Solution Y is 30 percent liquid X and 70 percent water. If 2 kilogram : GMAT Problem Solving (PS)
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# Solution Y is 30 percent liquid X and 70 percent water. If 2 kilogram

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Solution Y is 30 percent liquid X and 70 percent water. If 2 kilogram [#permalink]

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08 Nov 2010, 13:02
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Solution Y is 30 percent liquid X and 70 percent water. If 2 kilograms of water evaporate from 8 kilograms of solutions Y and 2 kilograms of solution Y are added to the remaining 6 kilograms of liquid, what percent of this new liquid solution is liquid X?

A. 30%
B. 33 1/3%
C. 37 1/2%
D. 40%
E. 50%
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Solution Y is 30 percent liquid X and 70 percent water. If 2 kilogram [#permalink]

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08 Nov 2010, 13:16
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At the beggining, you have 8KG of solution Y, i.e.

70% * 8KG = 5,6 KG of Water
30% * 8KG = 2,4 KG of X

2KG of water evaporate:

5,6KG - 2KG = 3,6KG of Water
2,4KG of X

3,6KG + 2*0,70 = 5KG of Water
2,4KG + 2*0,30 = 3 KG of X

So you have 3KG of X in 8KG (3 + 5) solution.
Therefore X concentration is 3/8 = 37,5%
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Re: Solution Y is 30 percent liquid X and 70 percent water. If 2 kilogram [#permalink]

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08 Nov 2010, 23:01
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Took time to solve this one, the statement 2 kilograms of solution Y are added to the remaining 6 kilograms of liquid was confusing to me. After thinking more deeply, it was clear to me that new 2 kg of solution Y will also be 30% liquid X and 70% water, and then I was able to get the answer. That was a bit tricky and nice question.
Kudos +1 for posting the question
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Re: Solution Y is 30 percent liquid X and 70 percent water. If 2 kilogram [#permalink]

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08 Nov 2010, 23:25
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Initially you start with 8kg of solution which has 2.4kg of X and 5.6kg of water
Post evaporation : 2.4kg of X and 3.6kg of water
Now we add back 2kg of Y --> 1.4Kg water + 0.6Kg X
So we have left 5Kg Water & 3Kg X

Percentage concentration is (3/5)*100 or 37.5%
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Re: Solution Y is 30 percent liquid X and 70 percent water. If 2 kilogram [#permalink]

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08 Nov 2010, 23:43
shrouded1 wrote:
Initially you start with 8kg of solution which has 2.4kg of X and 5.6kg of water
Post evaporation : 2.4kg of X and 3.6kg of water
Now we add back 2kg of Y --> 1.4Kg water + 0.6Kg X
So we have left 5Kg Water & 3Kg X

Percentage concentration is (3/5)*100 or 37.5%

Yea, that's exactly how I solved but you know at first I was kinda adding 2 to 6 kg without considering liquid X and water's concentration within 2 kg being added.
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Re: Solution Y is 30 percent liquid X and 70 percent water. If 2 kilogram [#permalink]

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10 Dec 2011, 12:51
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Liquid x in 8 kg = 8*30%=12/5
Liquid x in next 2 kg = 2*30% = 3/5
Total x = 12/5 + 3/5 = 15/5 = 3
so, (3/8)*100= 37.5%
Ans. C
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Re: Solution Y is 30 percent liquid X and 70 percent water. If 2 kilogram [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2011, 22:43
Initially we have 8kg of solution which has 3/10 0f 8= 2.4kg of X and 7/10 of 8 = 5.6kg of water after evaporation : 2.4kg of X and 3.6kg of water
Now we added 2kg of solution Y --> 7/10 of 2=1.4Kg water + 3/10 0f 2 =0.6Kg X
So we have left 5Kg Water & 3Kg X

Percentage concentration is (3/5)*100 or 37.5%
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06 Apr 2012, 12:19
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rovshan85 wrote:
Solution Y is 30% liquid X and 70 percent water. If 2 kilograms of water evaporate from 8 kg of solution Y and 2 kg of solution Y are added to the remaining 6 kg of liquid, what percent of this new solution is liquid X?

a. 30
b. 33 1/3
c. 37 1/2
d. 40
e. 50

What is the easiest way to approach this type of problem and solve under 2 min.

