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# Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthqua

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Intern
Joined: 30 Mar 2013
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Re: Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthqua [#permalink]

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18 May 2013, 12:31
I picked B....but E was very tempting as well.

(E) is wrong because on reading the option it implies as if the buildings were constructed last year rather than the earthquake which came last year :D
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Re: Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthqua [#permalink]

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18 May 2013, 20:05
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Shilpi85 wrote:
I picked B....but E was very tempting as well.

(E) is wrong because on reading the option it implies as if the buildings were constructed last year rather than the earthquake which came last year :D

yup , i agree earthquake is the object of the preposition in the earthquacke. . Prepositions are not part of the core sentence. Hence, this options messes the sentence. Another reason to watch out that modifiers should be close to whatever it's modifying. E is Out.
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Re: Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthqua [#permalink]

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19 May 2013, 02:45
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x2suresh wrote:
37(OG VR)
Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthquake last year were constructed in violation of the city's building code.

A)Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthquake last year were
"destroyed and heavily damaged" is nonsensical. A thing cannot be destroyed and damaged at the same time.
B)Some buildings that were destroyed or heavily damaged in the earthquake last year had been
"Last year" modifies "earthquake". "Had been constructed" indicates the point in time before "were destroyed". Makes sense.
C)Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthquake last year have been
Wrong for the same reason as A.
D)Last year the earthquake destroyed or heavly damaged some buildings that have been
"Have been constructed" means that the buildings still stand illogically neglecting the earthquake.
E) Last year some of the buildings that were destroyed or heavily damaged in the earth quake had been.
"that were destroyed..." is a modifier of "the buildings", making "Last year" a modifier of "had been constructed".
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Re: Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthqua [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2013, 16:51
I have a basic question:-
I interpreted the sentence as building were destroyed last year but they have been constructed (re-constructed) after the earthquake & are constrcuted violating the city's building code.
Hence I picked D.
What is wrong with this inpteretation. It seems logical too. Using choice D the complete sentence becomes:-
Last year the earthquake destroyed or heavily damaged some buildings that have been constructed in violation of the city's building code.
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Re: Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthqua [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2013, 19:46
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A and C are incorrect because Destroyed and Heavily damaged does not make sense together.

D is incorrect because Have been shift the tense from Past tense.

E is incorrect because Last year is incorrectly placed.
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Re: Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthqua [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2013, 21:42
Hi,

My question is different; I re-phrase again.
Taking D as the option the complete sentence is:-
***********************
Last year the earthquake destroyed or heavily damaged some buildings that have been constructed in violation of the city's building code.
******************
Now, is the above sentence grammatically & logically incorrect.

Using the logic- The new buildings which were constructed after being damaged or destroyed are violating the city's building code.
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Re: Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthqua [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2014, 11:03
I put this question in the Lobby of Amazing Questions.
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Re: Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthqua [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2014, 16:57
Nilabh_s wrote:
Hi,

My question is different; I re-phrase again.
Taking D as the option the complete sentence is:-
***********************
Last year the earthquake destroyed or heavily damaged some buildings that have been constructed in violation of the city's building code.
******************
Now, is the above sentence grammatically & logically incorrect.

Using the logic- The new buildings which were constructed after being damaged or destroyed are violating the city's building code.

Simple answer is, Yes. It is both logically and grammatically incorrect.
The term Construct means to build or create. You always create something new, if something is broken then you don't create it, you repair it. Similarly if something is destroyed then you don't create it, you create something new, which may be similar to the old one, but it can never be the old one.

It is not possible to construct a destroyed building. A building that is destroyed is gone, there is nothing left to construct. Similarly you could repair a damaged building but you cannot construct it.

Now to the grammar. "Have Been" is a Present Perfect Continuous tense, which is used for an event that started in past but still continues. The form of Present Perfect Continuous is has/have + been + present participle (verb+ing). E.g.
They have been working at that company for three years.

