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Since the 55-mile-per-hour speed limit was mandated on our

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Since the 55-mile-per-hour speed limit was mandated on our [#permalink]

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26 Sep 2007, 07:43
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1. Since the 55-mile-per-hour speed limit was mandated on our highways, both money and human lives have been saved.
All of the following, if true, would strengthen the claim above EXCEPT:
(A) Most highway users find that travel times are not appreciably lengthened by the 55-mile-per-hour speed limit.
(B) Highway driving at 55 miles per hour or less is more fuel-efficient than high-speed driving.
(C) Nearly all highway safety experts agree that more accidents occur at speeds over 55 miles per hour than at lower speeds.
(D) The percentage of fatalities occurring in highway accidents at speeds greater than 55 miles per hour is higher than that for low-speed accidents.
(E) Automobiles last longer and require fewer repairs when driven at consistently lower speeds.
2. The city council will certainly vote to approve the new downtown redevelopment plan, despite the objections of environmentalists. After all, most of the campaign contributions received by members of the city council come from real estate development firms, which stand to benefit from the plan.
Which of the following statements, if true, would most weaken the argument above?
(A) Several members of the city council receive sizable campaign contributions from environmental lobbying groups.
(B) Members of the city council are required to report the size and source of each campaign contribution they receive.
(C) Not every real estate development firm in the city will be able to participate in, and profit from, the new downtown redevelopment plan.
(D) The members of the city council have often voted in ways that are opposed to the interests of their campaign contributors.
(E) Some environmentalists have stated that the new downtown redevelopment plan might be environmentally sound if certain minor modifications are made.

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Director
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26 Sep 2007, 07:54
1. Since the 55-mile-per-hour speed limit was mandated on our highways, both money and human lives have been saved.
All of the following, if true, would strengthen the claim above EXCEPT:
(A) Most highway users find that travel times are not appreciably lengthened by the 55-mile-per-hour speed limit. out of scope, we arent concerned about travel times
(B) Highway driving at 55 miles per hour or less is more fuel-efficient than high-speed driving. out of scope, who cares if it's more fuel-efficient
(C) Nearly all highway safety experts agree that more accidents occur at speeds over 55 miles per hour than at lower speeds. they just talk about accidents but not necessary if fatalities resulted from them (which wouldn't strengthen the argument - we'd have to assume more than what is given to us)
(D) The percentage of fatalities occurring in highway accidents at speeds greater than 55 miles per hour is higher than that for low-speed accidents.this is the correct answer and tells us that at higher speeds, the fatality percentage increased vs at lower speeds
(E) Automobiles last longer and require fewer repairs when driven at consistently lower speeds. out of scope

Last edited by beckee529 on 26 Sep 2007, 08:05, edited 1 time in total.

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Director
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26 Sep 2007, 08:03
2. The city council will certainly vote to approve the new downtown redevelopment plan, despite the objections of environmentalists. After all, most of the campaign contributions received by members of the city council come from real estate development firms, which stand to benefit from the plan.
Which of the following statements, if true, would most weaken the argument above?
(A) Several members of the city council receive sizable campaign contributions from environmental lobbying groups. this makes us assume more than we should that the city council will change their minds just because the are given campaign contributions - wrong
(B) Members of the city council are required to report the size and source of each campaign contribution they receive. no relevance to the claim that city council will certainly approve the plan
(C) Not every real estate development firm in the city will be able to participate in, and profit from, the new downtown redevelopment plan. close answer but doesn't address whether the plan will be approved
(D) The members of the city council have often voted in ways that are opposed to the interests of their campaign contributors. correct because if the city council votes opposite of what real estate firms what, then they might disapprove the plan in question
(E) Some environmentalists have stated that the new downtown redevelopment plan might be environmentally sound if certain minor modifications are made. a bit out of scope since we are just concerned with whether city council will approve the plan

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Manager
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26 Sep 2007, 08:17
My ans
1-A
2-D

in 1st cr D supports d claim dat human lives are saved. by poe A only stands out

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CEO
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26 Sep 2007, 10:43
farend wrote:
1. Since the 55-mile-per-hour speed limit was mandated on our highways, both money and human lives have been saved.
All of the following, if true, would strengthen the claim above EXCEPT:
(A) Most highway users find that travel times are not appreciably lengthened by the 55-mile-per-hour speed limit.
(B) Highway driving at 55 miles per hour or less is more fuel-efficient than high-speed driving.
(C) Nearly all highway safety experts agree that more accidents occur at speeds over 55 miles per hour than at lower speeds.
(D) The percentage of fatalities occurring in highway accidents at speeds greater than 55 miles per hour is higher than that for low-speed accidents.
(E) Automobiles last longer and require fewer repairs when driven at consistently lower speeds.
2. The city council will certainly vote to approve the new downtown redevelopment plan, despite the objections of environmentalists. After all, most of the campaign contributions received by members of the city council come from real estate development firms, which stand to benefit from the plan.
Which of the following statements, if true, would most weaken the argument above?
(A) Several members of the city council receive sizable campaign contributions from environmental lobbying groups.
(B) Members of the city council are required to report the size and source of each campaign contribution they receive.
(C) Not every real estate development firm in the city will be able to participate in, and profit from, the new downtown redevelopment plan.
(D) The members of the city council have often voted in ways that are opposed to the interests of their campaign contributors.
(E) Some environmentalists have stated that the new downtown redevelopment plan might be environmentally sound if certain minor modifications are made.

CR 1:

A. When answering these CR's u don't have to always look for something that damages the argument. Just something that may damage or be irrelevant. Everything has to do with safety or saving money. A is the only one that doesn't argue either of these, so its the choice.

CR2:

Only A or D stands in this passage. Now btwn A and D... D

B/c A doesn't really say why the council will vote otherwise.

D says that the council often votes opposite of its contributors wishes so this weakens the argument that : The city council will certainly vote to approve the new downtown redevelopment plan --- b/c of its contributors.

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Director
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26 Sep 2007, 12:10
you guys are right.. answer for the first one should be A. i didn't read the question carefully! doh!

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SVP
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26 Sep 2007, 16:59
im with you guys on A for Q1. The key is that stem tells us both money and lives have been saved, so we must look for a choice that has nothing to do with this .... i.e. A

In Q2, I actually went with A, but now that I look back on it, its probably D. I didnt read the stem properly, which said that "the board will certainly vote to APPROVE"..... dang !

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Manager
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26 Sep 2007, 23:12
yes freinds OAs are A and D.
I narrowed to 2 choices in both but then got confused. I am afraid if real exam will gimme time to double think.

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26 Sep 2007, 23:12
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