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State researchers have found that since the oil price

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State researchers have found that since the oil price [#permalink]

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State researchers have found that since the oil price increases of the 1970s, there has been a decline in home energy consumption. They concluded that almost all of the decline has been achieved through reduced standards of living and changes in the way people spend their time.

Each of the following, if true, would support the conclusion above EXCEPT:

(A) Sales of portable heaters rose as families concentrated their winter activities in a limited number of rooms.

(B) During the winter months, more people frequented public places such as libraries and community centers and, on the average, spent considerably longer periods in them than they had previously.

(C) More than 39 percent of households were able to decrease energy costs substantially by having relatively inexpensive work done to improve the efficiency of their existing heating systems.

(D) At least 59 percent of households maintained a lower indoor temperature than they had been accustomed to maintain on very cold days.

(E) Members of at least 60 percent of households showered for shorter periods of time than they had previously.

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[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by broall on 22 Sep 2017, 07:53, edited 1 time in total.
Reformatted question

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Re: State researchers have found that since the oil price [#permalink]

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State researchers have found that since the oil price increases of the 1970s, there has been a decline in home energy consumption. They concluded that almost all of the decline has been achieved through reduced standards of living and changes in the way people spend their time. Each of the following, if true, would support the
conclusion above EXCEPT:

(A) Sales of portable heaters rose as families concentrated their winter activities in a limited number of rooms.
(B) During the winter months, more people frequented public places such as libraries and community centers and, on the average, spent considerably longer periods in them than they had previously.
(C) More than 39 percent of households were able to decrease energy costs substantially by having relatively inexpensive work done to improve the efficiency of their existing heating systems.
(D) At least 59 percent of households maintained a lower indoor temperature than they had been accustomed to maintain on very cold days.
(E) Members of at least 60 percent of households showered for shorter periods of time than they had previously.



My answer is C because inexpensive work neither come under the standards of living nor the way people spend their time. Make sense?

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Re: State researchers have found that since the oil price [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2012, 01:36
D. Maintaining lower than usual indoor temperature would require more fuel to burn. Hence high starndards of living.

Why is the answer not D?

Please explain.

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Re: State researchers have found that since the oil price [#permalink]

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sidhu09 wrote:
D. Maintaining lower than usual indoor temperature would require more fuel to burn. Hence high starndards of living.

Why is the answer not D?

Please explain.
(D) is reduced standard of living. Your logic would work if the option stated that the days were extremely hot.
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Re: State researchers have found that since the oil price [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2012, 20:31
+1 C

People reduced their energy consumption by improving the efficiency of their heating systems.
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Re: State researchers have found that since the oil price [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jan 2014, 07:38
+1 C.

Each of the other choices either causes reduced standard of living or changes the way people spend their time. However C shows standard of living was maintained without much cost.
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Re: State researchers have found that since the oil price [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jan 2014, 22:23
though " "C" is the winner .......as decreasing cost by relatively inexpensive work done to raise efficiency .......... does not reduce quality of life......IN THIS CASE GOOD HEATING ARRANGEMENTS....

LOGIC IN " A" CONFUSES ME....
(A) Sales of portable heaters rose as families concentrated their winter activities in a limited number of rooms.....SHOULD'NT HEATERS PURCHASED BE REDUCED IF LIMITED NUMBER OF ROOMS ARE BEING USED.........NO DOUBT QUALITY OF LIFE( ROOM REDUCTION) IS BEING AFFECTED.... BUT HEATER SHOULD REDUCE....???????????

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Re: State researchers have found that since the oil price [#permalink]

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Re: State researchers have found that since the oil price [#permalink]

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New post 11 Mar 2016, 20:32
Legendaddy wrote:
State researchers have found that since the oil price increases of the 1970s, there has been a decline in home energy consumption. They concluded that almost all of the decline has been achieved through reduced standards of living and changes in the way people spend their time. Each of the following, if true, would support the
conclusion above EXCEPT:

(A) Sales of portable heaters rose as families concentrated their winter activities in a limited number of rooms.
(B) During the winter months, more people frequented public places such as libraries and community centers and, on the average, spent considerably longer periods in them than they had previously.
(C) More than 39 percent of households were able to decrease energy costs substantially by having relatively inexpensive work done to improve the efficiency of their existing heating systems.
(D) At least 59 percent of households maintained a lower indoor temperature than they had been accustomed to maintain on very cold days.
(E) Members of at least 60 percent of households showered for shorter periods of time than they had previously.


tough one..difficult choice between C and E...
A - changes of standards of living - so helps explain - out
B - how people changed the way they spent time - so help to explain - out
C - so what? not an example of how people changed the standard of living/time they spent
D - example of how standard of living changed - out
E - example of how people changed standard of living - though - shower - what does it have to do with energy? someone might shower with cold water. where is the energy spent here though? :)

picked C in the end..

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Re: State researchers have found that since the oil price [#permalink]

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State researchers have found that since the oil price
increases of the 1970s, there has been a decline in
home energy consumption. They concluded that
almost all of the decline has been achieved through
reduced standards of living and changes in the way
people spend their time.
Each of the following, if true, would support the
conclusion above EXCEPT:
(A) Sales of portable heaters rose as families
concentrated their winter activities in a
limited number of rooms.
(B) During the winter months, more people
frequented public places such as libraries and
community centers and, on the average, spent
considerably longer periods in them than
they had previously.
(C) More than 39 percent of households were able
to decrease energy costs substantially by
having relatively inexpensive work done to
improve the efficiency of their existing
heating systems.
(D) At least 59 percent of households maintained a
lower indoor temperature than they had been
accustomed to maintain on very cold days.
(E) Members of at least 60 percent of households
showered for shorter periods of time than
they had previously.