But you can't say "They have been worked at that company for three years."
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Re: Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthqua [#permalink]

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01 Mar 2014, 14:39
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Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthquake last year were constructed in violation of the city’s building code.
(A) Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthquake last year were
(B) Some buildings that were destroyed or heavily damaged in the earthquake last year had been
(C) Some buildings that the earthquake destroyed and heavily damaged last year have been
(D) Last year the earthquake destroyed or heavily damaged some buildings that have been
(E) Last year some of the buildings that were destroyed or heavily damaged in the earth quake had been

Hi, I added this Q as other posts don't include OA.
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Re: Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthqua [#permalink]

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01 Mar 2014, 14:49
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthqua [#permalink]

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01 Mar 2014, 18:33
Chose B.
In A,two simple past have been used.Ideal usage is first simple past,'were',then past perfect,'had been'.
In C and D,present perfect is used incorrectly.
E changes the meaning.It seems to imply that a subset of buildings that were destroyed had been developed illegally;whereas the original sentence implies 'some buildings that were destroyed' had been developed illegally.

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Re: Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthqua [#permalink]

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01 Mar 2014, 22:26
Can somebody tell me why do is 'had been' correct in option B?
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Re: Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthqua [#permalink]

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01 Mar 2014, 22:36
gmatter0913 wrote:
Can somebody tell me why do is 'had been' correct in option B?

Because we have to show that the buildings were built BEFORE they were destroyed in the earthquake.

So only past perfect can represent something that happened before something in past.

(B) Some buildings that were destroyed or heavily damaged in the earthquake last year had been constructed
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Re: Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthqua [#permalink]

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27 Mar 2014, 07:05
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Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthquake last year were constructed in violation of the city's building code.
A)Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthquake last year were
B)Some buildings that were destroyed or heavily damaged in the earthquake last year had been
C)Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthquake last year have been
D)Last year the earthquake destroyed or heavly damaged some buildings that have been
E) Last year some of the buildings that were destroyed or heavily damaged in the earth quake had been.

My pick was B. But one question for everyone out there. What if we had one answer choice as -
"Some buildings that were destroyed or heavily damaged in the earthquake last year were"

I know that "had been" or Past Perfect is used to indicate the sequence of events. But, if the above was one of the answer choice - then do we pick "were" or "had been". The reasoning being - Past Perfect is only used when required. Since the building were already destroyed as mentioned in the original sentence, obviously they were constructed before their destruction. In that case - the sequence of events could be depicted even without using Past Perfect. Please let me know - Expert thoughts??

Thanks!
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Re: Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthqua [#permalink]

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27 Mar 2014, 07:38
Nilabh_s wrote:
Hi,

My question is different; I re-phrase again.
Taking D as the option the complete sentence is:-
***********************
Last year the earthquake destroyed or heavily damaged some buildings that have been constructed in violation of the city's building code.
******************
Now, is the above sentence grammatically & logically incorrect.

Using the logic- The new buildings which were constructed after being damaged or destroyed are violating the city's building code.

"Reconstructed" should have been used in that case - instead of constructed..
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Re: Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthqua [#permalink]

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29 Mar 2014, 19:59
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Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthquake last year were constructed in violation of the city's building code.

A)Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthquake last year were
B)Some buildings that were destroyed or heavily damaged in the earthquake last year had been
C)Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthquake last year have been
D)Last year the earthquake destroyed or heavly damaged some buildings that have been
E) Last year some of the buildings that were destroyed or heavily damaged in the earth quake had been.

My pick was B. But one question for everyone out there. What if we had one answer choice as -
"Some buildings that were destroyed or heavily damaged in the earthquake last year were"

I know that "had been" or Past Perfect is used to indicate the sequence of events. But, if the above was one of the answer choice - then do we pick "were" or "had been". The reasoning being - Past Perfect is only used when required. Since the building were already destroyed as mentioned in the original sentence, obviously they were constructed before their destruction. In that case - the sequence of events could be depicted even without using Past Perfect. Please let me know - Expert thoughts??

