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Studies have shown that a large percentage of car accidents

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Studies have shown that a large percentage of car accidents [#permalink]

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New post 14 Dec 2011, 02:15
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Studies have shown that a large percentage of car accidents are caused by aggressive driving. To help reduce the number of accidents and to promote traffic safety in general, insurance companies have begun to issue discounts to drivers who take defensive driving courses. Research shows that people who practice defensive driving are considerably less likely to get into a car accident. Therefore, the insurance company’s plan should help reduce the number of accidents.

Assuming the statements above are true, which of the following can be inferred from them?

A. The majority of accidents are caused by drivers who possess insurance.
B. People who manage to consistently avoid car accidents are likely practicing defensive driving.
C. Young males and other demographics known for disproportionately being involved in car accidents are less likely to practice defensive driving than other demographics.
D. An individual who does not practice defensive driving is always more likely to get into a car accident than an individual who does practice defensive driving.
E. Discounts are the most effective way for insurance companies to promote defensive driving.
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Re: Studies have shown that a large percentage of car accidents [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2017, 12:33
Khalidb wrote:
This argument contains a conditional statement. If people are less likely to get into a car accident, they are more likely practicing defensive driving. The contrapositive of that is if people are less likely practicing defensive driving, they are more likely to get into a car accident. So answer C is the correct one.


Can somebody explain these - contrapositive & converse?

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Re: Studies have shown that a large percentage of car accidents [#permalink]

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New post 21 Aug 2017, 10:02
Classic Question.

Exploiting fundamental difference between Inference and Assumption.

Got it right with 3 minutes :(

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Re: Studies have shown that a large percentage of car accidents [#permalink]

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New post 08 Sep 2017, 10:06
tuanquang269 wrote:
Studies have shown that a large percentage of car accidents are caused by aggressive driving. To help reduce the number of accidents and to promote traffic safety in general, insurance companies have begun to issue discounts to drivers who take defensive driving courses. Research shows that people who practice defensive driving are considerably less likely to get into a car accident. Therefore, the insurance company’s plan should help reduce the number of accidents.

Assuming the statements above are true, which of the following can be inferred from them?

A. The majority of accidents are caused by drivers who possess insurance.
B. People who manage to consistently avoid car accidents are likely practicing defensive driving.
C. Young males and other demographics known for disproportionately being involved in car accidents are less likely to practice defensive driving than other demographics.
D. An individual who does not practice defensive driving is always more likely to get into a car accident than an individual who does practice defensive driving.
E. Discounts are the most effective way for insurance companies to promote defensive driving.


egmat - could you please help me out with this? I had chosen D but now I understand that it is wrong because individuals who do not practice defensive driving might be practicing something else and hence might not be more likely to get into accidents. However, I am unable to understand why C is correct. Thanks in advance!

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Re: Studies have shown that a large percentage of car accidents   [#permalink] 08 Sep 2017, 10:06

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