Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases https://gmatclub.com/AppTrack
GMAT Club

 It is currently 25 Mar 2017, 05:01

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Stymieing the Armadas plans to meet up with the Duke of

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Status: Appearing for GMAT
Joined: 23 May 2011
Posts: 134
Location: United States (NJ)
Concentration: Finance, General Management
GPA: 3.5
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 224 [12] , given: 34

Stymieing the Armadas plans to meet up with the Duke of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Aug 2011, 11:42
12
KUDOS
25
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

38% (02:16) correct 62% (01:26) wrong based on 1152 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders in the Spanish Netherlands, the reason for the defeat of the Spanish Armada was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing of eight war ships as “fireships,” vessels filled with pitch, brimstone, gunpowder, and tar and sent downwind toward the closely-anchored Spanish fleet.

A.Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders in the Spanish Netherlands, the reason for the defeat of the Spanish Armada was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing

B.The defeat of the Spanish Armada, which stymied the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders in the Spanish Netherlands, was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing

C.The defeat of the Spanish Armada, which stymied the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders in the Spanish Netherlands, was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also due to the sacrificing

D.Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders in the Spanish Netherlands, the reason for the defeat of the Spanish Armada was not only gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrifice

E.Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders in the Spanish Netherlands, the defeat of the Spanish Armada was due not only to gale winds that favored the British but also to the sacrifice
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________

"Giving kudos" is a decent way to say "Thanks" and motivate contributors. Please use them, it won't cost you anything.
Thanks Rphardu

If you have any questions
New!
Manager
Joined: 10 Jan 2011
Posts: 244
Location: India
GMAT Date: 07-16-2012
GPA: 3.4
WE: Consulting (Consulting)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 59 [0], given: 25

### Show Tags

29 Aug 2011, 04:14
Narrowed down to D and E, however selected D (took 5 min to narrow down)
_________________

-------Analyze why option A in SC wrong-------

Moderator
Joined: 01 Sep 2010
Posts: 3149
Followers: 821

Kudos [?]: 6922 [0], given: 1051

### Show Tags

30 Aug 2011, 14:33
The subject (or the main reason of the stimulus) is the Spanish Armada.

Two indipendent clauses tied by a comma.

So E is clear and concise
_________________
Manager
Joined: 27 Oct 2011
Posts: 190
Location: United States
Concentration: Finance, Strategy
GMAT 1: Q V
GPA: 3.7
WE: Account Management (Consumer Products)
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 159 [0], given: 4

Re: Stymieing the Armadas plans to meet up with the Duke of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Apr 2012, 16:56
For D and E, you have to look at parrallelisms. from not only to the gerund verb but also to gerund verb.
_________________

DETERMINED TO BREAK 700!!!

Senior Manager
Status: Making every effort to create original content for you!!
Joined: 23 Dec 2010
Posts: 490
Location: United States
Concentration: Healthcare, Social Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 660 Q48 V34
GMAT 2: 750 Q49 V42
Followers: 353

Kudos [?]: 1971 [10] , given: 82

Re: Stymieing the Armadas plans to meet up with the Duke of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

04 Mar 2013, 09:47
10
KUDOS
Expert's post
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
ranjeet75 wrote:
Why C is wrong?

Hi ranjeet75,

C.The defeat of the Spanish Armada, which stymied the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders in the Spanish Netherlands, was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also due to the sacrificing

The problem with (C) is the incorrect modification by the relative pronoun "which".

"stymied" means to prevent or hinder the progress. The logical meaning of the sentence should be that "the defeat" hindered the progress of Armada's plans (or as the sentence says "stymied the Armada's plans").

