by" doesn't it make sense.
whats wrong in saying caused by economy's continued strength; is that wrong since it modifies analysts :?:

pls advise


You have to look at the clause in its entirety. the first clause has the verb "rise (raised)" and in the second clause even though "strength" is a noun that is modified by the adjectival phrase "economy's continued", the entire clause nonetheless has auxiliary verbs such as "will" & "be"and main verb such as "predict" & "rise" . This clearly indicates that we are dealing with two clauses with two set of verb phrases joined by the conjunction "and". Since we are dealing with verbs therefore you cannot use "due to" which can only modify noun or noun phrases.

If you ever have doubts regarding the usage of "due to " then simply replace it with "caused by" and then analyse whether the sentence is making sense or not. If the sentence does not make sense then "due to" usage is incorrect.
APPLY this rule here and see how absurd the sentence becomes:-
Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times, and caused by economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November. AWKWARD AND INCORRECT.

Hope this helps. !!
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Last edited by LogicGuru1 on 01 Aug 2016, 03:22, edited 3 times in total.

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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2016, 10:13
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smartguy595 wrote:
jj32 wrote:
Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times, and because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November.

A. because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will
B. with the economy’s strength continuing, analysts predicted for weeks that the target
C. because the economy continues strong, analysts predicted for weeks that the target would
D. due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target
E. due to the fact of the economy’s continued strength, analysts predicted for weeks that the target will


becuase modifies verb, in option A becuase modifies which verb?

If we have option D as "D. due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will" - is it correct!

also if we replace "due to" with "caused by" doesn't it make sense.
whats wrong in saying caused by economy's continued strength; is that wrong since it modifies analysts :?:

pls advise


Hello, smartguy595.

"becuase modifies verb, in option A becuase modifies which verb?"

IMHO the difficultness of this question lies in it reversed structure.
I think you seek the verb before the word "because".

What if we reconstruct this sentence a little bit:

"analysts have been predicting [something] because of the economy’s continued strength"

What do you think now? Which verb modifies the word "because"?
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2016, 12:26
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Harley1980 wrote:
smartguy595 wrote:
jj32 wrote:
Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times, and because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November.

A. because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will
B. with the economy’s strength continuing, analysts predicted for weeks that the target
C. because the economy continues strong, analysts predicted for weeks that the target would
D. due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target
E. due to the fact of the economy’s continued strength, analysts predicted for weeks that the target will


becuase modifies verb, in option A becuase modifies which verb?

If we have option D as "D. due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will" - is it correct!

also if we replace "due to" with "caused by" doesn't it make sense.
whats wrong in saying caused by economy's continued strength; is that wrong since it modifies analysts :?:

pls advise


Hello, smartguy595.

"becuase modifies verb, in option A becuase modifies which verb?"

IMHO the difficultness of this question lies in it reversed structure.
I think you seek the verb before the word "because".

What if we reconstruct this sentence a little bit:

"analysts have been predicting [something] because of the economy’s continued strength"

What do you think now? Which verb modifies the word "because"?


Dear Harley1980 Thanks for your helpful explanation.May I add some texts additionally to be more clear about this issue arose by smartguy595!

"Because" and "due to", by themselves, ARE NOT modifiers. (If you understand that a ""modifier"" is an additional description that explains or describes something, then you'll already know this -- it's clear that these words by themselves can't describe anything.)

"""Because xxxxx"", where xxxxx is a sentence, is a single modifier.

""Because of xxxxx"", where xxxxx is a noun (possibly with some modifiers of its own), is a single modifier.

""Due to xxxxx"", where xxxxx is a noun (possibly with some modifiers of its own), is a single modifier.

"Modifiers describe things. That's their function -- to give you extra information about something.
If you know this, then it's obvious that ""because"" and ""due to"", by themselves, are not modifiers -- they don't give any information about anything!"


We can say,
because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November. .......>Here the highlighted portion actually describes things. It gives information ,similar to "Because a truck flipped over" and "due to the fall"
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2016, 21:16
Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times, and because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November.

A. because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will
B. with the economy’s strength continuing, analysts predicted for weeks that the target
C. because the economy continues strong, analysts predicted for weeks that the target would
D. due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target
E. due to the fact of the economy’s continued strength, analysts predicted for weeks that the target will[/quote]

Thanks Harley1980, LogicGuru1, AbdurRakib.

