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# State spokesperson: Many businesspeople who have not been to

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Director
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12 May 2011, 08:31
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Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review, 2nd Edition

Practice Question
Question No.: 27
Page: 125
Difficulty:

State spokesperson: Many businesspeople who have not been to our state believe that we have an inadequate road system. Those people are mistaken, as is obvious from the fact that in each of the past six years, our state has spent more money per mile on road improvements than any other state.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the reasoning in the spokesperson’s argument?

(A) In the spokesperson’s state, spending on road improvements has been increasing more slowly over the past six years than it has in several other states.
(B) Adequacy of a state’s road system is generally less important to a businessperson considering doing business there than is the availability of qualified employees.
(C) Over the past six years, numerous businesses have moved into the state.
(D) In general, the number of miles of road in a state’ road system depends on both the area and the population of the state.
(E) Only states with seriously inadequate road systems need to spend large amounts of money on road improvements.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by hazelnut on 05 Dec 2017, 06:04, edited 3 times in total.
Necessary Corrections for Official Guide Verbal Review 2nd Edition Project

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12 May 2011, 22:29
A,C and D clearly misses the point.

B and E debunk the conclusion.

B - brings along a new element into consideration.
E - Gives a qualified reasoning for money/mile.

E.

timing is around 1min and 10 sec.
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13 May 2011, 03:03
mine is 1:09 min . will post the OA soon .
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16 May 2011, 02:20
I got E in 45 sec. E clearly suggests that the suspicion of Businesspeople could be correct, while the spokesperson is trying to deviate the actual reason by masking it with another explanation.
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17 May 2011, 07:25
E in 1:08

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17 May 2011, 13:11
Can someone explain why D) cannot be the right answer.

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17 May 2011, 13:21
D is incorrect as we have no information as to how many people are in the state vs other states so it's a non starter. Further, it doesn't really weaken the argument. Even if we knew that per capita spending was low in this state, it doesn't necessarily imply that the roading quality was low.

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17 May 2011, 13:36
eshabhide wrote:
Can someone explain why D) cannot be the right answer.

The passage doesn't give us any information as to how the determining factors for miles of road may influence the adequacy of the road system. Thus, "D" is merely an information which is detached from the argument or reasoning. Out of scope.

"E" is a very strong contender because it proves the argument's reasoning, relatively higher spending, as an effect of inadequate road system, directly undermining the argument that people were mistaken in their belief.
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17 May 2011, 16:10
chose E in 1:05

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20 Mar 2012, 19:40
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I chose E for this question:

The conclusion of this passage is: [highlight]Those people are mistaken.[/highlight]

A. Although this answer choice may appear to weaken the argument, the fact that this state still spends more money per mile on road improvements still stands. Therefore, this answer is incorrect.

B. We are not concerned about what a business person finds important. We are trying to highlight a weakness with the relationship between adequate road systems and amount of money spent.

C. The answer choice does not specifically mention that the people leaving the state are doing so because of the roads. Also, the statement says that similar amounts of people are entering the state as leaving, so this wouldn't weaken the argument anyway.

D. We are not concerned about the number of miles of roads and what they depend on.

E. This answer choice illustrates a point that large amount of spending is needed to improve roads that are inadequate. Therefore, this is the correct choice.

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20 Mar 2012, 23:19
E is the best among the options
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23 Mar 2012, 02:46
E Shows that spending large amounts in fact goes against his argument

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21 Sep 2013, 01:43
A silly point with a silly doubt:

each of the past six years, our state
has spent more money per mile on road improvements than any other state.

improvements.

Ok accepted that states with seriously inadequate road systems need to spend large amounts .

But this state has already spent more in last six years, so it can be the case that CURRENTLY it has adequate ROAD system as the spokesperson talks about PRESENT and not PAST status of ROAD system.

Why (D) cannot be correct.

As in new information answers we are allowed to assume 1-2 assumptions as per RON's videos.

Per (D) it can be true that the state's population and SIZE is more and thus the \$\$/mile would be more.

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21 Sep 2013, 06:55
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TGC wrote:
A silly point with a silly doubt:

each of the past six years, our state
has spent more money per mile on road improvements than any other state.

improvements.

Ok accepted that states with seriously inadequate road systems need to spend large amounts .

But this state has already spent more in last six years, so it can be the case that CURRENTLY it has adequate ROAD system as the spokesperson talks about PRESENT and not PAST status of ROAD system.

