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# Sociologist: Climate and geology determine where human

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Manager
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Location: India
Sociologist: Climate and geology determine where human  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 29 Dec 2018, 23:15
3
00:00

Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

37% (01:51) correct 63% (01:49) wrong based on 230 sessions

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Sociologist: Climate and geology determine where human industry can be established. Drastic shifts in climate always result in migrations, and migrations bring about the intermingling of ideas necessary for rapid advances in civilization.

The sociologist’s statements, if true, most strongly support which one of the following?

(A) Climate is the primary cause of migration
(B) All shifts in climate produce a net gain in human progress
(C) A population remains settles only where the climate is fairly stable.
(D) Populations settle in every place where human industry can be established
(E) Every migration is accompanied by rapid advances in civilization

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Originally posted by SudiptoGmat on 18 Feb 2010, 08:39.
Last edited by Gladiator59 on 29 Dec 2018, 23:15, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Sociologist: Climate and geology determine where human  [#permalink]

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18 Feb 2010, 19:04
SudiptoGmat wrote:
Sociologist: Climate and geology determine where human industry can be
established . Drastic shifts in climate always result in migrations, and migrations
bring about the intermingling of ideas necessary for rapid advances in civilization.
The sociologist’s statements, if true, most strongly support which one of the
following?
(A) Climate is the primary cause of migration
(B) All shifts in climate produce a net gain in human progress
(C) A population remains settles only where the climate is fairly stable.
(D) Populations settle in every place where human industry can be established
(E) Every migrations accompanies by rapid advances in civilization

Ans. C

It is given "Drastic shifts in climate always result in migrations", so population settle if climate is stable.

A. incorrect -- C is more correct and climate is not the reason, to be more specific, shift in climate is the reason.
B. All shifts may not produce net gains, people may move away too
D. not true
E. not neccessarily!
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Posts: 249
Re: Sociologist: Climate and geology determine where human  [#permalink]

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19 Feb 2010, 10:41
Even I was torn between C & E. I think wording of E is strong
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Re: Sociologist: Climate and geology determine where human  [#permalink]

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19 Feb 2010, 11:48
1
SudiptoGmat wrote:
Sociologist: Climate and geology determine where human industry can be
established . Drastic shifts in climate always result in migrations, and migrations
bring about the intermingling of ideas necessary for rapid advances in civilization.
The sociologist’s statements, if true, most strongly support which one of the
following?
(A) Climate is the primary cause of migration
(B) All shifts in climate produce a net gain in human progress
(C) A population remains settles only where the climate is fairly stable.
(D) Populations settle in every place where human industry can be established
(E) Every migrations accompanies by rapid advances in civilization

migrations bring about the intermingling of ideas necessary for rapid advances in civilization. So, E is not correct. Because E says rapid advances in civilization will happen for sure for migration.

C wins. C is the OA.
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Re: Sociologist: Climate and geology determine where human  [#permalink]

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25 Feb 2010, 08:05
what is the source of this question? In C climate stable is very vague term. therefore, I eliminated the same. could you please let us know why D is wrong?
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Re: Sociologist: Climate and geology determine where human  [#permalink]

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25 Feb 2010, 22:29
Sudipto, I've some problem to accept C
A population remains settles only where the climate is fairly stable.
I've problem for the word "Only"
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Joined: 17 Feb 2010
Posts: 1056
Re: Sociologist: Climate and geology determine where human  [#permalink]

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26 Feb 2010, 09:59
my pick ic (C).

Sociologist: Climate and geology determine where human industry can be
established . Drastic shifts in climate always result in migrations, and migrations
bring about the intermingling of ideas necessary for rapid advances in civilization.
The sociologist’s statements, if true, most strongly support which one of the
following?
(A) Climate is the primary cause of migration - the author did not say that...he says drastic shifts in climate result in migrations
(B) All shifts in climate produce a net gain in human progress - not mentioned in the paragraph
(C) A population remains settles only where the climate is fairly stable.
(D) Populations settle in every place where human industry can be established - migration of population can bring industries. the paragraph does not say that people go where industries are established
(E) Every migrations accompanies by rapid advances in civilization - too strong statement.
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Re: Sociologist: Climate and geology determine where human  [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2011, 04:39

I choose E..
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Joined: 06 Jul 2011
Posts: 22
Re: Sociologist: Climate and geology determine where human  [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2011, 08:52
SudiptoGmat wrote:
Sociologist: Climate and geology determine where human industry can be
established . Drastic shifts in climate always result in migrations, and migrations
bring about the intermingling of ideas necessary for rapid advances in civilization.
The sociologist’s statements, if true, most strongly support which one of the
following?
(A) Climate is the primary cause of migration
(B) All shifts in climate produce a net gain in human progress
(C) A population remains settles only where the climate is fairly stable.
(D) Populations settle in every place where human industry can be established
(E) Every migrations accompanies by rapid advances in civilization

I originally picked A but now realize the wording is too strong. Yes, shifts in climate cause migration, but nowhere does it say it is the absolute number one reason migration occurs. Heck, it could be more related to food or water for all we know based on the stimulus.

