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Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest

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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Mar 2016, 07:06
Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times, and because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November.

A. because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will
B. with the economy’s strength continuing, analysts predicted for weeks that the target
C. because the economy continues strong, analysts predicted for weeks that the target would
D. due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target
E. due to the fact of the economy’s continued strength, analysts predicted for weeks that the target will

IM-Should nt choice c be correct,

-it makes sense to use simple past tense and use would with the same.
-in choice e, the analysts have been predicting, is understandable but how can someone predict about the future using the word "will", since its a prediction should'nt it be would.

I would request you to post a detailed solution as I have other problems in this question too.
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Mar 2016, 10:03
Hi Sahil,

Thanks for posting your doubt here. :-)

Choice cannot be the correct answer. The sentence clearly says that Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times. This means that at present also, the raised interest continues.

Then the sentence says that the analysts have been predicting for weeks. Use of present perfect continuous tense is absolutely correct because the analysts started the action of predicting in the recent past, and the action is still continued. This prediction is being made about an even that is going to take place in the future for the reason that the economy in the present is strong. If the cause is written in the present tense, how can the effect take place in the past?

So please take into consideration of the context of the sentence to decide the correct verb tense.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2016, 05:19
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jj32 wrote:
Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times, and because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November.

A. because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will
B. with the economy’s strength continuing, analysts predicted for weeks that the target
C. because the economy continues strong, analysts predicted for weeks that the target would
D. due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target
E. due to the fact of the economy’s continued strength, analysts predicted for weeks that the target will


A. because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will. The sentence is in 'present perfect' tense, and hence 'will' form of verb looks perfectly fine. 'because of' is also right. Hold it.

B. with the economy’s strength continuing, analysts predicted for weeks that the target. 'with the economy strength continuing' has meaning issues. Analysts predicted because of economy’s strength continuing?

C. because the economy continues strong, analysts predicted for weeks that the target would. 'predicted' and 'would' are redundant.

D. due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target. replace 'due to' with 'caused by', and we will not get the meaning.

E. due to the fact of the economy’s continued strength, analysts predicted for weeks that the target will replace 'due to' with 'caused by', and we will not get the meaning.

A is the answer
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2016, 08:18
jj32 wrote:
Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times, and because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November.

A. because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will
B. with the economy’s strength continuing, analysts predicted for weeks that the target
C. because the economy continues strong, analysts predicted for weeks that the target would
D. due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target
E. due to the fact of the economy’s continued strength, analysts predicted for weeks that the target will


becuase modifies verb, in option A becuase modifies which verb?

If we have option D as "D. due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will" - is it correct!

also if we replace "due to" with "caused by" doesn't it make sense.
whats wrong in saying caused by economy's continued strength; is that wrong since it modifies analysts :?:

pls advise
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2016, 10:13
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smartguy595 wrote:
jj32 wrote:
Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times, and because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November.

A. because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will
B. with the economy’s strength continuing, analysts predicted for weeks that the target
C. because the economy continues strong, analysts predicted for weeks that the target would
D. due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target
E. due to the fact of the economy’s continued strength, analysts predicted for weeks that the target will


becuase modifies verb, in option A becuase modifies which verb?

If we have option D as "D. due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will" - is it correct!

also if we replace "due to" with "caused by" doesn't it make sense.
whats wrong in saying caused by economy's continued strength; is that wrong since it modifies analysts :?:

pls advise


Hello, smartguy595.

"becuase modifies verb, in option A becuase modifies which verb?"

IMHO the difficultness of this question lies in it reversed structure.
I think you seek the verb before the word "because".

What if we reconstruct this sentence a little bit:

"analysts have been predicting [something] because of the economy’s continued strength"

What do you think now? Which verb modifies the word "because"?
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2016, 12:26
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1
Harley1980 wrote:
smartguy595 wrote:
jj32 wrote:
Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times, and because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November.

A. because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will
B. with the economy’s strength continuing, analysts predicted for weeks that the target
C. because the economy continues strong, analysts predicted for weeks that the target would
D. due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target
E. due to the fact of the economy’s continued strength, analysts predicted for weeks that the target will


becuase modifies verb, in option A becuase modifies which verb?

If we have option D as "D. due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will" - is it correct!

also if we replace "due to" with "caused by" doesn't it make sense.
whats wrong in saying caused by economy's continued strength; is that wrong since it modifies analysts :?:

pls advise


Hello, smartguy595.

"becuase modifies verb, in option A becuase modifies which verb?"

IMHO the difficultness of this question lies in it reversed structure.
I think you seek the verb before the word "because".

What if we reconstruct this sentence a little bit:

"analysts have been predicting [something] because of the economy’s continued strength"

What do you think now? Which verb modifies the word "because"?


Dear Harley1980 Thanks for your helpful explanation.May I add some texts additionally to be more clear about this issue arose by smartguy595!

"Because" and "due to", by themselves, ARE NOT modifiers. (If you understand that a ""modifier"" is an additional description that explains or describes something, then you'll already know this -- it's clear that these words by themselves can't describe anything.)

"""Because xxxxx"", where xxxxx is a sentence, is a single modifier.

""Because of xxxxx"", where xxxxx is a noun (possibly with some modifiers of its own), is a single modifier.

""Due to xxxxx"", where xxxxx is a noun (possibly with some modifiers of its own), is a single modifier.

"Modifiers describe things. That's their function -- to give you extra information about something.
If you know this, then it's obvious that ""because"" and ""due to"", by themselves, are not modifiers -- they don't give any information about anything!"


We can say,
because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November. .......>Here the highlighted portion actually describes things. It gives information ,similar to "Because a truck flipped over" and "due to the fall"
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2016, 21:16
Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times, and because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November.

