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# Some environmentalists question the prudence of exploiting

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Some environmentalists question the prudence of exploiting [#permalink]

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07 May 2008, 03:04
1
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Some environmentalists question the prudence of exploiting features of the environment, arguing that there are no economic benefits to be gained from forests, mountains, or wetlands that no longer exist. Many environmentalists claim that because nature has intrinsic value it would be wrong to destroy such features of the environment, even if the economic costs of doing so were outweighed by the economic costs of not doing so.

Which one of the following can be logically inferred from the passage?

(A) It is economically imprudent to exploit features of the environment.
(B) Some environmentalists appeal to a noneconomic justification in questioning the defensibility of exploiting features of the environment.
(C) Most environmentalists appeal to economic reasons in questioning the defensibility of exploiting features of the environment.
(D) Many environmentalists provide only a noneconomic justification in questioning the defensibility of exploiting features of the environment.
(E) Even if there is no economic reason for protecting the environment, there is a sound noneconomic justification for doing so.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Skywalker18 on 07 Nov 2017, 22:02, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Some environmentalists question the prudence of exploiting [#permalink]

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07 May 2008, 03:16
Will go with D.

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Re: Some environmentalists question the prudence of exploiting [#permalink]

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07 May 2008, 03:40
I would go with B. B and D are very similar, and i went with B because 'D' uses the word 'most', which cant be properly inferred from the passage. 'Some' in B is better.

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Re: Some environmentalists question the prudence of exploiting [#permalink]

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07 May 2008, 05:41
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I don't even understand the passage but I would go with B and here is why.

Some environmentalists question the prudence of
exploiting features of the environment, arguing that
there are no economic benefits to be gained from
forests, mountains, or wetlands that no longer exist.
Many environmentalists claim that because nature
has intrinsic value it would be wrong to destroy such
features of the environment, even if the economic
costs of doing so were outweighed by the economic
costs of not doing so.

Which one of the following can be logically inferred
from the passage?
(A) It is economically imprudent to exploit features
of the environment.
(B) Some environmentalists appeal to a
noneconomic justification in questioning the
defensibility of exploiting features of the
environment.
(C) Most environmentalists appeal to economic
reasons in questioning the defensibility of
exploiting features of the environment.
(D) Many environmentalists provide only a
noneconomic justification in questioning the
defensibility of exploiting features of the
environment.
(E) Even if there is no economic reason for
protecting the environment, there is a sound
noneconomic justification for doing so.

The way the passage is worded is confusing to me. But I notice words like 'some' and 'many'. Its hard to make difinitive statements from these words.

ex. Some people like candy.

It's hard to take that statement and say 'many' or 'most' people like candy.

A and E are very difinitive so I rule them out.

C says most people and that seems very hard to prove as well.

D says that they provide 'only' which seems very hard to prove also.

That leaves me with B.

(B) Some environmentalists appeal to a noneconomic justification in questioning the
defensibility of exploiting features of the environment.

This seems to be the most easiest to prove.

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Re: Some environmentalists question the prudence of exploiting [#permalink]

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07 May 2008, 05:45
I picked B too.
To me, D is too extreme of an inference answer.
Confusing question.

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Re: Some environmentalists question the prudence of exploiting [#permalink]

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07 May 2008, 07:11
OA is B

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Re: Some environmentalists question the prudence of exploiting [#permalink]

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07 May 2008, 07:21
A is too strong,

Nihit wrote:
Some environmentalists question the prudence of
exploiting features of the environment, arguing that
there are no economic benefits to be gained from
forests, mountains, or wetlands that no longer exist.
Many environmentalists claim that because nature
has intrinsic value it would be wrong to destroy such
features of the environment, even if the economic
costs of doing so were outweighed by the economic
costs of not doing so
.

Which one of the following can be logically inferred
from the passage?
(A) It is economically imprudent to exploit features
of the environment.
>> too strong.
(B) Some environmentalists appeal to a
noneconomic justification in questioning the
defensibility of exploiting features of the
environment.

