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Studies in elementary schools have shown that

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Studies in elementary schools have shown that [#permalink]

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New post 25 May 2017, 19:45
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Studies in elementary schools have shown that introverted children actually crave attention, but are scared of it beyond a certain level. To effectively address this aspect of the problem, some child psychologists advise that elementary school teachers apply the “touch and go” approach to compliment introverted children; for example: bring up the achievement of such a student in front of the class, but do not give enough time to the student’s classmates to especially acknowledge the student’s presence.

In gauging the effectiveness of the “touch and go” method, as prescribed by the psychologists, which one of the following considerations needs to be evaluated?

A.Whether besides the “touch and go” method there is a more effective method to address the special needs of an introverted student

B. Whether introverted children crave attention of their teachers and their classmates alike

C. Whether introverted elementary school children are aware of their introverted nature

D. Whether the parents of an introverted student will appreciate the use of such methods in schools

E. Whether because of the teacher’s praise, the classmates of the introverted student are likely to approach the student more frequently, showering the student with extra attention
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Studies in elementary schools have shown that [#permalink]

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New post 25 May 2017, 23:06
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I think it's E. OA?

My rationale:

Question asks us to gauge the effectiveness of the "touch and go" method. The touch and go method states that introverted children crave attention up to a certain limit. I assume that we are looking for a question which helps us gauge the effectiveness of this technique for satisfying attention craving without going over the attention limit

A - Irrelevant. Whether or not more effective methods exist doesn't impact how effective the "touch and go" method might be
B - Might be OK. If children crave attention more from one party than another, then maybe the "touch and go" method wouldn't satisfy the child's craving for attention if the child values attention from classmates more.
C - Irrelevant. Introverted children are shown to behave a certain way. Reading does not mention impact of awareness.
D - Irrelevant. Parents appreciating the use of the "touch and go" technique doesn't change effectiveness
E - Might be OK. If because of the teacher's praise, the classmates end up showering attention on the student, then that shows an unintended consequence not contemplated by child psychologists, and would make the technique ineffective.

Between B and E, I think E is the stronger choice. The reading doesn't distinguish between different kinds of attention, and seems to treat all attention as the same. B would require a few follow up questions in order to gauge effectiveness. For example, if we found out that children craved attention more from fellow classmates, we would have to ask how much more, and find a way to quantify the relative value of attention from each party in order to understand whether the technique is effective. E on the other hand is very straight-forward. If we found out that classmates end up showering the student with attention, which is precisely what the "touch-and-go" method tries to avoid, then we will have determined effectiveness.

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Re: Studies in elementary schools have shown that [#permalink]

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New post 26 May 2017, 02:19
Skywalker18 wrote:
Studies in elementary schools have shown that introverted children actually crave attention, but are scared of it beyond a certain level. To effectively address this aspect of the problem, some child psychologists advise that elementary school teachers apply the “touch and go” approach to compliment introverted children; for example: bring up the achievement of such a student in front of the class, but do not give enough time to the student’s classmates to especially acknowledge the student’s presence.
In gauging the effectiveness of the “touch and go” method, as prescribed by the psychologists, which one of the following considerations needs to be evaluated?
A.Whether besides the “touch and go” method there is a more effective method to address the special needs of an introverted student
B. Whether introverted children crave attention of their teachers and their classmates alike
C. Whether introverted elementary school children are aware of their introverted nature
D. Whether the parents of an introverted student will appreciate the use of such methods in schools
E. Whether because of the teacher’s praise, the classmates of the introverted student are likely to approach the student more frequently, showering the student with extra attention


My answer: E

If we say that other students will shower extra attention then it weakens the argument; however, if we say that other students won't shower extra attention then it strengthens the argument.

Sine for polar opposite answers we have polar opposite effects on the argument, I will go with E.
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Re: Studies in elementary schools have shown that [#permalink]

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New post 26 May 2017, 03:50
Skywalker18 wrote:
Studies in elementary schools have shown that introverted children actually crave attention, but are scared of it beyond a certain level. To effectively address this aspect of the problem, some child psychologists advise that elementary school teachers apply the “touch and go” approach to compliment introverted children; for example: bring up the achievement of such a student in front of the class, but do not give enough time to the student’s classmates to especially acknowledge the student’s presence.

In gauging the effectiveness of the “touch and go” method, as prescribed by the psychologists, which one of the following considerations needs to be evaluated?


A.Whether besides the “touch and go” method there is a more effective method to address the special needs of an introverted student
Irrelevant. The argument focused on the “touch and go” method rather than other alternative methods.

B. Whether introverted children crave attention of their teachers and their classmates alike
This choice can't evaluate the effectiveness of the “touch and go” method

C. Whether introverted elementary school children are aware of their introverted nature
Even if these childrean are aware of their introverted nature, we can't evaluate the effectiveness of the “touch and go” method.

D. Whether the parents of an introverted student will appreciate the use of such methods in schools
Irrelevant. This choice can't help us evaluate the method.

E. Whether because of the teacher’s praise, the classmates of the introverted student are likely to approach the student more frequently, showering the student with extra attention
Correct. If the teacher brings up the achievement of these students, they could be exposed to extra attention of the classmates. If this attention exceeds a certain level, there could be some negative effect on the introverted students. As the result, the “touch and go” method will fail.
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Re: Studies in elementary schools have shown that [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2017, 13:36
this question is kind of benign, ones can pick E quickly because of the argument structures, and the logic flow in the passage.

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Re: Studies in elementary schools have shown that [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2017, 13:50
Can someone explain how you eliminated B?
I like jy295 reasoning above but would like to further see if we could spot any more reasons for eliminating B.
I understand that E is the stronger choice...still how not B?

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Re: Studies in elementary schools have shown that [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2017, 17:10
sevenplusplus wrote:
Can someone explain how you eliminated B?
I like jy295 reasoning above but would like to further see if we could spot any more reasons for eliminating B.
I understand that E is the stronger choice...still how not B?


you can interpret B as a comparison between 2 types of craving attention
the question asks to evaluate the method with its purpose to measure the craving attention => we just need to know 2 thing:
1/ if the method works
2/ we will not pay attention to any other information about types of craving attention.

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Re: Studies in elementary schools have shown that [#permalink]

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New post 28 Aug 2017, 11:16
I have tried, and verified that question stems are rarely helpful.

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New post 28 Aug 2017, 11:19
E is correct b/c E has the causal relationship and b/c the "touch-and-go" method is not used to differentiate attentions for teacher or for other classmates.

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Re: Studies in elementary schools have shown that   [#permalink] 28 Aug 2017, 11:19
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