Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases https://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 24 May 2017, 22:23

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Since the routine use of antibiotics can give rise to

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Joined: 28 Aug 2010
Posts: 255
Followers: 6

Kudos [?]: 655 [1] , given: 11

Since the routine use of antibiotics can give rise to [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Nov 2010, 17:52
1
KUDOS
00:00

Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

80% (02:12) correct 20% (01:42) wrong based on 99 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

. Since the routine use of antibiotics can give rise to resistant bacteria capable of surviving antibiotic environments, the presence of resistant bacteria in people could be due to the human use of prescription antibiotics. Some scientists, however, believe that most resistant bacteria in people derive from human consumption of bacterially infected meat.

Which of the following statements, if true, would most significantly strengthen the hypothesis of the scientists?
(A) Antibiotics are routinely included in livestock feed so that livestock producers can increase the rate of growth of their animals.
(B) Most people who develop food poisoning from bacterially infected meat are treated with prescription antibiotics.
(C) The incidence of resistant bacteria in people has tended to be much higher in urban areas than in rural areas where meat is of comparable quality.
(D) People who have never taken prescription antibiotics are those least likely to develop resistant bacteria.
(E) Livestock producers claim that resistant bacteria in animals cannot be transmitted to people through infected meat.

Can someone explain this question and how to tackle such a question...thanks.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________

Gmat: everything-you-need-to-prepare-for-the-gmat-revised-77983.html
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ajit

If you have any questions
New!
Manager
Joined: 19 Sep 2010
Posts: 177
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 91 [0], given: 18

Re: NEED SOME Help on this CR question [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Nov 2010, 18:23
IMO , its A.
It gives a reason that because Antibiotics are present in the feed , it may lead to develop the resistant bacteria in the meat.
Manager
Joined: 17 Sep 2010
Posts: 216
Concentration: General Management, Finance
GPA: 3.59
WE: Corporate Finance (Entertainment and Sports)
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 16 [0], given: 33

Re: NEED SOME Help on this CR question [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Nov 2010, 21:26
ajit257 wrote:
. Since the routine use of antibiotics can give rise to resistant bacteria capable of surviving antibiotic environments, the presence of resistant bacteria in people could be due to the human use of prescription antibiotics. Some scientists, however, believe that most resistant bacteria in people derive from human consumption of bacterially infected meat.

Which of the following statements, if true, would most significantly strengthen the hypothesis of the scientists?
(A) Antibiotics are routinely included in livestock feed so that livestock producers can increase the rate of growth of their animals.
-->Follows the logic of the statement prior to the scientists' statement. Increased use of antibiotics will increase the incidence of resistant bacteria in meat and will be introduced through the food chain.
(B) Most people who develop food poisoning from bacterially infected meat are treated with prescription antibiotics.
--->Tempting, but not the right logic, since this statement is speaking of something that occurs after the fact.
(C) The incidence of resistant bacteria in people has tended to be much higher in urban areas than in rural areas where meat is of comparable quality.
--->Way out of left field. Eliminate.
(D) People who have never taken prescription antibiotics are those least likely to develop resistant bacteria.
--->Weakens the argument.
(E) Livestock producers claim that resistant bacteria in animals cannot be transmitted to people through infected meat.
--->Weakens the argument.

Can someone explain this question and how to tackle such a question...thanks.
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 7373
Location: Pune, India
Followers: 2287

Kudos [?]: 15102 [3] , given: 224

Re: NEED SOME Help on this CR question [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Dec 2010, 09:52
3
KUDOS
Expert's post
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
ajit257 wrote:
. Since the routine use of antibiotics can give rise to resistant bacteria capable of surviving antibiotic environments, the presence of resistant bacteria in people could be due to the human use of prescription antibiotics. Some scientists, however, believe that most resistant bacteria in people derive from human consumption of bacterially infected meat.

Which of the following statements, if true, would most significantly strengthen the hypothesis of the scientists?
(A) Antibiotics are routinely included in livestock feed so that livestock producers can increase the rate of growth of their animals.
(B) Most people who develop food poisoning from bacterially infected meat are treated with prescription antibiotics.
(C) The incidence of resistant bacteria in people has tended to be much higher in urban areas than in rural areas where meat is of comparable quality.
(D) People who have never taken prescription antibiotics are those least likely to develop resistant bacteria.
(E) Livestock producers claim that resistant bacteria in animals cannot be transmitted to people through infected meat.

Can someone explain this question and how to tackle such a question...thanks.