(C) Most environmentalists appeal to economic
reasons in questioning the defensibility of
exploiting features of the environment.
> Most envts. we dont know that for sure?
(D) Many environmentalists provide only a
noneconomic justification in questioning the
defensibility of exploiting features of the
environment.
> We dont know if they provide only noneconomic justification.
(E) Even if there is no economic reason for
protecting the environment, there is a sound
noneconomic justification for doing so.
> not covered in the passage.

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Re: Some environmentalists question the prudence of exploiting [#permalink]

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07 May 2008, 19:43
E for me.
The underlying theme : Majority of the environmentalists claim that non economic benefits of exploiting the features of the environment far outweigh the economic cost.

This is inference type question. For questions of these type, the answer choices are usually not explicitly stated in the paragraph. The best way to attack such question is to find the basic assumption of the given problem statement.

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Re: Some environmentalists question the prudence of exploiting [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2011, 20:52
Nihit wrote:
Some environmentalists question the prudence of
exploiting features of the environment, arguing that
there are no economic benefits to be gained from
forests, mountains, or wetlands that no longer exist.
Many environmentalists claim that because nature
has intrinsic value it would be wrong to destroy such
features of the environment, even if the economic
costs of doing so were outweighed by the economic
costs of not doing so
.

Which one of the following can be logically inferred
from the passage?
(A) It is economically imprudent to exploit features
of the environment.tone is somewhat different from the passage
(B) Some environmentalists appeal to a
noneconomic justification in questioning the
defensibility of exploiting features of the
environment. yeah seems to be a plausible choice!
(C) Most environmentalists appeal to economic
reasons in questioning the defensibility of
exploiting features of the environment.Most- taking too far from the passage
(D) Many environmentalists provide only a
noneconomic justification in questioning the
defensibility of exploiting features of the
environment.Same reason as C
(E) Even if there is no economic reason for
protecting the environment, there is a sound
noneconomic justification for doing so.Initially I choose this but this also seems to take us too far from the passage

Any better explanation (esp. on why to eliminate E )
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Re: Some environmentalists question the prudence of exploiting [#permalink]

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05 Sep 2011, 12:02
yogesh1984 wrote:
Nihit wrote:
(E) Even if there is no economic reason for
protecting the environment, there is a sound
noneconomic justification for doing so.Initially I choose this but this also seems to take us too far from the passage

Any better explanation (esp. on why to eliminate E )

"sound justification" is the problem in E. passage doesn't mention whether the non-economic justification is sound or not.
this was a nice CR question.
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Re: Some environmentalists question the prudence of exploiting [#permalink]

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06 Sep 2011, 18:44
Nihit wrote:
Some environmentalists question the prudence of
exploiting features of the environment, arguing that
there are no economic benefits to be gained from
forests, mountains, or wetlands that no longer exist.
Many environmentalists claim that because nature
has intrinsic value it would be wrong to destroy such
features of the environment, even if the economic
costs of doing so were outweighed by the economic
costs of not doing so
.

Which one of the following can be logically inferred
from the passage?
(A) It is economically imprudent to exploit features
of the environment.
(B) Some environmentalists appeal to a
noneconomic justification in questioning the
defensibility of exploiting features of the
environment.
(C) Most environmentalists appeal to economic
reasons in questioning the defensibility of
exploiting features of the environment.
(D) Many environmentalists provide only a
noneconomic justification in questioning the
defensibility of exploiting features of the
environment.
(E) Even if there is no economic reason for
protecting the environment, there is a sound
noneconomic justification for doing so.

B. Rest of the choices are too extreme.

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Re: Some environmentalists question the prudence of exploiting [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2013, 07:27
I could come across the critical reasoning collection 700-800 level and I must say it was a real good compilation..but I could also find that the questions are taken mostly from the mocks..many questions were from mgmat mocks...does the compilation also include gmatprep questions as well?? If yes i guess I should use the material only for revision purpose at the end as doing it earlier would inflate my scores and the tests wont predict my actual standing...

Another questions apart from the aforementioned compilation, where from should we practice CR to grow upon confidence and fare well on the mocks!!!!

