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# Some observers have attributed the dramatic growth in tempor

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Director
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Some observers have attributed the dramatic growth in tempor [#permalink]

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26 Nov 2009, 07:04
2
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Some observershave attributed the dramatic growth in temporary employment that occurred in the United States during the 1980s to increased participation in the workforce by certain groups, such as first-time or reentering workers, who supposedly prefer such arrangements. However, statistical analyses reveal that demographic changes in the workforce did not correlate with variations in the total number of temporary workers. Instead, these analyses suggest thatfactors affecting employers account for the rise in temporary employment. One factor is product demand: temporary employment is favored by employers who are adapting to fluctuating demand for products while at the same time seeking to reduce overall labor costs. Another factor is labor’s reduced bargaining strength, which allows employers more control over the terms of employment. Given the analyses, which reveal that growth in temporary employment now far exceeds the level explainable by recent workforce entry rates of groups said to prefer temporary jobs, firms should be discouraged from creating excessive numbers of temporary positions. Government policymakers should consider mandating benefit coverage for temporary employees, promoting pay equity between temporary and permanent workers, assisting labor unions in organizing temporary workers, and encouraging firms to assign temporary jobs primarily to employees who explicitly indicate that preference.
50. The primary purpose of the passage is to
(A) present the results of statistical analyses and propose further studies
(B) explain a recent development and predict its eventual consequences
(C) identify the reasons for a trend and recommend measures to address it
(D) outline several theories about a phenomenon and advocate one of them
(E) describe the potential consequences of implementing a new policy and argue in favor of that policy

[Reveal] Spoiler:
C

51. According to the passage, which of the following is true of the “factors affecting employers” that are mentioned in lines 10–19?
(A) Most experts cite them as having initiated the growth in temporary employment that occurred during the 1980s.
(B) They may account for the increase in the total number of temporary workers during the 1980s.
(C) They were less important than demographic change in accounting for the increase of temporary employment during the 1980s.
(D) They included a sharp increase in the cost of labor during the 1980s.
(E) They are more difficult to account for than are other factors involved in the growth of temporary employment during the 1980s.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

52. The passage suggests which of the following about the use of temporary employment by firms during the 1980s?
(A) It enabled firms to deal with fluctuating product demand far more efficiently than they did before the 1980s.
(B) It increased as a result of increased participation in the workforce by certain demographic groups.
(C) It was discouraged by government-mandated policies.
(D) It was a response to preferences indicated by certain employees for more flexible working arrangements.
(E) It increased partly as a result of workers’ reduced ability to control the terms of their employment.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
E

53. The passage suggests which of the following about the workers who took temporary jobs during the 1980s?
(A) Their jobs frequently led to permanent positions within firms.
(B) They constituted a less demographically diverse group than has been suggested.
(C) They were occasionally involved in actions organized by labor unions.
(D) Their pay declined during the decade in comparison with the pay of permanent employees.
(E) They did not necessarily prefer temporary employment to permanent employment.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
E

54. The first sentence in the passage suggests that the “observers” mentioned in line 1 would be most likely to predict which of the following?
(A) That the number of new temporary positions would decline as fewer workers who preferred temporary employment entered the workforce
(B) That the total number of temporary positions would increase as fewer workers were able to find permanent positions
(C) That employers would have less control over the terms of workers’ employment as workers increased their bargaining strength
(D) That more workers would be hired for temporary positions as product demand increased
(E) That the number of workers taking temporary positions would increase as more workers in any given demographic group entered the workforce

[Reveal] Spoiler:
A

55. In the context of the passage, the word “excessive” (line 23) most closely corresponds to which of the following phrases?
(A) Far more than can be justified by worker preferences
(B) Far more than can be explained by fluctuations in product demand
(C) Far more than can be beneficial to the success of the firms themselves
(D) Far more than can be accounted for by an expanding national economy
(E) Far more than can be attributed to increases in the total number of people in the workforce

[Reveal] Spoiler:
A

56. The passage mentions each of the following as an appropriate kind of governmental action EXCEPT
(A) getting firms to offer temporary employment primarily to a certain group of people
(B) encouraging equitable pay for temporary and permanent employees
(C) facilitating the organization of temporary workers by labor unions
(D) establishing guidelines on the proportion of temporary workers that firms should employ
(E) ensuring that temporary workers obtain benefits from their employers

[Reveal] Spoiler:
D

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Last edited by nitya34 on 28 Nov 2009, 20:23, edited 2 times in total.
If you have any questions
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Manager
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Re: RC of the Day-26 Nov 2009 [#permalink]

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26 Nov 2009, 09:00
50. C
51. B
52. E
53. B
54. D
55. A
56. D

Time: 13:43
Senior Manager
Affiliations: PMP
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Posts: 305
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Kudos [?]: 168 [0], given: 37

Re: RC of the Day-26 Nov 2009 [#permalink]

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26 Nov 2009, 20:01
15 mins

50 C
51 D
52 A
53 E
54 A
55 A
56 D
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Re: RC of the Day-26 Nov 2009 [#permalink]

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26 Nov 2009, 21:20
i somehow felt i have seen this passage before,nevertheless , i could not remember anything My take is

