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Springfi eld Fire Commissioner: The vast majority of false fire alarms

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Re: Springfi eld Fire Commissioner: The vast majority of false fire alarms [#permalink]

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New post 04 Dec 2014, 06:50
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gmatbull wrote:
Springfield Fire Commissioner: the vast majority of false fire alarms
are prank calls made anonymously from fire alarm boxes on street
corners. Since virtually everyone has access to a private telephone,
these alarm boxes have outlived their usefulness. Therefore, we
propose to remove the boxes. Removing the boxes will reduce the
number of prank calls without hampering people’s ability to report a fire.
Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the claim that the
proposal, if carried out, will have the announced effect?

A. The fire department traces all alarm calls made from private telephones
and records where they came from.

B. Maintaining the fire alarm boxes costs Springfield approximately
five million dollars annually.

C. A telephone call can provide the fire department with more information
about the nature and size of a fire than can an alarm placed
from an alarm box.

D. Responding to false alarms significantly reduces the fire department’s
capacity for responding to fires.

E. On any given day, a significant percentage of the public telephones
in Springfield are out of service.

Please, provide explanations for your response. OA to follow later.



got it wrong though , now i understand OA is A

"A. The fire department traces all alarm calls made from private telephones
and records where they came from."

Because conclusion was that they can now receive calls from private phones.. and option A suggest that they are able to receive and process each and every private call.
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Re: Springfi eld Fire Commissioner: The vast majority of false fire alarms [#permalink]

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Springfield Fire Commissioner: the vast majority of false fire alarms are prank calls made anonymously from fire alarm boxes on street corners. Since virtually everyone has access to a private telephone, these alarm boxes have outlived their usefulness. Therefore, we propose to remove the boxes. Removing the boxes will reduce the number of prank calls without hampering people’s ability to report a fire.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the claim that the proposal, if carried out, will have the announced effect?
The stimulus is a strengthen question. We need to find out what supports the conclusion of the fire commissioner.

His conclusion: Removing the call boxes will reduce the number of prank phone calls without interfering with fire reports.
His premise: Majority of false fire alarms are pranks from anonymous people. Everyone has a private telephone.

So to support the stimulus we need to find an answer choice that will demonstrate why removing the boxes will reduce prank phone calls.


A. The fire department traces all alarm calls made from private telephones
and records where they came from. If the anonymity of the call boxes is what promotes people to make prank phone calls then this is an ideal answer choice. If you remove the anonymity then there will be less prank calls.

B. Maintaining the fire alarm boxes costs Springfield approximately five million dollars annually.
The costs is irrelevant to the prank phone calls made from call boxes.

C. A telephone call can provide the fire department with more information about the nature and size of a fire than can an alarm placed
from an alarm box.
The ability to report more info about a fire is also irrelevant to reducing prank phone calls through the call boxes.

D. Responding to false alarms significantly reduces the fire department’s capacity for responding to fires.
This answer choice involves how to deal with false alarms but it does not discuss how to deal with reducing them.

E. On any given day, a significant percentage of the public telephones in Springfield are out of service.
Still irrelevant to reducing prank phone calls.
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Re: Springfi eld Fire Commissioner: The vast majority of false fire alarms [#permalink]

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New post 11 Dec 2015, 21:06
Springfield Fire Commissioner: The vast majority of false fire alarms are prank calls made anonymously from fire
alarm boxes on street corners. Since virtually everyone has access to a private telephone, these alarm boxes
have outlived their usefulness. Therefore, we propose to remove the boxes. Removing the boxes will reduce the
number of prank calls without hampering people’s ability to report a fire.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the claim that the proposal, if carried out, will have the
announced effect?