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Re: Some environmentalists question the prudence of exploiting [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2014, 23:14
1
KUDOS
Nihit wrote:
Some environmentalists question the prudence of exploiting features of the environment, arguing that there are no economic benefits to be gained from forests, mountains, or wetlands that no longer exist. Many environmentalists claim that because nature has intrinsic value it would be wrong to destroy such
features of the environment, even if the economic costs of doing so were outweighed by the economic costs of not doing so
.

Which one of the following can be logically inferred from the passage?

(A) It is economically imprudent to exploit features of the environment.
(B) Some environmentalists appeal to a non-economic justification in questioning the defensibility of exploiting features of the environment.
(C) Most environmentalists appeal to economic reasons in questioning the defensibility of exploiting features of the environment.
(D) Many environmentalists provide only a non-economic justification in questioning the defensibility of exploiting features of the environment.
(E) Even if there is no economic reason for protecting the environment, there is a sound non-economic justification for doing so.

Can somebody high light the source of this question?

Premise :
1) If there is nothing to exploit, then there is no economic value to derive from - claimed by some economists
2) Most economist claim that it would be wrong to destroy something even if economic cost of destroying < economic cost of NOT destroying.

(A) It is economically imprudent to exploit features of the environment.
This is a general statement and it doesn't include the "economic" factor. The economists say it is wrong for a specific case and not for every case.

(B) Some environmentalists appeal to a non-economic justification in questioning the defensibility of exploiting features of the environment.
Most economists appeal to non-economic justification (Intrinsic value) while questioning the exploiting features of the environment. - Correct

(C) Most environmentalists appeal to economic reasons in questioning the defensibility of exploiting features of the environment.
It is actually the opposite. Most economists actually used intrinsic value of nature to justify the non exploitation of the environment that is appealed to non - economic reasons to question the defensibility of exploiting features of the environment.

(D) Many environmentalists provide only a non-economic justification in questioning the defensibility of exploiting features of the environment.
Only is strong word and cannot be inferred from the above premises.

(E) Even if there is no economic reason for protecting the environment, there is a sound non-economic justification for doing so.
Economists said that there is an intrinsic value of the environment. It is sound or not, it cannot be inferred

I picked up C) initially and later realized it should be B)

A good question.
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Re: Some environmentalists question the prudence of exploiting [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2014, 17:39
A) is wrong because it is too strong of a claim. The prompt only says that "SOME environmentalists environmentalists QUESTION the prudence of exploiting features of the environment", so it would be too much to infer this

B) Since the prompt states that "Many environmentalists claim that because nature has intrinsic value it would be wrong to destroy such features" it would be logical to infer that Some appeal to noneconomic justifications

C) is wrong because again it goes to far. There is nothing in the propt that would allow us to infer anything about most scientists

D) is wrong because just because many environmentalists provide noneconomic justification doesn't mean that is the ONLY justification they provide

E) is wrong because it outside the scope. There is nothing in the propt that allows us to determine what would be a sound justification or not, there is no mention of the sort.

Thus, the answer choice is B. This question is a great example of how the simplest answer that is closest to the prompt can often be the correct one.
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Re: Some environmentalists question the prudence of exploiting [#permalink]

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Re: Some environmentalists question the prudence of exploiting [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2016, 10:47
Some environmentalists question the prudence of exploiting features of the environment, arguing that there are no economic benefits to be gained from forests, mountains, or wetlands that no longer exist. Many environmentalists claim that because nature has intrinsic value it would be wrong to destroy such features of the environment, even if the economic costs of doing so were outweighed by the economic costs of not doing so.

SOME – favour to destroy. Basis is cost.
MANY – do not favour to destroy. Ignores the cost.

Which one of the following can be logically inferred from the passage?

(A) It is economically imprudent to exploit features of the environment.
If some people the prudence of something, would you ever say it is imprudent. If five student in your class doubt that you would get 700+ in GMAT, would you ever infer that you cannot get 700+ in GMAT? NO!

(B) Some environmentalists appeal to a noneconomic justification in questioning the defensibility of exploiting features of the environment.
We can infer SOME from MANY.

(C) Most environmentalists appeal to economic reasons in questioning the defensibility of exploiting features of the environment.
Most is wrong here. You cannot make say if some or many people say something then MOST people say or not say that.

