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# Some people have questioned the judge’s objectivity in cases of sex di

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Some people have questioned the judge’s objectivity in cases of sex di [#permalink]

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30 May 2011, 10:20
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Some people have questioned the judge’s objectivity in cases of sex discrimination against women. But the record shows that in sixty percent of such cases, the judge has decided in favor of the women. This record demonstrates that the judge has not discriminated against women in cases of sex discrimination against women.

The argument above is flawed in that it ignores the possibility that

(A) a large number of the judge’s cases arose out of allegations of sex discrimination against women
(B) many judges find it difficult to be objective in cases of sex discrimination against women
(C) the judge is biased against women defendants or plaintiffs in cases that do not involve sex discrimination
(D) the majority of the cases of sex discrimination against women that have reached the judge’s court have been appealed from a lower court
(E) the evidence shows that the women should have won in more than sixty percent of the judge’s cases involving sex discrimination against women
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Some people have questioned the judge’s objectivity in cases of sex di [#permalink]

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30 May 2011, 10:52
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(a) a large number of the judge’s cases arose out of allegations of sex discrimination against women
So what? Let it be! We are not looking for number of cases comes into the Judge's plate.

(b) many judges find it difficult to be objective in cases of sex discrimination against women
Doesn't explain whether Judge is wrong or right.

C) the judge is biased against women defendants or plaintiffs in cases that do not involve sex discrimination
The argument is not worrying about non sex discrimination cases.

(D) the majority of the cases of sex discrimination against women that have reached the judge’s court have been appealed from a lower court
Still, this doesn't prove whether judge is wrong or right.

(E) the evidence shows that the women should have won in more than sixty percent of the judge’s cases involving sex discrimination against women
Yep. This answer shows that the judge has discrimination against women!
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Re: Some people have questioned the judge’s objectivity in cases of sex di [#permalink]

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30 May 2011, 12:27
most of the answers weaken the judges fairness, but E does so most seriously!

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Re: Some people have questioned the judge’s objectivity in cases of sex di [#permalink]

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01 Jun 2011, 15:39
i was not very firm with E initially, but i see that when i compare this with other options, E works out best.
And was then happy to see that other folks have also opted for C.

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Re: Some people have questioned the judge’s objectivity in cases of sex di [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2011, 04:36
only two possibilities here.Either woman should have won in those cases or judges should be biased to give it to women.

A and E does the same.

E is better choice and hence a winner.
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Re: Some people have questioned the judge’s objectivity in cases of sex di [#permalink]

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10 Apr 2012, 23:29
E shows that the women should have won but not won due to judges' discrimination in such cases thus weakened the statement that the judges are not biased.

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Re: Some people have questioned the judge’s objectivity in cases of sex di [#permalink]

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11 Apr 2012, 07:39
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(A) a large number of the judge’s cases arose out of allegations of sex discrimination against women
Not related to the argument
(B) many judges find it difficult to be objective in cases of sex discrimination against women
Not related to the argument
(C) the judge is biased against women defendants or plaintiffs in cases that do not involve sex discrimination
Not related to the argument
(D) the majority of the cases of sex discrimination against women that have reached the judge’s court have been appealed from a lower court
May be.... but not related to the judge =>wrong
(E) the evidence shows that the women should have won in more than sixty percent of the judge’s cases involving sex discrimination against women
Correct.
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Re: Some people have questioned the judge’s objectivity in cases of sex di [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2014, 04:58
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hey all..
can`t we say that if the cases have been appealed from lower court then judges might have discriminated against women (in lower court)and as a result, these cases are now in judge`s court(may be upper court)

thanku

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Re: Some people have questioned the judge’s objectivity in cases of sex di [#permalink]

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23 Sep 2014, 02:27
shreygupta3192 wrote:
hey all..
can`t we say that if the cases have been appealed from lower court then judges might have discriminated against women (in lower court)and as a result, these cases are now in judge`s court(may be upper court)

thanku

But it is not clear who re appealed in higher court. if women then yes but if men then NO.
So, This answer is open to interpretation and can go either way.
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Re: Some people have questioned the judge’s objectivity in cases of sex di [#permalink]

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23 Sep 2014, 03:37
not very clear with your line of thought since it is already mentioned in the option "cases against women"..so how can it be an open statement..

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Re: Some people have questioned the judge’s objectivity in cases of sex di [#permalink]

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23 Sep 2014, 12:07
shreygupta3192 wrote:
not very clear with your line of thought since it is already mentioned in the option "cases against women"..so how can it be an open statement..

Ok. I will give another shot.
the majority of the cases of sex discrimination against women that have reached the judge’s court have been appealed from a lower court.
Quote:
can`t we say that if the cases have been appealed from lower court then judges might have discriminated against women (in lower court)and as a result, these cases are now in judge`s court(may be upper court)

There are two parties in court i.e defendant and prosecutor.Both can re-appeal in higher court if they are not satisfied with outcome in lower court.The statement just tells the cases were re-appealed in higher court, It doesn't mention who re appealed i.e prosecutor or defendant !
Case 1 : Judgement in lower court might have in favor of women more than it should have been and the defendant(other party) re appealed in higher court.
Case 2: Judgement in lower court might have in AGAINST women more than it should have been and the prosecutor re appealed in higher court.

As both contradictory thoughts are possible interpretation of the statement.Hence , it fails to find the flaw in reasoning.

