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# Since stock exchange indexes fluctuate unexpectedly, every buyer shoul

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Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
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21 Feb 2020, 03:15
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35% (medium)

Question Stats:

61% (01:30) correct 39% (01:23) wrong based on 193 sessions

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Since stock exchange indexes fluctuate unexpectedly, every buyer should be aware of the dangers of disappointing investments and its consequences.

A. fluctuate unexpectedly, every buyer should be aware of the dangers of disappointing investments

B. unexpectedly fluctuate, buyers should be aware of the dangers of disappointing investments

C. can fluctuate unexpectedly, every buyer should be aware of the dangers of disappointing investments

D. fluctuate unexpectedly, buyers should be aware of the dangers of a disappointing investment

E. may experience unexpected fluctuations, every buyer should be aware of the dangers of a disappointing investment

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21 Feb 2020, 09:34
4
I chose (D) for two reasons.

(1) The use of "its consequences" dictates that "the danger" should be used. A, B, C are out.
(2) Between (D) and (E), verb "fluctuate" is clear & active. It is much better than "experience fluctuations" in effective writing.
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21 Feb 2020, 15:13
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preceding noun of "its consequence" should be singular and the dangers of disappointing investments is plural noun, so A, B and C are out.
stock exchange indexes do not experience anything. E makes logical mistake.
D correctly conveys original meaning.
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21 Feb 2020, 15:18
Enkhhulan wrote:
preceding noun of "its consequence" should be singular and the dangers of disappointing investments is plural noun, so A, B and C are out.
stock exchange indexes do not experience anything. E makes logical mistake.
D correctly conveys original meaning.

You're right. I completely missed the pronoun "its".

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23 Feb 2020, 21:57
Didnt Notice the "its consequence"

however will it be correct to eliminate on the following reason:

every buyer (singular) should be aware (be aware - base verb - plural) of the dangers.
Subject Verb error ?
eakabuah zhanbo generis
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23 Feb 2020, 22:22
1
hero_with_1000_faces wrote:
Didnt Notice the "its consequence"

however will it be correct to eliminate on the following reason:

every buyer (singular) should be aware (be aware - base verb - plural) of the dangers.
Subject Verb error ?
eakabuah zhanbo generis

Actually there is no subject-verb agreement error in this option. The structure is alright. Consider the following examples:
1. Jane goes to school early every morning.
2. Jane must go to school earlier than usual tomorrow.
In the first example, the singular subject Jane takes the plural verb goes and that is perfectly fine.
In the second example, the verb is now in the bare form because it follows an auxiliary verb must. This is perfectly correct.
Sentence 2 can easily be rewritten as: Jane should go to school much earlier than usual tomorrow.
Should is an auxiliary verb and auxiliary verbs and verbs that follow an auxiliary verb have to be in the bare form.

I hope this somehow clears your doubt.
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Joined: 22 Feb 2020
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23 Feb 2020, 23:21
1

The difference in the first parts fluctuate unexpectedly or unexpectedly fluctuate are only meant to confuse the readers.
If we read the last parts of the sentence ‘it’s consequences’ is singular. So it should refer to a singular antecedent. A, B, C all mention ‘disappointing investments’ in plural, so all three of them can be eliminated.
Between D and E, while stock markets can ‘experience unexpected fluctuations’, it is concise to use ‘fluctuate unexpectedly’. Also the word ‘many’ is unnecessary in E.

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24 Feb 2020, 01:34
2
1

OFFICIAL EXPLANATION

Since stock exchange indexes fluctuate unexpectedly, every buyer should be aware of the dangers of disappointing investments and its consequences.

A. fluctuate unexpectedly, every buyer should be aware of the dangers of disappointing investments

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect. The singular possessive pronoun its at the end of the sentence has no noun to refer to. The nouns that precede its are all plural or human (indexes, buyer, dangers, investments) whereas it refers to singular non-human nouns.

What helps us identify this mistake is the following Stop Sign: Any pronoun in the underlined part of the sentence or after the underlined part

B. unexpectedly fluctuate, buyers should be aware of the dangers of disappointing investments

This answer choice repeats the original Pronoun mistake. The singular possessive pronoun its at the end of the sentence has no noun to refer to. The nouns that precede it are all plural and\or human (indexes, buyers, dangers, investments) whereas its refers to singular non-human nouns.

C. can fluctuate unexpectedly, every buyer should be aware of the dangers of disappointing investments

This answer choice repeats the original Pronoun mistake. The singular possessive pronoun its at the end of the sentence has no noun to refer to. The nouns that precede its are all plural or human (indexes, buyer, dangers, investments) whereas it refers to singular non-human nouns.

What helps us identify this mistake is the following Stop Sign: Any pronoun in the underlined part of the sentence or after the underlined part

D. fluctuate unexpectedly, buyers should be aware of the dangers of a disappointing investment

This answer choice corrects the original Pronoun mistake by changing investments into investment, a singular non-human noun which agrees with its. In the original sentence, the singular possessive pronoun its at the end of the sentence had no noun to refer to. The nouns that precede its were all plural or human (indexes, buyer, dangers, investments) whereas its refers to singular non-human nouns.

E. may experience unexpected fluctuations, every buyer should be aware of the dangers of a disappointing investment

Although this answer choice corrects the original Pronoun mistake, it is still stylistically flawed. The four-word phrase may experience unexpected fluctuations is used to express the same idea as the concise, two-word phrase unexpectedly fluctuates, and is therefore redundant.
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Re: Since stock exchange indexes fluctuate unexpectedly, every buyer shoul   [#permalink] 24 Feb 2020, 01:34
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