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Spain’s governing coalition has come under strain as it

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Spain’s governing coalition has come under strain as it [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 29 Sep 2013, 00:15
11
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  75% (hard)

Question Stats:

58% (01:42) correct 42% (01:43) wrong based on 561 sessions

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Spain’s governing coalition has come under strain as it pushes its painful austerity measures, and it must now enforce agreed-upon measures, laying off 4,000 civil servants by the end of August, which will push forward a stalled project to privatize state assets.

A. Spain’s governing coalition has come under strain as it pushes its painful austerity measures, and it must now enforce agreed-upon measures, laying off 4,000 civil servants by the end of August, which will push forward a stalled project to privatize state assets.

B. Spain’s governing coalition, coming under strain as it pushes its painful austerity measures, must now enforce agreed-upon measures and lay off 4,000 civil servants by the end of August, pushing forward a stalled project to privatize state assets.

C. Spain’s governing coalition, which has come under strain as it pushes its painful austerity measures, must now enforce agreed-upon measures, laying off 4,000 civil servants by the end of August and pushing forward a stalled project to privatize state assets.

D. Spain’s governing coalition, which has come under strain as it pushes its painful austerity measures and must now enforce agreed-upon measures, laying off 4,000 civil servants by the end of August and pushing forward a stalled project to privatize state assets.

E. Spain’s governing coalition has come under strain as it pushes its painful austerity measures; it must now enforce agreed-upon measures, and lay off 4,000 civil servants by the end of August, pushing forward a stalled project to privatize state assets.

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Originally posted by akhil911 on 29 Sep 2013, 00:10.
Last edited by akhil911 on 29 Sep 2013, 00:15, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Spain’s governing coalition has come under strain as it [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2013, 00:12
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1
This questions is from one of the veritas SC questions that i came across and given below is the official answer post to this question.
I had marked the answer A as i did not find any thing wrong with the answer choice but I got it wrong.
I am looking forward for more detailed explanation to this question.


Solution: C

Explanation: This time consuming problem is primarily concerned with overall sentence construction. Only (C) has a coherent and logical structure: “The coalition, which has been facing this, must now enforce measures, laying off these people and pushing forward this project” The “which” clause in the middle is properly used to modify the coalition and the two “-ing” phrases at the end are parallel and properly modify the coalition and how it must enforce the measures. In (A), the “which” clause has nothing to logically modify and is thus incorrect. In (B), the phrase “pushing forward a stalled project to privatize state assets” cannot be logically linked to the verb clause “lay off 4,000 civil servants” Laying off 4,000 civil servants has nothing to do with pushing forward a stalled project to privatize state assets. Those must be two separate modifying phrases relating to how the coalition must enforce the measures. In (D), the subject “Spain’s governing coalition” has no verb to follow it anywhere in the sentence. (E) suffers from the same flaw as (B) and the semicolon disconnects two things that should be linked in one sentence. Answer is (C)
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Re: Spain’s governing coalition has come under strain as it [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2013, 00:31
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Spain’s governing coalition has come under strain as it pushes its painful austerity measures, and it must now enforce agreed-upon measures, laying off 4,000 civil servants by the end of August, which will push forward a stalled project to privatize state assets.

A. Spain’s governing coalition has come under strain as it pushes its painful austerity measures, and it must now enforce agreed-upon measures, laying off 4,000 civil servants by the end of August, which will push forward a stalled project to privatize state assets.

which should always be followed by a comma and should refer to the noun before comma. Here "which" is incorrectly referring to August.

C. Spain’s governing coalition, which has come under strain as it pushes its painful austerity measures, must now enforce agreed-upon measures, laying off 4,000 civil servants by the end of August and pushing forward a stalled project to privatize state assets.

Here "which" correctly refers to Spain’s governing coalition. Moreover laying off 4,000 civil servants and pushing forward a stalled project are parallel in structure. And C is the intended meaning of the sentence whereas A distorts the meaning


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Re: Spain’s governing coalition has come under strain as it [#permalink]

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New post 10 Nov 2013, 07:02
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I don't understand how is B incorrect.

Per the explanation above, the -ing phrase "pushing forward..." needs to correlate to the measures taken by the coalition. However, what I don't understand how is this interpreted in order to eliminate choice B. The laying off of 4,000 civil servants could be the first step towards pushing the long stalled project and hence the -ing phrase "pushing forward.." could follow the lay-off of 4,000 civil servants.
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Re: Spain’s governing coalition has come under strain as it [#permalink]

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New post 10 Nov 2013, 07:44
nikhil09 wrote:
I don't understand how is B incorrect.