(D) Many environmentalists provide only a noneconomic justification in questioning the defensibility of exploiting features of the environment.
Yes it happens and is given but ONLY this happens cannot be proven. Only is wrong here. Many environmentalists give noneconomic reason but they give ONLY that reason is not something which is stated anywhere. so it cannot be inferred.

(E) Even if there is no economic reason for protecting the environment, there is a sound noneconomic justification for doing so.
Sound is wrong here. If MANY people give a non-economic reason then it does not mean it is a SOUND reason.
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Re: Some environmentalists question the prudence of exploiting [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2016, 20:57
+1 for B.
Here choices with most are trying to state something which cannot be proved from many and some.

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Re: Some environmentalists question the prudence of exploiting [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2016, 08:58
Nihit wrote:
Some environmentalists question the prudence of
exploiting features of the environment, arguing that
there are no economic benefits to be gained from
forests, mountains, or wetlands that no longer exist.
Many environmentalists claim that because nature
has intrinsic value it would be wrong to destroy such
features of the environment, even if the economic
costs of doing so were outweighed by the economic
costs of not doing so
.

Which one of the following can be logically inferred
from the passage?
(A) It is economically imprudent to exploit features
of the environment.
(B) Some environmentalists appeal to a
noneconomic justification in questioning the
defensibility of exploiting features of the
environment.
(C) Most environmentalists appeal to economic
reasons in questioning the defensibility of
exploiting features of the environment.
(D) Many environmentalists provide only a
noneconomic justification in questioning the
defensibility of exploiting features of the
environment.
(E) Even if there is no economic reason for
protecting the environment, there is a sound
noneconomic justification for doing so.

only B is worded in the same way as the argument is.

A - way too extreme - the fact that SOME environmentalist say so doesn't mean that it is 100% true
B - hold..looks good.
C - MOST - nope, we have SOME - some = 1-100, most is 51-100 - there is a gap between these two words.
D - MANY - since SOME can be 1 or 2, many means more - not good
E - just like A...

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Re: Some environmentalists question the prudence of exploiting [#permalink]

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29 Jun 2017, 23:22
I do not get it, what are economic and non-economic justifications to which environmentalists appeal

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Re: Some environmentalists question the prudence of exploiting [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2017, 01:45
OE :
Answer (B). The “Some environmentalists question...” construction at the
start of the stimulus does not lead to the usual counter- conclusion because
the stimulus does not contain an argument. This is a very interesting stimulus
because the author repeats the opinions of others and never makes an
assertion of his or her own. When a stimulus contains only the opinions of
others, then in a Must Be True question you can eliminate any answer choice
that makes a flat assertion without reference to those opinions. For example,
answer choice (A) makes a factual assertion (“It is...”) that cannot be backed
up by the author’s survey of opinions in the stimulus—the opinions do not let
us know the actual facts of the situation. Answer choice (E) can be eliminated
for the very same reason. Answer choices (B), (C), and (D) each address the
environmentalists, and thus each is initially a Contender. Answer choice (B):
This is the correct answer. The second sentence references the views of
many environmentalists, who claim that “nature has intrinsic value” (for
example, beauty). This view is the non-economic justification cited by the
answer choice. This answer can be a bit tricky because of the convoluted
language the test makers use. “Questioning the defensibility of exploiting
features of the environment” is a needlessly complex phrase. A more direct
manner of writing that phrase would be “attacking the exploitation of the
environment.” To increase the difficulty of this problem, this language was
then repeated in answer choices (C) and (D). Answer choice (C): We only
know the opinions of “some” and “many” environmentalists, and these
numbers do not provide enough information to discern the views of “most”
environmentalists, which is the term used in the answer choice (“many” is not
the same as “most”). Answer choice (D): This answer choice cannot be
proven. While we know that many environmentalists claim a non-economic
justification, we do not know that that is the only justification they provide.
When you are reading a stimulus, keep a careful watch on the statements the
author offers as fact, and those that the author offers as the opinion of others.
In a Must Be True question, the difference between the two can sometimes
be used to eliminate answer choices.
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Re: Some environmentalists question the prudence of exploiting   [#permalink] 16 Aug 2017, 01:45

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