Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases https://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 22 May 2017, 10:02

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Since the 1930s aircraft manufacturers have tried to build

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Director
Joined: 17 Sep 2005
Posts: 911
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 78 [0], given: 0

Since the 1930s aircraft manufacturers have tried to build [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 Jun 2006, 09:40
00:00

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

67% (01:08) correct 33% (00:33) wrong based on 11 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Since the 1930â€™s aircraft manufacturers have tried to build airplanes with frictionless wings, shaped so smoothly and perfectly that the air passing over them would not become turbulent.
(A) wings, shaped so smoothly and perfectly
(B) wings, wings so smooth and so perfectly shaped
(C) wings that are shaped so smooth and perfect
(D) wings, shaped in such a smooth and perfect manner
(E) wings, wings having been shaped smoothly and perfectly so

Regards,
Brajesh
If you have any questions
New!
Senior Manager
Joined: 19 Feb 2005
Posts: 486
Location: Milan Italy
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 23 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

05 Jun 2006, 10:07
what's the problem here?
we don't understand what "shaped" refers to

only (B) and (E) solve the problem
(B) is better
(E) is awkward!

Regards
_________________

Please allow me to introduce myself: I'm a man of wealth and taste

SVP
Joined: 30 Mar 2006
Posts: 1731
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 82 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

05 Jun 2006, 21:16
Agree with B.

Wings are smooth and they are shaped perfect. They are not shaped smooth. You don't shape a thing to be smooth.
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 07 Jul 2004
Posts: 5048
Location: Singapore
Followers: 31

Kudos [?]: 376 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

05 Jun 2006, 22:39
A,D,C --> awkward sentence

E --> 'having been shaped' is awkward

B is best. parallel. --> so ... and so ....
Intern
Joined: 24 Jul 2005
Posts: 10
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

07 Jun 2006, 10:31
Only C caters to clarity ( we know who is shaped smoothly) with no
repetition (...wings,wings...). The repetition sounds poetic though
CEO
Joined: 20 Nov 2005
Posts: 2898
Schools: Completed at SAID BUSINESS SCHOOL, OXFORD - Class of 2008
Followers: 25

Kudos [?]: 288 [1] , given: 0

Re: SC - Aircraft Manufacturers [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Jun 2006, 20:50
1
KUDOS
b14kumar wrote:
Since the 1930â€™s aircraft manufacturers have tried to build airplanes with frictionless wings, shaped so smoothly and perfectly that the air passing over them would not become turbulent.
(A) wings, shaped so smoothly and perfectly
(B) wings, wings so smooth and so perfectly shaped
(C) wings that are shaped so smooth and perfect
(D) wings, shaped in such a smooth and perfect manner
(E) wings, wings having been shaped smoothly and perfectly so

Regards,
Brajesh

B it is.

Second part is a dependent clause with no subject. A and D out.

One more point to be noted is "smooth" and "perfect" are adjectives and should modify nouns (wings) not the verbs (shaped). C is out.

"Smoothly" and "perfectly" are adverbs and should modify verbs (shaped) not nouns (wings). B in.

E is awkward.
_________________

SAID BUSINESS SCHOOL, OXFORD - MBA CLASS OF 2008

Senior Manager
Joined: 31 May 2006
Posts: 369
Location: Phoenix AZ
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 20 [0], given: 0

Re: SC - Aircraft Manufacturers [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Aug 2006, 22:38
ps_dahiya wrote:
b14kumar wrote:
Since the 1930â€™s aircraft manufacturers have tried to build airplanes with frictionless wings, shaped so smoothly and perfectly that the air passing over them would not become turbulent.
(A) wings, shaped so smoothly and perfectly
(B) wings, wings so smooth and so perfectly shaped
(C) wings that are shaped so smooth and perfect
(D) wings, shaped in such a smooth and perfect manner
(E) wings, wings having been shaped smoothly and perfectly so

Regards,
Brajesh

B it is.

Second part is a dependent clause with no subject. A and D out.

One more point to be noted is "smooth" and "perfect" are adjectives and should modify nouns (wings) not the verbs (shaped). C is out.

"Smoothly" and "perfectly" are adverbs and should modify verbs (shaped) not nouns (wings). B in.

E is awkward.