Thanks!
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Last edited by carcass on 30 Mar 2014, 06:04, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the title and underlined the sentence
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Re: Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthqua [#permalink]

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29 Mar 2014, 20:00
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1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthquake last year were constructed in violation of the city's building code.
A)Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthquake last year were
B)Some buildings that were destroyed or heavily damaged in the earthquake last year had been
C)Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthquake last year have been
D)Last year the earthquake destroyed or heavly damaged some buildings that have been
E) Last year some of the buildings that were destroyed or heavily damaged in the earth quake had been.

My pick was B. But one question for everyone out there. What if we had one answer choice as -
"Some buildings that were destroyed or heavily damaged in the earthquake last year were"

I know that "had been" or Past Perfect is used to indicate the sequence of events. But, if the above was one of the answer choice - then do we pick "were" or "had been". The reasoning being - Past Perfect is only used when required. Since the building were already destroyed as mentioned in the original sentence, obviously they were constructed before their destruction. In that case - the sequence of events could be depicted even without using Past Perfect. Please let me know - Expert thoughts??

Thanks!
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Re: Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthqua [#permalink]

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29 Mar 2014, 20:15
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swati2222 wrote:
Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthquake last year were constructed in violation of the city's building code.
A)Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthquake last year were
B)Some buildings that were destroyed or heavily damaged in the earthquake last year had been
C)Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthquake last year have been
D)Last year the earthquake destroyed or heavly damaged some buildings that have been
E) Last year some of the buildings that were destroyed or heavily damaged in the earth quake had been.

My pick was B. But one question for everyone out there. What if we had one answer choice as -
"Some buildings that were destroyed or heavily damaged in the earthquake last year were"

I know that "had been" or Past Perfect is used to indicate the sequence of events. But, if the above was one of the answer choice - then do we pick "were" or "had been". The reasoning being - Past Perfect is only used when required. Since the building were already destroyed as mentioned in the original sentence, obviously they were constructed before their destruction. In that case - the sequence of events could be depicted even without using Past Perfect. Please let me know - Expert thoughts??

Thanks!

What you are missing out here is that buildings are not just destroyed but they are also 'heavily damaged'. You cannot construct a destroyed building but can definitely construct a heavily damaged building.
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Re: Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthqua [#permalink]

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29 Mar 2014, 20:30
Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthquake last year were constructed in violation of the city's building code.
A)Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthquake last year were
B)Some buildings that were destroyed or heavily damaged in the earthquake last year had been
C)Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthquake last year have been
D)Last year the earthquake destroyed or heavly damaged some buildings that have been
E) Last year some of the buildings that were destroyed or heavily damaged in the earth quake had been.

My pick was B. But one question for everyone out there. What if we had one answer choice as -
"Some buildings that were destroyed or heavily damaged in the earthquake last year were"

I know that "had been" or Past Perfect is used to indicate the sequence of events. But, if the above was one of the answer choice - then do we pick "were" or "had been". The reasoning being - Past Perfect is only used when required. Since the building were already destroyed as mentioned in the original sentence, obviously they were constructed before their destruction. In that case - the sequence of events could be depicted even without using Past Perfect. Please let me know - Expert thoughts??

Thanks!
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Manager
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Re: Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthqua [#permalink]

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29 Mar 2014, 20:30
Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthquake last year were constructed in violation of the city's building code.
A)Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthquake last year were
B)Some buildings that were destroyed or heavily damaged in the earthquake last year had been
C)Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthquake last year have been
D)Last year the earthquake destroyed or heavly damaged some buildings that have been
E) Last year some of the buildings that were destroyed or heavily damaged in the earth quake had been.

My pick was B. But one question for everyone out there. What if we had one answer choice as -
"Some buildings that were destroyed or heavily damaged in the earthquake last year were"

I know that "had been" or Past Perfect is used to indicate the sequence of events. But, if the above was one of the answer choice - then do we pick "were" or "had been". The reasoning being - Past Perfect is only used when required. Since the building were already destroyed as mentioned in the original sentence, obviously they were constructed before their destruction. In that case - the sequence of events could be depicted even without using Past Perfect. Please let me know - Expert thoughts??

Thanks!
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Re: Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthqua   [#permalink] 29 Mar 2014, 20:30

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