Please let me know if i was able to explain or if there is a flaw in my reasoning.Reply with kudos if it helped:)
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Re: Some people have questioned the judge’s objectivity in cases of sex di [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2016, 04:38
(A) a large number of the judge’s cases arose out of allegations of sex discrimination against women
--- Not getting to any result
(B) many judges find it difficult to be objective in cases of sex discrimination against women
--- Again we can not conclude from the option as it present general view
(C) the judge is biased against women defendants or plaintiffs in cases that do not involve sex discrimination
--- Out of scope
(D) the majority of the cases of sex discrimination against women that have reached the judge’s court have been appealed from a lower court
--- This does not put light on whether men have appealed (in this case judges in lower court favoured decision for women) or women have apealed (in this case judges provided decision against woment in lower court) in higher court
(E) the evidence shows that the women should have won in more than sixty percent of the judge’s cases involving sex discrimination against women

--- This option only opens the idea that there could have more been more percentage of women winning the cases but because of the judges' discrimination this percentage limited only to the sixty percent

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Re: Some people have questioned the judge’s objectivity in cases of sex di [#permalink]

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01 Aug 2017, 07:56
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n22 wrote:
i didn"t understand what is the question saying and why e is an answer instead of a?

Some people have questioned the judge’s objectivity in cases of sex discrimination against women. But the record shows that in sixty percent of such cases, the judge has decided in favor of the women. This record demonstrates that the judge has not discriminated against women in cases of sex discrimination against women.

Here's what the argument stem is saying.
SOME people have questioned the judge's objectivity.
BUT, records show that the judge has decided in favor of the women in 60% of the cases.
Conclusion - The record demonstrates that the judge HAS NOT discriminated against women.

Quote:
The argument above is flawed in that it ignores the possibility that

We need to find a fault in the above argument that the judge HAS NOT discriminated against women. In other words, we need to weaken the argument presented above.

Quote:
(A) a large number of the judge’s cases arose out of allegations of sex discrimination against women

This doesn't help us determine whether the judge discriminated, or he didn't. This just tells us how a large number of the cases arose. This is a trick option, but is incorrect. OUT!

Quote:
(B) many judges find it difficult to be objective in cases of sex discrimination against women

We are talking about 1 judge. This one is too general, and is irrelevant. OUT!

Quote:
(C) the judge is biased against women defendants or plaintiffs in cases that do not involve sex discrimination

This has nothing to do with the argument presented above. OUT

Quote:
(D) the majority of the cases of sex discrimination against women that have reached the judge’s court have been appealed from a lower court

How the cases reach the judge is irrelevant to the argument. OUT!

Quote:
(E) the evidence shows that the women should have won in more than sixty percent of the judge’s cases involving sex discrimination against women

This attacks the conclusion by stating that on the contrary, the evidence shows that the women should have won in more than 60% of the cases involving sex discrimination against women.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Some people have questioned the judge’s objectivity in cases of sex di [#permalink]

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01 Aug 2017, 17:30
akshayk wrote:
n22 wrote:
i didn"t understand what is the question saying and why e is an answer instead of a?

Some people have questioned the judge’s objectivity in cases of sex discrimination against women. But the record shows that in sixty percent of such cases, the judge has decided in favor of the women. This record demonstrates that the judge has not discriminated against women in cases of sex discrimination against women.

Here's what the argument stem is saying.
SOME people have questioned the judge's objectivity.
BUT, records show that the judge has decided in favor of the women in 60% of the cases.
Conclusion - The record demonstrates that the judge HAS NOT discriminated against women.

Quote:
The argument above is flawed in that it ignores the possibility that

We need to find a fault in the above argument that the judge HAS NOT discriminated against women. In other words, we need to weaken the argument presented above.

Quote:
(A) a large number of the judge’s cases arose out of allegations of sex discrimination against women

This doesn't help us determine whether the judge discriminated, or he didn't. This just tells us how a large number of the cases arose. This is a trick option, but is incorrect. OUT!

Quote:
(B) many judges find it difficult to be objective in cases of sex discrimination against women

We are talking about 1 judge. This one is too general, and is irrelevant. OUT!

Quote:
(C) the judge is biased against women defendants or plaintiffs in cases that do not involve sex discrimination

This has nothing to do with the argument presented above. OUT

Quote:
(D) the majority of the cases of sex discrimination against women that have reached the judge’s court have been appealed from a lower court

How the cases reach the judge is irrelevant to the argument. OUT!

Quote:
(E) the evidence shows that the women should have won in more than sixty percent of the judge’s cases involving sex discrimination against women

This attacks the conclusion by stating that on the contrary, the evidence shows that the women should have won in more than 60% of the cases involving sex discrimination against women.

Hope it helps.

Thanks akshayk for the thorough explanation!

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Re: Some people have questioned the judge’s objectivity in cases of sex di [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2017, 07:09
Some people have questioned the judge’s objectivity in cases of sex discrimination against women. But the record shows that in sixty percent of such cases, the judge has decided in favor of the women. This record demonstrates that the judge has not discriminated against women in cases of sex discrimination against women.

Type- Flaw
Boil it down - Since the judge has given 60 % of decisions in favor of women , the judge has not discriminated against women in cases of sex discrimination against women.
- The argument is flawed because it wants us to assume that 60% is a high number . But what if more than 60 % - say 90% of the cases should have been in favor of women.

(A) a large number of the judge’s cases arose out of allegations of sex discrimination against women - Irrelevant - % is provided so number is irrelevant
(B) many judges find it difficult to be objective in cases of sex discrimination against women - Irrelevant
(C) the judge is biased against women defendants or plaintiffs in cases that do not involve sex discrimination - Out of scope
(D) the majority of the cases of sex discrimination against women that have reached the judge’s court have been appealed from a lower court - Irrelevant
(E) the evidence shows that the women should have won in more than sixty percent of the judge’s cases involving sex discrimination against women - Correct

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Re: Some people have questioned the judge’s objectivity in cases of sex di   [#permalink] 15 Aug 2017, 07:09
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