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# States now have an incentive to lower the blood alcohol

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Manager
Joined: 11 Jul 2005
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States now have an incentive to lower the blood alcohol [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2005, 11:27
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States now have an incentive to lower the blood alcohol level that constitutes drunk driving by a federal law that witholds highway funds from those states that don't enforce the applicable standard.

b) that constitutes drunk driving, because a federal law withholds
c) that constitutes drunk driving, because a federal law withheld
d) which constitutes drunk driving by a federal law that withholds
e) which constitutes drunk driving because a federal law witholds

It is obvious that you have to make a choice between 'which' and 'that'. Please help me with the reason for your choice too.

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VP
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31 Oct 2005, 11:30
B.

restrictive clauses are generally specified using "that".

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Manager
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31 Oct 2005, 11:40
Duttsit,

Thanks for the quick response. I kinda knew this explanation but I am lost when it comes to differentiating a restrictive clause from a non-restrictive clause. Here if I use 'which' won't it explain the blood alcohol level?

how do we differentiate a non restrictive clause from a restrictive one?

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31 Oct 2005, 11:56
amy_v wrote:
Duttsit,

Thanks for the quick response. I kinda knew this explanation but I am lost when it comes to differentiating a restrictive clause from a non-restrictive clause. Here if I use 'which' won't it explain the blood alcohol level?

how do we differentiate a non restrictive clause from a restrictive one?

most of the time, non-restrictive clause begins with comma (,). As implied, it is supposed to give additional information but sentence neverthless is correct even when you ommit it. Restrictive clase, as in this case, are required for sentence to make sense.

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SVP
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31 Oct 2005, 13:22
B.

Agree with duttsit's explaination. There is also a detailed explaination from Paul somewhere. I was unable to find out.

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Senior Manager
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31 Oct 2005, 18:42
The clause "constitutes drunk driving" should be a restrivtive clause; therefore, "that" should be used. We can eliminate d and e.

IMO, I believe "b" is wrong because "that constitutes drunk driving, ...." makes it look like non-restrivtive clasue.

I think the answer is A.

But since everyone is picking B over A, can someone explain to me why?

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Intern
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29 Nov 2005, 16:47
B is correct as another that in A seems redundant.

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Senior Manager
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30 Nov 2005, 14:38
that vs which

that is restrictive in the sentence and I gow ith B

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Manager
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30 Nov 2005, 19:39
Can someone help me explain why withheld is suitable in B?

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30 Nov 2005, 19:55
amy_v wrote:
States now have an incentive to lower the blood alcohol level that constitutes drunk driving by a federal law that witholds highway funds from those states that don't enforce the applicable standard.

b) that constitutes drunk driving, because a federal law withholdsc) that constitutes drunk driving, because a federal law withheld
d) which constitutes drunk driving by a federal law that withholds
e) which constitutes drunk driving because a federal law witholds

It is obvious that you have to make a choice between 'which' and 'that'. Please help me with the reason for your choice too.

taquanghai> you were reading C instead of B . Be careful coz the poster didn't re-type A in the answer choices

rigger> "States now have an incentive to lower the blood alcohol level [u]that constitutes drunk driving[b] by a federal law" . The two bold parts look awkward if going together, don't they?! . A would be fine if it were " states are now given an incentive blah blah by the federal law....."

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03 Dec 2005, 05:31
I`ll go with (B). Because is necessary to properly complete the sentences intended meaning. S-V agreement: Federal law witholds

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03 Dec 2005, 05:31
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# States now have an incentive to lower the blood alcohol

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