It is currently 18 Oct 2017, 11:59

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Since the routine use of antibiotics can give rise to

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

VP
Joined: 16 Jul 2009
Posts: 1489

Kudos [?]: 1447 [2], given: 2

Schools: CBS
WE 1: 4 years (Consulting)
Since the routine use of antibiotics can give rise to [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Sep 2009, 11:49
2
KUDOS
8
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

35% (medium)

Question Stats:

70% (01:39) correct 30% (01:38) wrong based on 676 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

. Since the routine use of antibiotics can give rise to resistant bacteria capable of surviving antibiotic environments, the presence of resistant bacteria in people could be due to the human use of prescription antibiotics. Some scientists, however, believe that most resistant bacteria in people derive from human consumption of bacterially infected meat.
Which of the following statements, if true, would most significantly strengthen the hypothesis of the scientists?
(A) Antibiotics are routinely included in livestock feed so that livestock producers can increase the rate of growth of their animals.
(B) Most people who develop food poisoning from bacterially infected meat are treated with prescription antibiotics.
(C) The incidence of resistant bacteria in people has tended to be much higher in urban areas than in rural areas where meat is of comparable quality.
(D) People who have never taken prescription antibiotics are those least likely to develop resistant bacteria.
(E) Livestock producers claim that resistant bacteria in animals cannot be transmitted to people through infected meat.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________

The sky is the limit
800 is the limit

GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

Last edited by abhimahna on 04 Oct 2016, 06:57, edited 1 time in total.

Kudos [?]: 1447 [2], given: 2

Current Student
Joined: 12 Jun 2009
Posts: 1837

Kudos [?]: 273 [0], given: 52

Location: United States (NC)
Concentration: Strategy, Finance
Schools: UNC (Kenan-Flagler) - Class of 2013
GMAT 1: 720 Q49 V39
WE: Programming (Computer Software)
Re: Since the routine use of antibiotics can give rise to [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Sep 2009, 13:44
noboru wrote:
. Since the routine use of antibiotics can give rise to resistant bacteria capable of surviving antibiotic environments, the presence of resistant bacteria in people could be due to the human use of prescription antibiotics. Some scientists, however, believe that most resistant bacteria in people derive from human consumption of bacterially infected meat.
Which of the following statements, if true, would most significantly strengthen the hypothesis of the scientists?
(A) Antibiotics are routinely included in livestock feed so that livestock producers can increase the rate of growth of their animals.
(B) Most people who develop food poisoning from bacterially infected meat are treated with prescription antibiotics.
(C) The incidence of resistant bacteria in people has tended to be much higher in urban areas than in rural areas where meat is of comparable quality.
(D) People who have never taken prescription antibiotics are those least likely to develop resistant bacteria.
(E) Livestock producers claim that resistant bacteria in animals cannot be transmitted to people through infected meat.

A. SUFF. The first sentence talks about bacteria becoming resistant and if A is true, whatever bacteria left from the constant antibacterial injection should be very resistant.
B. This just talks about the "fix"
C. out of scope - quality doesn't equal bacterial infected
D. out of scope
E. weakens the hypothesis
_________________

Kudos [?]: 273 [0], given: 52

Senior Manager
Joined: 16 Apr 2009
Posts: 317

Kudos [?]: 153 [0], given: 14

Re: Since the routine use of antibiotics can give rise to [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Sep 2009, 19:43
Looks A to me .

Conclusion:Some scientists, however, believe that most resistant bacteria in people derive from human consumption of bacterially infected meat.

A) Antibiotics are routinely included in livestock feed so that livestock producers can increase the rate of growth of their animals. - satisfies this conclusion as well as premise
_________________

Kudos [?]: 153 [0], given: 14

Manager
Joined: 21 May 2009
Posts: 131

Kudos [?]: 43 [0], given: 50

Re: Since the routine use of antibiotics can give rise to [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Sep 2009, 23:44
I m not happy with A
I`d like to Choose C

Kudos [?]: 43 [0], given: 50

Manager
Joined: 15 Mar 2008
Posts: 50

Kudos [?]: 33 [2], given: 0

Re: Since the routine use of antibiotics can give rise to [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Sep 2009, 07:25
2
KUDOS
It looks like A.
Constant exposure to antibiotics causes Resistance in bacteria. If antibiotics are injected into all meat for consumption, then, if any meat is infected with bacteria, those bacteria will develop resistance to the antibiotics. On consumption of such infected meat, those resistant bacteria will be transmitted to humans. That makes sense.