(A) The fire department traces all alarm calls made from private telephones and records where they
came from.
(B) Maintaining the fire alarm boxes costs Springfield approximately $5 million annually.
(C) A telephone call can provide the fire department with more information about the nature and size of a fire
than can an alarm placed from an alarm box.
(D) Responding to false alarms significantly reduces the fire department’s capacity for responding to fires.
(E) On any given day, a significant percentage of the public telephones in Springfield are out of service.
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Re: Springfi eld Fire Commissioner: The vast majority of false fire alarms [#permalink]

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guhabhishek wrote:
Springfield Fire Commissioner: The vast majority of false fire alarms are prank calls made anonymously from fire alarm boxes on street corners. Since virtually everyone has access to a private telephone, these alarm boxes have outlived their usefulness. Therefore, we propose to remove the boxes. Removing the boxes will reduce the number of prank calls without hampering people’s ability to report a fire.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the claim that the proposal, if carried out, will have the announced effect?



Powerscore CR Bible states for Strengthens Questions suing the following steps -

1. Identify the conclusion - Therefore, we propose to remove the boxes.
2. Personalize the argument - Removing the alarm boxes will reduce prank calls , however the fire incidents are reported by private telephones.
3. Look for weakness in the argument - Removing the boxes will reduce the number of prank calls but it will hamper people’s ability to report a fire.

Now check the options -

4. Argument of analogy/surveys - strengthen the analogy
5. Correct argument will strengthen the argument just a Little / Lot


Quote:
(A) The fire department traces all alarm calls made from private telephones and records where they came from
(B) Maintaining the fire alarm boxes costs Springfield approximately $5 million annually.
(C) A telephone call can provide the fire department with more information about the nature and size of a fire than can an alarm placed from an alarm box.
(D) Responding to false alarms significantly reduces the fire department’s capacity for responding to fires.
(E) On any given day, a significant percentage of the public telephones in Springfield are out of service.



The fire department traces all alarm calls made from private telephones and( false alarm calls can be reduced) records where they came from ( Functions as an alarm Box)


Hence correct Answer is (A)

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Re: Springfi eld Fire Commissioner: The vast majority of false fire alarms [#permalink]

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New post 21 Dec 2015, 01:59
Premise: false fire alarms – prank calls in fire alarm boxes. Everyone access telephone – remove the boxes.
Conclusion: reduce prank call by removing the boxes – not hampering ability to report fire.
Choice B, C, D and E are not relevant. They do not mention about how to reduce the number of prank call.
Choice A, reducing prank call, for fire department know exactly who called. It strengthens the argument.
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Re: Springfi eld Fire Commissioner: The vast majority of false fire alarms [#permalink]

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Conclusion : To remove the boxes. Removing the boxes will reduce the
number of prank calls without hampering people’s ability to report a fire.

Analysis
(A) The fire department traces all alarm calls made from private telephones and records where they
came from. - Correct Since easily track location of the fire and caller. So prank calls will be reduced.
(B) Maintaining the fire alarm boxes costs Springfield approximately $5 million annually. - Out of scopre :Argument does not talk about operating cost
(C) A telephone call can provide the fire department with more information about the nature and size of a fire
than can an alarm placed from an alarm box. - A telephone call can not be considered as fire alarm call
(D) Responding to false alarms significantly reduces the fire department’s capacity for responding to fires. - Weakens the conclusion
(E) On any given day, a significant percentage of the public telephones in Springfield are out of service.- Irrelevant

Hence A is the best choice !
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Re: Springfi eld Fire Commissioner: The vast majority of false fire alarms [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jan 2017, 17:53
(A) The fire department traces all alarm calls made from private telephones and records where they
came from.
Correct answer
(B) Maintaining the fire alarm boxes costs Springfield approximately $5 million annually.
out of scope since there is no mention of the financial aspect of the plan
(C) A telephone call can provide the fire department with more information about the nature and size of a fire
than can an alarm placed from an alarm box.
out of scope since calls can still be made with many phones available
(D) Responding to false alarms significantly reduces the fire department’s capacity for responding to fires.
does effect the plan and the reasoning but the plan does not solely depend on the point and this does not directly support the argument.
(E) On any given day, a significant percentage of the public telephones in Springfield are out of service.
out of scope
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Re: Springfi eld Fire Commissioner: The vast majority of false fire alarms [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jan 2017, 21:52
sleepynut wrote:
Hi expert,
The conclusion is the proposal to removal fire alarm boxes.Removing such boxes will reduce the number of prank calls without hampering people's ability to report a fire.

