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# Studies show that repeated exposure to an allergen can

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Manager
Joined: 26 Aug 2010
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Studies show that repeated exposure to an allergen can  [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2010, 21:25
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Studies show that repeated exposure to an allergen can trigger anaphylaxis. This condition, in which an allergic person becomes overly sensitized to the allergen in question, can provoke a life-threatening reaction via even minimal exposure.

Which of the following is the best analogy for the process described above?

A. People with unhealthy diets are much more susceptible to conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure than is the general population.
B. Because minor earthquakes can weaken the existing infrastructure in an area, a series of minor earthquakes sometimes causes much more extensive damage than might otherwise be expected.
C. Peanut allergy sufferers do not need to ingest peanut products in order to experience an allergic episode; a reaction can also be triggered by touching peanuts or peanut oils.
D. Scientists theorize that global warming, a gradual increase in the average worldwide temperature, is the primary cause of the increasing occurrence of extreme weather patterns in the last two decades.
E. Drivers who speed regularly are more likely to be caught than those who speed only occasionally.

OA and OE after some discussion.

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19 Nov 2010, 08:23
4
2
samark wrote:
Studies show that repeated exposure to an allergen can trigger anaphylaxis. This condition, in which an allergic person becomes overly sensitized to the allergen in question, can provoke a life-threatening reaction via even minimal exposure.

Which of the following is the best analogy for the process described above?
A. People with unhealthy diets are much more susceptible to conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure than is the general population.
B. Because minor earthquakes can weaken the existing infrastructure in an area, a series of minor earthquakes sometimes causes much more extensive damage than might otherwise be expected.
C. Peanut allergy sufferers do not need to ingest peanut products in order to experience an allergic episode; a reaction can also be triggered by touching peanuts or peanut oils.
D. Scientists theorize that global warming, a gradual increase in the average worldwide temperature, is the primary cause of the increasing occurrence of extreme weather patterns in the last two decades.
E. Drivers who speed regularly are more likely to be caught than those who speed only occasionally.

OA and OE after some discussion.

Sure Deepthis!

The questions asks us to mimic the reasoning of the argument. How does the author present his argument?

Repeated exposure to an allergen can trigger anaphylaxis (can be life threatening).
Then even minimal exposure can be life threatening.
(Repeated exposure reduces the resistance of the person against the allergen. Finally even minimal exposure of the allergen can be life threatening)

B. Because minor earthquakes can weaken the existing infrastructure in an area, a series of minor earthquakes sometimes causes much more extensive damage than might otherwise be expected.

Minor earthquakes weaken the infra so series of minor earthquakes keep weakening the infra more and more. Finally, even that small earthquake in the series can cause much more damage than you would expect. Just like minimal exposure can also be life threatening after repeated exposure to allergen.

C. Peanut allergy sufferers do not need to ingest peanut products in order to experience an allergic episode; a reaction can also be triggered by touching peanuts or peanut oils.

Minimal exposure to peanuts can produce an allergic reaction. But here, 'repeated exposure to something before' is missing.. As far as the argument goes, we don't know whether peanut allergy sufferers develop this condition by repeated exposure to peanuts or even without much exposure. In fact, the way it is worded, I would like to believe that it doesn't matter how much they get exposed to peanuts beforehand.. if someone has an allergy to peanuts, it will be triggered by even the tiniest exposure...
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Intern
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03 Nov 2010, 02:12
B- Just as repeated exposure worsen a person's ability to resist the allergen and becomes life-threatening so too is minor earthquakes weakening the infrastructures and causing a greater havoc than a single earthquake
Intern
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03 Nov 2010, 02:21
One more for B.
Reason: Repeated earthqueakes making the area weak and prone to larger distructions.
Manager
Joined: 06 Aug 2010
Posts: 153
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03 Nov 2010, 06:24
Agree with B. Repeated exposure to an allergen leads to an enhanced reaction to it, which can cause even a small amount of exposure to be lethal -> repeated exposure to small earthquakes leads to a weakened ability to withstand them, which can cause even a small earthquake to do major damage.
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03 Nov 2010, 07:04
2
X is caused by Y. Y is caused by a minor amount of X.

