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# So called green taxes, which exact a price for the use of

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Director
Joined: 01 Aug 2008
Posts: 734
So called green taxes, which exact a price for the use of [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2009, 20:12
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Question Stats:

48% (01:48) correct 52% (00:56) wrong based on 1766 sessions

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So called green taxes, which exact a price for the use of polluting or nonrenewable fuels, are having a positive effect on the environment and natural resource base of countries as varied as China, the Netherlands, and Hungary.

(A) as varied as
(B) as varied as are
(C) as varied as those of
(D) that are as varied as
(E) that are varied as are
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: SC -- gmatprep1 -- green taxes [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2009, 20:34
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IMO A

I think 'that' ambiguously refers to the environment and natural base as well as to countries. So, it should be avoided.
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rampuria

Last edited by rampuria on 05 Mar 2009, 20:36, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: SC -- gmatprep1 -- green taxes [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2009, 20:35
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ugimba wrote:
so called green taxes, which exact a price for the use of polluting or nonrenewable fuels, are having a positive effect on the environment and natural resource base of countries as varied as china, the Netherlands, and Hungary.

a) as varied as
b) as varied as are
c) as varied as those of
d) that are as varied as
e) that are varied as are

as varied as modifies countries. China, the Netherlands, and Hungary are all countries; therefore, you don't need to add anything else. A is correct as it is.
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Re: SC -- gmatprep1 -- green taxes [#permalink]

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06 Mar 2009, 00:05
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I'll go with D

My analogy ... boys as smart as Jon, Jack and Sam - is wrong
boys who are as smart as Jon, Jack and Sam - is right.

Though the common noun is being modified the references are given to proper nouns.
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Director
Joined: 01 Aug 2008
Posts: 734
Re: SC -- gmatprep1 -- green taxes [#permalink]

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06 Mar 2009, 07:44
eileen1017 wrote:
ugimba wrote:
so called green taxes, which exact a price for the use of polluting or nonrenewable fuels, are having a positive effect on the environment and natural resource base of countries as varied as china, the Netherlands, and Hungary.

a) as varied as
b) as varied as are
c) as varied as those of
d) that are as varied as
e) that are varied as are

as varied as modifies countries. China, the Netherlands, and Hungary are all countries; therefore, you don't need to add anything else. A is correct as it is.

OA is A. thank you all for your explanations ... I am still confused a bit about when to use 'that' or when not to use ... I really appreciate if you can explain it for me.

+1 for each of you both rampuria and eileen1017.
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Re: SC -- gmatprep1 -- green taxes [#permalink]

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06 Mar 2009, 14:14
ugimba wrote:
eileen1017 wrote:
ugimba wrote:
so called green taxes, which exact a price for the use of polluting or nonrenewable fuels, are having a positive effect on the environment and natural resource base of countries as varied as china, the Netherlands, and Hungary.

a) as varied as
b) as varied as are
c) as varied as those of
d) that are as varied as
e) that are varied as are

as varied as modifies countries. China, the Netherlands, and Hungary are all countries; therefore, you don't need to add anything else. A is correct as it is.

OA is A. thank you all for your explanations ... I am still confused a bit about when to use 'that' or when not to use ... I really appreciate if you can explain it for me.

+1 for each of you both rampuria and eileen1017.

1. Try to understand what the sentence is trying to convey
2. If in doubt, you could easily sense check the underlined portion with equivalent constructions; in this case "as varied as" has similar application as "such as" even though both constructions mean different things.
Manager
Joined: 27 May 2008
Posts: 199
Re: SC -- gmatprep1 -- green taxes [#permalink]

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07 Mar 2009, 04:17
ugimba wrote:
so called green taxes, which exact a price for the use of polluting or nonrenewable fuels, are having a positive effect on the environment and natural resource base of countries as varied as china, the Netherlands, and Hungary.

a) as varied as
b) as varied as are
c) as varied as those of
d) that are as varied as
e) that are varied as are

hmm.. Ok So there is a tie between A and D

i am going for A

Here the subject is green taxes
so called green taxes, which exact a price for the use of polluting or nonrenewable fuels, are having a positive effect on the environment and natural resource base of countries as varied as china, the Netherlands, and Hungary. -- no change to the meaning of the sentence.