According to B, antibiotic use by humans is still responsible for antibiotic resistance in humans. This weakens the scientists' hypothesis.

Kudos [?]: 33 [2], given: 0

Manager
Joined: 07 Jul 2009
Posts: 222

Kudos [?]: 138 [0], given: 13

Re: Since the routine use of antibiotics can give rise to [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Sep 2009, 12:09
rkassal wrote:
It looks like A.
Constant exposure to antibiotics causes Resistance in bacteria. If antibiotics are injected into all meat for consumption, then, if any meat is infected with bacteria, those bacteria will develop resistance to the antibiotics. On consumption of such infected meat, those resistant bacteria will be transmitted to humans. That makes sense.

According to B, antibiotic use by humans is still responsible for antibiotic resistance in humans. This weakens the scientists' hypothesis.

A for me. Good explanation.

Kudos [?]: 138 [0], given: 13

Manager
Joined: 01 Jul 2009
Posts: 217

Kudos [?]: 31 [0], given: 39

Re: Since the routine use of antibiotics can give rise to [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Sep 2009, 12:31
I'll go with A.
_________________

Consider giving Kudos if you like the post.

Kudos [?]: 31 [0], given: 39

VP
Joined: 16 Jul 2009
Posts: 1489

Kudos [?]: 1447 [0], given: 2

Schools: CBS
WE 1: 4 years (Consulting)
Re: Since the routine use of antibiotics can give rise to [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 May 2010, 14:24
rkassal wrote:
It looks like A.
Constant exposure to antibiotics causes Resistance in bacteria. If antibiotics are injected into all meat for consumption, then, if any meat is infected with bacteria, those bacteria will develop resistance to the antibiotics. On consumption of such infected meat, those resistant bacteria will be transmitted to humans. That makes sense.

According to B, antibiotic use by humans is still responsible for antibiotic resistance in humans. This weakens the scientists' hypothesis.

But in the end, are the antibiotics, not the meat the cause of bacteria resistance...
_________________

The sky is the limit
800 is the limit

GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

Kudos [?]: 1447 [0], given: 2

VP
Joined: 17 Feb 2010
Posts: 1476

Kudos [?]: 756 [0], given: 6

Re: Since the routine use of antibiotics can give rise to [#permalink]

### Show Tags

04 May 2010, 10:32
i would go with (A) too.

What is the OA?

Kudos [?]: 756 [0], given: 6

Manager
Joined: 14 Apr 2010
Posts: 218

Kudos [?]: 233 [0], given: 1

Re: Since the routine use of antibiotics can give rise to [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Jul 2010, 22:21
I think it is B.

Kudos [?]: 233 [0], given: 1

Senior Manager
Joined: 28 Aug 2010
Posts: 259

Kudos [?]: 774 [1], given: 11

Since the routine use of antibiotics can give rise to [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Nov 2010, 17:52
1
KUDOS
. Since the routine use of antibiotics can give rise to resistant bacteria capable of surviving antibiotic environments, the presence of resistant bacteria in people could be due to the human use of prescription antibiotics. Some scientists, however, believe that most resistant bacteria in people derive from human consumption of bacterially infected meat.

Which of the following statements, if true, would most significantly strengthen the hypothesis of the scientists?
(A) Antibiotics are routinely included in livestock feed so that livestock producers can increase the rate of growth of their animals.
(B) Most people who develop food poisoning from bacterially infected meat are treated with prescription antibiotics.
(C) The incidence of resistant bacteria in people has tended to be much higher in urban areas than in rural areas where meat is of comparable quality.
(D) People who have never taken prescription antibiotics are those least likely to develop resistant bacteria.
(E) Livestock producers claim that resistant bacteria in animals cannot be transmitted to people through infected meat.

Can someone explain this question and how to tackle such a question...thanks.
_________________

Gmat: everything-you-need-to-prepare-for-the-gmat-revised-77983.html
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ajit

Kudos [?]: 774 [1], given: 11

Manager
Joined: 19 Sep 2010
Posts: 172

Kudos [?]: 99 [0], given: 18

Re: NEED SOME Help on this CR question [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Nov 2010, 18:23
IMO , its A.
It gives a reason that because Antibiotics are present in the feed , it may lead to develop the resistant bacteria in the meat.

