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# Studies have shown that elderly people who practice a

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Senior Manager
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Studies have shown that elderly people who practice a [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2008, 16:16
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Difficulty:

65% (hard)

Question Stats:

57% (01:17) correct 43% (01:28) wrong based on 1646 sessions

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Studies have shown that elderly people who practice a religion are much more likely to die immediately after an important religious holiday period than immediately before one. Researchers have concluded that the will to live can prolong life, at least for short periods of time.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the researchers conclusion?

(A) Elderly people who practice a religion are less likely to die immediately before or during an important religious holiday than at any other time of the year.
(B) Elderly people who practice a religion appear to experience less anxiety at the prospect of dying than do other people.
(C) Some elderly people who do practice a religion live much longer than most elderly people who do not.
(D) Most elderly people who participate in religious holidays have different reasons for participating than young people do.
(E) Many religions have important holidays in the spring and fall, seasons with the lowest death rates for elderly people.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Senior Manager
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Re: CR: elderly people who practice a religion [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2008, 12:53
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Another A.

Quote:
Studies have shown that elderly people who practice a religion are much more likely to die immediately after an important religious holiday period than immediately before one. Researchers have concluded that the will to live can prolong life, at least for short periods of time.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the researchers conclusion?

Premise: religious elderly people die less before or during religious holiday.
Assumption: they didn’t die before or during the holiday because of their will to live
Conclusion: will to live can prolong life

(A) Elderly people who practice a religion are less likely to die immediately before or during an important religious holiday than at any other time of the year.
Additional evidence: death probability for religious elderly people is less for the period before or during religious holiday that for any other time of the year (not only for the period after the holiday). This evidence strengthens premise -> strengthens the conclusion.

(B) Elderly people who practice a religion appear to experience less anxiety at the prospect of dying than do other people. (Anxiety is not necessary connected to the ability to prolong life.)

(C) Some elderly people who do practice a religion live much longer than most elderly people who do not. (this is true only for ‘some’ people. However, it is not enough to make a generalization.)

(D) Most elderly people who participate in religious holidays have different reasons for participating than young people do. (The reasons for participating in holidays are not connected either to the ability to prolong life or to the will to live)

(E) Many religions have important holidays in the spring and fall, seasons with the lowest death rates for elderly people. (This in fact weakens the conclusion, since it provides alternative explanation: death rates in spring and fall may be lower for another reason)

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Re: CR: elderly people who practice a religion [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2008, 11:53
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I cannot for the life of me see the connection between practicing religion and the the will to live.

Is it just me?

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Re: CR: elderly people who practice a religion [#permalink]

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22 Jul 2008, 11:26
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Quote:
I hate this question. I still don't see the connection between will to live and religion (as per your assumption).

The assumption is not mine I just tried to analyse the argument’s structure. ‘Assumption’ can be defined as premise which is not stated explicitly (hidden premise). In this sense, ‘religious elder people didn’t die before or during the holiday because of their will to live’ is the argument’s assumption – it is not stated, but implied. Well, I could express it in the following way (more detailed): ‘religious elder people didn’t die before or during the holiday because their religion gives them will to live’.

Then, in our case, the conclusion (theoretically) could be strengthened by
b) clarifying assumptions – i.e., stating them explicitly

Personally, for this question I’d prefer ‘clarifying assumption’-way of strengthening the argument – because it’s easy to see that a link between ‘will to live’ and ‘religion’ is missing. However, the authors of the q. did not provide us with the suitable answer choice… The only option that strengthens the conclusion (A) does so by strengthening the premise. So I chose A.

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Studies have shown that elderly people who practice a [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2011, 13:00
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Studies have shown that elderly people who practice a religion are much more likely to die immediately after an important religious holiday period than immediately before one. Researchers have concluded that the will to live can prolong life, at least for short periods of time.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the researchers' conclusion?

a) elderly people who practice a religion are less likely to die immediately before or during an important religious holiday than at any other time of the year
b) elderly people who practice a religion appear to experience less anxiety at the prospect of dying than do other people
c) some elderly people who do practice a religion live much longer than most elderly people who do not
d) most elderly people who participate in religious holidays have different reasons for participating than young people do
e) many religious have important holidays in the spring and fall, seasons with the lowest death rates for elderly people

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Re: Studies have shown that elderly people who practice a [#permalink]

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03 Dec 2016, 11:38
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Expert's post
The conclusion is that will to live prolongs life. The premise is that religious people are more likely to die after a religious occasion than before.

The religious people intend to participate in a religious occasion - this intent creates a will to live at least till the day of the occasion. This will in turn makes them live till the day. However as soon as the day is over the intent to participate is gone and hence the will to live also reduces, thus religious people die immediately after the day of the occasion. Hence A is correct.

C is wrong because the argument does not claim that practising religion increases life span - the argument is about whether the will to live prolongs life.

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Re: CR: elderly people who practice a religion [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2008, 11:58
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Same here buddy! I just dont understand how the two are connected.