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Re: State researchers have found that since the oil price [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jan 2017, 06:41
I can understand why C in answer. But why is A wrong. Doesn't it mean that more heaters are being bought which may lead to increase in consumption of electricity ?

Or it supports the conclusion on the basis that people are changing the way they spend time, and there is a assumption that portable heaters consume less power ?

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Re: State researchers have found that since the oil price [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jan 2017, 22:18
All of the except C verifies to the fact that people have accustomed themselves to the reduced standards of living
IMO C

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Re: State researchers have found that since the oil price [#permalink]

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ankujgupta wrote:
I can understand why C in answer. But why is A wrong. Doesn't it mean that more heaters are being bought which may lead to increase in consumption of electricity ?

Or it supports the conclusion on the basis that people are changing the way they spend time, and there is a assumption that portable heaters consume less power ?



Your latter statement is correct. The reasoning for A is as follows:
The families shift from conventional central heating to localized portable heating, thereby saving energy. Portable heaters heat only the the rooms the families occupies, but conventional heating heats the building irrespective of occupation.

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Re: State researchers have found that since the oil price [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jan 2017, 05:38
why is not the answer it seems irrelavant ?

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Re: State researchers have found that since the oil price [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jan 2017, 06:00
akash.tripathi wrote:
why is not the answer it seems irrelavant ?


Your question is not clear - could you please restructure your question?

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Re: State researchers have found that since the oil price [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jan 2017, 06:15
sayantanc2k wrote:
ankujgupta wrote:
I can understand why C in answer. But why is A wrong. Doesn't it mean that more heaters are being bought which may lead to increase in consumption of electricity ?

Or it supports the conclusion on the basis that people are changing the way they spend time, and there is a assumption that portable heaters consume less power ?



Your latter statement is correct. The reasoning for A is as follows:
The families shift from conventional central heating to localized portable heating, thereby saving energy. Portable heaters heat only the the rooms the families occupies, but conventional heating heats the building irrespective of occupation.



Hi Sayantan,

I did not understand why C is the ans. IMO C is actually supporting the fact that people reduced their standard of living.

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Re: State researchers have found that since the oil price [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jan 2017, 06:43
arunavamunshi1988 wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
ankujgupta wrote:
I can understand why C in answer. But why is A wrong. Doesn't it mean that more heaters are being bought which may lead to increase in consumption of electricity ?

Or it supports the conclusion on the basis that people are changing the way they spend time, and there is a assumption that portable heaters consume less power ?



Your latter statement is correct. The reasoning for A is as follows:
The families shift from conventional central heating to localized portable heating, thereby saving energy. Portable heaters heat only the the rooms the families occupies, but conventional heating heats the building irrespective of occupation.



Hi Sayantan,

I did not understand why C is the ans. IMO C is actually supporting the fact that people reduced their standard of living.

Regards,
Arunava


Could you give an example of some kind of inexpensive work on heating system (to acheive higher efficiency) that inidcates a change in standard of living? In my opinion, carrying out inexpensive work on heating systems do not imply a change in standard of living. For example, getting the heating coil cleaned for acheiving better heat exchange cannot be considered a change in standard of living.

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Re: State researchers have found that since the oil price [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jan 2017, 14:38
Could you please evaluate justifications for why B and D are wrong?..

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Re: State researchers have found that since the oil price [#permalink]

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State researchers have found that since the oil price increases of the 1970s, there has been a decline in home energy consumption. They concluded that almost all of the decline has been achieved through reduced standards of living and changes in the way people spend their time.

Each of the following, if true, would support the conclusion above EXCEPT:

The author of the argument has attributed reduced standards of living and changes in the way people spend their time for the decline in the home energy consumption.

(A) Sales of portable heaters rose as families concentrated their winter activities in a limited number of rooms.

Since the activities are now limited to a number of rooms, this change goes to show that there is a change in the standard of living. Instead of heating the entire house that probably consumed more energy, the people have shifted to portable heaters to heat only certain rooms. SUPPORTS.

(B) During the winter months, more people frequented public places such as libraries and community centers and, on the average, spent considerably longer periods in them than they had previously.

People now spend more time at public places that show a change in how they spend their time. Also, spending greater time at the public places means that they are saving on the energy consumption at home. SUPPORTS.

(C) More than 39 percent of households were able to decrease energy costs substantially by having relatively inexpensive work done to improve the efficiency of their existing heating systems.

Inexpensive works don't show any change in the standard of living or how people spend their time. They have simply achieved higher efficiency and thus lower consumption of energy by doing some simple things. DOES NOT SUPPORT.

(D) At least 59 percent of households maintained a lower indoor temperature than they had been accustomed to maintain on very cold days.

This clearly shows the change in the standard of living in order to lower the energy consumption. SUPPORTS.

(E) Members of at least 60 percent of households showered for shorter periods of time than they had previously.

Again, a change in the standard of living to lower the energy consumption. SUPPORTS.

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Re: State researchers have found that since the oil price [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jan 2017, 05:55
cabgshriram wrote:
Could you please evaluate justifications for why B and D are wrong?..


The explanation given above by Subrata answers your question. If you have further doubts, please post again - closing this request.

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Re: State researchers have found that since the oil price   [#permalink] 31 Jan 2017, 05:55

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