The relative clause starting with "which" is incorrectly modifying "the Spanish Armada", logically it should modify "the defeat". Note that "which" modifies the noun closest to it. Another error is the use of "sacrificing"; the word "sacrifice" can act as a noun here, so, we do not need to change it to the -ing form and make it stand as a noun

If we reword (C) as under then it will be correct:

C'. The Spanish Armada's defeat, which stymied the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders in the Spanish Netherlands, was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also due to the sacrifice

In the corrected version above the relative clause starting with "which" is correctly modifying "the defeat". The second correction is in the use of the noun "the sacrifice" in place of gerund "sacrificing"

Hope this helps,

Vercules
_________________

Retired Moderator
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 3758
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Followers: 760

Kudos [?]: 5883 [1] , given: 324

Re: Stymieing the Armadas plans to meet up with the Duke of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

04 Mar 2013, 10:22
1
KUDOS
A. Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders in the Spanish Netherlands, the reason for the defeat of the Spanish Armada was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing -- not only due to --- but also--- wrong //ism

B. the defeat of the Spanish Armada, which stymied the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders in the Spanish Netherlands, was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing --- not only due to but also the sacrificing – wrong //ism

C tha defeat of the Spanish Armada, which stymied the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders in the Spanish Netherlands, was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also due to the sacrificing ---correlative //ism is ok but, but has relative pronoun touch rule problem

D.Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders in the Spanish Netherlands, the reason for the defeat of the Spanish Armada was not only gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrifice ---- modification problem ‘ What stymied was not the reason, but the defeat;

E.Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders in the Spanish Netherlands, the defeat of the Spanish Armada was due not only to gale winds that favored the British but also to the sacrifice--- speckless
_________________

“Better than a thousand days of diligent study is one day with a great teacher” – a Japanese proverb.
9884544509

Senior Manager
Joined: 02 Sep 2012
Posts: 259
Location: United States
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Finance
GMAT Date: 07-25-2013
GPA: 3.83
WE: Architecture (Computer Hardware)
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 187 [0], given: 99

Re: Stymieing the Armadas plans to meet up with the Duke of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Mar 2013, 08:56
can someone clarify me the touch rule, i have seen in few OG questions also that if noun+prepostional phrase,which ---if this format is used then i have seen in few sentences that which jumps and modifies the noun instead of the prepostional phrase which is closest to it .can someone explain this rule with some examples
_________________

"Giving kudos" is a decent way to say "Thanks" and motivate contributors. Please use them, it won't cost you anything

e-GMAT Representative
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2034
Followers: 2149

Kudos [?]: 7461 [1] , given: 281

Re: Stymieing the Armadas plans to meet up with the Duke of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Mar 2013, 07:16
1
KUDOS
Expert's post
skamal7 wrote:
can someone clarify me the touch rule, i have seen in few OG questions also that if noun+prepostional phrase,which ---if this format is used then i have seen in few sentences that which jumps and modifies the noun instead of the prepostional phrase which is closest to it .can someone explain this rule with some examples

Hi skamal7,

You can read the following article to understand when a noun modifier can jump over a prepositional phrase to modify the noun before that phrase:
noun-modifiers-can-modify-slightly-far-away-noun-135868.html

This thread also contians a few official sentences and their explanation.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
_________________

| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

e-GMAT Representative
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2034
Followers: 2149

Kudos [?]: 7461 [8] , given: 281

Re: Stymieing the Armadas plans to meet up with the Duke of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Mar 2013, 07:48
8
KUDOS
Expert's post
Hi all,

This is the sentence with choice C:

Choice C: The defeat of the Spanish Armada, which stymied the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders in the Spanish Netherlands, was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also due to the sacrificing of eight war ships as “fireships,” vessels filled with pitch, brimstone, gunpowder, and tar and sent downwind toward the closely-anchored Spanish fleet.

There is no problem with the modification of “which” in this choice. It does not make sense for “which” to modify the immediate preceding noun “the Spanish Armada”. Also notice that this noun cannot be placed anywhere else in the sentence without violating the meaning of the sentence. So “which” can very well jump over “of the Spanish Armada” and can correctly modify “The defeat”.

The link posted in my above post contains a deatil article on the same topic. It deals with when “which” or any other noun modifier can jump over entities to make logical modification and when it cannot. Solve this question from GMAT Prep for the similar use of the logical modification by a noun modifier:

From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the cranium, located in the back of the skull, come what scientists know about dinosaur brains.

(A) From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the cranium, located in the back of the skull, come what scientists know about dinosaur brains.
(B) The knowledge that scientists know about dinosaur brains comes from studies of the bony house of the brain, located in the back of the skull, that is, the cranium.
(C) The knowledge of dinosaur brains that scientists have come from studies of the bony house of the brain, which is located in the back of the skull and is called the cranium.
(D) What scientists know about dinosaur brains comes from studies of the cranium, the bony house of the brain located in the back of the skull.
(E) Located in the back of the skull is the cranium, the bony house of the brain, and it is from studies of this that scientists know what they know about dinosaur brains.