Now, green taxes are having positive effects on X and Y.
Y - countries such as x,y,z.

here "as varied as" used for listing the countries.

Also in D, "that" could potentially point to countries or green taxes.
Director
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Re: SC -- gmatprep1 -- green taxes [#permalink]

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09 Mar 2009, 15:42
OA is A. Thanks
Manager
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Re: SC -- gmatprep1 -- green taxes [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2009, 12:20
I got this one wrong, I went with option C.
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Re: SC -- gmatprep1 -- green taxes [#permalink]

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16 Dec 2009, 07:10
IMO A

The sentence is giving examples of countries in which green taxes is there. Hence, 'as varied as' is perfect.
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Re: SC -- gmatprep1 -- green taxes [#permalink]

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18 Jan 2010, 06:47
If you choose C) --> it would mean "the environment and natural resource base" are varied
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Re: SC -- gmatprep1 -- green taxes [#permalink]

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20 Nov 2010, 11:46
went with D & got this one wrong (sigh)
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Re: SC -- gmatprep1 -- green taxes [#permalink]

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02 Dec 2010, 23:45
As varied as modifies countries.Hence A.
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Re: SC -- gmatprep1 -- green taxes [#permalink]

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21 Dec 2010, 07:19
I think after POE, you will come down to answer choices A or D
D - ......that are as varied as.....
We use "that" when reporting what was said e.g she said that...., in expressing what one beliefs e.g I suggest that.....
A. is correct because "as varied as" gives examples of countries and its brif n straight to the point.
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Re: SC -- gmatprep1 -- green taxes [#permalink]

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21 Dec 2010, 09:41
when i looked at the question i thought the answer is D but reading after all the posts i am sure and glad that the answer will be A.
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Re: SC -- gmatprep1 -- green taxes [#permalink]

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21 Dec 2010, 15:58
ugimba wrote:
So called green taxes, [strike]which exact a price for the use of polluting or nonrenewable fuels[/strike], are having a positive effect on the environment and natural resource base [strike]of countries[/strike] as varied as china, the Netherlands, and Hungary.

(A) as varied as
-->could be right, let's check others
(B) as varied as are
-->the plural "are" does not make sense in this situation
(C) as varied as those of
-->this would work if the last part of the sentence ended "and those of Hungary" making it parallel...since it does not it is wrong
(D) that are as varied as
-->this sounds right but I don't know why THAT is particularly wrong
(E) that are varied as are
-->plural "are" does not make sense

I guessed between A & D. Here is my logic. Please reply to my post or PM me if you have a detailed explanation, thanks!
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Re: SC -- gmatprep1 -- green taxes [#permalink]

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22 Dec 2010, 13:55
I answered C thinking that 'resource base' are 'varied'. After reading through explanation, it looks like countries are 'varied' instead of 'resource base'.
Can someone throw some light on it?
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Re: SC -- gmatprep1 -- green taxes [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2011, 16:38
ugimba wrote:
So called green taxes, which exact a price for the use of polluting or nonrenewable fuels, are having a positive effect on the environment and natural resource base of countries as varied as china, the Netherlands, and Hungary.

(A) as varied as
(B) as varied as are
(C) as varied as those of
(D) that are as varied as
(E) that are varied as are

Dont we have to compare natural resources of countries in this case and not countries by themselves????? How do we know that we need to compare countries..I always get comparision type questions wrong in SC...I am having a hard time understanding why countries should be compared and not their resources...I was thinking C was the correct answer as 'resources' of countries are compared
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Re: SC -- gmatprep1 -- green taxes [#permalink]

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05 Jul 2011, 04:34
Very good question... I too chose D..
But can it then be taken as a thumb rule that if we are giving examples as in this sentence (examples of countries), then the usage of that can be avoided???
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Re: So called green taxes, which exact a price for the use of [#permalink]

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24 Dec 2011, 05:38
I answered C, I will be highly thankful if somebody explains why C is not correct...
Re: So called green taxes, which exact a price for the use of   [#permalink] 24 Dec 2011, 05:38

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