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# Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the

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Re: Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2014, 00:05
joshnsit wrote:
ayushman, I doubt that verb ellipsis is at play here because even the first verb is missing to give rise to ellipsis. But, my problem is least on the verb ellipsis (around the was as indicated by you in green) here.

50% (was) a proportion greater than (proportion) in any previous election (was).

Actually first verb missing is really common in all appositives. For example:
Obama, the president of America, is in his second term.

Is equivalent to:

Obama, (who is) the president of America, is in his second term.

joshnsit wrote:
I am more concerned about noun ellipsis(red part). A noun ellipsis demands presence of an adjective or a pronoun to work. I believe one simply cant remove the presence of second subject noun for ellipsis to work for nouns, though I would love to be disputed with some examples. Some links here for noun ellipsis.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Noun_ellipsis

Let's take an example:

Heating oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last (this is an OG example).

is equivalent to:

Heating oil prices are expected to be higher this year than (heating oil prices were) last (year).

As I mentioned in my earlier mail, they key is to convert the right hand side of "than" into a clause.

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Re: Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the [#permalink]

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28 Feb 2014, 21:42
I agree choice B is best

but I am confused. B is an ellipsis clearly. but I do not understand the full version of B

Please, make full the choice B

Thank you
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Re: Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the [#permalink]

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29 Jun 2014, 22:37
Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the spending in the presidential campaign of 1992, a greater proportion than it was in any previous election.

(a) a greater proportion than it was
(b) a greater proportion than

I see this as below:

Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the spending
Soaring television costs accounted for a greater proportion in the spending than in any prev election.
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Soaring television costs accounted for more than half [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2014, 10:31
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Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the spending in the presidential campaign of 1992, a greater proportion than it was in any previous election.

A. a greater proportion than it was
B. a greater proportion than
C. a greater proportion than they have been
D. which is greater than was so
E. which is greater than it has been
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Re: Soaring television costs accounted for more than half [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2014, 13:13
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A has pronoun error.
B is fine.
Use of Present perfect for action finished in the past is not right. Thus C is wrong.
In D and E which is incorrectly used.
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Re: Soaring television costs accounted for more than half [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2014, 13:41
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tuliosoria wrote:
PiyushK wrote:
A has pronoun error.
B is fine.
Use of Present perfect for action finished in the past is not right. Thus C is wrong.
In D and E which is incorrectly used.

Could you help me, why which is incorrectly used?

Which is a relative pronoun and it modifies closest noun only. It can not modify noun placed quite far from it.

eg.
I won a cap, which is blue in color. << here which is modifying cap.

a cap I won, which is blue in color. << here cap is placed far from which.

Similarly in this question
Error in D and E.
1. costs (plural) ---SO FAR---..., which is (singular verb not fine)
2. costs are placed far from which

Spending is also an eligible noun and is also singular.
... spending in pres camp..., which is ...
noun is placed very far.. which can not modify it.

so in actual what which is modifying ?
in actual which is modifying the presidential campaign of 1992.
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Re: Soaring television costs accounted for more than half [#permalink]

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29 Jul 2014, 06:22
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kassim wrote:
PiyushK wrote:
A has pronoun error.
B is fine.
Use of Present perfect for action finished in the past is not right. Thus C is wrong.
In D and E which is incorrectly used.

Hi,
In "B" aren't we comparing costs to the previous campaign?

Kassim,

Hi Kassim,

Preposition "in" is making comparison fine.

X was higherin the presidential campaign of 1992 || than X (was) in any previous election.
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Re: Soaring television costs accounted for more than half [#permalink]

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29 Jul 2014, 06:42
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I believe A has redundancy issue too.B is concise and gives correct comparison."Soaring television costs" is singular,thus C is wrong.In D and E,which incorrectly points to presidential campaigns of 1992 and not to the costs.

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Re: Soaring television costs accounted for more than half [#permalink]

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29 Jul 2014, 06:43
I believe A has redundancy issue too.B is concise and gives correct comparison."Soaring television costs" is singular,thus C is wrong.In D and E,which incorrectly points to presidential campaigns of 1992 and not to the costs.

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Re: Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the [#permalink]

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15 Sep 2014, 10:01
B wins here.

It is concise & to the point. C has tense problem while D,E suffer from modifier problems. Option A is ruled out because we don't get to know what is "it" referring to.

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Re: *700* Soaring television costs accounted for more than half [#permalink]

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17 Apr 2015, 15:04
souvik101990 wrote:
Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the spending in the presidential campaign of 1992, a greater proportion than it was in any previous election.

A. a greater proportion than it was
it does not have a clear antecedent.

B. a greater proportion than
correct.

C. a greater proportion than they have been
they who?

D. which is greater than was so
which refers to the closest noun campaign. greater than was so - awkward.

E. which is greater than it has been
which refers to the closest noun campaign
has been - not needed, since we are talking about the past.

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Re: Soaring television costs accounted for more [#permalink]

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05 May 2015, 21:49
applebus wrote:
C is wrong because they refer to soaring television which is singular

C and E are wrong because they are in present tense but the sentence is in past tense.

