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# Studies of test scores show that watching television has a

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Studies of test scores show that watching television has a [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2009, 11:38
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Studies of test scores show that watching television has a markedly positive effect on children whose parents speak English as a second language, as compared to those whose native language is English.

(A) to those whose native language is English
(B) with children whose native language is English
(C) with those who are native English speakers
(D) to children whose parents do not
(E) with children whose parents are native English speakers
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Studies of test scores show that watching television has a [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2010, 10:07
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Compare usually takes the preposition “to” when it refers to the activity of describing the resemblances between unlike things: He compared her to a summer day. Scientists sometimes compare the human brain to a computer.

It takes “with” when it refers to the act of examining two like things in order to discern their similarities or differences: The police compared the forged signature with the original. The committee will have to compare the Senate’s version of the bill with the version that was passed by the House.

Hope it helps !

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Studies of test scores show that watching television has a [#permalink]

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18 Mar 2012, 14:04
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Studies of test scores show that watching television has a markedly positive effect on children whose parents speak English as a second language, as compared to those whose native language is English.

A. to those whose native language is English

B. with children whose native language is English

C. with those who are native English speakers

D. to children whose parents do not

E. with children whose parents are native English speakers

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Studies of test scores show that watching television has a [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2010, 09:07
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Studies of test scores show that watching television has a markedly positive effect on children whose parents speak English as a second language, as compared to those whose native language is English.

(A) to those whose native language is English
(B) with children whose native language is English
(C) with those who are native English speakers
(D) to children whose parents do not
(E) with children whose parents are native English speakers

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Manhattan says E, but I think it could be D. The pronoun "those" is not ambiguous since parents is referred to in the answer choice?

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Re: Studies of test scores show that watching television has a [#permalink]

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20 Jun 2010, 11:23
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Both "Compare to" and "compare with" are correct idioms.

1. “compare to” is to suggest resemblances between things that have essentially different natures:
In appearance, ripples in ocean water can be compared to frosting spread on a cake.

2. “compare with” is to suggest resemblances between things that have essentially similar natures:
Despite their different capacities, RAM can be compared with ROM in that both involve memory storage.

In the context of given Sentence, "compare with" is correct. Hence E.

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Re: Studies of test scores show that watching television has a [#permalink]

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03 Nov 2010, 01:11
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Parallelism is between children whose parents are Native english speakers and children whose parents are not English speakers.

In this context we are comparing children, i.e. two similar entities. Hence compared with has to be used. Compared to is used when we compare apples and oranges but here it is apples vs apples.

So applying the above two options E is the best suited option.
A & D are out because it uses "Compared To".
B is out because it uses who instead of whose.
C- just mentions "with". In this context we are comparing children with children. Not children and Native speakers.

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09 May 2011, 04:37
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amit2k9 wrote:
Between D and E.

D comparison meaning isn't complete. POE.

E compared with ... and the comparison meaning is correct.

E wins.

Hi Amit,
You cant have D as an option because compared to is wrong usage . we need compare with.

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12 Jul 2011, 18:43
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StevenSzekeres wrote:
Can someone please explain why "as compared to" does not work? ie why is it "as compared with"?

Steven,

"Compared to" and "compared with" are both fine idioms. Honestly, when you add in the "as" they both become suspect, but neither "as compared with" or "as compared to" are grammatically or idiomatically wrong. As bad as they might sound, we can't cross off any answers for this reason.

The real issue here is one that you can discover by always remembering to ask: "What is this problem really about?" and then "What does the GMAT like to test within that subject?" You need to get in the habit of asking yourself these questions when you see certain trigger words. The word "compared" in this problem is a giveaway that this problem is really about comparisons, which are really just a special form of parallelism. With comparisons, you need to compare apples to apples. The GMAT loves to create wrong answer choices that compares two things that can't logically be compared. Here, you need to compare either:

-children with children

or

-parents with parents

but you can't compare

-children with parents.

This gets us quickly down to D and E. If you can get that far, you've done great work! Between D and E, don't worry about it. We're constantly working to improve our curriculum, and this is one we have under review.

Happy studying!

