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Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest

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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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29 Jul 2016, 12:26
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Harley1980 wrote:
smartguy595 wrote:
jj32 wrote:
Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times, and because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November.

A. because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will
B. with the economy’s strength continuing, analysts predicted for weeks that the target
C. because the economy continues strong, analysts predicted for weeks that the target would
D. due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target
E. due to the fact of the economy’s continued strength, analysts predicted for weeks that the target will

becuase modifies verb, in option A becuase modifies which verb?

If we have option D as "D. due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will" - is it correct!

also if we replace "due to" with "caused by" doesn't it make sense.
whats wrong in saying caused by economy's continued strength; is that wrong since it modifies analysts

Hello, smartguy595.

"becuase modifies verb, in option A becuase modifies which verb?"

IMHO the difficultness of this question lies in it reversed structure.
I think you seek the verb before the word "because".

What if we reconstruct this sentence a little bit:

"analysts have been predicting [something] because of the economy’s continued strength"

What do you think now? Which verb modifies the word "because"?

"Because" and "due to", by themselves, ARE NOT modifiers. (If you understand that a ""modifier"" is an additional description that explains or describes something, then you'll already know this -- it's clear that these words by themselves can't describe anything.)

"""Because xxxxx"", where xxxxx is a sentence, is a single modifier.

""Because of xxxxx"", where xxxxx is a noun (possibly with some modifiers of its own), is a single modifier.

""Due to xxxxx"", where xxxxx is a noun (possibly with some modifiers of its own), is a single modifier.

"Modifiers describe things. That's their function -- to give you extra information about something.
If you know this, then it's obvious that ""because"" and ""due to"", by themselves, are not modifiers -- they don't give any information about anything!"

We can say,
because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November. .......>Here the highlighted portion actually describes things. It gives information ,similar to "Because a truck flipped over" and "due to the fall"
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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29 Jul 2016, 21:16
Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times, and because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November.

A. because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will
B. with the economy’s strength continuing, analysts predicted for weeks that the target
C. because the economy continues strong, analysts predicted for weeks that the target would
D. due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target
E. due to the fact of the economy’s continued strength, analysts predicted for weeks that the target will[/quote]

Thanks Harley1980, LogicGuru1, AbdurRakib.

I understand becuase modifies verb "have been predicting" in option A.

why is it awkward to say "due to the economy’s continued strength" . pls advise
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 30 Jul 2016, 01:09
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smartguy595 wrote:
Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times, and because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November.

A. because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will
B. with the economy’s strength continuing, analysts predicted for weeks that the target
C. because the economy continues strong, analysts predicted for weeks that the target would
D. due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target
E. due to the fact of the economy’s continued strength, analysts predicted for weeks that the target will

Thanks Harley1980, LogicGuru1, AbdurRakib.

I understand becuase modifies verb "have been predicting" in option A.

why is it awkward to say "due to the economy’s continued strength" . pls advise

IMO,It feels right to say"due to the economy’s continued strength",we can consider other issues for our PoE. So,we have to consider "due to the economy’s continued strength" for its relationship to the rest of the sentence

D. Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times, and due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target be raised again in November. ..........>Use of subjunctive illogical and distorted the intended meaning.Use of subjunctive depends on CONTEXT.

E.Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times, and due to the fact of the economy’s continued strength, analysts predicted for weeks that the target will be raised again in November. .........>"due to the fact of" is unidiomatic .Here past time-frame(predicted) is used but the intended meaning is bearing present perfect continuous time-frame(have been predicting),thus shifted the meaning

Originally posted by AbdurRakib on 30 Jul 2016, 00:51.
Last edited by AbdurRakib on 30 Jul 2016, 01:09, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2016, 01:06
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smartguy595 wrote:

Thanks Harley1980, LogicGuru1, AbdurRakib.

I understand becuase modifies verb "have been predicting" in option A.

why is it awkward to say "due to the economy’s continued strength" . pls advise

Hello smartguy595

If we take the same example:
"analysts have been predicting [something] because of the economy’s continued strength"
and change it on caused by:

"analysts have been predicting ... caused by of the economy’s continued strength"

Does it sound for you correct?
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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09 May 2018, 09:31
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Hi Kunal, a subordinate clause (Dependent clause) + an Independent clause, grammatically functions as an Independent clause. So, in the original sentence, following two Independent clauses are connected by coordinating conjunction and:

(i) Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times
- Independent clause

(ii) Because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November
- Subordinate clause (Because of...) + an Independent clause (analysts have been..), functioning as an Independent clause

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses clauses, their application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section.
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Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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18 Aug 2018, 21:54
daagh wrote:
Sample 1. Two things leaning more on grammar are important here.
1.Which to use Whether [color=#0000FF]analysts predicted or analysts have been predicting[/color]. Considering that, the prediction is still going on and not a competed task, we need to use present progressive tense. So A and D survive.
2. Use of the subjunctive mood verb 'be raised' in the sub clause is inappropriate. Prediction is not a bossy theme to entail the command subjunctive.

Therefore, A is the choice

daagh
Why did u consider that the prediction is still going on, maybe the analysts predicted for weeks but later got tired and stopped predicting as in 'C'
in C past tense "predicted" with conditional "would" is right that way?
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2018, 01:54
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The prediction is valid until November. Only by November, one will know the actual. Therefore, the prediction remains intact until then.
If the original prediction is not currently existent, what is the new prediction now? There is no such thing. Therefore we have to take that the prediction is, as of now, continuing.
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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30 Jun 2019, 21:37
I understand why B, C, D, E are wrong, but in A 'because' should modify a very isn't it ? "economy’s continued strength" is a noun right ?
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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30 Jun 2019, 23:39
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rashwiniyer wrote:
I understand why B, C, D, E are wrong, but in A 'because' should modify a very isn't it ? "economy’s continued strength" is a noun right ?

