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# Sound can travel through water for enormous distances,

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VP
Joined: 03 Apr 2007
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Sound can travel through water for enormous distances, [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2008, 20:47
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Sound can travel through water for enormous distances,
prevented from dissipating its acoustic energy as a result ofboundaries in the ocean created by water layers of different
temperatures and densities.
A. prevented from dissipating its acoustic energy as a
result of
B. prevented from having its acoustic energy dissipated by
C. its acoustic energy prevented from dissipating by
D. its acoustic energy prevented from being dissipated as
a result of
E preventing its acoustic energy from dissipating by
VP
Joined: 03 Apr 2007
Posts: 1348
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 679 [0], given: 10

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19 Jun 2008, 16:55
Manager
Joined: 09 May 2008
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Kudos [?]: 23 [0], given: 0

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19 Jun 2008, 19:51
A. prevented from dissipating its acoustic energy as a result of
B. prevented from having its acoustic energy dissipated by

C. its acoustic energy prevented from dissipating by
D. its acoustic energy prevented from being dissipated as a result of

E preventing its acoustic energy from dissipating by

- "prevented from" refers to "sound"..its the accoustic energy that is "prevented from" getting dissipated. Eliminate A&B.
- while the sound travels the acoustic energy is prevented - to show this simultaneous action we must use "preventing..from" instead of "prevented..from". Eliminate C & D. (Guys let me know if my reasoning is correct)
- IMO E is correct.
Senior Manager
Joined: 15 Aug 2007
Posts: 288
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Kudos [?]: 102 [0], given: 0

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19 Jun 2008, 21:50
A good Q +1.

goalsnr wrote:
Sound can travel through water for enormous distances,
prevented from dissipating its acoustic energy as a result ofboundaries in the ocean created by water layers of different
temperatures and densities.

A. prevented from dissipating its acoustic energy as a
result of
B. prevented from having its acoustic energy dissipated by
C. its acoustic energy prevented from dissipating by
D. its acoustic energy prevented from being dissipated as
a result of
E preventing its acoustic energy from dissipating by

The first thing that is noticeable about the Q is the structure . Do we need a MODIFIER or a CLAUSE. We can have both. But if we have clause , then it should be a dependent clause NOT an independent clause.
C and D introduce a clause ( as with a subject - its ) but there is NO subordinator.( Becuase ,therefore etc.) So it is run on sentence IC,IC. Straight away eliminate C and D.
So its clear we need a modifier. But A and B begin the modifier with PREVENTED. Be careful that the modifier is to modify "distances" . So prevented changes the meaning that the DISTANCES are prevented .... which is not the intended meaning.
Option E corrects the errors.
Manager
Joined: 16 Mar 2008
Posts: 70
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Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 0

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20 Jun 2008, 00:35
Confused between C & E .
Would chose E over C .

don't what i would have done if it appeaared in gmat...

what's the OA ?
Director
Joined: 01 Jan 2008
Posts: 508
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Kudos [?]: 54 [0], given: 0

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20 Jun 2008, 01:46
Firstly : its creates a modifier issue :- (It refers to sound but modifies distances )
Hence C, D are out..

We are left with , A , B, E

Now in A, B, E.

In A, B there is a tense issue . E is the only one that uses preventing and maintains the tense.

Hence E is the correct answer
Intern
Joined: 10 Oct 2009
Posts: 25
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14 Jan 2010, 06:15
goalsnr wrote:
OS is E

Sorry mate, I'm afraid you are wrong.

This question is from Official Verbal Review (2nd Edition)-SC Q108 to be specific.

Here's the official explain

A Dissipating is not a transitive verb, so acoustic energy cannot function as its object.

B This version of the sentence is wordy, awkward, and indirect; from having... by erroneously suggests that the boundaries in the ocean are attempting to dissipate sound energy.

C Correct. Here, acoustic energy is effectively modified by the participial prevented from dissipating....

D This version of the sentence is wordy, awkward, and indirect; being dissipated as a result of makes it unclear whether the boundaries contribute to energy loss or prevent it.

E This version of the sentence nonsensically explains that sound prevents the dissipation of its own energy.
Re: SC- Sound   [#permalink] 14 Jan 2010, 06:15
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