Now let’s get back to this question. The issue with Choice C is the use of “sacrificing” is not correct. We need an entity that must be parallel to “gale winds”, a noun entity. Now “sacrificing” is also a nou in that it is a gerund. However, when a sentence requires the usage of the noun form of a word, we must use the main noun form of the word and not the “ing” noun form. Hence, we need to use “the sacrifice” here instead of “the sacrificing”.

Hope this helps.
Thnaks.
_________________

| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Intern
Joined: 09 Jul 2011
Posts: 21
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 8

Re: Stymieing the Armadas plans to meet up with the Duke of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Mar 2013, 04:36
@Vercules .... on your explanation of as to why the option C was wrong.

The which after the comma accorging to another popular post on this forum modifies the noun defeat correctly , since the defeat is of the Spanish Armadas. In other words the mention of Spanish armadas is aswering the question , who got defeated ? and therefore is not independent
Senior Manager
Joined: 15 Aug 2013
Posts: 328
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 59 [0], given: 23

Re: Stymieing the Armadas plans to meet up with the Duke of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Sep 2013, 17:45
I can't seem to get a certain part of parallelism in my head.

For example, in choice A - " not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing " From what i've been reading - the whole phrase - "not only due to" needs to be in // to sacrificing? Why is that? Why can't it just be "due to gale winds" to "sacrificing" in which case, wouldn't it be parallel? Can't I assume that the "due to" carries over to "sacrificing" and "gale winds"?

In option C - "not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also due to the sacrificing " = How is this considered //? Due to gale winds(past) vs. due to sacrificing which is an ing -- present?

My issue is always with the "amount of words" I consider to be parallel. If someone could clarify this issue, which is present in a lot of 700 level questions, I will be eternally grateful.

Thanks!
Intern
Joined: 19 Jun 2013
Posts: 1
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 2

Re: Stymieing the Armadas plans to meet up with the Duke of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Sep 2013, 19:47
@Vercules: Can you please explain the second statement of the option E. with POE i was between D and E.
i chose D as i was not able to understand the usage of "due to" in the second statement.

"the defeat of the Spanish Armada was due not only to gale winds that favored the British but also to the sacrifice
Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 16 Jun 2012
Posts: 1152
Location: United States
Followers: 266

Kudos [?]: 2963 [0], given: 123

Re: Stymieing the Armadas plans to meet up with the Duke of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Sep 2013, 23:39
nimisha99 wrote:
@Vercules: Can you please explain the second statement of the option E. with POE i was between D and E.
i chose D as i was not able to understand the usage of "due to" in the second statement.

"the defeat of the Spanish Armada was due not only to gale winds that favored the British but also to the sacrifice

Hi nimisha99

Welcome to Gmatclub!

To pick a correct answer between D and E, you should understand the meaning. The beginning part is:
Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders in the Spanish Netherlands,
Stymie means block/prevent

==> Paraphrased version is: Blocking/Prevent X's plan to meet up with Y, ==> is an ACTION, if we put "the reason" after the comma, the sentence is non-sensical. Thus, the noun "the defeat" which refers to action "stymieing" is correct.

In addition, in E, the correct idiom is "due not only TO X, but also TO Y". ==> Parallel structure.

Hope it helps.
Manager
Joined: 23 Aug 2013
Posts: 80
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 5

Re: Stymieing the Armadas plans to meet up with the Duke of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Sep 2013, 00:10
This one was tough and I got it wrong. I chose C. I thought the "which" was fine, but did not see the "sacrificing" part. Actually I saw the llelism in E of "to gale winds" and "to sacrifice" in E, but thought that C was more concise and clear, than E beginning with the participial phrase. Somehow I was very uncomfortable with the....hmmm...you learn something new everyday....
_________________

Kudos would be appreciated -:) !

http://www.EnglishForEveryone.in

GMAT Prep : Critical Reasoning Decoded

Senior Manager
Joined: 15 Aug 2013
Posts: 328
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 59 [0], given: 23

Re: Stymieing the Armadas plans to meet up with the Duke of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Sep 2013, 22:20
russ9 wrote:
I can't seem to get a certain part of parallelism in my head, any advice will be appreciated.