A. because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will
B. with the economy’s strength continuing, analysts predicted for weeks that the target
C. because the economy continues strong, analysts predicted for weeks that the target would
D. due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target
E. due to the fact of the economy’s continued strength, analysts predicted for weeks that the target will[/quote]

Thanks Harley1980, LogicGuru1, AbdurRakib.

I understand becuase modifies verb "have been predicting" in option A.

why is it awkward to say "due to the economy’s continued strength" . pls advise
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New post 18 Aug 2018, 21:54
daagh wrote:
Sample 1. Two things leaning more on grammar are important here.
1.Which to use Whether [color=#0000FF]analysts predicted or analysts have been predicting[/color]. Considering that, the prediction is still going on and not a competed task, we need to use present progressive tense. So A and D survive.
2. Use of the subjunctive mood verb 'be raised' in the sub clause is inappropriate. Prediction is not a bossy theme to entail the command subjunctive.

Therefore, A is the choice



daagh
Why did u consider that the prediction is still going on, maybe the analysts predicted for weeks but later got tired and stopped predicting as in 'C'
in C past tense "predicted" with conditional "would" is right that way?
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2018, 01:54
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The prediction is valid until November. Only by November, one will know the actual. Therefore, the prediction remains intact until then.
If the original prediction is not currently existent, what is the new prediction now? There is no such thing. Therefore we have to take that the prediction is, as of now, continuing.
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jun 2019, 21:37
I understand why B, C, D, E are wrong, but in A 'because' should modify a very isn't it ? "economy’s continued strength" is a noun right ?
Please explain.
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Sep 2019, 09:13
Is there no due to v. because of split? Which one would be more relevant for this ques?
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2019, 13:35
daagh wrote:
Sample 1. Two things leaning more on grammar are important here.
1.Which to use Whether analysts predicted or analysts have been predicting. Considering that, the prediction is still going on and not a competed task, we need to use present progressive tense. So A and D survive.
2. Use of the subjunctive mood verb 'be raised' in the sub clause is inappropriate. Prediction is not a bossy theme to entail the command subjunctive.

Therefore, A is the choice



In the question," Prospecting for gold during the California gold rush was a relatively easy task, because of erosion, prehistoric glacier movement, and ancient, gold-bearing riverbeds thrust to the surface by volcanic activity put gold literally within reach for anybody with a pan or shovel."

sir you have written very effectively about the usage of 'because of' with Nouns or Noun Phrase, however, how would you explain the same usage here ? No one in this thread have touched that, and it creates a confusion.
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Oct 2019, 05:03
So in the option A "the economy's continued strength" is a noun phrase and is its usage correct with the phrase "becuase of". As becuase only modifies action

shauryagupta wrote:
daagh wrote:
Sample 1. Two things leaning more on grammar are important here.
1.Which to use Whether analysts predicted or analysts have been predicting. Considering that, the prediction is still going on and not a competed task, we need to use present progressive tense. So A and D survive.
2. Use of the subjunctive mood verb 'be raised' in the sub clause is inappropriate. Prediction is not a bossy theme to entail the command subjunctive.

Therefore, A is the choice



In the question," Prospecting for gold during the California gold rush was a relatively easy task, because of erosion, prehistoric glacier movement, and ancient, gold-bearing riverbeds thrust to the surface by volcanic activity put gold literally within reach for anybody with a pan or shovel."

sir you have written very effectively about the usage of 'because of' with Nouns or Noun Phrase, however, how would you explain the same usage here ? No one in this thread have touched that, and it creates a confusion.
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Nov 2019, 16:57
Responding to a question that appeared on our Ask Me Anything About SC thread -- and I figured that it might help somebody here, too:

Mallard wrote:
Hi GMAT ninja,

Can you help me with the question below?

Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times, and because of the economy's continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November.

A. because of the economy's continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will

B. with the economy's strength continuing, analysts predicted for weeks that the target

C. because the economy continues strong, analysts predicted for weeks that the target would

D. due to the economy's continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target

E. due to the fact of the economy's continued strength, analysts predicted for weeks that the target will


Correct answer is A, but i selected D. Can you tell me why is D incorrect?

Sure! Take another look at (D): "due to the economy's continued strength, analysts..."

The phrase "due to _____" always modifies a noun. So this construction suggests that the analysts are due to the economy's strength! That doesn't make any sense.

"Because" on the other hand, can modify an action or a whole clause. Here's (A) again:

    "...because of the economy's continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again..."

Now the analysts have been predicting something because of the economy's strength. Perfectly logical.

I hope that helps!
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2020, 21:51
Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times, and because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November.


(A) because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will

(B) with the economy’s strength continuing, analysts predicted for weeks that the target

(C) because the economy continues strong, analysts predicted for weeks that the target would

(D) due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target

(E) due to the fact of the economy’s continued strength, analysts predicted for weeks that the target will

Method of Elimination:

Due to vs because of : replace due to with caused by and see if the sentence still makes sense. caused by the economy`s continued strength analysts. Does make sense. Same with E. Eliminate D and E.

Split 2 : Predicted/have been predicting. predicted for weeks cannot be right. The non-underlined part of the sentence indicated the present perfect tense that the banks have been reducing short term interest since feb and they continue to do so. Predicted on the other hand is past tense verb that indicates that the event happened sometime in the past and is no longer in effect in the present. This is not the intended meaning as it indicates an action that has been happening for a time period that continued for weeks. Eliminate B and C. Correct answer A.
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest   [#permalink] 08 Jan 2020, 21:51

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