B - earthquakes have caused the weakening of the infrastructure. therefore even a minor earthquake (equivalent to minor exposure in QS) can cause damage.

HTH!
Manager
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03 Nov 2010, 08:28
Yes, you have nailed it correctly. It's B only!
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19 Nov 2010, 05:24
I was able to narrow down to 2 opton - B and C
But am confused as to why t s B and not C .Can someone explain?
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Studies show that repeated exposure to an allergen can  [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2011, 14:32
Studies show that repeated exposure to an allergen can trigger anaphylaxis. This condition, in which an allergic person becomes overly sensitized to the allergen in question, can provoke a life-threatening reaction via even minimal exposure.

Which of the following is the best analogy for the process described above?
A)People with unhealthy diets are much more susceptible to conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure than is the general population.
B)Because minor earthquakes can weaken the existing infrastructure in an area, a series of minor earthquakes sometimes causes much more extensive damage than might otherwise be expected.
C)Peanut allergy sufferers do not need to ingest peanut products in order to experience an allergic episode; a reaction can also be triggered by touching peanuts or peanut oils.
D)Scientists theorize that global warming, a gradual increase in the average worldwide temperature, is the primary cause of the increasing occurrence of extreme weather patterns in the last two decades.
E)Drivers who speed regularly are more likely to be caught than those who speed only occasionally.
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Re: Studies show that repeated exposure to an allergen can trigg  [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2012, 23:04
B --> Stimulus presents a case of repeated occurrence of a cause (exposure to allergens) which is paralleled only by the ans choice B which states the case of repeated occurrence of earthquakes.
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Studies show that repeated exposure to an allergen can  [#permalink]

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06 Mar 2013, 14:50
Studies show that repeated exposure to an allergen can trigger anaphylaxis. This condition, in which an allergic person becomes overly sensitized to the allergen in question, can provoke a life-threatening reaction via even minimal exposure.

Which of the following is the best analogy for the process described above?
(A)People with unhealthy diets are much more susceptible to conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure than is the general population.
(B)Because minor earthquakes can weaken the existing infrastructure in an area, a series of minor earthquakes sometimes causes much more extensive damage than might otherwise be expected.
(C)Peanut allergy sufferers do not need to ingest peanut products in order to experience an allergic episode; a reaction can also be triggered by touching peanuts or peanut oils.
(D)Scientists theorize that global warming, a gradual increase in the average worldwide temperature, is the primary cause of the increasing occurrence of extreme weather patterns in the last two decades.
(E)Drivers who speed regularly are more likely to be caught than those who speed only occasionally.

Need detail explanation...............
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Re: Studies show that repeated exposure to an allergen can  [#permalink]

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07 Mar 2013, 16:55
Studies show that repeated exposure to an allergen can trigger anaphylaxis.

Something can trigger something else.

This condition, in which an allergic person becomes overly sensitized to the allergen in question, can provoke a life-threatening reaction via even minimal exposure.

The previous condition (the trigger in question) even when a minimal exposure occurs, we have the effects described.

Which of the following is the best analogy for the process described above?

(A)People with unhealthy diets are much more susceptible to conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure than is the general population.

This comparison is irrelevant

(B)Because minor earthquakes can weaken the existing infrastructure in an area, a series of minor earthquakes sometimes causes much more extensive damage than might otherwise be expected.

Correct. The earthquake can trigger something, and other earthquakes represent the minimal exposure of the stimulus

(C)Peanut allergy sufferers do not need to ingest peanut products in order to experience an allergic episode; a reaction can also be triggered by touching peanuts or peanut oils.

This behaviour do not say nothing about the trigger and the minimal exposure

(D)Scientists theorize that global warming, a gradual increase in the average worldwide temperature, is the primary cause of the increasing occurrence of extreme weather patterns in the last two decades.

Irrelevant

(E)Drivers who speed regularly are more likely to be caught than those who speed only occasionally.

Irrelevant

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Re: Studies show that repeated exposure to an allergen can  [#permalink]

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10 Apr 2013, 09:19
please help me ustand this .. i am not quiet convinced. the option C where the the most minima exposure , in fact the very sight of the peanuts is causing this allergy. The stress on the extent of the sensitivity is very clear when compared to the option B where constant earthquakes which is emphasizing the consistency of the act more than any thing . Also the trigger in option to me is also clear the exposure to Peanuts
Senior Manager
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Re: Studies show that repeated exposure to an allergen can  [#permalink]

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02 May 2013, 02:23
All duplicate threads on this topic have been merged.