50. A
51. B
52. A
53. E
54. A
55. A
56. D
Manager
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Re: RC of the Day-26 Nov 2009 [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2009, 00:27
My set is:
1.C
2.B
3.E
4.E
5.A
6.A
7.D
Director
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Re: RC of the Day-26 Nov 2009 [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2009, 01:46
was feeling sleepy
completed in 16+ mins
CACBECA
will post the OA along with another fresh passage
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Manager
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Re: RC of the Day-26 Nov 2009 [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2009, 04:26
nitya34 wrote:
was feeling sleepy
completed in 16+ mins
CACBECA
will post the OA along with another fresh passage

Oh! Nitya, your answers very differ from those of others. Did you attack the right passage?
Director
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Re: RC of the Day-26 Nov 2009 [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2009, 08:32

OAs are
50. C
51. B
52. E
53. E
54. A
55. A
56. D

bsv180985 wrote:
nitya34 wrote:
was feeling sleepy
completed in 16+ mins
CACBECA
will post the OA along with another fresh passage

Oh! Nitya, your answers very differ from those of others. Did you attack the right passage?

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Senior Manager
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Kudos [?]: 168 [0], given: 37

Re: RC of the Day-26 Nov 2009 [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2009, 21:21
bsv180985 wrote:
My set is:
1.C
2.B
3.E
4.E
5.A
6.A
7.D

7/7 ... whats the secret of your RC dude?
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-------------------------------
keep uppp...ing the tempo...

Press +1 Kudos, if you think my post gave u a tiny tip

Director
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Re: RC of the Day-26 Nov 2009 [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2009, 22:23
yes bsv.pls share the secret sauce and more
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Re: RC of the Day-26 Nov 2009 [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2009, 17:19
Here is my take:
C
D
C
D
D
B
A
Time: 14:00 (yeah minutes)

I got 5 wrong and 2 correct.

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Director
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Re: RC of the Day-26 Nov 2009 [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2009, 20:27
yes I will continue to post the best GMAT-Type passages
My accuracy level has also gone down

sharkk wrote:
Here is my take:
C
D
C
D
D
B
A
Time: 14:00 (yeah minutes)

I got 5 wrong and 2 correct.

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Re: RC of the Day-26 Nov 2009 [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2010, 04:00
nitya34 wrote:
yes I will continue to post the best GMAT-Type passages
My accuracy level has also gone down

sharkk wrote:
Here is my take:
C
D
C
D
D
B
A
Time: 14:00 (yeah minutes)

I got 5 wrong and 2 correct.

Can someone explain Q56 to me?

Many thanks!
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Re: RC of the Day-26 Nov 2009 [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2010, 07:11
11.42 mins
c
b
b
e
e
a
d

2 of my ans were wrong
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Re: Some observers have attributed the dramatic growth in tempor [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2014, 11:21
Bumping for review and further discussion*.

*New project from GMAT Club!!! Check HERE
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Re: Some observers have attributed the dramatic growth in tempor [#permalink]

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15 Mar 2014, 21:55
1
KUDOS
In 51, I was confused between A and B. Can somebody explain why the answer is "B". Is it because of "may" ?
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Re: Some observers have attributed the dramatic growth in tempor [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2014, 04:14
infotalk wrote:
In 51, I was confused between A and B. Can somebody explain why the answer is "B". Is it because of "may" ?

No

The main difference is this

51. According to the passage, which of the following is true of the “factors affecting employers” that are mentioned in lines 10–19?
(A) Most experts cite them as having initiated the growth in temporary employment that occurred during the 1980s.
(B) They may account for the increase in the total number of temporary workers during the 1980s.

You were close but not enough.

Hope this helps
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Re: Some observers have attributed the dramatic growth in tempor [#permalink]

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17 Mar 2014, 11:53
carcass wrote:
infotalk wrote:
In 51, I was confused between A and B. Can somebody explain why the answer is "B". Is it because of "may" ?

No

The main difference is this

51. According to the passage, which of the following is true of the “factors affecting employers” that are mentioned in lines 10–19?
(A) Most experts cite them as having initiated the growth in temporary employment that occurred during the 1980s.
(B) They may account for the increase in the total number of temporary workers during the 1980s.

You were close but not enough.

Hope this helps

Maybe I still dont understand. Are you saying B is gramatically correct? I mean You could have initiation in growth as a valid phrase ...
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Re: Some observers have attributed the dramatic growth in tempor [#permalink]

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13 May 2014, 03:59
1
KUDOS
infotalk wrote:
carcass wrote:
infotalk wrote:
In 51, I was confused between A and B. Can somebody explain why the answer is "B". Is it because of "may" ?

No

The main difference is this

51. According to the passage, which of the following is true of the “factors affecting employers” that are mentioned in lines 10–19?
(A) Most experts cite them as having initiated the growth in temporary employment that occurred during the 1980s.
(B) They may account for the increase in the total number of temporary workers during the 1980s.

You were close but not enough.

Hope this helps

Maybe I still dont understand. Are you saying B is gramatically correct? I mean You could have initiation in growth as a valid phrase ...

No, the reason why A is incorrect is because it says employers initiated the growth meaning employers were the reason why the growth began and then eventually it was because of some other reason ( the growth began because of the employers but they were not the only reason behind the growth ) INCORRECT

and B says that "employers may account for the increase in the total no of temp workers " which is true as per the passage
i hope you get it.

Thank you
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Re: Some observers have attributed the dramatic growth in tempor [#permalink]

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20 Jun 2014, 08:09
52 - why not A?
Can anyone give an explanation why E is preferred?
Re: Some observers have attributed the dramatic growth in tempor   [#permalink] 20 Jun 2014, 08:09

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