For example, in choice A - " not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing " From what i've been reading - the whole phrase - "not only due to" needs to be in // to "sacrificing"? Why is that? Why can't it just be "due to gale winds" // to "sacrificing" in which case, wouldn't this represent the correct // structure? Can't I assume that the "due to" carries over to "sacrificing" and "gale winds"?

In option C - "not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also due to the sacrificing " = How is this considered //? Due to gale winds(past) vs. due to sacrificing which is an ing -- present?

My issue is always with the "amount of words" I consider to be parallel. If someone could clarify this issue, which is present in a lot of 700 level questions, I will be eternally grateful.

Thanks!

Manager
Joined: 23 Aug 2013
Posts: 80
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 5

Re: Stymieing the Armadas plans to meet up with the Duke of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Sep 2013, 00:09
russ9 wrote:
russ9 wrote:
I can't seem to get a certain part of parallelism in my head, any advice will be appreciated.

For example, in choice A - " not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing " From what i've been reading - the whole phrase - "not only due to" needs to be in // to "sacrificing"? Why is that? Why can't it just be "due to gale winds" // to "sacrificing" in which case, wouldn't this represent the correct // structure? Can't I assume that the "due to" carries over to "sacrificing" and "gale winds"?

In option C - "not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also due to the sacrificing " = How is this considered //? Due to gale winds(past) vs. due to sacrificing which is an ing -- present?

My issue is always with the "amount of words" I consider to be parallel. If someone could clarify this issue, which is present in a lot of 700 level questions, I will be eternally grateful.

Thanks!

Parallelism demands that "due to" be present in phrases after not only and but also. Only then it is parallel. You cannot assume carry overs.

n option C - "not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also due to the sacrificing " = How is this considered //? Due to gale winds(past) vs. due to sacrificing which is an ing -- present?

This is not perfect parallelism, but ok I guess. But there is an even more serious error involving "which".
_________________

Kudos would be appreciated -:) !

http://www.EnglishForEveryone.in

GMAT Prep : Critical Reasoning Decoded

e-GMAT Representative
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2034
Followers: 2149

Kudos [?]: 7461 [0], given: 281

Re: Stymieing the Armadas plans to meet up with the Duke of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Sep 2013, 11:25
russ9 wrote:
russ9 wrote:
I can't seem to get a certain part of parallelism in my head, any advice will be appreciated.

For example, in choice A - " not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing " From what i've been reading - the whole phrase - "not only due to" needs to be in // to "sacrificing"? Why is that? Why can't it just be "due to gale winds" // to "sacrificing" in which case, wouldn't this represent the correct // structure? Can't I assume that the "due to" carries over to "sacrificing" and "gale winds"?

In option C - "not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also due to the sacrificing " = How is this considered //? Due to gale winds(past) vs. due to sacrificing which is an ing -- present?

My issue is always with the "amount of words" I consider to be parallel. If someone could clarify this issue, which is present in a lot of 700 level questions, I will be eternally grateful.

Thanks!

Hi russ9,

The parallel list always contains a marker. Markers are the words that join the entities in the parallel list. The markers can be divided into two categories: a. Single-word Markers and b. Double-word Markers.

You can read the following article for more detail on this topic:
markers-in-parallelism-139076.html

This sentence also employs a parallelism marker. That marker is "not only... but also...". It is evident that it is a Double-word Marker. And the rule to apply these markers is that they must be followed by "grammatically as well logically identical entities".

So basically, not only X but also Y where X must be parallel to Y.

Now in Choice A: X = due to gale winds...
Y = the sacrificing...

These entities are not parallel. We must repeat "due to" after :but also" as well to make both the entities "identical". This is the reason why Choice A is incorrect.

Now let's analyze if Choice C is correct on parallelism: X = gale winds...
Y = the sacrificing...