Both B and E are very similar in strength, so if you have an issue with one, should feel the same about the other. Migration yields the ideas necessary for advancement, but the advancement itself requires some bright minds to execute upon those ideas.

C is vague enough to be correct.
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Re: Sociologist: Climate and geology determine where human  [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2011, 18:21
+1 for C.

A is not correct, as the argument does not establish the Causality of Climate ==> Migrations. Its only drastic climate changes that result in migration. Moreover, it is nowhere mentioned that Climate is "primary" cause of migration.

Crick
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Re: Sociologist: Climate and geology determine where human  [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2011, 18:39
1
"Drastic shifts in climate always result in migrations" can also be rephrased as "Population would be stable only if there is no Shift in Climate conditions" which essentially is the 'C' option.

+1 C
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Re: Sociologist: Climate and geology determine where human  [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2011, 18:53
anordinaryguy wrote:
"Drastic shifts in climate always result in migrations" can also be rephrased as "Population would be stable only if there is no Shift in Climate conditions" which essentially is the 'C' option.

+1 C

This is the perfect explanation. I am convinced.

+1 C
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Re: Sociologist: Climate and geology determine where human  [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2011, 11:54
drastic climate change ---> migration
contra-positive: no migration ---> no drastic climate change [fairly stable climate]

hence, C
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Re: Sociologist: Climate and geology determine where human  [#permalink]

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24 Dec 2011, 08:19
Yes nice question. C is the correct answer. The contra-positive technique can be applied perfectly for this question.
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Re: Sociologist: Climate and geology determine where human  [#permalink]

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26 Dec 2011, 04:25
1
C

Drastic shifts in climate always result in migrations

A ) not mentioned abt “ONLY” part
B ) all shift is not mentioned
C ) so if case is not false then it has to be true .. by that logic C has to be the answer
D ) nope, as statement says abt stable climate
E ) not mentioned
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Re: Sociologist: Climate and geology determine where human  [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2014, 13:43
SudiptoGmat wrote:
Sociologist: Climate and geology determine where human industry can be
established . Drastic shifts in climate always result in migrations, and migrations
bring about the intermingling of ideas necessary for rapid advances in civilization.
The sociologist’s statements, if true, most strongly support which one of the
following?
(A) Climate is the primary cause of migration
(B) All shifts in climate produce a net gain in human progress
(C) A population remains settles only where the climate is fairly stable.
(D) Populations settle in every place where human industry can be established
(E) Every migrations accompanies by rapid advances in civilization

I liked C but you know what? We are talking about DRASTIC shifts in climate. If the climate is less than fairly stable, its OK, as long as we don't have something drastic again, this is the key word. So does it really support C? I'm not too convinced.

In D, Populations settle in every place where HI can be established. Well I think that this is an unstated premise that will give the conclusion the correct meaning. Are we doing an assumption question? No. Then this is not really the answer choice I'm looking for.

Every migration accompanies advanced in civilizations? It doesn't mention anywhere in the passage that this is always the case. So I'm not really sure that this is the answer.

I guess C will have to be by POE but please note from above that this is indeed the least-worst answer choice cause it is really flawed to be a convincing answer choice, you know one that you will find in real GMAT

Hope it helps
Cheers!
J
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Re: Sociologist: Climate and geology determine where human  [#permalink]

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30 May 2014, 07:36
What's the OA/OE for this one? I want to know the difference between C and E? Which one wins?

Cheers!
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Re: Sociologist: Climate and geology determine where human  [#permalink]

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20 Jan 2017, 06:50
Its a LSAT quest . Official answer is C
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Re: Sociologist: Climate and geology determine where human  [#permalink]

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02 Feb 2019, 11:43
Bumping for discussion for you LSAT people!
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Re: Sociologist: Climate and geology determine where human   [#permalink] 02 Feb 2019, 11:43
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