Please check and follow the Guidelines for Posting in Verbal GMAT forum before posting anything.
Intern
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Re: Studies show that repeated exposure to an allergen can  [#permalink]

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07 Sep 2013, 23:44
+1 for B.

Option C is a trap answer. Beware of it.
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Re: Studies show that repeated exposure to an allergen can  [#permalink]

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05 Oct 2013, 09:11
ramanujanu wrote:
please help me ustand this .. i am not quiet convinced. the option C where the the most minima exposure , in fact the very sight of the peanuts is causing this allergy. The stress on the extent of the sensitivity is very clear when compared to the option B where constant earthquakes which is emphasizing the consistency of the act more than any thing . Also the trigger in option to me is also clear the exposure to Peanuts

Ramanujana - Please see the explanation provided by Karishma, on the comparison b/w B and C. Even, I was initially confused, but, was able to understand it with the help of her explanation. Actually, the question asks us to find an answer choice that that talks about repeated exposure in the past as well.

Choice C tells us about Peanut allergy sufferers but we are NOT sure about the exact reason that caused that allergy. Whether it was repeated exposures in the past that led to that allergy or even a slight touch is causing that allergy (with no reference to repeated occurrences in the past).

Choice B, on the other hand, fits best. It gives us a reason that repeated minor earthquakes can sometimes cause BIG damages. So, we know that there had been occurrences of minor earthquakes already in the past.

Hope it helps !!
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Re: Studies show that repeated exposure to an allergen can  [#permalink]

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20 Jun 2014, 05:11
The basic understanding I derived out of this argument is this: A minor problem can produce a
major effect after repeated exposure to it.

B. This option talks about the same thing. Minor earthquakes keep
weakening the infrastructure leading to it's ultimate collapse.

C. I really don't think this option is a contender. But it could have been one, had it said
that the peanut allergy sufferers had been ingesting peanut products or had been
in contact with peanut products for a long time.

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Re: Studies show that repeated exposure to an allergen can  [#permalink]

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18 May 2015, 21:30
Tricky, but for the reasons explained above, the answer is B.
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Re: Studies show that repeated exposure to an allergen can  [#permalink]

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02 Jul 2017, 03:23
carcass wrote:
Studies show that repeated exposure to an allergen can trigger anaphylaxis.

Something can trigger something else.

This condition, in which an allergic person becomes overly sensitized to the allergen in question, can provoke a life-threatening reaction via even minimal exposure.

The previous condition (the trigger in question) even when a minimal exposure occurs, we have the effects described.

Which of the following is the best analogy for the process described above?

(A)People with unhealthy diets are much more susceptible to conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure than is the general population.

This comparison is irrelevant

(B)Because minor earthquakes can weaken the existing infrastructure in an area, a series of minor earthquakes sometimes causes much more extensive damage than might otherwise be expected.

Correct. The earthquake can trigger something, and other earthquakes represent the minimal exposure of the stimulus

(C)Peanut allergy sufferers do not need to ingest peanut products in order to experience an allergic episode; a reaction can also be triggered by touching peanuts or peanut oils.

This behaviour do not say nothing about the trigger and the minimal exposure

(D)Scientists theorize that global warming, a gradual increase in the average worldwide temperature, is the primary cause of the increasing occurrence of extreme weather patterns in the last two decades.

Irrelevant

(E)Drivers who speed regularly are more likely to be caught than those who speed only occasionally.

Irrelevant

why not A??
unhealthy diet ppl- makes their immune system weak.
so when it comes to diabetes or high BP, they are prone more than other population who have no unhealthy diet

why is my interpretation wrong?
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Re: Studies show that repeated exposure to an allergen can  [#permalink]

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26 Sep 2019, 11:28
A- Repeated exposure to Allegen
B- Allergic person defense mechanism reacts even on minimal things also.

IF A THEN B

Only B does this.
Re: Studies show that repeated exposure to an allergen can   [#permalink] 26 Sep 2019, 11:28
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