Per the explanation above, the -ing phrase "pushing forward..." needs to correlate to the measures taken by the coalition. However, what I don't understand how is this interpreted in order to eliminate choice B. The laying off of 4,000 civil servants could be the first step towards pushing the long stalled project and hence the -ing phrase "pushing forward.." could follow the lay-off of 4,000 civil servants.


Nikhil,

The meaning of the sentence should be what the original sentence means.
You can clearly see that the meaning in (A) and meaning in (B) is completely different.
Even though (B) is grammatically correct, it changes the intended meaning.

Hope this helps :)
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Re: Spain’s governing coalition has come under strain as it [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2014, 06:16
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Spain’s governing coalition has come under strain as it pushes its painful austerity measures, and
it must now enforce agreed-upon measures,
laying off 4,000 civil servants by the end of August,
which will push forward a stalled project to privatize state assets.


Intended meaning:
Spain’s governing coalition has come under strain as it pushes its painful austerity measures.
It must now enforce agreed-upon measures.
How can they do it? By laying off 4,000 civil servants by the end of August and pushing forward a stalled project to privatize state assets.

A. Spain’s governing coalition has come under strain as it pushes its painful austerity measures, and it must now enforce agreed-upon measures, laying off 4,000 civil servants by the end of August, which will push forward a stalled project to privatize state assets.
>>Modifier error.
B. Spain’s governing coalition, coming under strain as it pushes its painful austerity measures, must now enforce agreed-upon measures and lay off 4,000 civil servants by the end of August, pushing forward a stalled project to privatize state assets.
>>Modifier error.
C. Spain’s governing coalition, which has come under strain as it pushes its painful austerity measures, must now enforce agreed-upon measures, laying off 4,000 civil servants by the end of August and pushing forward a stalled project to privatize state assets.
D. Spain’s governing coalition, which has come under strain as it pushes its painful austerity measures and must now enforce agreed-upon measures, laying off 4,000 civil servants by the end of August and pushing forward a stalled project to privatize state assets.
>>Missing main verb
E. Spain’s governing coalition has come under strain as it pushes its painful austerity measures; it must now enforce agreed-upon measures, and lay off 4,000 civil servants by the end of August, pushing forward a stalled project to privatize state assets.
>>Modifier Error
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Re: Spain’s governing coalition has come under strain as it [#permalink]

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New post 23 Feb 2016, 19:41
akhil911 wrote:
Spain’s governing coalition has come under strain as it pushes its painful austerity measures, and it must now enforce agreed-upon measures, laying off 4,000 civil servants by the end of August, which will push forward a stalled project to privatize state assets.



pretty tough one...
let's see what the meaning of the sentence is:
Coalition has come under strain
-> (exp. why) as it pushes it painful austerity
(new IC) it (coalition) must enforce measures
-> ing modifier explaining how it must enforce:
1. by laying off 4k ppl.
2. and by pushing forward a stalled project to privatize state assets.

ok..so let's see the errors..
SV - ok, pronouns - ok, modifier - not ok. + parallelism error.
the relative pronoun which is incorrectly used. it now refers to the action, but it can't modify any action..since it's a noun modifier...we better use an ing modifier, which must be parallel to the first ing modifier.

A. Spain’s governing coalition has come under strain as it pushes its painful austerity measures, and it must now enforce agreed-upon measures, laying off 4,000 civil servants by the end of August, which will push forward a stalled project to privatize state assets.
incorrect as described

B. Spain’s governing coalition, coming under strain as it pushes its painful austerity measures, must now enforce agreed-upon measures and lay off 4,000 civil servants by the end of August, pushing forward a stalled project to privatize state assets.
slightly changes the meaning. Coalition must do X and Y by Z. in the original sentence is: Coalition must do X, by Y and by Z.

C. Spain’s governing coalition, which has come under strain as it pushes its painful austerity measures, must now enforce agreed-upon measures, laying off 4,000 civil servants by the end of August and pushing forward a stalled project to privatize state assets.
C. looks good. which correctly refers to the coalition, no pronoun errors, SV ok. modifiers are parallel and properly connected so looks good.

D. Spain’s governing coalition, which has come under strain as it pushes its painful austerity measures and must now enforce agreed-upon measures, laying off 4,000 civil servants by the end of August and pushing forward a stalled project to privatize state assets.
well...the which modifier goes too far...and must now enforce is a part of WHICH modifier. now the original subject COALITION doesn't have any verb.