In 8 kilograms of solution Y there are 0.3*8=2.4 kilograms of solution X;

After 2 kilograms of water are replaced by 2 kilograms of solution Y, to the existing 2.4 kilograms of solution X, 0.3*2=0.6 kilograms of solution X are added, so in the new solution of 8 kilograms there are 2.4+0.6=3 kilograms of solution X, which is 3/8*100=37.5% of this new solution.

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Solution Y is 30 percent liquid X and 70 percent water. If 2 [#permalink]

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02 Jun 2012, 08:51
Solution Y total = 8
Liq x = 30% (8) = 2.4

Added 2 kg of Solution Y
Liq x = 30% (2) = 0.6

Final Solution wil have = (2.4 + 0.6) = 3 kg of Liq x

3/8 = 37.5%
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Re: Solution Y is 30 percent liquid X and 70 percent water. If 2 [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2013, 20:32
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rovshan85 wrote:
Solution Y is 30 percent liquid X and 70 percent water. If 2 kilograms of water evaporate from 8 kilograms of solution Y and 2 kilograms of solution Y are added to the remaining 6 kilograms of liquid, what percent of this new solution is liquid X?

A. 30%
B. 33 1/3%
C. 37 1/2%
D. 40%
E. 50%

What is the easiest way to approach this type of problem and solve under 2 min.

1. The net effect of 2 kg of water evaporating and adding 2 kg of the solution is removing (-2 + 1.4 = -0.6) 0.6 kg of water and adding 0.6 kg of liquid
2 Therefore the changed solution contains, 2.4 + 0.6 = 3 kg of liquid and 5.6-0.6==5 kg of water.
3. Percentage of liquid is 3/8 * 100 % = 37 1/2 %
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Re: Solution Y is 30 percent liquid X and 70 percent water. If 2 kilogram [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2014, 05:24
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Re: Solution Y is 30 percent liquid X and 70 percent water. If 2 kilogram [#permalink]

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04 Jan 2016, 11:21
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Re: Solution Y is 30 percent liquid X and 70 percent water. If 2 kilogram [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2016, 04:55
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rtaha2412 wrote:
Solution Y is 30 percent liquid X and 70 percent water. If 2 kilograms of water evaporate from 8 kilograms of solutions Y and 2 kilograms of solution Y are added to the remaining 6 kilograms of liquid, what percent of this new liquid solution is liquid X?

A. 30%
B. 33 1/3%
C. 37 1/2%
D. 40%
E. 50%

The best way to solve these problems is to take one step at a time

Initial:
8 kg Solution Y
This means Solution X = 2.4 kg, Water = 5.6 kg

Step 2:
2 kg of water is evaporated.
Left over: Solution X = 2.4 kg and Water = 3.6 kg

Step 3:
2 kg of Solutoin Y is added
Or, 0.6 kg of Solution X and 1.4 kg of water is added

Final:
Solution X = 3, Water = 5
% of solution X = 3/8 * 100 = 37.5%

Option C
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Re: Solution Y is 30 percent liquid X and 70 percent water. If 2 kilogram [#permalink]

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03 May 2016, 06:47
rtaha2412 wrote:
Solution Y is 30 percent liquid X and 70 percent water. If 2 kilograms of water evaporate from 8 kilograms of solutions Y and 2 kilograms of solution Y are added to the remaining 6 kilograms of liquid, what percent of this new liquid solution is liquid X?

A. 30%
B. 33 1/3%
C. 37 1/2%
D. 40%
E. 50%

Hi,

I like using a table for mixture problems. This is what I came up with (see attachement):
Attachments

Sol gmat.JPG [ 31.44 KiB | Viewed 1825 times ]

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Solution Y is 30 percent liquid X and 70 percent water. If 2 kilogram [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2016, 19:23
let x=% of liquid X in new solution
.3*8+.3*2=8x
x=3/8=37.5%
Solution Y is 30 percent liquid X and 70 percent water. If 2 kilogram   [#permalink] 18 Jul 2016, 19:23
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