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Some environmentalists question the prudence of exploiting

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SVP
SVP
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G
Joined: 12 Dec 2016
Posts: 1860

Kudos [?]: 163 [0], given: 2406

Location: United States
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V33
GPA: 3.64
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: Some environmentalists question the prudence of exploiting [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2017, 08:00
correct answer should be B,
E is out because there is no information to make such inference.
C is wrong because of "most"
D is incorrect b/c of "only", enviromentalists in fact give out that "economic costs outweight...."
A is loser because it sounds like a fact, or a conclusion that cannot be inferred from the passage.

Kudos [?]: 163 [0], given: 2406

Intern
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B
Joined: 14 May 2017
Posts: 40

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 141

Location: India
GPA: 3.5
WE: Business Development (Education)
Re: Some environmentalists question the prudence of exploiting [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2017, 21:52
Some environmentalists question the prudence of exploiting features of the environment, arguing that there are no economic benefits to be gained from forests, mountains, or wetlands that no longer exist. Many environmentalists claim that because nature has intrinsic value it would be wrong to destroy such features of the environment, even if the economic costs of doing so were outweighed by the economic costs of not doing so.

Which one of the following can be logically inferred from the passage?

(A) It is economically imprudent to exploit features of the environment.
(B) Some environmentalists appeal to a noneconomic justification in questioning the defensibility of exploiting features of the environment.
(C) Most environmentalists appeal to economic reasons in questioning the defensibility of exploiting features of the environment.
(D) Many environmentalists provide only a noneconomic justification in questioning the defensibility of exploiting features of the environment.
(E) Even if there is no economic reason for protecting the environment, there is a sound non economic justification for doing so.

Good question.
This is an inference question. So we must strictly adhere to only the facts or premises provided and combine them to make a logical inference.

Here is my analysis.

(A) The passage only states that some environmentalists question the prudence of exploiting features of the environment. Hence to say that it's economically imprudent to exploit features of the environment is an extreme claim. (B) Yes. The non economic justification here is that claim by the environmentalists that nature has intrinsic value. Furthermore. The word 'Some' makes it a safe inference
(C) The choice can be eliminated because of the word 'Most' makes it somewhat extreme. There is clearly a difference between 'Many' environmentalists claiming xyz and 'Most' environmentalists claiming xyz
(D) The word 'Only' should set of a red flag immediately. Environmentalists could provide other justifications as well.
(E) Not necessary. This is an extreme claim. There could be a variety of justifications.

The best choice is B.

Cheers !!

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 141

Re: Some environmentalists question the prudence of exploiting   [#permalink] 24 Dec 2017, 21:52

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