E. Spain’s governing coalition has come under strain as it pushes its painful austerity measures; it must now enforce agreed-upon measures, and lay off 4,000 civil servants by the end of August, pushing forward a stalled project to privatize state assets.
enforce and lay -> seems as if these 2 are connected...but if yes, the comma before and is not needed. in this case, we have another IC, which doesn't have an active subject. furthermore, it now states must do X and Y by Z. but original meaning must do X, by Y and Z.

C for me.
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Re: Spain’s governing coalition has come under strain as it [#permalink]

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New post 29 Feb 2016, 02:54
A. Spain’s governing coalition has come under strain as it pushes its painful austerity measures, and it must now enforce agreed-upon measures, laying off 4,000 civil servants by the end of August, which will push forward a stalled project to privatize state assets.
B. Spain’s governing coalition, coming under strain as it pushes its painful austerity measures, must now enforce agreed-upon measures and lay off 4,000 civil servants by the end of August, pushing forward a stalled project to privatize state assets.
C. Spain’s governing coalition, which has come under strain as it pushes its painful austerity measures, must now enforce agreed-upon measures, laying off 4,000 civil servants by the end of August and pushing forward a stalled project to privatize state assets.
D. Spain’s governing coalition, which has come under strain as it pushes its painful austerity measures and must now enforce agreed-upon measures, laying off 4,000 civil servants by the end of August and pushing forward a stalled project to privatize state assets.
E. Spain’s governing coalition has come under strain as it pushes its painful austerity measures; it must now enforce agreed-upon measures, and lay off 4,000 civil servants by the end of August, pushing forward a stalled project to privatize state assets.
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Re: Spain’s governing coalition has come under strain as it [#permalink]

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New post 01 Mar 2016, 07:46
ONE of classical point gmat prefer to test is the split between
do and do
vs
do , doing

using meaning analysis, we realize the relation between the two actions, and dicide, "and' or "comma doing" is logic

if the sentence is long, the task takes longer time
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Re: Spain’s governing coalition has come under strain as it [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2017, 15:51
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I still think that it is questionable what the sentence is trying to convey. The original leads me to believe that the laying off of working will push an already stalled project into the state assets since the workers will not longer be able to do it. Therefor, C changes the meaning of the sentence and B should be correct.
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Re: Spain’s governing coalition has come under strain as it [#permalink]

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New post 07 Mar 2018, 12:59
OG and many prep companies already acknowledge the pattern in this question.
The first part of the pattern is "laying" vs "lay", given that "pushing" is certainly present in the sentence -> it depends on the context, here, "pushing" is correct.

It is easy to recognize other issues.
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Re: Spain’s governing coalition has come under strain as it [#permalink]

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New post 09 Mar 2018, 02:45
akhil911 wrote:
Spain’s governing coalition has come under strain as it pushes its painful austerity measures, and it must now enforce agreed-upon measures, laying off 4,000 civil servants by the end of August, which will push forward a stalled project to privatize state assets.

A. Spain’s governing coalition has come under strain as it pushes its painful austerity measures, and it must now enforce agreed-upon measures, laying off 4,000 civil servants by the end of August, which will push forward a stalled project to privatize state assets.
B. Spain’s governing coalition, coming under strain as it pushes its painful austerity measures, must now enforce agreed-upon measures and lay off 4,000 civil servants by the end of August, pushing forward a stalled project to privatize state assets.
C. Spain’s governing coalition, which has come under strain as it pushes its painful austerity measures, must now enforce agreed-upon measures, laying off 4,000 civil servants by the end of August and pushing forward a stalled project to privatize state assets.
D. Spain’s governing coalition, which has come under strain as it pushes its painful austerity measures and must now enforce agreed-upon measures, laying off 4,000 civil servants by the end of August and pushing forward a stalled project to privatize state assets.
E. Spain’s governing coalition has come under strain as it pushes its painful austerity measures; it must now enforce agreed-upon measures, and lay off 4,000 civil servants by the end of August, pushing forward a stalled project to privatize state assets.

IMO C this question is pretty good mainly for modifiers. How i eliminate is following:-
A here meaning is incorrect as this one is showing has came under pressure by pushes ....and it must...and party doesn't make sense.
B ,coming is incorrect as it means coalition result in or how coalition happened so again incorrect meaning
C keep it side.
D same meaning problem as A
E lay off 4000 civil...,pushing meaning they lay off by pushing .... incorrect meaning it is another action that must be taken with lay off.
So C is the answer.
Re: Spain’s governing coalition has come under strain as it   [#permalink] 09 Mar 2018, 02:45
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