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Some political observers believe that the only reason membe

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Some political observers believe that the only reason membe [#permalink]

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Some political observers believe that the only reason members of the state’s largest union supported Senator Hughes in his recent re-election campaign was that the union’s leaders must have been assured by Hughes that, if elected, he would stay out of their coming negotiations with the union’s national leadership, whose members have been financial backers of several close associates of Hughes. More likely, the union’s members believed that Hughes deserved to serve another term in office.

Which of the following best parallels the method of argument used by the author?

A The popularity of Deap, a powerful carpet cleaning system that can be used by the homeowner is, some industry observers say, due to an agreement made by a leading professional carpet cleaning company to supply Deap with the chemicals that are sold as accessories. This does not, however, fully explain the sudden popularity of the product in the last three months.

B After a rocky start, Shade, a new cosmetics line, is now selling briskly. The reason for the turnaround is almost certainly that Shade is now being marketed to women in their twenties, not just to teens. This has helped the product achieve a more sophisticated appeal, which has translated into greater sales in every age group.

C The Shakelight, a small flashlight that can be powered for several minutes by a shaking motion, has once again proven a popular gift item this holiday season. Other similar devices are available, but none has been as successful, and the reason is simple: the cost of The Shakelight has fluctuated so that it has always been at least one dollar less than that of any competitor. The manufacturers’ claim that they have a better product is nonsense.

D The continued success of the Daddo line of toys is due to the simple appeal that these toys have for kids between three years of age and six. Others disagree. One industry journal ascribed the brand’s popularity to a deal made with a major toy retailer guaranteeing that the retailer would carry the coming line of Daddo products exclusively for three months.

E As with last year, this year’s best selling foreign policy journal is World Opinion. It may be that the content in World Opinion is simply more exhaustive and better presented than that of similar publications, or it may be that the journal’s publishers have the substantial support of their parent company, which has been a good friend to bookstores and other outlets

[Reveal] Spoiler: OE
Answer: D

Explanation: The author rejects the complex behind-the-scenes explanation for Hughes’ support by the union in favor of a simpler reason: Hughes was perceived as the better candidate. Likewise, choice D rejects the complicated behind-the-scenes making-a-deal explanation for the continued success of the Daddo line of toys in favor of the simpler reason: kids liked the toys.

(A) The author rejects the complex behind-the-scenes explanation for Hughes’ support by the union in favor of a simpler reason: Hughes was perceived as the better candidate. This choice does describe a complicated explanation for Deap’s popularity, but does not propose a simpler one.

(B) The author rejects the complex behind-the-scenes explanation for Hughes’ support by the union in favor of a simpler reason: Hughes was perceived as the better candidate. Only one explanation is given for Shade’s popularity, which -- unlike that of Hughes, as far as we know – came after an initially rocky period.

(C) The author rejects the complex behind-the-scenes explanation for Hughes’ support by the union in favor of a simpler reason: Hughes was perceived as the better candidate. In this choice, the author rejects a simple explanation – The Shakelight is a better product – in favor of a similarly simple explanation – it’s cheaper.

(E) The author rejects the complex behind-the-scenes explanation for Hughes’ support by the union in favor of a simpler reason: Hughes was perceived as the better candidate. For this choice, the author presents a simple explanation – World Opinion is a superior product – and a more complicated one – the influence of the parent company, but does not state that one explanation is the more likely one.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Some political observers believe that the only reason membe [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jul 2014, 01:07
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Option D is the only one that comes close to the argument.

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Re: Some political observers believe that the only reason membe [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jul 2014, 05:27
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OE please. this was a scary one with long options. Reading itself will take 1.5 minutes

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Re: Some political observers believe that the only reason membe [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jul 2014, 05:42
Tough one. plz provide OE and source !
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Re: Some political observers believe that the only reason membe [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jul 2014, 13:37
I had a tough time choosing between D and E. I took a guess and chose D (Which was right). can someone please provide the details on why D is right and E is wrong.

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Re: Some political observers believe that the only reason membe [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2014, 11:26
Can we please move this question to parallel reasoning section

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Re: Some political observers believe that the only reason membe [#permalink]

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anceer wrote:
Some political observers believe that the only reason members of the state’s largest union supported Senator Hughes in his recent re-election campaign was that the union’s leaders must have been assured by Hughes that, if elected, he would stay out of their coming negotiations with the union’s national leadership, whose members have been financial backers of several close associates of Hughes. More likely, the union’s members believed that Hughes deserved to serve another term in office.

Which of the following best parallels the method of argument used by the author?