Brett
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Re: Studies of test scores show that watching television has.. [#permalink]

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18 Mar 2012, 20:18
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A quick vertical scan gives us 2 errors + a 3/2 split.
1. Compared to Vs Compared with
2. Elements being compared

1. Compared to Vs Compared with
“Compare to” refers to similarities, and “compare with” indicates both similarities and differences.
Here we are comparing people on-basis of English as Native/second Language So,compare with is appropriate.
Hence: A & D - out

2. Elements being compared
Here we are comparing children (whose parents speak English as second language) with children (whose parents are native English speakers)
B & C do not match this comparison.
Hence E.

Hope this helps.

-- Arvind.
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Re: Studies of test scores show that watching television has.. [#permalink]

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18 Mar 2012, 22:54
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E compares correctly. The pointers to be compared are of similar nature hence "compare with" and comparison should be between children whose parents does this and that.
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Re: Studies of test scores show that watching television [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2012, 04:07
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Archit143 wrote:
Studies of test scores show that watching television has a markedly positive effect on children whose parents speak English as a second language, as compared to those whose native language is English.

to those whose native language is English
with children whose native language is English
with those who are native English speakers
to children whose parents do not
with children whose parents are native English speakers

Can any one suggest why is A wrong
Those is a possessive pronoun should refer to preceeding noun in number which it is refering to parents and should logically refer to.

E is more wordy though its straight fwd.
I always mess up with Comparisions.... Pls suggest me whats wrong in my approach.

The best way to solve comparisons is to think the PRIMARY question: What are we comparing?

SO, what are we comparing in this question
Answer: Children whose parents speak english as second language to children whose parents speak english as native language.

A is wrong because it compares children whose parents speak English as a second language TO those whose native language is English

I this case THOSE refers to parents.

Thus only contenders for right answer are B,D ,and E . And B,D can be easily eliminated . Therefore E is the answer

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Re: Studies of test scores show that watching television has a [#permalink]

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24 Nov 2016, 12:50
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AmritaSarkar89 wrote:
I totally understand the logic here, but isn't compare with Idiomatically wrong???

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Re: Studies of test scores show that watching television has a [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2009, 13:56
gurpreet07 wrote:
Studies of test scores show that watching television has a markedly positive effect on children whose parents speak English as a second language, as compared to those who are native English speakers.

1. to those who are
2. with children who are
3. with
4. to those whose parents are
5. with children whose parents are

I think "compared with" must be used to contrast. Is it C? I am between C and E but C expresses the same idea as E more succinctly.

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Re: Studies of test scores show that watching television has a [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2009, 17:24
IMO E.

Studies of test scores show that watching television has a markedly positive effect on children whose parents speak English as a second language, as compared with children whose parents are native English speakers.

This sentence compares children to children, so compared with is correct idiom.

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Re: Studies of test scores show that watching television has a [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2009, 20:43
E for sure!!!

we r comparing children's parents ability to speak a language...
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Re: Studies of test scores show that watching television has a [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2010, 10:54
Unquestionably E.

compared with - is used here to compare children with children.

Rest is blah blah.

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Re: Studies of test scores show that watching television has a [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2010, 20:04
The correct idiom here is 'compared with' and not 'compared to'.
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Re: Studies of test scores show that watching television has a [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2010, 13:38
as compared with..is the correct idiom right.

Not sure what the parallel structure here is? anyone?

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Re: Studies of test scores show that watching television has a [#permalink]

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03 Nov 2010, 07:05
devashish wrote:
Fell for D ... but E is right

By POE : D and E prevail.

D: those is a pronoun which can either refer to antecedent parents or children.Hence, it isn't clear.So,eliminated.

E: Children is repeated thus making the referents clear in the second clause.

E prevails.
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Re: Studies of test scores show that watching television has a [#permalink]

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03 Nov 2010, 14:50
This sentence compares Children with Non Native english speaker Vs Children with Native english speaker..
So "E" is correct

1. to those who are Compares Childrenn Vs All Native english speaker
2. with children who are Compares correctly, but parallelism issue
3. with Reject this ..No parallelism/Logical
4. to those whose parents areCompares Children Vs Parents
5. with children whose parents areCorrectly compares

Always remember in Comparision the below points.
*. Comparison must be logical
*. Comparison must be parallel
*. Comparision must be idiomatically correct ex: more...than/less ...than Correct
more ...asIncorrect
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Re: Studies of test scores show that watching television has a   [#permalink] 03 Nov 2010, 14:50

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