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# Smoking in bed has long been the main cause of home fires. Despite a s

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Smoking in bed has long been the main cause of home fires. Despite a s  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 10 Jul 2017, 01:17
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95% (hard)

Question Stats:

34% (02:15) correct 66% (02:05) wrong based on 453 sessions

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Smoking in bed has long been the main cause of home fires. Despite a significant decline in cigarette smoking in the last two decades, there has been no comparable decline in the number of people killed in home fires.

Each one of the following statements, if true over the last two decades, helps to resolve the apparent discrepancy above EXCEPT:

A.Compared to other types of home fires, home fires caused by smoking in bed usually cause relatively little damage before they are extinguished.

B.Home fires caused by smoking in bed often break out after the home's occupants have fallen asleep.

C. Smokers who smoke in bed tend to be heavy smokers who are less likely to quit smoking than are smokers who do not smoke in bed.

D.An increasing number of people have been killed in home fires that started in the kitchen.

E. Population densities have increased, with the result that one home fire can cause more deaths than in previous decades.

Originally posted by zz0vlb on 24 Apr 2010, 12:03.
Last edited by abhimahna on 10 Jul 2017, 01:17, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question
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Re: Smoking in bed has long been the main cause of home fires. Despite a s  [#permalink]

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02 Dec 2014, 11:05
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Smoking in bed has long been the main cause of home fires. Despite a significant decline in cigarette smoking in the last two decades, there has been no comparable decline in the number of people killed in home fires.
Each one of the following statements, if true over the last two decades, helps to resolve the apparent discrepancy above EXCEPT:

A) Compared to other types of home fires, home fires caused by smoking in bed usually cause relatively little damage before they are extinguished.
B) Home fires caused by smoking in bed often break out after the home's occupants have fallen asleep.
C) Smokers who smoke in bed tend to be heavy smokers who are less likely to quit smoking than are smokers who do not smoke in bed.
D) An increasing number of people have been killed in home fires that started in the kitchen.
E) Population densities have increased, with the result that one home fire can cause more deaths than in previous decades.
##### General Discussion
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Re: Smoking in bed has long been the main cause of home fires. Despite a s  [#permalink]

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24 Apr 2010, 12:45
1
Smoking in bed has long been the main cause of home fires. Despite a significant decline in cigarette smoking in the last two decades, there has been no comparable decline in the number of people killed in home fires. Each one of the following statements, if true over the last two decades, helps to resolve the apparent discrepancy above EXCEPT:
A.Compared to other types of home fires, home fires caused by smoking in bed usually cause relatively little damage before they are extinguished.

B.Home fires caused by smoking in bed often break out after the home's occupants have fallen asleep.

C. Smokers who smoke in bed tend to be heavy smokers who are less likely to quit smoking than are smokers who do not smoke in bed.

D.An increasing number of people have been killed in home fires that started in the kitchen.

E. Population densities have increased, with the result that one home fire can cause more deaths than in previous decades.

In the above:
Conclusion: no decline in the number of people killed in home fires
Premises : decline in cigarette smoking ( reason for the conclusion )

need to negate the conclusion ( Conclusion is wrong )
Conclusion should be: 1. There is decline in number of people killed (or) Cigrett smoking is not only cause for home fires.

A)It specifies smoking in the bed, smoking may happend in Kitchen or in any other place.

B) Supports the passage

c) No need of heavy smokers and light smokers

d) Holds good.

E) No need of population density

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Re: Smoking in bed has long been the main cause of home fires. Despite a s  [#permalink]

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24 Apr 2010, 17:37

(B) What does NOT resolve the apparent paradox? The paradox is that smoking has declined, yet fatalities from home fires have increased.
Therefore, we are looking for an alternative cause of fires or that smoking is not related to home fires.
(B) does not resolve the paradox; it simply reinforces the fatality of smoking.
(A) would explain the paradox because it shows that the fires are rarely fatal.
(C) resolves the paradox because it suggests that the reduction in smoking rates haven't reduced the fatality rates.
(D) resolves the paradox because it finds alternative causes for the fires.
(E) explains the paradox by suggesting fires have become more fatal, despite declining smoking rates.

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Re: Smoking in bed has long been the main cause of home fires. Despite a s  [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2011, 06:54
Hi All,

Can somebody pls help. I know this question has been discussed like a zillion times now, but im not entirely satisfied with how B does not resolve the paradox. and although it is i believe the right answer, im having difficulty coming to terms with the explanation provided.

Q1: does the CR passage talk about general smoking (when it says smoking declined in the last 2 decades) or is it explicitly talking about bed smoking declining in the last 2 decades

Also when i first read this CR, i struck B out on the pretext that

--> if the fire breaks out after everybody (home's occupants) falls asleep, the likelihood of more ppl getting injured is high.. so that should to a good extent explain the paradox.
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Re: Smoking in bed has long been the main cause of home fires. Despite a s  [#permalink]

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29 Oct 2011, 01:59
Hi ..
1. smoking at bed has been a mian cause of home fires.
2. smoking decreased but the no of people being killed in home fires is not.

so less smoking is now compensating the previous "no of people killed in home fire" figure.how?
option E i.e E. Population densities have increased, with the result that one home fire can cause more deaths than in previous decade.
KITCHEN fires should not be included here.
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Re: Smoking in bed has long been the main cause of home fires. Despite a s  [#permalink]

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29 Oct 2011, 04:59
My answer is A because it is out of scope to speak on other types of home fires
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Re: Smoking in bed has long been the main cause of home fires. Despite a s  [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2011, 09:52
zz0vlb wrote:
Smoking in bed has long been the main cause of home fires. Despite a significant decline in cigarette smoking in the last two decades, there has been no comparable decline in the number of people killed in home fires. Each one of the following statements, if true over the last two decades, helps to resolve the apparent discrepancy above EXCEPT:

A.Compared to other types of home fires, home fires caused by smoking in bed usually cause relatively little damage before they are extinguished.