Dahiya, could you pls elaborate on this rule? I have not seen this before. How about a modifying sentences?
Using the latest techniques, Dahiya solved the problem.
The first clause does not have a subject.
CEO
Joined: 20 Nov 2005
Posts: 2898
Schools: Completed at SAID BUSINESS SCHOOL, OXFORD - Class of 2008
Followers: 25

Kudos [?]: 288 [0], given: 0

Re: SC - Aircraft Manufacturers [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Aug 2006, 22:53
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
mailtheguru wrote:
ps_dahiya wrote:
b14kumar wrote:
Since the 1930â€™s aircraft manufacturers have tried to build airplanes with frictionless wings, shaped so smoothly and perfectly that the air passing over them would not become turbulent.
(A) wings, shaped so smoothly and perfectly
(B) wings, wings so smooth and so perfectly shaped
(C) wings that are shaped so smooth and perfect
(D) wings, shaped in such a smooth and perfect manner
(E) wings, wings having been shaped smoothly and perfectly so

Regards,
Brajesh

B it is.

Second part is a dependent clause with no subject. A and D out.

One more point to be noted is "smooth" and "perfect" are adjectives and should modify nouns (wings) not the verbs (shaped). C is out.

"Smoothly" and "perfectly" are adverbs and should modify verbs (shaped) not nouns (wings). B in.

E is awkward.

Dahiya, could you pls elaborate on this rule? I have not seen this before. How about a modifying sentences?
Using the latest techniques, Dahiya solved the problem.
The first clause does not have a subject.

Part1:
Since the 1930â€™s aircraft manufacturers have tried to build airplanes with frictionless wings.

Part2:
shaped so smoothly and perfectly that the air passing over them would not become turbulent.

Part2 don't have a subject. Yes I agree modifiers may not have subjects. But this modifier may either refer to "airplanes with frictionless wings" or to "frictionless wings". So it will be better to make it an independent clause by inserting a subejct.

Hope this helps.
_________________

SAID BUSINESS SCHOOL, OXFORD - MBA CLASS OF 2008

Senior Manager
Joined: 07 Mar 2006
Posts: 352
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 32 [0], given: 1

Re: SC - Aircraft Manufacturers [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Aug 2006, 23:17
Second part is a dependent clause with no subject. A and D out.

One more point to be noted is "smooth" and "perfect" are adjectives and should modify nouns (wings) not the verbs (shaped). C is out.

"Smoothly" and "perfectly" are adverbs and should modify verbs (shaped) not nouns (wings). B in.

E is awkward.[/quote]

Dahiya, could you pls elaborate on this rule? I have not seen this before. How about a modifying sentences?
Using the latest techniques, Dahiya solved the problem.
The first clause does not have a subject.[/quote]

Part1:
Since the 1930â€™s aircraft manufacturers have tried to build airplanes with frictionless wings.

Part2:
shaped so smoothly and perfectly that the air passing over them would not become turbulent.

Part2 don't have a subject. Yes I agree modifiers may not have subjects. But this modifier may either refer to "airplanes with frictionless wings" or to "frictionless wings". So it will be better to make it an independent clause by inserting a subejct.

Hope this helps.[/quote]

Isn't it necessary for an independent clause to have a semicolon before it?
CEO
Joined: 20 Nov 2005
Posts: 2898
Schools: Completed at SAID BUSINESS SCHOOL, OXFORD - Class of 2008
Followers: 25

Kudos [?]: 288 [0], given: 0

Re: SC - Aircraft Manufacturers [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Aug 2006, 06:14
zoom612 wrote:
Isn't it necessary for an independent clause to have a semicolon before it?

If there are two independent clauses in a sentence these must be joined by a conjunction or a semicolon.
_________________

SAID BUSINESS SCHOOL, OXFORD - MBA CLASS OF 2008

VP
Joined: 15 Jul 2004
Posts: 1457
Schools: Wharton (R2 - submitted); HBS (R2 - submitted); IIMA (admitted for 1 year PGPX)
Followers: 22

Kudos [?]: 195 [0], given: 13

Re: SC - Aircraft Manufacturers [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Aug 2006, 09:22
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
b14kumar wrote:
Since the 1930â€™s aircraft manufacturers have tried to build airplanes with frictionless wings, shaped so smoothly and perfectly that the air passing over them would not become turbulent.
(A) wings, shaped so smoothly and perfectly
(B) wings, wings so smooth and so perfectly shaped
(C) wings that are shaped so smooth and perfect
(D) wings, shaped in such a smooth and perfect manner
(E) wings, wings having been shaped smoothly and perfectly so

Regards,
Brajesh

Dahiya Boss - ONCE AGAIN HATS OFF!!!! What an explanation - I was reading it and going WOW!!