I could hardly eliminate option C.In my 2 cents,option C ensures that removing such boxes won't cause any difficulties to report a fire;hence it is a good contender.Option A is also another good contender;it states that fire department can trace the call;hence,the department can somehow limit the false alarm,if any, from telephone as it can directly get to the culprit.

Could you please share your thoughts for these 2 options?
Thanks :-)


The argument is about reporting of genuine fire incidents. How much information about a particular fire is reported is not relevant. The correct option should highlight an advantage of the phones over the alarm boxes in reducing the number of anonymous prank calls, not in any other aspect (such as more information). Hence option A is better than option C.
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Re: Springfi eld Fire Commissioner: The vast majority of false fire alarms [#permalink]

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New post 17 Mar 2017, 09:15
Hi,
I didn't get the meaning of "there is still possibility that the only person aware that a fire has started near an alarm box but lacks access to a telephone. " in the answer of OG for C. Is there any further explanation?

Thanks a million~
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Re: Springfi eld Fire Commissioner: The vast majority of false fire alarms [#permalink]

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New post 25 May 2017, 10:12
Jez0612 wrote:
Hi,
I didn't get the meaning of "there is still possibility that the only person aware that a fire has started near an alarm box but lacks access to a telephone. " in the answer of OG for C. Is there any further explanation?

Thanks a million~

This is an excerpt from official option E , which weakens the claim mentioned in the passage. To weaken the claim, our reasoning should focus on proving that removal of fire alarm boxes must not take place. So, as per the situation given, if there is a fire in an area and public telephones aren't functional, then how would a witnessee inform the fire department if he doesn't have a personal phone? So this option is suggestive of rejecting the proposal of removing fire alarm boxes and rely on private telephones. Hence weakens the claim.

sayantanc2k wrote:
sleepynut wrote:
Hi expert,
The conclusion is the proposal to removal fire alarm boxes.Removing such boxes will reduce the number of prank calls without hampering people's ability to report a fire.

I could hardly eliminate option C.In my 2 cents,option C ensures that removing such boxes won't cause any difficulties to report a fire;hence it is a good contender.Option A is also another good contender;it states that fire department can trace the call;hence,the department can somehow limit the false alarm,if any, from telephone as it can directly get to the culprit.

Could you please share your thoughts for these 2 options?
Thanks :-)


The argument is about reporting of genuine fire incidents. How much information about a particular fire is reported is not relevant. The correct option should highlight an advantage of the phones over the alarm boxes in reducing the number of anonymous prank calls, not in any other aspect (such as more information). Hence option A is better than option C.

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Re: Springfi eld Fire Commissioner: The vast majority of false fire alarms [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2017, 03:20
jerrywu wrote:
Springfield Fire Commissioner: the vast majority of false fire alarms are prank calls made anonymously from fire alarm boxes on street corners. Since virtually everyone has access to a private telephone, these alarm boxes have outlived their usefulness. Therefore, we propose to remove the boxes. Removing the boxes will reduce the number of prank calls without hampering people's ability to report a fire.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the claim that the proposal, if carried out, will have the announced effect?

A. The fire department traces all alarm calls made from private telephones and records where they came from.

B. Maintaining the fire alarm boxes costs Springfield approximately five million dollars annually.

C. A telephone call can provide the fire department with more information about the nature and size of a fire than can an alarm placed from an alarm box.