A The popularity of Deap, a powerful carpet cleaning system that can be used by the homeowner is, some industry observers say, due to an agreement made by a leading professional carpet cleaning company to supply Deap with the chemicals that are sold as accessories. This does not, however, fully explain the sudden popularity of the product in the last three months.

B After a rocky start, Shade, a new cosmetics line, is now selling briskly. The reason for the turnaround is almost certainly that Shade is now being marketed to women in their twenties, not just to teens. This has helped the product achieve a more sophisticated appeal, which has translated into greater sales in every age group.

C The Shakelight, a small flashlight that can be powered for several minutes by a shaking motion, has once again proven a popular gift item this holiday season. Other similar devices are available, but none has been as successful, and the reason is simple: the cost of The Shakelight has fluctuated so that it has always been at least one dollar less than that of any competitor. The manufacturers’ claim that they have a better product is nonsense.

D The continued success of the Daddo line of toys is due to the simple appeal that these toys have for kids between three years of age and six. Others disagree. One industry journal ascribed the brand’s popularity to a deal made with a major toy retailer guaranteeing that the retailer would carry the coming line of Daddo products exclusively for three months.

E As with last year, this year’s best selling foreign policy journal is World Opinion. It may be that the content in World Opinion is simply more exhaustive and better presented than that of similar publications, or it may be that the journal’s publishers have the substantial support of their parent company, which has been a good friend to bookstores and other outlets



Explanation: The author rejects the complex behind-the-scenes explanation for Hughes’ support by the union in favor of a simpler reason: Hughes was perceived as the better candidate. Likewise, choice D rejects the complicated behind-the-scenes making-a-deal explanation for the continued success of the Daddo line of toys in favor of the simpler reason: kids liked the toys.

(A) The author rejects the complex behind-the-scenes explanation for Hughes’ support by the union in favor of a simpler reason: Hughes was perceived as the better candidate. This choice does describe a complicated explanation for Deap’s popularity, but does not propose a simpler one.

(B) The author rejects the complex behind-the-scenes explanation for Hughes’ support by the union in favor of a simpler reason: Hughes was perceived as the better candidate. Only one explanation is given for Shade’s popularity, which -- unlike that of Hughes, as far as we know – came after an initially rocky period.

(C) The author rejects the complex behind-the-scenes explanation for Hughes’ support by the union in favor of a simpler reason: Hughes was perceived as the better candidate. In this choice, the author rejects a simple explanation – The Shakelight is a better product – in favor of a similarly simple explanation – it’s cheaper.

(E) The author rejects the complex behind-the-scenes explanation for Hughes’ support by the union in favor of a simpler reason: Hughes was perceived as the better candidate. For this choice, the author presents a simple explanation – World Opinion is a superior product – and a more complicated one – the influence of the parent company, but does not state that one explanation is the more likely one.

source Veritas prep

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Re: Some political observers believe that the only reason membe [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2014, 08:41
Anceer,

I don't think there is any mention of author rejecting the explanation anywhere in the question. Also I felt "disagree" in option D was out of sync with the question. Can you explain why option D is correct?

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Re: Some political observers believe that the only reason membe [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2014, 09:05
himanshujovi wrote:
OE please. this was a scary one with long options. Reading itself will take 1.5 minutes



Totally agree. Got the right answer but it took me 3.45 min.

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Re: Some political observers believe that the only reason membe [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2014, 06:55
anceer wrote:
Explanation: The author rejects the complex behind-the-scenes explanation for Hughes’ support by the union in favor of a simpler reason: Hughes was perceived as the better candidate. Likewise, choice D rejects the complicated behind-the-scenes making-a-deal explanation for the continued success of the Daddo line of toys in favor of the simpler reason: kids liked the toys.

(A) The author rejects the complex behind-the-scenes explanation for Hughes’ support by the union in favor of a simpler reason: Hughes was perceived as the better candidate. This choice does describe a complicated explanation for Deap’s popularity, but does not propose a simpler one.

(B) The author rejects the complex behind-the-scenes explanation for Hughes’ support by the union in favor of a simpler reason: Hughes was perceived as the better candidate. Only one explanation is given for Shade’s popularity, which -- unlike that of Hughes, as far as we know – came after an initially rocky period.

(C) The author rejects the complex behind-the-scenes explanation for Hughes’ support by the union in favor of a simpler reason: Hughes was perceived as the better candidate. In this choice, the author rejects a simple explanation – The Shakelight is a better product – in favor of a similarly simple explanation – it’s cheaper.