Kudos [?]: 99 [0], given: 18

Manager
Joined: 17 Sep 2010
Posts: 210

Kudos [?]: 18 [0], given: 33

Concentration: General Management, Finance
GPA: 3.59
WE: Corporate Finance (Entertainment and Sports)
Re: NEED SOME Help on this CR question [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Nov 2010, 21:26
ajit257 wrote:
. Since the routine use of antibiotics can give rise to resistant bacteria capable of surviving antibiotic environments, the presence of resistant bacteria in people could be due to the human use of prescription antibiotics. Some scientists, however, believe that most resistant bacteria in people derive from human consumption of bacterially infected meat.

Which of the following statements, if true, would most significantly strengthen the hypothesis of the scientists?
(A) Antibiotics are routinely included in livestock feed so that livestock producers can increase the rate of growth of their animals.
-->Follows the logic of the statement prior to the scientists' statement. Increased use of antibiotics will increase the incidence of resistant bacteria in meat and will be introduced through the food chain.
(B) Most people who develop food poisoning from bacterially infected meat are treated with prescription antibiotics.
--->Tempting, but not the right logic, since this statement is speaking of something that occurs after the fact.
(C) The incidence of resistant bacteria in people has tended to be much higher in urban areas than in rural areas where meat is of comparable quality.
--->Way out of left field. Eliminate.
(D) People who have never taken prescription antibiotics are those least likely to develop resistant bacteria.
--->Weakens the argument.
(E) Livestock producers claim that resistant bacteria in animals cannot be transmitted to people through infected meat.
--->Weakens the argument.

Can someone explain this question and how to tackle such a question...thanks.

Kudos [?]: 18 [0], given: 33

Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 7674

Kudos [?]: 17349 [3], given: 232

Location: Pune, India
Re: NEED SOME Help on this CR question [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Dec 2010, 09:52
3
KUDOS
Expert's post
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
ajit257 wrote:
. Since the routine use of antibiotics can give rise to resistant bacteria capable of surviving antibiotic environments, the presence of resistant bacteria in people could be due to the human use of prescription antibiotics. Some scientists, however, believe that most resistant bacteria in people derive from human consumption of bacterially infected meat.

Which of the following statements, if true, would most significantly strengthen the hypothesis of the scientists?
(A) Antibiotics are routinely included in livestock feed so that livestock producers can increase the rate of growth of their animals.
(B) Most people who develop food poisoning from bacterially infected meat are treated with prescription antibiotics.
(C) The incidence of resistant bacteria in people has tended to be much higher in urban areas than in rural areas where meat is of comparable quality.
(D) People who have never taken prescription antibiotics are those least likely to develop resistant bacteria.
(E) Livestock producers claim that resistant bacteria in animals cannot be transmitted to people through infected meat.

Can someone explain this question and how to tackle such a question...thanks.

Read the question stem first. It is a strengthen question. Read the stimulus with focus on scientists' hypothesis.
It is the following: most resistant bacteria in people derive from human consumption of bacterially infected meat.
The stimulus also tells us that routine use of antibiotics create resistant bacteria.
Option (A) - Antibiotics are routinely included in livestock feed so that livestock producers can increase the rate of growth of their animals.
If livestock get antibiotics, then the livestock that was bacterially infected in the first place, perhaps harbor resistant bacteria. If people ate that infected meat, it is quite possible that they will harbor resistant bacteria too. This would strengthen the hypothesis that resistant bacteria in people derive from consumption of infected meat.

(B) Most people who develop food poisoning from bacterially infected meat are treated with prescription antibiotics.
If people were prescribed antibiotics, they would develop resistant bacteria in their own bodies. So it doesn't strengthen the hypothesis that the resistant bacteria are transferred from consumption of meat.
(C) The incidence of resistant bacteria in people has tended to be much higher in urban areas than in rural areas where meat is of comparable quality.
Comparison of rural and urban areas is irrelevant.

(D) People who have never taken prescription antibiotics are those least likely to develop resistant bacteria.
It strengthens the other view "the presence of resistant bacteria in people could be due to the human use of prescription antibiotics." given in the stimulus, not the hypothesis of the scientists.