D. Responding to false alarms significantly reduces the fire department's capacity for responding to fires.

E. On any given day, a significant percentage of the public telephones in Springfield are out of service.


alway criticize the argument even it is strengthen questions. the opposite of the weakener will be the answer.

conclusion: reducing the box will reduce false call. the private phone will reduce the false call

criticize: what if the private phone dose not reduce false call because we can not trace the private phone numbers
bingo
go to answer choices. A match the opposite to what we prethink.
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Re: Springfi eld Fire Commissioner: The vast majority of false fire alarms [#permalink]

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New post 01 Aug 2017, 10:21
the argument is made to specify a problem that is"false fire alarms" and the fire dept is willing to fight it by removing the fire alarm box
conclusion:removing the boxes will reduce the number of prank calls without hampering people's ability to report a fire.

here announced effect:reducing prank call without hampering ability to report a fire
option a:clearly discuss about how both objective is achieved
option c:suggest only about the advantage of phone call over fire larm box

asnwer is A
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Re: Springfi eld Fire Commissioner: The vast majority of false fire alarms [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2017, 06:56
chetan2u
Can you please explain why A and not C?
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Re: Springfi eld Fire Commissioner: The vast majority of false fire alarms [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2017, 07:10
Suryangshu wrote:
chetan2u
Can you please explain why A and not C?



hi..

you can pick up the right choice between A and C, if you home on to the EXACT requirement..

REQUIREMENT
Quote:
Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the claim that the proposal, if carried out, will have the announced effect?


what is the announced effect

Quote:
Removing the boxes will reduce the number of prank calls without hampering people's ability to report a fire.


Now lets see the choices and the likely benefit of it.

A. The fire department traces all alarm calls made from private telephones and records where they came from.
If fire department can TRACE back all private calls, any prank call can be traced to the caller and he can be penalized. so calls from private numbers would lessen down the prank calls and will have the announced effect

C. A telephone call can provide the fire department with more information about the nature and size of a fire than can an alarm placed from an alarm box.
Yes it is in favour of removing alarm boxes but what is the intended effect - it is that the fire department will have better knowledge of the incident and will be better prepared while moving to the site.
BUT what is the announced effect - Lowering PRANK calls without hampering...


so A wins over C
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Re: Springfi eld Fire Commissioner: The vast majority of false fire alarms [#permalink]

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Springfield Fire Commissioner: The vast majority of false fire alarms are prank calls made anonymously from fire alarm boxes on street corners. Since virtually everyone has access to a private telephone, these alarm boxes have outlived their usefulness. Therefore, we propose to remove the boxes. Removing the boxes will reduce the number of prank calls without hampering people's ability to report a fire.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the claim that the proposal, if carried out, will have the announced effect?
*NOTE: We care about not hampering someones' ability to report a fire when the fire alarm boxes are removed*

(A) The fire department traces all alarm calls made from private telephones and records where they came from.
- The fire department can trace calls? that's new info. okay, so if fire alarm boxes were to be removed, people will still be able to report a fire (from private telephones). the number of prank calls would be reduced b/c of the removal of fire alarm boxes, and peoples' ability to report a fire will not be hampered b/c virtually everyone has access to a private telephone.

(B) Maintaining the fire alarm boxes costs Springfield approximately five million dollars annually.
- Who cares what maintaining fire alarm boxes costs?

(C) A telephone call can provide the fire department with more information about the nature and size of a fire than can an alarm placed from an alarm box.
- Out of scope. "A telephone call" is not the same as a call from a private telephone. That aside, we're not concerned with the details of a fire. We're concerned with: 1) reducing the # of prank calls; and 2) not hampering peoples' ability to report a fire

(D) Responding to false alarms significantly reduces the fire department's capacity for responding to fires.
- Well, no shit it does. Tell me something I don't know. How does this affect someones' ability (or inability) to report a fire?

(E) On any given day, a significant percentage of the public telephones in Springfield are out of service.
- - Who cares about public telephones?


Tricky question. Hopefully I was able to explain why the OA is A. Kudos please if you find this helpful :)
Re: Springfi eld Fire Commissioner: The vast majority of false fire alarms   [#permalink] 07 Sep 2017, 09:26

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