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Some animals, such as dolphins, dogs, and African grey parrots, seem t

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Re: Some animals, such as dolphins, dogs, and African grey parrots, seem t [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2016, 08:01
ssriva2 wrote:
nitya34 wrote:
Some animals, such as dolphins, dogs, and African grey parrots, seem to exhibit cognitive functions typically associated with higher-order primates such as chimpanzees, gorillas, and humans. Some parrots, for example, have vocabularies of hundreds of words that they can string together in a comprehensible syntax. This clearly shows that humans and primates are not the only animals capable of using language to communicate. One parrot, named Alex, has been known to ask to be petted or kissed and will exhibit aggression if the gesture offered is not the specific one requested.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the conclusion above?

A. Dolphins can be trained to assist divers in ocean rescues.
B. Gorillas in captivity often learn hand signals for food and water.
C. Dogs are capable of sensing their owners' moods and often exhibit concern if they sense sadness.
D. Chimpanzees can memorize long sequences of key punches on machines that dispense food.
E. Alex does not exhibit aggression when offered a gesture that he specifically requested.

is it C?


Cannot underatans why c is out.
Dogs too express concern and communicate.
Alex does not exhibit aggression does not say that he tries to communicate and tell that he is satisfied.
please help!



Hi,
You can use your real world knowledge in GMAT CR . Take the given facts as real . In option 'C' it says Dogs sense sadness ( which is a gesture) , this option mentions nothing about language communication.
Whereas , in option 'E' , it confirms the parrot understand what he is asking. It is not just he has memrized a word and doesn't know its meaning . Hope it is clear now :)
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Re: Some animals, such as dolphins, dogs, and African grey parrots, seem t [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2016, 08:02
nitya34 wrote:
Some animals, such as dolphins, dogs, and African grey parrots, seem to exhibit cognitive functions typically associated with higher-order primates such as chimpanzees, gorillas, and humans. Some parrots, for example, have vocabularies of hundreds of words that they can string together in a comprehensible syntax. This clearly shows that humans and primates are not the only animals capable of using language to communicate. One parrot, named Alex, has been known to ask to be petted or kissed and will exhibit aggression if the gesture offered is not the specific one requested.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the conclusion above?

A. Dolphins can be trained to assist divers in ocean rescues.
B. Gorillas in captivity often learn hand signals for food and water.
C. Dogs are capable of sensing their owners' moods and often exhibit concern if they sense sadness.
D. Chimpanzees can memorize long sequences of key punches on machines that dispense food.
E. Alex does not exhibit aggression when offered a gesture that he specifically requested.

is it C?


Conclusion is animals other than primates can communicate. A,B,C,D shows high cognitive abilities that does not mean they are able to communicate.
E strengthens the conclusion as it removes the doubt, that alex shows aggression for all kinds of gestures

So answer should be E
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Re: Some animals, such as dolphins, dogs, and African grey parrots, seem t [#permalink]

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New post 12 Mar 2017, 16:31
nitya34 wrote:
Some animals, such as dolphins, dogs, and African grey parrots, seem to exhibit cognitive functions typically associated with higher-order primates such as chimpanzees, gorillas, and humans. Some parrots, for example, have vocabularies of hundreds of words that they can string together in a comprehensible syntax. This clearly shows that humans and primates are not the only animals capable of using language to communicate. One parrot, named Alex, has been known to ask to be petted or kissed and will exhibit aggression if the gesture offered is not the specific one requested.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the conclusion above?

A. Dolphins can be trained to assist divers in ocean rescues.
B. Gorillas in captivity often learn hand signals for food and water.
C. Dogs are capable of sensing their owners' moods and often exhibit concern if they sense sadness.
D. Chimpanzees can memorize long sequences of key punches on machines that dispense food.
E. Alex does not exhibit aggression when offered a gesture that he specifically requested.


Official solution



The conclusion of the argument is that humans and primates are not the only animals capable of communicating with language. The basis for this claim is that a parrot named Alex becomes upset when he is not given the gesture he verbally requests. We are asked to strengthen the claim.

(A) The conclusion is about non-primates or non-humans being able to use language to communicate. Assisting divers in ocean rescues is not relevant.

(B) The conclusion is about non-primates or non-humans being able to use language to communicate. Gorillas are primates, as stated in the first sentence of the argument.

(C) Sensing the mood of one’s owner and exhibiting concern is not a form of language communication.

(D) The conclusion is about non-primates or non-humans being able to use language to communicate. Chimpanzees are primates, as stated in the first sentence of the argument.

