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SPEAKER 1: Those who oppose abortion upon demand make the foundation o

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SPEAKER 1: Those who oppose abortion upon demand make the foundation o [#permalink]

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E

Difficulty:

  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

38% (01:47) correct 63% (01:41) wrong based on 32 sessions

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SPEAKER 1: Those who oppose abortion upon demand make the foundation of their arguments the sanctity of human life, but this seeming bedrock assumption is actually as weak as shifting sand. And it is not necessary to invoke the red herring that many abortion opponents would allow that human life must sometimes be sacrificed
for a great good, as in the fighting of a just war. There are counter-examples to the principle of sanctity of life which are even more embarrassing to abortion opponents. It would be possible to reduce the annual number of traffic fatalities to virtually zero by passing federal legislation mandating a nationwide fifteen mile-per-hour speed limit on all roads. You see, implicitly we have always been willing to trade off quantity of human life for quality.

SPEAKER 2: The analogy my opponent draws between abortion and traffic fatalities is weak. No one would propose such a speed limit. Imagine people trying to get to and from work under such a law, or imagine them trying to visit a friend or relatives outside their own neighborhoods, or taking in a sports event or a movie. Obviously such a law would be a disaster.

Which of the following best characterizes Speaker 2’s response to Speaker 1?

(A) His analysis of the traffic fatalities case actually supports the argument of Speaker 1.
(B) His analysis of the traffic fatalities case is an effective rebuttal of Speaker 1’s argument.
(C) His response provides a strong affirmative statement of his own position.
(D) His response is totally irrelevant to the issue raised by Speaker 1.
(E) His counter-argument attacks the character of Speaker 1 instead of the merits of Speaker 1’s argument.

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[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by SajjadAhmad on 04 Nov 2017, 10:29, edited 2 times in total.

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Re: SPEAKER 1: Those who oppose abortion upon demand make the foundation o [#permalink]

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SajjadAhmad wrote:
SPEAKER 1: Those who oppose abortion upon demand make the foundation of their arguments the sanctity of human life, but this seeming bedrock assumption is actually as weak as shifting sand. And it is not necessary to invoke the red herring that many abortion opponents would allow that human life must sometimes be sacrificed
for a great good, as in the fighting of a just war. There are counter-examples to the principle of sanctity of life which are even more embarrassing to abortion opponents. It would be possible to reduce the annual number of traffic fatalities to virtually zero by passing federal legislation mandating a nationwide fifteen mile-per-hour speed limit on all roads. You see, implicitly we have always been willing to trade off quantity of human life for quality.

SPEAKER 2: The analogy my opponent draws between abortion and traffic fatalities is weak. No one would propose such a speed limit. Imagine people trying to get to and from work under such a law, or imagine them trying to visit a friend or relatives outside their own neighborhoods, or taking in a sports event or a movie. Obviously such a law would be a disaster.

1. Which of the following best characterizes Speaker 2’s response to Speaker 1?

(A) His analysis of the traffic fatalities case actually supports the argument of Speaker 1.
(B) His analysis of the traffic fatalities case is an effective rebuttal of Speaker 1’s argument.
(C) His response provides a strong affirmative statement of his own position.
(D) His response is totally irrelevant to the issue raised by Speaker 1.
(E) His counter-argument attacks the character of Speaker 1 instead of the merits of Speaker 1’s argument.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Ans 1: A


2. Which of the following represents the most logical continuation of the reasoning contained in Speaker 1’s argument?

(A) Therefore, we should not have any laws on the books to protect human life.
(B) We can only conclude that Speaker 2 is also in favor of strengthening enforcement of existing traffic regulations as a means to reducing the number of traffic fatalities each year.
(C) So the strongest attack on Speaker 2’s position is that he contradicts himself when he agrees that we should fight a just war even at the risk of considerable loss of human life.
(D) Even the laws against contraceptio are good examples of this tendency.
(E) The abortion question just makes explicit that which for so long has remained hidden from view.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Ans 2: E


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It should be A and A.

1- Speaker 2 instead of targeting Speaker 1's argument starts by defending grounds of not enacting laws to protect life like reducing the traffic limits to 15 miles per hour since they effect quality of life. This is exactly what Speaker 1 was trying to point out and A represents it correctly.

2- Speaker 1 says that we implicitly accept loss of human life to improve quality of life and hence instead of having the dichotomy of putting into practice laws to ban abortion, we should not have laws that protect life.
On a side note, this thread has 2 questions but shows one timer on my end.
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Re: SPEAKER 1: Those who oppose abortion upon demand make the foundation o   [#permalink] 01 Nov 2017, 14:40
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SPEAKER 1: Those who oppose abortion upon demand make the foundation o

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