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# Since the 1930's aircraft manufacturers have tried to build

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SVP
Joined: 03 Feb 2003
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Since the 1930's aircraft manufacturers have tried to build [#permalink]

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01 Jul 2003, 02:18
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Since the 1930's aircraft manufacturers have tried to build airplanes with frictionless wings, shaped so smoothly and perfectly that the air passing over them would not become turbulent.

(A) wings, shaped so smoothly and perfectly
(B) wings, wings so smooth and so perfectly shaped
(C) wings that are shaped so smooth and perfect
(D) wings, shaped in such a smooth and perfect manner
(E) wings, wings having been shaped smoothly and perfectly so

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SVP
Joined: 03 Feb 2003
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01 Jul 2003, 04:03
B is OK. BTW, whether it is a rule to put SO every time you modify an adjective? For example: My new car is SO powerful, SO luxurious, and SO unusual, that all people envy me.

Can I simply say: My new car is SO powerful, luxurious, and unusual, that all people envy me.

Which one is correct?

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Senior Manager
Joined: 22 May 2003
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Location: Uruguay

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01 Jul 2003, 21:54
how can this be ok: " ...wings, wings ..." ?? I thought nouns couldn't be repeated even when separated by a comma...

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Manager
Joined: 18 Jun 2003
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01 Jul 2003, 23:46
stolyar wrote:
B is OK. BTW, whether it is a rule to put SO every time you modify an adjective? For example: My new car is SO powerful, SO luxurious, and SO unusual, that all people envy me.

Can I simply say: My new car is SO powerful, luxurious, and unusual, that all people envy me.

Which one is correct?

Both are correct - the first version would be written for emphasis, so that the reader knew to place a great deal of importance on each feature.

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Manager
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01 Jul 2003, 23:47
MartinMag wrote:
:shock: how can this be ok: " ...wings, wings ..." ?? I thought nouns couldn't be repeated even when separated by a comma...

This is silliness. Kind of like a Kaplan question.

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Manager
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02 Jul 2003, 08:38
MartinMag wrote:
:shock: how can this be ok: " ...wings, wings ..." ?? I thought nouns couldn't be repeated even when separated by a comma...

The idea here is not nouns repeating, but the fact the all option except B wrongly use the word "shape" to modify the word "smooth". Wings can be perfectly shaped and not "shaped smoothly" or "shaped smooth", etc.

So, the clarity is reflectd in optiob "B", which says wings are smooth and perfectly shaped.

"So" is added for emphasis before them.

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GMAT Instructor
Joined: 07 Jul 2003
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Location: New York NY 10024
Schools: Haas, MFE; Anderson, MBA; USC, MSEE

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07 Jul 2003, 04:09
Hi!

The reason for the repeated "wings" is to make it unambiguous that the rest of the sentence refered to wings, not the airplane as a whole.
_________________

Best,

AkamaiBrah
Former Senior Instructor, Manhattan GMAT and VeritasPrep
Vice President, Midtown NYC Investment Bank, Structured Finance IT
MFE, Haas School of Business, UC Berkeley, Class of 2005
MBA, Anderson School of Management, UCLA, Class of 1993

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Current Student
Joined: 29 Jan 2005
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26 Nov 2005, 09:19
Yes, wings needs to be repeated for clarification.

(B)

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SVP
Joined: 28 May 2005
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26 Nov 2005, 10:20
yup. B it is.

we need an adjective to modify noun wings and an adverb perfectly to modify verb shaped.
_________________

hey ya......

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Intern
Joined: 19 Jun 2005
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28 May 2006, 03:44
evensflow wrote:
MartinMag wrote:
:shock: how can this be ok: " ...wings, wings ..." ?? I thought nouns couldn't be repeated even when separated by a comma...

The idea here is not nouns repeating, but the fact the all option except B wrongly use the word "shape" to modify the word "smooth". Wings can be perfectly shaped and not "shaped smoothly" or "shaped smooth", etc.

So, the clarity is reflectd in optiob "B", which says wings are smooth and perfectly shaped.

"So" is added for emphasis before them.

It is B

I dont agree with the above explanation :

smoothly and perfectly are adverbs that can modify SHAPED
In B : Smooth is modifying Wings ( Nound) and perfectly is modyfing Shaped
In C : smooth and perfect have to used as adverbs to modify shaped : i.e shoothly and perfectly

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GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 07 Jul 2004
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28 May 2006, 19:49
I can't tell how you can shape a wing smoothly. It should be shaped perfectly.

A,C - out. lumps 'smoothly and perfectly' together
D - awkward
E - lengthy and awkward

B is best.

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Intern
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29 May 2006, 00:46
ywilfred wrote:
I can't tell how you can shape a wing smoothly. It should be shaped perfectly.

A,C - out. lumps 'smoothly and perfectly' together
D - awkward
E - lengthy and awkward

B is best.

Just as perfectly modifies Shaped, so does Smoothly

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CEO
Joined: 21 Jan 2007
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15 Jun 2007, 12:46
avomc wrote:
evensflow wrote:
MartinMag wrote:
:shock: how can this be ok: " ...wings, wings ..." ?? I thought nouns couldn't be repeated even when separated by a comma...

The idea here is not nouns repeating, but the fact the all option except B wrongly use the word "shape" to modify the word "smooth". Wings can be perfectly shaped and not "shaped smoothly" or "shaped smooth", etc.

So, the clarity is reflectd in optiob "B", which says wings are smooth and perfectly shaped.

"So" is added for emphasis before them.

It is B

I dont agree with the above explanation :

smoothly and perfectly are adverbs that can modify SHAPED
In B : Smooth is modifying Wings ( Nound) and perfectly is modyfing Shaped
In C : smooth and perfect have to used as adverbs to modify shaped : i.e shoothly and perfectly

why is D wrong?

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Director
Joined: 25 Oct 2006
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15 Jun 2007, 13:39
This is a nice problem of Summative modifier. Author initially states about airplanes and wings, and immediately he tried to modify wings ( so smooth and so perfectly shaped ) and NOT airplanes. So summative modifier is suitable here.

Only B and E maintains the correct usage of summative modifier. But E lacks construction error, whereas B maintains smooth So X that Y construction too.

So It's B.

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Manager
Joined: 17 May 2007
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16 Jun 2007, 03:14

wings, wings so smooth and so perfectly shaped....

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Senior Manager
Joined: 04 Mar 2007
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16 Jun 2007, 05:15
stolyar wrote:
Since the 1930's aircraft manufacturers have tried to build airplanes with frictionless wings, shaped so smoothly and perfectly that the air passing over them would not become turbulent.

(A) wings, shaped so smoothly and perfectly
(B) wings, wings so smooth and so perfectly shaped
(C) wings that are shaped so smooth and perfect
(D) wings, shaped in such a smooth and perfect manner
(E) wings, wings having been shaped smoothly and perfectly so

Doesn't (B) change the meaning of the original sentnce?
In original: "wings are shaped smoothLY and perfectly
In (B): wings are smooth and perfectly shaped

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Re: SC:WINGS   [#permalink] 16 Jun 2007, 05:15
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# Since the 1930's aircraft manufacturers have tried to build

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