(E) CORRECT. If Alex does not exhibit aggression when offered a gesture that he specifically requested, it suggests that Alex can tell the difference between the gestures that he requests and those that he does not. In other words, he is a non-primate / non-human but he is communicating via language. If he also exhibited aggression when offered the gestures he requested, it would be more difficult to claim that he was communicating via language.
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Re: Some animals, such as dolphins, dogs, and African grey parrots, seem t [#permalink]

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New post 16 Apr 2017, 06:27
The conclusion of the argument is that humans and primates are not the only animals capable of communicating with language. The basis for this claim is that a parrot named Alex becomes upset when he is not given the gesture he verbally requests. We are asked to strengthen the claim.

Conclusion: Humans and primates are not the only animals capable of using language to communicate.
Support: Some animals, such as dolphins, dogs, and African grey parrots, seem to exhibit cognitive functions typically associated with higher-order primates such as chimpanzees, gorillas, and humans.
Example 1: Some parrots have vocabularies of hundreds of words that they can string together in a comprehensible syntax, Alex.

Now Since the conclusion is not about the primates and humans, B and D can be ruled out . Now since we are talking about communication via language , C can be ruled out. For A also, there is no language involved for communication ( not sign language ?) So, left with answer choice E which is correct. Also, since Alex can communicate via language and responds according to gesture offered.

(A) The conclusion is about non-primates or non-humans being able to use language to communicate. Assisting divers in ocean rescues is not relevant.
(B) The conclusion is about non-primates or non-humans being able to use language to communicate. Gorillas are primates, as stated in the first sentence of the argument.
(C) Sensing the mood of one’s owner and exhibiting concern is not a form of language communication.
(D) The conclusion is about non-primates or non-humans being able to use language to communicate. Chimpanzees are primates, as stated in the first sentence of the argument.
(E) CORRECT. If Alex does not exhibit aggression when offered a gesture that he specifically requested, it suggests that Alex can tell the difference between the gestures that he requests and those that he does not. In other words, he is a non-primate / non-human but he is communicating via language. If he also exhibited aggression when offered the gestures he requested, it would be more difficult to claim that he was communicating via language.
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Re: Some animals, such as dolphins, dogs, and African grey parrots, seem t [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2017, 21:13
Some animals, such as dolphins, dogs, and African grey parrots, seem to exhibit cognitive functions typically associated with higher-order primates such as chimpanzees, gorillas, and humans. Some parrots, for example, have vocabularies of hundreds of words that they can string together in a comprehensible syntax. This clearly shows that humans and primates are not the only animals capable of using language to communicate. One parrot, named Alex, has been known to ask to be petted or kissed and will exhibit aggression if the gesture offered is not the specific one requested.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the conclusion above?

A. Dolphins can be trained to assist divers in ocean rescues.
B. Gorillas in captivity often learn hand signals for food and water.
C. Dogs are capable of sensing their owners' moods and often exhibit concern if they sense sadness.
D. Chimpanzees can memorize long sequences of key punches on machines that dispense food.
E. Alex does not exhibit aggression when offered a gesture that he specifically requested.
Correct answer, because the understanding means that the animal to be able to act upon the understanding and differentiate between the language and signs
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Re: Some animals, such as dolphins, dogs, and African grey parrots, seem t [#permalink]

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New post 24 Nov 2017, 23:43
OA E

Remaining options except E are talking about Primates. And our job is to find reason Anyother animal except human and PRimatees has that capability.
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Re: Some animals, such as dolphins, dogs, and African grey parrots, seem t [#permalink]

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New post 25 Nov 2017, 12:45
Some animals, such as dolphins, dogs, and African grey parrots, seem to exhibit cognitive functions typically associated with higher-order primates such as chimpanzees, gorillas, and humans. Some parrots, for example, have vocabularies of hundreds of words that they can string together in a comprehensible syntax. This clearly shows that humans and primates are not the only animals capable of using language to communicate. One parrot, named Alex, has been known to ask to be petted or kissed and will exhibit aggression if the gesture offered is not the specific one requested.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the conclusion above?

A. Dolphins can be trained to assist divers in ocean rescues. -We are worried about the expression of speech and notabout any other sort of training.
B. Gorillas in captivity often learn hand signals for food and water. -Gorillas are out of scope since they are in the category of humans
C. Dogs are capable of sensing their owners' moods and often exhibit concern if they sense sadness. -Same as A
D. Chimpanzees can memorize long sequences of key punches on machines that dispense food. -Same as B
E. Alex does not exhibit aggression when offered a gesture that he specifically requested. -Correct
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Re: Some animals, such as dolphins, dogs, and African grey parrots, seem t [#permalink]

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New post 16 Apr 2018, 10:05
The conclusion here is :This clearly shows that humans and primates are not the only animals capable of using language to communicate

C talks about sensing not about communicating. E talks about communication. Strengthens the argument. Right answer.
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Re: Some animals, such as dolphins, dogs, and African grey parrots, seem t   [#permalink] 16 Apr 2018, 10:05

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