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# Studies show that young people with higher-than-average

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Studies show that young people with higher-than-average [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2012, 04:00
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Studies show that young people with higher-than-average blood pressure and their families have a history of high blood pressure are more likely than others to develop a severe form of the condition.
(A) and their families have a history of high blood pressure
(B) whose families have a history of high blood pressure
(C) and a history of high blood pressure runs in the family
(D) whose families have a history of high blood pressure running in them
(E) with a history of high blood pressure running in their family

why is option e incorrect
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
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Re: people with higher-than-average blood pressure [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2012, 07:53
E: young people with higher-than-average blood pressure with a history of high blood pressure running in their family....

Option E seems to nonsensically imply that blood pressure has a history of high blood pressure
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21 Aug 2012, 09:29
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Hi there,

Studies show that young people with higher-than-average blood pressure and their families have a history of high blood pressure are more likely than others to develop a severe form of the condition.

Since the meaning is easy to understand, let’s begin the error analysis: In this sentence the verb “have a history…” does not make sense with the subject “young people with higher-than-average blood pressure and their families”. The position of this clause makes the entire structure ungrammatical. As such, the verb “are” is left without any subject that leads to fragment error.

POE:

(A) and their families have a history of high blood pressure: Incorrect for the reason stated above.

(B) whose families have a history of high blood pressure: Correct. Notice that “whose” is a relative pronoun, a noun modifier that is modifying a little far away noun “young people”. This is so because the prepositional phrase preceding “whose” cannot be placed anywhere else in the sentence without affecting the meaning. Hence, the relative pronoun can jump over “with higher-than-average blood pressure” to modify “young people”.
To know, how this modification is possible, read the article by clicking on the following link:
noun-modifiers-can-modify-slightly-far-away-noun-135868.html

(C) and a history of high blood pressure runs in the family: Incorrect. Same fragment error and ungrammatical structure issue as in choice A.

(D) whose families have a history of high blood pressure running in them: Incorrect. The verb-ing modifier “running” is modifying the preceding noun entity “history of high blood pressure”, meaning that the “history of high blood pressure” run in the “young people and their family”. This is illogical.

(E) with a history of high blood pressure running in their family: Incorrect. Use of “running” seems to suggest that “a history” runs in their family. This modification does not make sense.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: people with higher-than-average blood pressure [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2012, 10:24
is adding "And " to the choice E would have made it OA as well ?

Andwith a history of high blood pressure running in their family
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Re: people with higher-than-average blood pressure [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2012, 10:37
I'm not sure but I would guess its still not the best choice and my reasoning is that "and" would try and make the phrases parallel but the phrase after the "and"(a history of high blood pressure) would be a prepositional phrase while the phrase before the "and" (higher-than-average blood pressure) is not.

On a different note, Shraddha, isn't 'runs/running in the family an idiomatic phrase?
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Re: people with higher-than-average blood pressure [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2012, 11:11
Hi @vishu1414,

The sentence will read as follows if we add “and” before “with”:

Studies show that young people with higher-than-average blood pressure and with a history of high blood pressure running in their family are more likely than others to develop a severe form of the condition.

The answer will still not be correct because the problem of “running” still persists. Also “and” introduces a list in the sentence. The sentence now talks about two kinds of young people – first kind with higher-than-average blood pressure and the second kind with the history of blood pressure in the family. This certainly is not the intended meaning.

@macjas:
The correct “idiom” is “run/running in the family” alright. But when we use the term history, we say that “he has a history of heart disease in his family”. We do not use “run/running” with history. We can say: Heart diseases run in his family, OR His family has the history of heart diseases.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: people with higher-than-average blood pressure [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2012, 02:58
Hey Shraddha thanks for the input. I do have another question about E though.

Concerning the word "with" in the context of the sentence:

Studies show that young people with higher-than-average blood pressure with a history of high blood pressure running in their family

Does "with" refer back to "young people" or "higher-than-average blood pressure". I don't know if this is a matter of grammar or logic?
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Re: people with higher-than-average blood pressure [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2012, 05:21
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(A) and their families have a history of high blood pressure ; The choice is trying to connect a phrase and an IC (the Main Clause) with a co-ordinating conjunction : one can join only two parallel factors with “and”

(B) whose families have a history of high blood pressure; correct choice; whose modifies the young people rightly, the intervening prepositional phrase is an essential modifier. Please note that pressure cannot have families. Hence, it is logical that whose modifies the somewhat distant people, rather than the proximate but singular pressure.

(C) and a history of high blood pressure runs in the family; same error as in A

(D) whose families have a history of high blood pressure running in; ‘them’ is ambiguous. Does it refer to families or peoole?

(E) with a history of high blood pressure running in their family; The most glaring bad logic is to say that all the young people have one family rather than families.
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Re: people with higher-than-average blood pressure [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2012, 07:45
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macjas wrote:
Studies show that young people with higher-than-average blood pressure with a history of high blood pressure running in their family

Does "with" refer back to "young people" or "higher-than-average blood pressure". I don't know if this is a matter of grammar or logic?

Hi macjas,

Studies show that young people with higher-than-average blood pressure with a history of high blood pressure running in their family…

If we write the sentence this way, then the second “with” will modify the preceding noun “blood pressure”. Now noun modifiers can modify a little far away noun. However, the prepositional phrases do not qualify in this category. They generally cannot jump over the preceding prepositional phrase to modify the noun. Hence, sentence written this way will be incorrect.

If the second prepositional phrase with “with” is also meant to modify “young people”, then we can add “and” before the second “with”. This way we will introduce a list and both the prepositional phrases will refer to “young people”.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: people with higher-than-average blood pressure [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2012, 07:57
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Shraddha, thanks for the explanation! Clear and concise as usual!
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Re: Studies show that young people with higher-than-average [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2014, 06:11
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Re: Studies show that young people with higher-than-average [#permalink]

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01 Feb 2014, 18:47
Ankit04041987 wrote:
Studies show that young people with higher-than-average blood pressure and their families have a history of high blood pressure are more likely than others to develop a severe form of the condition.
(A) and their families have a history of high blood pressure
(B) whose families have a history of high blood pressure
(C) and a history of high blood pressure runs in the family
(D) whose families have a history of high blood pressure running in them
(E) with a history of high blood pressure running in their family

why is option e incorrect

Can moderator please underline the portion that needs to be replaced?
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Re: Studies show that young people with higher-than-average [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2015, 03:02
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Studies show that young people with higher-than-average [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2016, 11:50
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Studies show that young people with higher-than-average   [#permalink] 14 Jul 2016, 11:50
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