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Some large European cities, such as Paris and Barcelona, have implemen

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Some large European cities, such as Paris and Barcelona, have implemen  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 10 Oct 2018, 01:00
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Question Stats:

54% (01:48) correct 46% (02:14) wrong based on 489 sessions

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Some large European cities, such as Paris and Barcelona, have implemented bicycle sharing programs that allow people, for a small fee, to obtain a bike at any of hundreds of locations and drop it off near their destination. Currently, most large U.S. cities face congestion with cars and taxis, have few bicycle lanes, and discourage the locking of bicycles to poles and fences. Therefore, until the culture of cities becomes less hostile to bicyclists, a wide scale program will not be a viable form of alternative transportation.

Which of the following would it be most useful to determine in evaluating the argument?


(A) Whether an sharp increase in the number of bicyclists in U.S. cities would change attitudes toward bicyclists

(B) Whether U.S. who drive cars know how to operate bicycles

(C) Whether major U.S. cities have plans to expand the availability of bicycle lanes in downtown areas

(D) Whether the number of people interested in traveling by bicycle is greater in U.S. than in Europe

(E) Whether small U.S. cities are more friendly to bicyclists than large U.S. cities


Spoiler: :: Official Explanation
Explanation

Answer: A
This is an "evaluate the argument" question. In a sense, we're looking for an assumption, just in a different format that in assumption questions. This argument claims that, because U.S. cities are not bicycle-friendly, U.S. cities cannot implement European-style bicycle sharing programs. Each choice has two possible outcomes ("whether" it is the case, or it is not the case), so we're looking for a choice in which one of the outcomes would have an impact on the argument. Consider each in turn:

(A) This is correct. If an increase in the number of bicyclists could change attitudes toward bicyclists, a bicycle-sharing program may well solve the problem suggested in the argument.
(B) This is not important; it doesn't matter if people (car-drivers or not) can operate bicycles if cities are too hostile to bicyclists.
(C) This is outside the scope. The problem described in the passage is not the lack of bicycle lanes, it is the culture of U.S. cities.
(D) As with (B), this is not relevant, since it doesn't address the issue of hostility to bicyclists.
(E) This comparison is outside of the scope, as we're concerned only with the viability of bicycle-sharing programs in large U.S. cities.



Can somebody pls help me out with this explanation?
i somehow feel the explanation is not enough and is over the top.

SOURCE : GMAT HACKS from gmatdaily

thanks
John

Originally posted by john2roll2 on 01 Jun 2011, 00:25.
Last edited by Bunuel on 10 Oct 2018, 01:00, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Some large European cities, such as Paris and Barcelona, have implemen  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2011, 09:46
Evaluate the argument question can be solved by supplying two opposite responses to the options available in the answers.If different responses produce different effects,the answer choice is correct.
(a)Whether an sharp increase in the number of bicyclists in U.S. cities would change attitudes toward bicyclists --if response is yes---it weakens the argument.
if response is no--it is giving strength to argument
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Re: Some large European cities, such as Paris and Barcelona, have implemen  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Apr 2013, 03:23
1
i picked A
the argument concludes that : Therefore, until the culture of cities becomes less hostile to bicyclists, a wide scale program will not be a viable form of alternative transportation.


but what if sharp increase in the number of bicyclists in U.S. cities would change attitudes toward bicyclists?
if the answer is yes then we don't need to wait to make bicycle an alternative transport until cities become less hostile !!
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Re: Some large European cities, such as Paris and Barcelona, have implemen  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Oct 2013, 00:37
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OFFICIAL SOLUTION:



This appears to be a GMAT Hacks question of the day. It appeared on 2/19/2013. The Official Explanation is as follows:

Answer: A This is an "evaluate the argument" question. In a sense, we're looking for an assumption, just in a different format that in assumption questions. This argument claims that, because U.S. cities are not bicycle-friendly, U.S. cities cannot implement European-style bicycle sharing programs. Each choice has two possible outcomes ("whether" it is the case, or it is not the case), so we're looking for a choice in which one of the outcomes would have an impact on the argument. Consider each in turn:(A) This is correct. If an increase in the number of bicyclists could change attitudes toward bicyclists, a bicycle-sharing program may well solve the problem suggested in the argument. (B) This is not important; it doesn't matter if people (car-drivers or not) can operate bicycles if cities are too hostile to bicyclists. (C) This is outside the scope. The problem described in the passage is not the lack of bicycle lanes, it is the culture of U.S. cities. (D) As with (B), this is not relevant, since it doesn't address the issue of hostility to bicyclists. (E) This comparison is outside of the scope, as we're concerned only with the viability of bicycle-sharing programs in large U.S. cities.
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Re: Some large European cities, such as Paris and Barcelona, have implemen  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Feb 2017, 04:15
official exp by gmathacks.com
(A) This is correct. If an increase in the number of bicyclists could change attitudes toward bicyclists, a bicycle-sharing program may well solve the problem suggested in the argument.
(B) This is not important; it doesn't matter if people (car-drivers or not) can operate bicycles if cities are too hostile to bicyclists.
(C) This is outside the scope. The problem described in the passage is not the lack of bicycle lanes, it is the culture of U.S. cities.
(D) As with (B), this is not relevant, since it doesn't address the issue of hostility to bicyclists.
(E) This comparison is outside of the scope, as we're concerned only with the viability of bicycle-sharing programs in large U.S. cities.
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Re: Some large European cities, such as Paris and Barcelona, have implemen  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Dec 2017, 13:58
Some large European cities, such as Paris and Barcelona, have implemented bicycle sharing programs that allow people, for a small fee, to obtain a bike at any of hundreds of locations and drop it off near their destination. Currently, most large U.S. cities face congestion with cars and taxis, have few bicycle lanes, and discourage the locking of bicycles to poles and fences. Therefore, until the culture of cities becomes less hostile to bicyclists, a wide scale program will not be a viable form of alternative transportation.

Which of the following would it be most useful to determine in evaluating the argument?

(A) Whether an sharp increase in the number of bicyclists in U.S. cities would change attitudes toward bicyclists -Correct. This is in line with the reason given to arrive at the conclusion
(B) Whether U.S. who drive cars know how to operate bicycles -People can always learn how to ride a bicycle
(C) Whether major U.S. cities have plans to expand the availability of bicycle lanes in downtown areas -Out of scope
(D) Whether the number of people interested in traveling by bicycle is greater in U.S. than in Europe -Out of scope
(E) Whether small U.S. cities are more friendly to bicyclists than large U.S. cities -Out of scope
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Re: Some large European cities, such as Paris and Barcelona, have implemen  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2018, 09:47
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Some large European cities, such as Paris and Barcelona, have implemen &nbs [#permalink] 23 Jul 2018, 09:47
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