D has awkward construction.

A has ambiguity in 'it' usage.

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Re: Soaring television costs accounted for more [#permalink]

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06 May 2015, 05:43
The original sentence is - Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the spending in the presidential campaign of 1992, a greater proportion than it was in any previous election.

Let me break down the sentence word by word

Soaring - Modifier- It is modifying the Noun Television costs
Television Costs- Subject Noun
Accounted - Main Verb
Spending - Verb(gerund) which is being compared in the sentence

These four are the critical elements of this sentence. The intended meaning is that the television costs accounted for more than 50% of the money spent in 1992 election. The spending on television (costs) incurred in 1992 were of a greater proportion than the spending on television (costs) in any previous election. The comparison is of the spending on television (costs).

In the original sentence the pronoun "it" is unclear. "It" may be referring to the presidential campaign(object noun)- or may be referring to the television costs or may refer to the spending. The usage of "it was" for comparison is not correct. "was" is a linking verb. If a linking verb is used in this case then it should be followed by the main verb (spending/spent) for prompt comparison.

B. a greater proportion than

At the first glance this choice does not look 100% but a closer look tells us that the comparison elements can be considered as okay. Spending is not written in the underlined portion but it is implied that the comparison is of the spending.

C. a greater proportion than they have been

Usage of they and have been repeats a similar error as in the original choice. The only difference is that "it" is replaced with "they" and "was" is replaced with "have been".

D. which is greater than was so

which is a modifier. It is used in the sentence to modify "the presidential campaign of 1992" . Comparison is completely wrong, thus the meaning of the sentence is changed. Incorrect

E. which is greater than it has been

Same error as in D (usage of which). Usage of "it" is unclear. Moreover, the action has been completed in the past. The usage of has been suggests that the action is continuing in the present. Therefore, incorrect.

This leaves us with choice B.

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Re: Soaring television costs accounted for more than half [#permalink]

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14 Sep 2015, 07:30
Gnpth wrote:
NEW PROJECT!: Renew Old Thread => Back to basic => Give your explanation- Get Kudos Point
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Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the spending in the presidential campaign of 1992, a greater proportion than it was in any previous election.

A. a greater proportion than it was
B. a greater proportion than
C. a greater proportion than they have been
D. which is greater than was so
E. which is greater than it has been

Take the modifier and put the in front of the subject, It becomes much easier to absorb.

"A greater proportion than in any previous election, Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the spending in the presidential campaign of 1992"
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Re: Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the [#permalink]

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12 Jun 2016, 01:01
nightwing79 wrote:
Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the spending in the presidential campaign of 1992, a greater proportion than it was in any previous election.

(a) a greater proportion than it was
(b) a greater proportion than
(c) a greater proportion than they have been
(d) which is greater than was so
(e) which is greater than it has been

do go through the logic of your solution

i do this problem many times.
in A
it refer to what. it can refer to "more than half of speaning in previous campage". so, a greater proportion than "more than...compange". not logic here.
in C.
have been can not go with a specific time in past " in any previous election".
in E
e is similar to C.
in D.
which refers to "more than half..." so, the subject of second part is "more than ..." was so. not logic.
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Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2016, 00:19
(a) a greater proportion than it was --> Intended meaning: The proportion(in the presidential campaign of 1992) was greater than proportion in any previous election. "It" has no referent as per the intended meaning
(b) a greater proportion than --> Correct, conveys intended meaning
(c) a greater proportion than they have been --> "they" can refer to "soaring television costs" ==> Illogical meaning
(d) which is greater than was so --> "which" cannot modify the preceding clause. "which" can modify preceding noun entity
(e) which is greater than it has been --> i)Same Error as in D ii) "It" has no referrent

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Re: Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the [#permalink]

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18 May 2017, 03:36
suchoudh wrote:
Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the spending in the presidential campaign of 1992, a greater proportion than it was in any previous election.

A. a greater proportion than it was
B. a greater proportion than
C. a greater proportion than they have been
D. which is greater than was so
E. which is greater than it has been

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Major confusion what is the correct answer among A, B, C and why?

Source: GMATPrep.

in choice D, "so' is wrong.
"so" refer to an adjective, adverb or a full clause in preceeding part. "so" means a same situation and , so, "so" never go with "than".
"so" can go with "more" as in

she is beautiful and her sister is more so.

in choice E and D, "which" is correct but there are other errors in these choices.
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Re: Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the [#permalink]

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21 May 2017, 12:19
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the [#permalink]

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08 Jun 2017, 10:15
I have two specific question on this one
1.What is exactly being compared in B?
2.What is wrong with option C?

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Re: Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2017, 02:31
techiesam wrote:
I have two specific question on this one
1.What is exactly being compared in B?
2.What is wrong with option C?

1. Objects compared:
A. The proportion of television costs in presidential spending in 1992 (Proportion = more than 1/2)
B. The proportion of television costs in presidential spending in any election before 1992

2. "They" refers to "television costs". Television costs are not compared - the proportion of the television costs is compared. So the pronoun should be "it", not "they".

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Re: Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the   [#permalink] 09 Jun 2017, 02:31

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