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Since the beginning of the year, the community medical clinic

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Since the beginning of the year, the community medical clinic verified  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 11 Feb 2015, 02:58
6
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

67% (01:09) correct 33% (01:22) wrong based on 240 sessions

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Since the beginning of the year, the community medical clinic verified rigorously the potency of each flu vaccine sample, lest any of its patients are vulnerable to the flu.

A. verified rigorously the potency of each flu vaccine sample, lest any of its patients are
B. rigorously verified the potency of each flu vaccine sample, lest any of its patients would be
C. is rigorously verifying the potency of each flu vaccine sample, lest any of its patients not be
D. rigorously has verified the potency of each flu vaccine sample, lest any of its patients are
E. has verified rigorously the potency of each flu vaccine sample, lest any of its patients be

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Originally posted by honchos on 25 Sep 2014, 23:57.
Last edited by aditya8062 on 11 Feb 2015, 02:58, edited 1 time in total.
OA ADDED
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Re: Since the beginning of the year, the community medical clinic verified  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2014, 23:59
I have studied very little about Subjunctive, so i got strucked.

A, B and C can be easily eliminated.
Adverbs are very versatile and they can take multiple position w/o any important issues.

lest has subjunctive relationship. what i learned was this equation-But we dont have that in D and E-

Demand/Request/Recommend word +THAT + Subject+ Subjunctive Verb

What is the broader definition of Subjunctive Verb?

I am counting on mikemcgarry.
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Re: Since the beginning of the year, the community medical clinic verified  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2014, 01:54
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Hey honchos,

I too await the response of Mike as I follow him keenly.. :)

Btw here are my thoughts...IMO the answer to this question is option E.

First, I must say that you are right in saying that 'lest' takes a subjunctive. However, fortunately or unfortunately, not all cases of subjunctives obey the following construction written by you.

Demand/Request/Recommend word +THAT + Subject+ Subjunctive Verb

Subjunctives are mainly classified into 2 cases:

1. Present subjunctives
2. Past or future conditional subjunctives

In present subjunctives, there are some general cases and some very exceptional ones. Generally, a present subjunctive employs the construction you have written, BUT NOTE this construction is only used for verbs (described as bossy verbs by MGMAT SC) that express some form of communication in the form of order, instruction, request, proposals, etc. However, there are still certain exceptions as certain bossy verbs such as advise, allow, forbid, persuade, want never use ‘that’. The verb is always used in the infinitive form.

E.G. Right: I want you TO GO there.
Wrong: I want THAT he goes there.

Past or future conditional subjunctives use the hypothetical ‘If…then construction’.

Now, note ‘lest’ is not even a verb. It is a conjunction that can be used in 2 ways; either as a present subjunctive or with ‘should’. When it is used as a subjunctive, it idiomatically does not take ‘that’.

Hence, option E is correct the way it is written.

Some examples from http://www.thefreedictionary.com

I used notes lest faulty memory should lead me astray.
We worried lest the plan become known.
He fled the country lest he be captured and imprisoned.
He was alarmed lest she should find out.


More from Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_subjunctive

Another use of the present subjunctive is in clauses with the conjunction lest, which generally express a potential adverse event:
• I am running faster lest she catch me (i.e. "in order that she not catch me")
• I was worried lest she catch me (i.e. "that she might catch me")


In conclusion, IMO option E can also be written as follows:

Since the beginning of the year, the community medical clinic verified rigorously the potency of each flu vaccine sample, lest any of its patients SHOULD BE vulnerable to the flu.


In addition to the subjunctive issue, we have the adverb ‘rigorously’, which seems out of place in option D. Since, it is modifying the action ‘verified’, it would deem well to place the adverb closest to the verb it is modifying, which is served well by the sentence in option E.

Hence, E wins in all respects….I still await the OA though. :)

I hope I have been able to clarify your doubt…
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Re: Since the beginning of the year, the community medical clinic verified  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2014, 08:30
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honchos wrote:
Since the beginning of the year, the community medical clinic verified rigorously the potency of each flu vaccine sample, lest any of its patients are vulnerable to the flu.

A. verified rigorously the potency of each flu vaccine sample, lest any of its patients are
B. rigorously verified the potency of each flu vaccine sample, lest any of its patients would be
C. is rigorously verifying the potency of each flu vaccine sample, lest any of its patients not be
D. rigorously has verified the potency of each flu vaccine sample, lest any of its patients are
E. has verified rigorously the potency of each flu vaccine sample, lest any of its patients be


E !!!

Reasoning as follows : Since the beginning of the year < Suggest some thing happen in past....& is continue in present >

Therefore we must use present perfect tense which is only in the case of E !!!

Simple :-D < Why to complicate things when they can be done in a simpler way >

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Since the beginning of the year, the community medical clinic  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Oct 2015, 10:08
Since the beginning of the year, the community medical clinic verified rigorously the potency of each flu vaccine sample, lest any of its patients are vulnerable to the flu.

(A) verified rigorously the potency of each flu vaccine sample, lest any of its patients are

(B) rigorously verified the potency of each flu vaccine sample, lest any of its patients would be

(C) is rigorously verifying the potency of each flu vaccine sample, lest any of its patients not be

(D) rigorously has verified the potency of each flu vaccine sample, lest any of its patients are

(E) has verified rigorously the potency of each flu vaccine sample, lest any of its patients be
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Re: Since the beginning of the year, the community medical clinic  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2015, 03:02
Hello,

The answer is straight E since "lest" follows more or less like a subjunctive.. .. and means that we want to avoid something.

The correct verb is "has verified" since the process started in the beginning of the year.. and is going on still..hence present participle is correct.

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Re: Since the beginning of the year, the community medical clinic  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jan 2019, 16:06
honchos wrote:
Since the beginning of the year, the community medical clinic verified rigorously the potency of each flu vaccine sample, lest any of its patients are vulnerable to the flu.

A. verified rigorously the potency of each flu vaccine sample, lest any of its patients are
B. rigorously verified the potency of each flu vaccine sample, lest any of its patients would be
C. is rigorously verifying the potency of each flu vaccine sample, lest any of its patients not be
D. rigorously has verified the potency of each flu vaccine sample, lest any of its patients are
E. has verified rigorously the potency of each flu vaccine sample, lest any of its patients be



Please critique as I am learning!

The adverb phrase "Since the beginning of the year," offers us more information about the clinic's verification process. From this phrase, we learn that the verification started at the beginning of the year but continues now; therefore, the verb requires the present perfect tense. We can eliminate choices A&B.


D is unnecessarily awkward when it splits rigorously and verified.

Between C&E, we see that the question is testing the subjunctive mood. "Lest" indicates a hypothetical possibility, and in this sentence, we see that the clinic is "covering its bases" by rigorously verifying the potency of the vaccination samples. Why would they do this? The clinic would be concerned with the potency of the samples if the patients of the clinic are vulnerable to the flu. Therefore, E is the correct answer. C is illogical as the clinic would not be so concerned with the potency if the patients were not vulnerable to influenza.
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Re: Since the beginning of the year, the community medical clinic   [#permalink] 22 Jan 2019, 16:06
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