(E) Livestock producers claim that resistant bacteria in animals cannot be transmitted to people through infected meat.
The claim of producers holds no value. Even if it did, it would weaken the hypothesis of the scientists.
_________________

Karishma
Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor
My Blog

Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for \$199

Veritas Prep Reviews

Kudos [?]: 17349 [3], given: 232

Senior Manager
Joined: 28 Aug 2010
Posts: 259

Kudos [?]: 774 [0], given: 11

Re: NEED SOME Help on this CR question [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Dec 2010, 17:27
Karishma,
Great explanation ! thanks a tonne.
_________________

Gmat: everything-you-need-to-prepare-for-the-gmat-revised-77983.html
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ajit

Kudos [?]: 774 [0], given: 11

Manager
Status: Trying to get into the illustrious 700 club!
Joined: 18 Oct 2010
Posts: 78

Kudos [?]: 24 [0], given: 58

Re: NEED SOME Help on this CR question [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Dec 2010, 18:58
ajit257 wrote:
. Since the routine use of antibiotics can give rise to resistant bacteria capable of surviving antibiotic environments, the presence of resistant bacteria in people could be due to the human use of prescription antibiotics. Some scientists, however, believe that most resistant bacteria in people derive from human consumption of bacterially infected meat.

Which of the following statements, if true, would most significantly strengthen the hypothesis of the scientists?
(A) Antibiotics are routinely included in livestock feed so that livestock producers can increase the rate of growth of their animals.
-->Since antibiotics are fed to the livestock the animals may become resistant to the drugs. If humans eat the meat from these animals they too may become resistant. This strengthens the hypothesis.
(B) Most people who develop food poisoning from bacterially infected meat are treated with prescription antibiotics.
-->We are not talking about food poisoning and the treatment of it. Eliminate.
(C) The incidence of resistant bacteria in people has tended to be much higher in urban areas than in rural areas where meat is of comparable quality.
-->Out of the scope of the argument. We are looking for something to strengthen why scientists believe most resistant bacteria comes from the consumption of bacterially infected meat.
(D) People who have never taken prescription antibiotics are those least likely to develop resistant bacteria.
-->This may be true but not what we are looking for. Eliminate.
(E) Livestock producers claim that resistant bacteria in animals cannot be transmitted to people through infected meat.
-->This statement weakens the argument.

Can someone explain this question and how to tackle such a question...thanks.

I actually crossed them all out and had to go back and recheck to end up with A.
Conclusion: Scientist hypothesize that the most resistant bacteria come from the consumption of meat.
_________________

I'm trying to not just answer the problem but to explain how I came up with my answer. If I am incorrect or you have a better method please PM me your thoughts. Thanks!

Kudos [?]: 24 [0], given: 58

Manager
Joined: 02 Oct 2010
Posts: 145

Kudos [?]: 50 [0], given: 29

Re: NEED SOME Help on this CR question [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Dec 2010, 21:58
ajit257 wrote:
Karishma,
Great explanation ! thanks a tonne.

Tooo Good Explanation....thnkx...

Kudos [?]: 50 [0], given: 29

Intern
Joined: 05 Jun 2012
Posts: 14

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 3

Re: Since the routine use of antibiotics can give rise to [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Jun 2012, 12:09
I feel like there should be an additional information in A: how do we know if the bacteria in meat actually transmits to humans? Are we assuming it as a common knowledge? Thank you

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 3

Senior Manager
Joined: 08 Jun 2010
Posts: 389

Kudos [?]: 100 [0], given: 13

Location: United States
Concentration: General Management, Finance
GMAT 1: 680 Q50 V32
Re: Since the routine use of antibiotics can give rise to [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Jun 2012, 23:19
Scientists hypothesis: most resistant bacteria in people derive from human consumption of bacterially infected meat.

We need to STRENGTHEN!

(A) Antibiotics are routinely included in livestock feed so that livestock producers can increase the rate of growth of their animals
Antibiotics lead to resistant bacteria in meat so when these are consumed by humans they get it

C - out of scope, urban and rural meats are not compared.
E - Weakens the argument
B - talks about treatment but doesnt support the hypothesis
D - This is the opposite. It argues that antibiotics are the cause and not the meat.

Kudos [?]: 100 [0], given: 13

GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10115

Kudos [?]: 261 [0], given: 0

Re: Since the routine use of antibiotics can give rise to [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 Jun 2015, 14:56
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

Kudos [?]: 261 [0], given: 0

Re: Since the routine use of antibiotics can give rise to   [#permalink] 05 Jun 2015, 14:56

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 30 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by