Hi rashwiniyer, grammatically speaking, the sentence does not just say because; it says because of. The presence of of indicates that a prepositional phrase should follow.

In other words, since of is a preposition, it can be expected to be followed by a noun. This is exactly what's happening here.

If you are wondering whether because of the economy’s continued strength acts as an adverbial modifier, the answer is yes.

analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November.

Why have analysts been predicting?

because of the economy’s continued strength.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses difference between because and because of. Have attached the corresponding section of the book, for your reference.
Attachments

Because of.pdf [16.42 KiB]

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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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15 Sep 2019, 09:13
Is there no due to v. because of split? Which one would be more relevant for this ques?
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2019, 13:35
daagh wrote:
Sample 1. Two things leaning more on grammar are important here.
1.Which to use Whether analysts predicted or analysts have been predicting. Considering that, the prediction is still going on and not a competed task, we need to use present progressive tense. So A and D survive.
2. Use of the subjunctive mood verb 'be raised' in the sub clause is inappropriate. Prediction is not a bossy theme to entail the command subjunctive.

Therefore, A is the choice

In the question," Prospecting for gold during the California gold rush was a relatively easy task, because of erosion, prehistoric glacier movement, and ancient, gold-bearing riverbeds thrust to the surface by volcanic activity put gold literally within reach for anybody with a pan or shovel."

sir you have written very effectively about the usage of 'because of' with Nouns or Noun Phrase, however, how would you explain the same usage here ? No one in this thread have touched that, and it creates a confusion.
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2019, 05:03
So in the option A "the economy's continued strength" is a noun phrase and is its usage correct with the phrase "becuase of". As becuase only modifies action

shauryagupta wrote:
daagh wrote:
Sample 1. Two things leaning more on grammar are important here.
1.Which to use Whether analysts predicted or analysts have been predicting. Considering that, the prediction is still going on and not a competed task, we need to use present progressive tense. So A and D survive.
2. Use of the subjunctive mood verb 'be raised' in the sub clause is inappropriate. Prediction is not a bossy theme to entail the command subjunctive.

Therefore, A is the choice

In the question," Prospecting for gold during the California gold rush was a relatively easy task, because of erosion, prehistoric glacier movement, and ancient, gold-bearing riverbeds thrust to the surface by volcanic activity put gold literally within reach for anybody with a pan or shovel."

sir you have written very effectively about the usage of 'because of' with Nouns or Noun Phrase, however, how would you explain the same usage here ? No one in this thread have touched that, and it creates a confusion.
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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30 Nov 2019, 16:57
Responding to a question that appeared on our Ask Me Anything About SC thread -- and I figured that it might help somebody here, too:

Mallard wrote:
Hi GMAT ninja,

Can you help me with the question below?

Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times, and because of the economy's continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November.

A. because of the economy's continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will

B. with the economy's strength continuing, analysts predicted for weeks that the target

C. because the economy continues strong, analysts predicted for weeks that the target would

D. due to the economy's continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target

E. due to the fact of the economy's continued strength, analysts predicted for weeks that the target will

Correct answer is A, but i selected D. Can you tell me why is D incorrect?

Sure! Take another look at (D): "due to the economy's continued strength, analysts..."

The phrase "due to _____" always modifies a noun. So this construction suggests that the analysts are due to the economy's strength! That doesn't make any sense.

"Because" on the other hand, can modify an action or a whole clause. Here's (A) again:

"...because of the economy's continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again..."

Now the analysts have been predicting something because of the economy's strength. Perfectly logical.

I hope that helps!
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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08 Jan 2020, 21:51
Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times, and because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November.

(A) because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will

(B) with the economy’s strength continuing, analysts predicted for weeks that the target

(C) because the economy continues strong, analysts predicted for weeks that the target would

(D) due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target

(E) due to the fact of the economy’s continued strength, analysts predicted for weeks that the target will

Method of Elimination:

Due to vs because of : replace due to with caused by and see if the sentence still makes sense. caused by the economy`s continued strength analysts. Does make sense. Same with E. Eliminate D and E.

Split 2 : Predicted/have been predicting. predicted for weeks cannot be right. The non-underlined part of the sentence indicated the present perfect tense that the banks have been reducing short term interest since feb and they continue to do so. Predicted on the other hand is past tense verb that indicates that the event happened sometime in the past and is no longer in effect in the present. This is not the intended meaning as it indicates an action that has been happening for a time period that continued for weeks. Eliminate B and C. Correct answer A.
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Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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08 May 2020, 08:40
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Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times, and because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November.

A. because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will --> two parallel action: have been predicting is correctly compared to has raised and will is the right form
B. with the economy’s strength continuing, analysts predicted for weeks that the target -->it wrongly means that the economic strength of the Federal Reserve is continuing. direct be after target is incorrect
C. because the economy continues strong, analysts predicted for weeks that the target would -->two incompatible tense actions, economy continues strong and analysts predicted.
D. due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target -->same error as B
E. due to the fact of the economy’s continued strength, analysts predicted for weeks that the target will -->predicted is wrong tense here
Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest   [#permalink] 08 May 2020, 08:40

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