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Studies have shown that the number of books read in elementary school

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Studies have shown that the number of books read in elementary school  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Oct 2019, 22:52
6
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A
B
C
D
E

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  85% (hard)

Question Stats:

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Studies have shown that the number of books read in elementary school is correlated with later academic success. In the past year, local elementary students have read an average of 10 fewer books than the nationwide elementary student average of 35 books per year, while 90 percent of those local students report playing sports at least twice a week. If these students participated less in sports, they would read more books.

Which of the following, if true, would most effectively weaken the argument?

(A). A nationwide survey of middle school students determined that if given a choice between reading a book and playing a sport, most of these students would choose reading a book.

(B). Participating in sports in elementary school has been shown to be as highly correlated as reading books to later academic success.

(C). The attention spans of elementary school students do not allow these children to read for as long as older students and adults are expected to read.

(D). The local elementary school is in a rural area in which there is no bookstore or public library and internet service is unreliable.

(E). Some local elementary school students who used to enjoy reading have said they no longer choose to read books, preferring to play sports at least twice a week.

Source: Kaplan Prep Plus 2020

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Re: Studies have shown that the number of books read in elementary school  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2019, 06:32
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SajjadAhmad wrote:
Studies have shown that the number of books read in elementary school is correlated with later academic success. In the past year, local elementary students have read an average of 10 fewer books than the nationwide elementary student average of 35 books per year, while 90 percent of those local students report playing sports at least twice a week. If these students participated less in sports, they would read more books.

Which of the following, if true, would most effectively weaken the argument?

(A). A nationwide survey of middle school students determined that if given a choice between reading a book and playing a sport, most of these students would choose reading a book.

(B). Participating in sports in elementary school has been shown to be as highly correlated as reading books to later academic success.

(C). The attention spans of elementary school students do not allow these children to read for as long as older students and adults are expected to read.

(D). The local elementary school is in a rural area in which there is no bookstore or public library and internet service is unreliable.

(E). Some local elementary school students who used to enjoy reading have said they no longer choose to read books, preferring to play sports at least twice a week.

Source: Kaplan Prep Plus 2020


We have to weaken the position that if the students of local elementary school participated less in sports, they would read more books. Any option that points out otherwise would be the correct choice. Option D suggests that even if these students play less, they wouldn't be able to read more because of the lack and unreliability of reading resources. Therefore, option D is the correct choice.

Option A,B, and C are out of scope.

Option E is wrong because preference of only some local elementary school students who used to enjoy reading but no longer wish to do so, but prefer to play is inconclusive to weaken the argument.
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New post 21 Oct 2019, 22:42
iamsiddharthkapoor, how do you rule out option B? Please explain.
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New post 21 Oct 2019, 23:25
sunny91 wrote:
iamsiddharthkapoor, how do you rule out option B? Please explain.


Hey sunny91.

The question asks us to weaken the argument that students would read more books if they played less sports. Option B present a co-relation between sports and academic performance, so it has no impact on the argument.

I hope your doubt is clear.
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New post 24 Jan 2020, 05:43
the assumption here is that play time takes away from reading time

D basically says that even if they did not play sports, they just dont have access to books to read - which weakens the argument
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Re: Studies have shown that the number of books read in elementary school   [#permalink] 24 Jan 2020, 05:43
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