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Standard & Poor's, publisher of the greatly followed S&P 500 Index

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Standard & Poor's, publisher of the greatly followed S&P 500 Index [#permalink]

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Standard & Poor's, publisher of the greatly followed S&P 500 Index for US stock market, has changed the composition of the index by adding companies from upcoming industries like healthcare and ecommerce; this makes the index more balanced than before.

A. upcoming industries like healthcare and ecommerce; this makes the index more balanced than
B. upcoming industries like healthcare and ecommerce, making the new index more balanced than the index
C. upcoming industries such as healthcare and ecommerce to make the index more balanced than
D. such upcoming industries as healthcare and ecommerce; this makes the index more balanced than it was
E. upcoming industries such as healthcare and ecommerce and makes the index more balanced than it was

Source: ExpertGlobal
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Standard & Poor's, publisher of the greatly followed S&P 500 Index [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jul 2017, 15:27
My take on this question is "C"
may i ask what is OA ?
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Re: Standard & Poor's, publisher of the greatly followed S&P 500 Index [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2017, 10:28
I also thought it was C. Can someone explain why it is D?

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Re: Standard & Poor's, publisher of the greatly followed S&P 500 Index [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2017, 12:13
Please why is C wrong?

"it was"and "Before" isn't it redundant

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Re: Standard & Poor's, publisher of the greatly followed S&P 500 Index [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2017, 16:49
I think the official answer may be wrong.

It has to be C
In D, "this" must refer to a noun....but "changing the composition of the index" is what makes the index more balances than before. Therefore, D has no clear antecedent.

If I'm wrong, can someone help and tell me why

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Re: Standard & Poor's, publisher of the greatly followed S&P 500 Index [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2017, 17:06
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A and B have "like" error.
C has comparison error as "index" is getting compared with "before". Also, C shows intention - a different meaning than the meaning of the original sentence.
E has parallelism error - S&P's...has changed the composition....and makes the index.
Therefore, the answer is D.

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Re: Standard & Poor's, publisher of the greatly followed S&P 500 Index [#permalink]

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chisichei wrote:
Please why is C wrong?

"it was"and "Before" isn't it redundant


I don't think any of the option is perfectly correct. Below is my take on this question

Options A & B could be eliminated easily because of incorrect use of LIKE.
Option E could be eliminated because use of AND leads to a RUN-ON sentence.
Option D is incorrect because of lack of antecedent of THIS. Option D would have been correct, if we would have used THIS ACT.
Option C looks best, but it also has a logical error since this option compares INDEX with TIME, an illogical comparison. Option C would have been correct, if we would have added IT WAS in the end.
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Re: Standard & Poor's, publisher of the greatly followed S&P 500 Index [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2017, 18:45
nguyendinhtuong wrote:
Standard & Poor's, publisher of the greatly followed S&P 500 Index for US stock market, has changed the composition of the index by adding companies from upcoming industries like healthcare and ecommerce; this makes the index more balanced than before.

A. upcoming industries like healthcare and ecommerce; this makes the index more balanced than
B. upcoming industries like healthcare and ecommerce, making the new index more balanced than the index
C. upcoming industries such as healthcare and ecommerce to make the index more balanced than
D. such upcoming industries as healthcare and ecommerce; this makes the index more balanced than it was
E. upcoming industries such as healthcare and ecommerce and makes the index more balanced than it was

Source: ExpertGlobal


A and B are wrong because like is ungrammatically used to introduce examples. "Such as" can be used to correct this mistake. C, D and E correct this mistake.
C is wrong because it changes the sentence's meaning. The 1st sentence says "this makes..." so it is an observation about S&P change rather than an indication of the purpose of S&P's action.
E is wrong because "has changed" and "makes" are not parallel to each other in terms of verb tense.
D is thus the correct answer.

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Re: Standard & Poor's, publisher of the greatly followed S&P 500 Index [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2017, 18:59
If we look at the idiom, only C is the best but C has wrong comparison. Non underlined portion is 'from' and correct idiom should be 'from' X to Y'.

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Re: Standard & Poor's, publisher of the greatly followed S&P 500 Index [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2017, 19:07
goalMBA1990 wrote:
If we look at the idiom, only C is the best but C has wrong comparison. Non underlined portion is 'from' and correct idiom should be 'from' X to Y'.

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"From" is not used as in "from A to B" idiom. This "from" is used more like in "As you requested, I am going to bring with me a friend from my class."

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Re: Standard & Poor's, publisher of the greatly followed S&P 500 Index [#permalink]

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New post 12 Nov 2017, 17:37
@E-gmat/ Shraddha
Could you help me clarify the VERB + ING modifier rule here?

In Option B, if we ignore the obvious error of "like" usage, could you help me understand if the use of VERB + ING modifier is correct?

Standard & Poor's, publisher of the greatly followed S&P 500 Index for US stock market, has changed the composition of the index by adding companies from upcoming industries like healthcare and ecommerce, making the new index more balanced than the index before.

I went through e-gmat videos on this and not sure what action and noun the following modifier modifies:
making the new index more balanced than the index before

From the concept videos I saw that it usually modifies immediate previous action is there are more than one actions/verb in the sentence.
From my analysis, the blue are noun and green are verb/action-verbs. In this case, does this VERB-ING clause modifies noun "the composition of the index"? Does it make sense?

On a related note, it was not clear to me, from the concept videos, if the VERB_ING modifier can modify the "first" noun or first verb depending on the context? In the examples where there were two action-verbs/verb, it always referred the immediately previous one.

Thanks in advance.

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Re: Standard & Poor's, publisher of the greatly followed S&P 500 Index [#permalink]

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Standard & Poor's, publisher of the greatly followed S&P 500 Index for US stock market, has changed the composition of the index by adding companies from upcoming industries like healthcare and ecommerce; this makes the index more balanced than before.

A. upcoming industries like healthcare and ecommerce; this makes the index more balanced than -We quote examples with such as
B. upcoming industries like healthcare and ecommerce, making the new index more balanced than the index -We quote examples with such as
C. upcoming industries such as healthcare and ecommerce to make the index more balanced than -this changes the meaning. the intent for changing the index isn't demonstrated in the original sentence
D. such upcoming industries as healthcare and ecommerce; this makes the index more balanced than it was -Correct
E. upcoming industries such as healthcare and ecommerce and makes the index more balanced than it was -incorrect parallelism
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Re: Standard & Poor's, publisher of the greatly followed S&P 500 Index   [#permalink] 11 Dec 2017, 05:59
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