B.Home fires caused by smoking in bed often break out after the home's occupants have fallen asleep.

C. Smokers who smoke in bed tend to be heavy smokers who are less likely to quit smoking than are smokers who do not smoke in bed.

D.An increasing number of people have been killed in home fires that started in the kitchen.

E. Population densities have increased, with the result that one home fire can cause more deaths than in previous decades.

Smoking in bed has long been the main cause of home fires.

Despite a significant decline in cigarette smoking in the last two decades -- Does not have to be that bed smokers declined. Non bed-smokers declined while bed smokers remained the same or increased

So if there is no decline in bed-smokers then "B" resolves the paradox.
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Re: Smoking in bed has long been the main cause of home fires. Despite a s  [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2011, 13:47
IMO B,

A.Compared to other types of home fires, home fires caused by smoking in bed usually cause relatively little damage before they are extinguished.
Paradox resolved. The reason for fire could be kitchen fires etc and not due to smoking in bed.

B.Home fires caused by smoking in bed often break out after the home's occupants have fallen asleep.
Tells nothing about the home fires or decline in smoking.

C. Smokers who smoke in bed tend to be heavy smokers who are less likely to quit smoking than are smokers who do not smoke in bed.
Paradox resolved. Heavy smokers would not quit smoking in bed and that could be the reason for no change in home fires.

D.An increasing number of people have been killed in home fires that started in the kitchen- Paradox resolved that the home fires could be due to kitchen fires.

E. Population densities have increased, with the result that one home fire can cause more deaths than in previous decades.- Paradox resolved. Home fires cause damage due to population densities.
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Re: Smoking in bed has long been the main cause of home fires. Despite a s  [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2012, 10:06
experts should give reply for this question

no one has come with similar reasoning on this one..
i went with d
because thouh the smokers numbers did not change the accidents were high...
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Re: Smoking in bed has long been the main cause of home fires. Despite a s  [#permalink]

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17 Apr 2015, 06:18
Lucky2783 wrote:
ajaym28 wrote:
Smoking in bed has long been the main cause of home fires. Despite a significant decline in cigarette smoking in the last two decades, there has been no comparable decline in the number of people killed in home fires.
Each one of the following statements, if true over the last two decades, helps to resolve the apparent discrepancy above EXCEPT:

A) Compared to other types of home fires, home fires caused by smoking in bed usually cause relatively little damage before they are extinguished.
B) Home fires caused by smoking in bed often break out after the home's occupants have fallen asleep.
C) Smokers who smoke in bed tend to be heavy smokers who are less likely to quit smoking than are smokers who do not smoke in bed.
D) An increasing number of people have been killed in home fires that started in the kitchen.
E) Population densities have increased, with the result that one home fire can cause more deaths than in previous decades.

Can someone please explain that why C is not correct ?

I think that C is not correct because it explains the discrepancy. If a person is a heavy smoker he or she is less likely to quit smoking as argument tells us. Hence some heavy smokers can quit while others may continue to smoke in bed and cause fire. just think that those who quit smoking have families of 1-2 people and those who still smoke have families of 3-4 people. Hence the number of people killed in home fires doen't decline. The bolded part is a key element in option C. Hope it is clear
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Re: Smoking in bed has long been the main cause of home fires. Despite a s  [#permalink]

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24 May 2015, 10:12
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We know there are fewer smokers now. But the number of people killed in fires has not changed. The argument is trying to suggest a chain of reasoning:

if there are fewer smokers ---( 1 )---> there should be fewer home fires --- (2) ---> so fewer people should die in home fires

but this has not turned out to be true. We can explain this by breaking one link in the chain above.

Answer A tells us that fires caused by smoking tend not to be serious. This attacks link (2) above - if smoking-caused fires are rarely serious, then they probably are not the types of fires that actually kill people. So even if the number of these fires has changed, that could easily mean there is little change in the number of deaths in home fires.

Answer C tells us that the number of smokers who actually cause fires has not changed much. So this attacks link (1) - we can have fewer smokers, but the same number of fires.

Answers D and E also clearly break link (2), since they both suggest why fire deaths may have increased.

Answer B is correct. If smoking-caused home fires break out while people are sleeping, you'd expect there to be serious consequences when such fires break out. With fewer smokers now, you'd thus expect fewer serious fires now, and thus fewer deaths in home fires. So B doesn't help to resolve the discrepancy at all.
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Re: Smoking in bed has long been the main cause of home fires. Despite a s  [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2017, 00:57
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: Smoking in bed has long been the main cause of home fires. Despite a s  [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2017, 00:44
mydreammba wrote:
My answer is A because it is out of scope to speak on other types of home fires

I agree.

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Re: Smoking in bed has long been the main cause of home fires. Despite a s  [#permalink]

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03 Nov 2017, 19:24
surely, this is not an official gmat, isnt it?
what is OA?
what is the explanation for this question?

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Re: Smoking in bed has long been the main cause of home fires. Despite a s  [#permalink]

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14 Nov 2017, 19:40
I think we all can agree the main battle is between A and B. Though A is not perfect, it still resolves the paradox in a way. We are given that if smoking in bed was the main cause of home fires and it has decreased, why are people still getting killed in home fires? A is saying that smoking in bed does not cause that much damage. This helps us resolve the paradox by telling us that most of the deaths actually did not result from smoking in bed. So a decline in smoking in bed won't have that much affect on the deaths from the fire anyways.
Re: Smoking in bed has long been the main cause of home fires. Despite a s &nbs [#permalink] 14 Nov 2017, 19:40
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