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Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began his

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Re: Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began his  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jan 2017, 10:32
AR15J wrote:
RMD007 wrote:
AR15J wrote:
however, I selected the right choice, but I did not found the solid reason to reject choice E other than the usage of first name(Friedrich) of Muller. If first name were not there, this choice would be incorrect because present perfect tense is not correct here; however, I don't know why present perfect tense is incorrect. Please explain


Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began his career in an unpromising apprenticeship as a Sanskrit scholar and culminated in virtually every honor that European governments and learned societies could bestow.
(E) the career of Muller has begun with an unpromising apprenticeship of

I could think of two reasons why present perfect tense is not correct here.
1. We are talking about two events.
event1: F's career BEGAN as a sanskrit scholar.
event2. It culminated in every honor.
As you can mark, the event 1 has occurred first, so use of present perfect is not correct here. Use of past perfect tense could be allowed.

2. The given sentence is in simple past tense. Unless its meaning is not clear, we should stick to the original sentence. Use of simple past tense does not create any ambiguity here.

Hope this clears your doubt.




Hi Ruchi,

Second point is understood, but this does not give me the solid ground to reject a choice. On the first point, you interpreted event2 : It culminated in every honor
however, I interpreted event2 : It has culminated in every honor.(has was not repeated after and)

so, I considered both events in present perfect


Present perfect is used to depict an event that has begun at a point in past and continues till the present moment.

The movie has begun.
The above sentence implies: the movie still continues - if the movie has already ended, then the present perfect tense "has begun" is wrong - it should be simple past "began".

For the same reason the present perfect in option E is wrong.

Moreover, "apprenticeship of scholar" is wrong.
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Re: Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began his  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2018, 04:05
souvik101990 wrote:
Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began his career in an unpromising apprenticeship as a Sanskrit scholar and culminated in virtually every honor that European governments and learned societies could bestow.


(A) Muller began his career in an unpromising apprenticeship as

(B) Muller’s career began in an unpromising apprenticeship as

(C) Muller’s career began with the unpromising apprenticeship of being

(D) Muller had begun his career with the unpromising apprenticeship of being

(E) the career of Muller has begun with an unpromising apprenticeship of

A. "Muller" is wrong after comma

B. Correct

C. "of being"

D. "Muller had" is worng

E. wrong tense " has begun"
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Re: Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began his &nbs [#permalink] 05 Apr 2018, 04:05

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