The question stem says that this state is spending more money per mile compared to other states. This amount is relative to the amount of money spent by other states. But, the statement doesn't say whether the money that was spent by this state was sufficient to get the road system to a adequate condition.

Let us say that the road system of this state was absolutely horrible 6 years ago, whereas the road system of other states were already in a great condition. The other states with good road system may have to spend only \$1 per mile to maintain it. But, this state may have to spend \$10 per mile to get the roads to a good condition. Now, if the state with bad roads spends only \$2 per mile, it satisfies the condition that it is spending more than other states, but, the road condition is not going to improve considerably because \$10 per mile is necessary.

From Option E we can infer that if a state is spending lot of money on roads then it has inadequate road systems. If the state's road condition had improved because of the amount of money invested by the state, then after say 3 or 4 years the state's spending on road system should have decreased. But the question stem says that this state has been spending more than other states from the past 6 years. So, there is a good chance that the roads of this state are still in a bad state.

TGC wrote:
Why (D) cannot be correct.

As in new information answers we are allowed to assume 1-2 assumptions as per RON's videos.

Per (D) it can be true that the state's population and SIZE is more and thus the \$\$/mile would be more.

Option D doesn't give much information. The number of miles depends on the area of the state. So, the number of miles of road system is more for a state with bigger area and population. If the number of miles is more, then the TOTAL amount of money spent on road system may be more. But the question stem says spending PER MILE.

Eg: A state with 100 miles may have to spend \$100
A state with 500 miles may have to spend \$500

The spending per mile for both the states is \$1. So, the number of miles within a state doesn't help in weakening or strengthening the argument as the question stem says that the spending per mile is more for this state compared to other states.

Hope this helps.

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12 Nov 2013, 03:52
I was trapped for D, my efficiency has decreased in CR for not practicing from more than 45 days.
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01 Jul 2014, 02:57
I was trapped in D. Mistakenly, I assumed the dependencies in positive side.

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01 Jul 2014, 12:19
Got E in 00:35.. How I wish I can repeat this performance on D-Day !!

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30 Nov 2014, 19:18
to break the conclusion one must look for why this state needs to spend so much money on road improvement and E correctly undermines the conclusion.

garimavyas wrote:
Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review, 2nd Edition

Practice Question
Question No.: 27
Page: 125
Difficulty:

State spokesperson: Many businesspeople who have not been to our state believe that we have an inadequate road system. Those people are mistaken, as is obvious from the fact that in each of the past six years, our state has spent more money per mile on road improvements than any other state.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the reasoning in the spokesperson’s argument?

(A) In the spokesperson’s state, spending on road improvements has been increasing more slowly over the past six years than it has in several other states.
(B) Adequacy of a state’s road system is generally less important to a businessperson considering doing business there than is the availability of qualified employees.
(C) Over the past six years, numerous businesses have moved into the state.
(D) In general, the number of miles of road in a state’ road system depends on both the area and the population of the state.
(E) Only states with seriously inadequate road systems need to spend large amounts of money on road improvements.

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17 Feb 2016, 03:58
pike wrote:
D is incorrect as we have no information as to how many people are in the state vs other states so it's a non starter. Further, it doesn't really weaken the argument. Even if we knew that per capita spending was low in this state, it doesn't necessarily imply that the roading quality was low.

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Large spending was also not talked about in argument. Given that "spent more money per mile" doesn't mean that State spent large amount of money. Spending can be high only if area of state is large and if area is less then total spending will be less too.

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15 Aug 2017, 11:04
The spokesperson argues that the state’s road system is not inadequate, since the amount the state spends on road improvement is more, per mile of road, than any other state spends. The question asks to find the answer choice that most seriously undermines this reasoning.

This will be the choice that shows how a large amount of spending on road improvement need not indicate that the road system is good.

Choice E is the best answer. It points out that spending an unusually large amount on road improvements tends to indicate that the roads being improved must be in unusually poor condition.

Choice A is incorrect since it gives no reason for thinking that spending a large amount of money on road improvements is a poor indicator of the quality of the road system.

Choice B and C are incorrect. Although the spokesperson’s argument is addressed to business people, it is solely about whether the state’s road system is adequate. The importance of the road system in attracting business to the state is therefore not relevant to this argument (choice B). The number of businesses relocating into or out of the state is also therefore not relevant to the argument (choice C).

Choice D is incorrect since the relevance of the statistic that the spokesperson uses about spending per mile of road is not affected by the information provided here about road systems and state size.
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Re: State spokesperson: Many businesspeople who have not been to   [#permalink] 15 Aug 2017, 11:04
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