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Re: CR: elderly people who practice a religion [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2008, 16:32
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A though I don't particularly like the question.

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Re: CR: elderly people who practice a religion [#permalink]

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22 Jul 2008, 08:30
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I hate this question. I still don't see the connection between will to live and religion (as per your assumption).

This goes into one of my "you gotta be kidding me gmat questions" bucket.

greenoak wrote:
Another A.

Quote:
Studies have shown that elderly people who practice a religion are much more likely to die immediately after an important religious holiday period than immediately before one. Researchers have concluded that the will to live can prolong life, at least for short periods of time.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the researchers conclusion?

Premise: religious elderly people die less before or during religious holiday.
Assumption: they didn’t die before or during the holiday because of their will to live
Conclusion: will to live can prolong life

(A) Elderly people who practice a religion are less likely to die immediately before or during an important religious holiday than at any other time of the year.
Additional evidence: death probability for religious elderly people is less for the period before or during religious holiday that for any other time of the year (not only for the period after the holiday). This evidence strengthens premise -> strengthens the conclusion.

(B) Elderly people who practice a religion appear to experience less anxiety at the prospect of dying than do other people. (Anxiety is not necessary connected to the ability to prolong life.)

(C) Some elderly people who do practice a religion live much longer than most elderly people who do not. (this is true only for ‘some’ people. However, it is not enough to make a generalization.)

(D) Most elderly people who participate in religious holidays have different reasons for participating than young people do. (The reasons for participating in holidays are not connected either to the ability to prolong life or to the will to live)

(E) Many religions have important holidays in the spring and fall, seasons with the lowest death rates for elderly people. (This in fact weakens the conclusion, since it provides alternative explanation: death rates in spring and fall may be lower for another reason)

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Re: CR: elderly people who practice a religion [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2010, 11:37
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Have to go definitely with A.

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Re: Old people and dying [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2011, 17:31
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premise is:
elderly people who practice a religion are much more likely to die immediately after an important religious holiday period than immediately before one
the conclusion is:
at least for short periods of time.

so they die right after a holiday-it's the premise and they can make it for a short term.so the holiday that come after the holiday does not really matter. how can you conclude that they live forever.

premise: religion makes power of will for a short time so the eldery are likely to die only after a holiday and not before.

so if you say that eldery are not likely to die before/during a holiday you strenghten the conclusion

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Re: Old people and dying [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2011, 04:47
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OptimusPrimea1 wrote:
Why cannot we go for C..It states that some elderly people who practice religion live much longer than people who do not..Isn't that premise enough to state the conclusion that people live longer due to the belief in religion..

IMDO C IS WRONG:
1. nothing in the stem declares something about non-religious or compare between non-religious (NR) and religious (R).
2. nothing in the stem states that R live longer than NR (WITH ALL DUE RESPECT THE STEM DEALS WITH DEATH)- It just states that R deaths are likely to occure after a holiday.
to clarify: according to the stem nothing is declared about NR. so theoritically THE STEN DOES NOT NEGATE the possibility in which all NR live longer than R, but R dies in specific period (after) and not in other periods (during/before).
let's say that all NR in the world are 100 and R are 100 too.

according to the stem a possibility that all 100 NR are over 90 years and all R are just below(i.e) 80, but R tend to die after holidays not during/before because that short power of will in front of a holiday is dragging them only a bit more. hence C is false. this is only MDO.

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Re: CR: elderly people who practice a religion [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2008, 16:55
IMO A.

If they are not dying near religiuous events than it demonstrates that they have a strogn will to live beyond religious events.

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Re: CR: elderly people who practice a religion [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2008, 17:21
What is wrong with C?

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Re: CR: elderly people who practice a religion [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2008, 19:17
I am nt very sure for this but my IOA is A
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AB

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Re: CR: elderly people who practice a religion [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2008, 21:52
vksunder wrote:
What is wrong with C?

C) does not relate to the elderly people's 'will to live' - and therefore does not strengthen the argument.

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Re: CR: elderly people who practice a religion [#permalink]

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22 Jul 2008, 00:03
A.

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Re: CR: elderly people who practice a religion [#permalink]

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22 Jul 2008, 11:37
thanks.

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Re: CR: elderly people who practice a religion [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2010, 14:57
jasonc wrote:
vksunder wrote:
What is wrong with C?

C) does not relate to the elderly people's 'will to live' - and therefore does not strengthen the argument.

To me it seems, that religious people in this example live longer, because the want live to see the religious holiday. But this strong belief is meant to prolong their life only in "short run" - till the holiday and then they can die with the peace in their minds. But this has no "long term" consequences - generally, they do not necessarily live longer than people, who do not practice a religion. Therefore C is wrong a A is the right answer.
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Re: CR: elderly people who practice a religion [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2010, 01:34
A seems good

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Re: CR: elderly people who practice a religion   [#permalink] 03 Sep 2010, 01:34

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