I understand becuase modifies verb "have been predicting" in option A.

why is it awkward to say "due to the economy’s continued strength" . pls advise
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest [#permalink]

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smartguy595 wrote:
Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times, and because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November.

A. because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will
B. with the economy’s strength continuing, analysts predicted for weeks that the target
C. because the economy continues strong, analysts predicted for weeks that the target would
D. due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target
E. due to the fact of the economy’s continued strength, analysts predicted for weeks that the target will

Thanks Harley1980, LogicGuru1, AbdurRakib.

I understand becuase modifies verb "have been predicting" in option A.

why is it awkward to say "due to the economy’s continued strength" . pls advise


IMO,It feels right to say"due to the economy’s continued strength",we can consider other issues for our PoE. So,we have to consider "due to the economy’s continued strength" for its relationship to the rest of the sentence


D. Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times, and due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target be raised again in November. ..........>Use of subjunctive illogical and distorted the intended meaning.Use of subjunctive depends on CONTEXT.

E.Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times, and due to the fact of the economy’s continued strength, analysts predicted for weeks that the target will be raised again in November. .........>"due to the fact of" is unidiomatic .Here past time-frame(predicted) is used but the intended meaning is bearing present perfect continuous time-frame(have been predicting),thus shifted the meaning
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Last edited by AbdurRakib on 30 Jul 2016, 01:09, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest [#permalink]

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smartguy595 wrote:

Thanks Harley1980, LogicGuru1, AbdurRakib.

I understand becuase modifies verb "have been predicting" in option A.

why is it awkward to say "due to the economy’s continued strength" . pls advise


Hello smartguy595

If we take the same example:
"analysts have been predicting [something] because of the economy’s continued strength"
and change it on caused by:

"analysts have been predicting ... caused by of the economy’s continued strength"

Does it sound for you correct?
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2016, 01:17
Harley1980 wrote:
smartguy595 wrote:

Thanks Harley1980, LogicGuru1, AbdurRakib.

I understand becuase modifies verb "have been predicting" in option A.

why is it awkward to say "due to the economy’s continued strength" . pls advise


Hello smartguy595

If we take the same example:
"analysts have been predicting [something] because of the economy’s continued strength"
and change it on caused by:

"analysts have been predicting ... caused by of the economy’s continued strength"

Does it sound for you correct?


Thanks for your inputs..Harley1980, AbdurRakib :)
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Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest [#permalink]

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New post 21 Apr 2017, 23:53
Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times, and because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November.

A. because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will
B. with the economy’s strength continuing, analysts predicted for weeks that the target
C. because the economy continues strong, analysts predicted for weeks that the target would
D. due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target
E. due to the fact of the economy’s continued strength, analysts predicted for weeks that the target will

As the rule goes by Because of refers to action and due to refers to noun.
Here the economy's continued strength is a noun. So shouldn't it be referred by due to and not because of.

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Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jul 2017, 19:36
Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times, and because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November.

(A) because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will
(B) with the economy’s strength continuing, analysts predicted for weeks that the target
(C) because the economy continues strong, analysts predicted for weeks that the target would
(D) due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target
(E) due to the fact of the economy’s continued strength, analysts predicted for weeks that the target will
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest [#permalink]

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New post 03 Dec 2017, 12:06
jj32 wrote:
Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times, and because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November.

(A) because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will
(B) with the economy’s strength continuing, analysts predicted for weeks that the target
(C) because the economy continues strong, analysts predicted for weeks that the target would
(D) due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target
(E) due to the fact of the economy’s continued strength, analysts predicted for weeks that the target will


(A) because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will-correct answer- uses the right tense, will and have been are in the right place
(B) with the economy’s strength continuing, analysts predicted for weeks that the target-meaning of the sentence is changed with the phrase the economy's strength continuing and predicted is past tense
(C) because the economy continues strong, analysts predicted for weeks that the target would- because of is correct but economy continues strong and predicted are the wrong tense
(D) due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target- Due to is incorrect and you need will after target
(E) due to the fact of the economy’s continued strength, analysts predicted for weeks that the target will- due to the fact is redundant, predicted is in the past tense but needs to be present perfect.

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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest   [#permalink] 03 Dec 2017, 12:06

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