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Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the spending

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Manager
Joined: 01 Jun 2015
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Re: Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the spending [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2017, 07:36
sayantanc2k wrote:
techiesam wrote:
I have two specific question on this one
1.What is exactly being compared in B?
2.What is wrong with option C?

1. Objects compared:
A. The proportion of television costs in presidential spending in 1992 (Proportion = more than 1/2)
B. The proportion of television costs in presidential spending in any election before 1992

2. "They" refers to "television costs". Television costs are not compared - the proportion of the television costs is compared. So the pronoun should be "it", not "they".

If the pronoun should be it then why A is wrong? Is that because the verb was?

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Re: Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the spending [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2017, 07:45
techiesam wrote:
If the pronoun should be it then why A is wrong? Is that because the verb was?

Hi techiesam ,

I think you misunderstood what sayantanc2k tried to convey.

He meant "they" cannot be used to compare the proportion. Proportion can be compared using "it".

But in A, this "it" can refer to two things: proportion or campaign. So, it has pronoun ambiguity error and hence incorrect.

Had the sentence been something like below, it would have been correct.

Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the spending, a greater proportion than it was in any previous election.

Did you notice "it" here has only one antecedent. Hence, correct.

I hope it makes sense.
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Re: Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the spending [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2017, 07:53
abhimahna wrote:
techiesam wrote:
If the pronoun should be it then why A is wrong? Is that because the verb was?

Hi techiesam ,

I think you misunderstood what sayantanc2k tried to convey.

He meant "they" cannot be used to compare the proportion. Proportion can be compared using "it".

But in A, this "it" can refer to two things: proportion or campaign. So, it has pronoun ambiguity error and hence incorrect.

Had the sentence been something like below, it would have been correct.

Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the spending, a greater proportion than it was in any previous election.

Did you notice "it" here has only one antecedent. Hence, correct.

I hope it makes sense.

Thank you
My initial thought was that "spending" of different timeline was compared.By the way,in the sentence written by you,doesn't spending also qualify as a contender for it as spending is a noun?

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Re: Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the spending [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2017, 08:06
techiesam wrote:
Thank you
My initial thought was that "spending" of different timeline was compared.By the way,in the sentence written by you,doesn't spending also qualify as a contender for it as spending is a noun?

Hi techiesam ,

Yes, it does. But note that the proportion is also referring to the spending only. So, either way we are referring to spending by using "it".

This type of pronoun reference is acceptable on GMAT.

I hope it makes sense.
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Re: Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the spending [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2017, 05:12
We can eliminate D and E for using the relative pronoun "which" because it's not 1992 that is "greater than..."

C can be eliminated for using the present perfect "have been" to describe past elections.

A uses "it was." What was a greater proportion than in any previous election? Soaring TV costs. Costs are plural and "it was" is singular, so we have an agreement error.

Subject :- soaring television costs(Plural). So, The choices using singular pronoun or verb such as "it" in A, "was so" in D and greater than "it" has in E are out.

A. a greater proportion than it was
This sentence has pronoun reference error. The pronoun "it" can only refer to "spending in the presidential campaign" or to "presidential campaign". Both these references are non-sensical in the context of this sentence.

B. a greater proportion than
This option compares spending over two election periods. Correct.

C. a greater proportion than they have been
The only plural referent for "they' is "soaring television costs". This will result in is an illogical comparison.

D. which is greater than was so
The reference made by "which modifier" is not clear. Is "which" referring to "presidential campaign of 1992" or spending in presidential campaign of 1992" or so on. Thus, use of which modifier is ambiguous.

E. which is greater than it has been
Same as D.
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Re: Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the spending [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2017, 05:16
We can eliminate D and E for using the relative pronoun "which" because it's not 1992 that is "greater than..."

C can be eliminated for using the present perfect "have been" to describe past elections.

A uses "it was." What was a greater proportion than in any previous election? Soaring TV costs. Costs are plural and "it was" is singular, so we have an agreement error.

Subject :- soaring television costs(Plural). So, The choices using singular pronoun or verb such as "it" in A, "was so" in D and greater than "it" has in E are out.

A. a greater proportion than it was
This sentence has pronoun reference error. The pronoun "it" can only refer to "spending in the presidential campaign" or to "presidential campaign". Both these references are non-sensical in the context of this sentence.

B. a greater proportion than
This option compares spending over two election periods. Correct.

C. a greater proportion than they have been
The only plural referent for "they' is "soaring television costs". This will result in is an illogical comparison.

D. which is greater than was so
The reference made by "which modifier" is not clear. Is "which" referring to "presidential campaign of 1992" or spending in presidential campaign of 1992" or so on. Thus, use of which modifier is ambiguous.

E. which is greater than it has been
Same as D.
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Re: Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the spending [#permalink]

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27 Sep 2017, 10:59
Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the spending in the presidential campaign of 1992, a greater proportion than it was in any previous election.

A. a greater proportion than it was
B. a greater proportion than
C. a greater proportion than they have been
D. which is greater than was so
E. which is greater than it has been
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Re: Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the spending [#permalink]

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06 Dec 2017, 13:00
A. 'it was' refers to the same proportion - unnecessary
B. Correct
C. 'they' plural - cannot refer to proportion
D. 'which' refer to 1992
E. Same as D

nightwing79 wrote:
Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the spending in the presidential campaign of 1992, a greater proportion than it was in any previous election.

(A) a greater proportion than it was

(B) a greater proportion than

(C) a greater proportion than they have been

(D) which is greater than was so

(E) which is greater than it has been

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Re: Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the spending   [#permalink] 06 Dec 2017, 13:00

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