By the way, for the grammatically inclined - the choice B is an example of something called a Resumptive Modifier.

Resumptive Modifiers aid in varying sentence style; I don't think GMAT really tests sentence variety; however, as in this example, it has employed Variety in the correct choice.

One may ask how are we to identify whether the second part SHOULD rather be an independent clause than a phrase? Not so sure; I for example picked up B partly because I knew about resumptive modifiers and partly because I could spot the errors in the other choices easily.

But eventually it's the good old POE that comes to our rescue.

As Dahiya has pointed out that the original sentence is (or actually SHOULD be) a combination of two independent clauses with the subject of the second clause missing --- i guess it takes a fair bit of practice(especially in timed exam conditions) to recognize the various Parts in a sentence and convoluted ones such as this example are even harder to parse - one could very well think that "shaped so smoothly and perfectly..." simply modifies Wings (as mailtheguru points out) - Here I want to say one thing -

Consider the revised sentence below -

Since the 1930â€™s aircraft manufacturers have tried to build airplanes with frictionless wings shaped so smoothly and perfectly that the air passing over them would not become turbulent.

Can you spot the difference between the above sentence and the original sentence? I have just removed the COMMA after wings to make "shaped so smoothly and perfectly that the air ...become turbulent" a PHRASE that modifies wings. But because A COMMA had been inserted in the original sentence, the whole meaning of the second part changed completely.

I am posting the link on resumptive modifiers.. this site in general is quite helpful to build grammar insights.

http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/sentences.htm
CEO
Joined: 20 Nov 2005
Posts: 2898
Schools: Completed at SAID BUSINESS SCHOOL, OXFORD - Class of 2008
Followers: 25

Kudos [?]: 288 [0], given: 0

Re: SC - Aircraft Manufacturers [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Aug 2006, 10:05
dwivedys wrote:
As Dahiya has pointed out that the original sentence is (or actually SHOULD be) a combination of two independent clauses with the subject of the second clause missing --- i guess it takes a fair bit of practice(especially in timed exam conditions) to recognize the various Parts in a sentence and convoluted ones such as this example are even harder to parse - one could very well think that "shaped so smoothly and perfectly..." simply modifies Wings (as mailtheguru points out) - Here I want to say one thing -

Consider the revised sentence below -

Since the 1930â€™s aircraft manufacturers have tried to build airplanes with frictionless wings shaped so smoothly and perfectly that the air passing over them would not become turbulent.

Can you spot the difference between the above sentence and the original sentence? I have just removed the COMMA after wings to make "shaped so smoothly and perfectly that the air ...become turbulent" a PHRASE that modifies wings. But because A COMMA had been inserted in the original sentence, the whole meaning of the second part changed completely.

I am posting the link on resumptive modifiers.. this site in general is quite helpful to build grammar insights.

http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/sentences.htm

Wonderful!!!!!! What else I can say.
_________________

SAID BUSINESS SCHOOL, OXFORD - MBA CLASS OF 2008

Current Student
Joined: 29 Jan 2005
Posts: 5222
Followers: 26

Kudos [?]: 402 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

12 Aug 2006, 08:38
Wings has to be restated for clarification. "having been" in E is awkward.

Bagging (B) here for brevity.

1:10
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10364
Followers: 996

Kudos [?]: 223 [0], given: 0

Re: Since the 1930s aircraft manufacturers have tried to build [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 Dec 2014, 21:34
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Re: Since the 1930s aircraft manufacturers have tried to build   [#permalink] 31 Dec 2014, 21:34
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
60 Since the 1930 s aircraft manufacturers have tried to build 26 12 Nov 2016, 18:49
2 Since the 1930 s aircraft manufacturers have tried to build 12 21 Oct 2014, 22:15
13 Since the 1930's aircraft manufacturers have tried to build 16 11 Jun 2015, 20:28
9 Since the 1930's aircraft manufacturers have tried to build 5 22 Feb 2016, 12:03
5 Since the 1930s aircraft manufacturers have tried to build 7 30 Jan 2014, 04:49
Display posts from previous: Sort by