(E) The author rejects the complex behind-the-scenes explanation for Hughes’ support by the union in favor of a simpler reason: Hughes was perceived as the better candidate. For this choice, the author presents a simple explanation – World Opinion is a superior product – and a more complicated one – the influence of the parent company, but does not state that one explanation is the more likely one.

source Veritas prep

I don't see a very big difference between D and E.
You write that in E, the author doesn't state that one explanation is the more likely one.
But in D there is no such statement either.
Can you explain a little more?

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Re: Some political observers believe that the only reason membe [#permalink]

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Re: Some political observers believe that the only reason membe [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2016, 21:38
Some political observers believe that the only reason members of the state’s largest union supported Senator Hughes in his recent re-election campaign was that the union’s leaders must have been assured by Hughes that, if elected, he would stay out of their coming negotiations with the union’s national leadership, whose members have been financial backers of several close associates of Hughes. More likely, the union’s members believed that Hughes deserved to serve another term in office.

Which of the following best parallels the method of argument used by the author?

A The popularity of Deap, a powerful carpet cleaning system that can be used by the homeowner is, some industry observers say, due to an agreement made by a leading professional carpet cleaning company to supply Deap with the chemicals that are sold as accessories. This does not, however, fully explain the sudden popularity of the product in the last three months.

B After a rocky start, Shade, a new cosmetics line, is now selling briskly. The reason for the turnaround is almost certainly that Shade is now being marketed to women in their twenties, not just to teens. This has helped the product achieve a more sophisticated appeal, which has translated into greater sales in every age group.

C The Shakelight, a small flashlight that can be powered for several minutes by a shaking motion, has once again proven a popular gift item this holiday season. Other similar devices are available, but none has been as successful, and the reason is simple: the cost of The Shakelight has fluctuated so that it has always been at least one dollar less than that of any competitor. The manufacturers’ claim that they have a better product is nonsense.

D The continued success of the Daddo line of toys is due to the simple appeal that these toys have for kids between three years of age and six. Others disagree. One industry journal ascribed the brand’s popularity to a deal made with a major toy retailer guaranteeing that the retailer would carry the coming line of Daddo products exclusively for three months.

E As with last year, this year’s best selling foreign policy journal is World Opinion. It may be that the content in World Opinion is simply more exhaustive and better presented than that of similar publications, or it may be that the journal’s publishers have the substantial support of their parent company, which has been a good friend to bookstores and other outlets

The main argument says more likely. IT does not mean that the complex explanation behind Hughes election is rejected. The last line says "More likely" hence the second simpler reasoning is preferred (Thats about it)
Between C), D) and E)
C) refutes one claim -----> hence its out

E) GIves equal weightage to both the alternatives (content more exhaustive or support of parent company). Not mentioned which is the more likely cause -----> out

D) Is the closest to the original argument according to me (by elimination) and the fact that the option says " others disagree" meaning the majority go with the simple explanation.
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Re: Some political observers believe that the only reason membe [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2017, 22:29
Need expert guidance on this one. Why D over E? the official explanation states that the author rejects complex explanation for a simpler one, hence D is correct. I do not see any 'rejection' taking place in the stimulus. Please share your thoughts on C vs D.

Thanks

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Re: Some political observers believe that the only reason membe [#permalink]

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New post 21 Apr 2017, 10:21
OreoShake wrote:
Need expert guidance on this one. Why D over E? the official explanation states that the author rejects complex explanation for a simpler one, hence D is correct. I do not see any 'rejection' taking place in the stimulus. Please share your thoughts on C vs D.

Thanks


Author says-Some political observers believe something....
Then the author goes on to say..more likely.....
In effect author disagrees with the belief of political observers..

Option D:
Explanation 1: Appeal kids have
Disagreement
Explanation 2: Deal made...

Option E:
Explanation 1: content is better
Explanation 2: Support..
Both the explanations are possible, author expresses no disagreement.
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Re: Some political observers believe that the only reason membe [#permalink]

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New post 22 Apr 2017, 01:46
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Had tough time with this question. Spent close to 6 minutes and D is the closest possible choice.

This gist of the argument is -
1. There are two parties.
2. One party helps other with an intention.

Same is the case with D.
Daddo's deal with major retailers helps to its continuous success. But the retailer's benefit of doing this, is not mentioned. This is only the gray area with choice D.

Choice E just states the reason behind World Opinion's success. There is no agreement made.
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Re: Some political observers believe that the only reason membe [#permalink]

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New post 03 Nov 2017, 20:06
Touch one! It took me over 4 mins to solve it.

I selected D as that is the only choice which seems to have the logic of ASSURANCE by stating 'retailer guaranteeing', which is parallel to the 'Assurance by Hughes' in the stimulus.

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Re: Some political observers believe that the only reason membe   [#permalink] 03 Nov 2017, 20:06
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