Read the question stem first. It is a strengthen question. Read the stimulus with focus on scientists' hypothesis.
It is the following: most resistant bacteria in people derive from human consumption of bacterially infected meat.
The stimulus also tells us that routine use of antibiotics create resistant bacteria.
Option (A) - Antibiotics are routinely included in livestock feed so that livestock producers can increase the rate of growth of their animals.
If livestock get antibiotics, then the livestock that was bacterially infected in the first place, perhaps harbor resistant bacteria. If people ate that infected meat, it is quite possible that they will harbor resistant bacteria too. This would strengthen the hypothesis that resistant bacteria in people derive from consumption of infected meat.

(B) Most people who develop food poisoning from bacterially infected meat are treated with prescription antibiotics.
If people were prescribed antibiotics, they would develop resistant bacteria in their own bodies. So it doesn't strengthen the hypothesis that the resistant bacteria are transferred from consumption of meat.
(C) The incidence of resistant bacteria in people has tended to be much higher in urban areas than in rural areas where meat is of comparable quality.
Comparison of rural and urban areas is irrelevant.

(D) People who have never taken prescription antibiotics are those least likely to develop resistant bacteria.
It strengthens the other view "the presence of resistant bacteria in people could be due to the human use of prescription antibiotics." given in the stimulus, not the hypothesis of the scientists.

(E) Livestock producers claim that resistant bacteria in animals cannot be transmitted to people through infected meat.
The claim of producers holds no value. Even if it did, it would weaken the hypothesis of the scientists.
_________________

Karishma
Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor
My Blog

Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for \$199

Veritas Prep Reviews

Senior Manager
Joined: 28 Aug 2010
Posts: 255
Followers: 6

Kudos [?]: 655 [0], given: 11

Re: NEED SOME Help on this CR question [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Dec 2010, 17:27
Karishma,
Great explanation ! thanks a tonne.
_________________

Gmat: everything-you-need-to-prepare-for-the-gmat-revised-77983.html
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ajit

Manager
Status: Trying to get into the illustrious 700 club!
Joined: 18 Oct 2010
Posts: 78
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 23 [0], given: 58

Re: NEED SOME Help on this CR question [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Dec 2010, 18:58
ajit257 wrote:
. Since the routine use of antibiotics can give rise to resistant bacteria capable of surviving antibiotic environments, the presence of resistant bacteria in people could be due to the human use of prescription antibiotics. Some scientists, however, believe that most resistant bacteria in people derive from human consumption of bacterially infected meat.

Which of the following statements, if true, would most significantly strengthen the hypothesis of the scientists?
(A) Antibiotics are routinely included in livestock feed so that livestock producers can increase the rate of growth of their animals.
-->Since antibiotics are fed to the livestock the animals may become resistant to the drugs. If humans eat the meat from these animals they too may become resistant. This strengthens the hypothesis.
(B) Most people who develop food poisoning from bacterially infected meat are treated with prescription antibiotics.
-->We are not talking about food poisoning and the treatment of it. Eliminate.
(C) The incidence of resistant bacteria in people has tended to be much higher in urban areas than in rural areas where meat is of comparable quality.
-->Out of the scope of the argument. We are looking for something to strengthen why scientists believe most resistant bacteria comes from the consumption of bacterially infected meat.
(D) People who have never taken prescription antibiotics are those least likely to develop resistant bacteria.
-->This may be true but not what we are looking for. Eliminate.
(E) Livestock producers claim that resistant bacteria in animals cannot be transmitted to people through infected meat.
-->This statement weakens the argument.

Can someone explain this question and how to tackle such a question...thanks.

I actually crossed them all out and had to go back and recheck to end up with A.
Conclusion: Scientist hypothesize that the most resistant bacteria come from the consumption of meat.
_________________

I'm trying to not just answer the problem but to explain how I came up with my answer. If I am incorrect or you have a better method please PM me your thoughts. Thanks!

Manager
Joined: 02 Oct 2010
Posts: 153
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 42 [0], given: 29

Re: NEED SOME Help on this CR question [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Dec 2010, 21:58
ajit257 wrote:
Karishma,
Great explanation ! thanks a tonne.

Tooo Good Explanation....thnkx...
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10368
Followers: 997

Kudos [?]: 225 [0], given: 0

Re: Since the routine use of antibiotics can give rise to [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Jun 2016, 03:27
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Re: Since the routine use of antibiotics can give rise to   [#permalink] 02 Jun 2016, 03:27
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
4 X: Since many chemicals useful for agriculture and medicine d 3 08 Mar 2017, 11:25
7 The use of drugs in sports is on the rise, most drugs having dosages 4 11 Oct 2015, 00:57
3 Using antibiotics to kill Toxoplasma, a parasite that attacks animals. 8 24 Mar 2017, 11:58
8 Since pollution-causing human activities can cause an 26 25 Feb 2016, 08:42
7 Since the routine use of antibiotics can give rise to 17 04 Oct 2016, 06:35
Display posts from previous: Sort by