As I have already mentioned in my previous post, these two entities APPEAR to be parallel because both are Noun Entities, but these entities are NOT parallel. The reason is that "gale winds" is a "proper noun entity" but "the sacrificing" is not a "proper noun entity". It is a verb-ing noun ( a gerund) that actually denotes an action. So an action word CANNOT be parallel to a noun word. So Choice C also fails in parallelism.

Now let's analyze the correct answer Choice E for parallelism: X = gale winds...
Y = the sacrifice...
Here both the entities are "identically parallel entities". They both are perfect noun entities.

So, whenever we have a Double-word Marker, we must make sure that they both are followed by he "identical entities".

One more thing I would like to talk about is that "the sacrificing" is a noun. A noun does not have tense. Only verbs have tense. Even if "sacrificing" end with "-ing", it does not show any tense. So there is no question of "sacrificing" being in present tense.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
_________________

| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Manager
Joined: 23 Aug 2013
Posts: 80
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 5

Re: Stymieing the Armadas plans to meet up with the Duke of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Sep 2013, 21:27
egmat wrote:
russ9 wrote:
russ9 wrote:
I can't seem to get a certain part of parallelism in my head, any advice will be appreciated.

For example, in choice A - " not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing " From what i've been reading - the whole phrase - "not only due to" needs to be in // to "sacrificing"? Why is that? Why can't it just be "due to gale winds" // to "sacrificing" in which case, wouldn't this represent the correct // structure? Can't I assume that the "due to" carries over to "sacrificing" and "gale winds"?

In option C - "not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also due to the sacrificing " = How is this considered //? Due to gale winds(past) vs. due to sacrificing which is an ing -- present?

My issue is always with the "amount of words" I consider to be parallel. If someone could clarify this issue, which is present in a lot of 700 level questions, I will be eternally grateful.

Thanks!

Hi russ9,

The parallel list always contains a marker. Markers are the words that join the entities in the parallel list. The markers can be divided into two categories: a. Single-word Markers and b. Double-word Markers.

You can read the following article for more detail on this topic:
markers-in-parallelism-139076.html

This sentence also employs a parallelism marker. That marker is "not only... but also...". It is evident that it is a Double-word Marker. And the rule to apply these markers is that they must be followed by "grammatically as well logically identical entities".

So basically, not only X but also Y where X must be parallel to Y.

Now in Choice A: X = due to gale winds...
Y = the sacrificing...

These entities are not parallel. We must repeat "due to" after :but also" as well to make both the entities "identical". This is the reason why Choice A is incorrect.

Now let's analyze if Choice C is correct on parallelism: X = gale winds...
Y = the sacrificing...

As I have already mentioned in my previous post, these two entities APPEAR to be parallel because both are Noun Entities, but these entities are NOT parallel. The reason is that "gale winds" is a "proper noun entity" but "the sacrificing" is not a "proper noun entity". It is a verb-ing noun ( a gerund) that actually denotes an action. So an action word CANNOT be parallel to a noun word. So Choice C also fails in parallelism.

Now let's analyze the correct answer Choice E for parallelism: X = gale winds...
Y = the sacrifice...
Here both the entities are "identically parallel entities". They both are perfect noun entities.

So, whenever we have a Double-word Marker, we must make sure that they both are followed by he "identical entities".

One more thing I would like to talk about is that "the sacrificing" is a noun. A noun does not have tense. Only verbs have tense. Even if "sacrificing" end with "-ing", it does not show any tense. So there is no question of "sacrificing" being in present tense.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.

Well described ! And thanks for the link !
_________________

Kudos would be appreciated -:) !

http://www.EnglishForEveryone.in

GMAT Prep : Critical Reasoning Decoded

Manager
Joined: 15 Aug 2013
Posts: 59
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 7

Re: Stymieing the Armadas plans to meet up with the Duke of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Sep 2013, 09:35
I have a confusion with option D. Is it wrong because the reason (for defeat) rather than the defeat itself is being modified by stymied which is illogical.. ? Is ther any other difference I have possibly missed..?
Manager
Joined: 23 Aug 2013
Posts: 80
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 5

Re: Stymieing the Armadas plans to meet up with the Duke of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Sep 2013, 00:04
egmat wrote:
russ9 wrote:
russ9 wrote:
I can't seem to get a certain part of parallelism in my head, any advice will be appreciated.

For example, in choice A - " not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing " From what i've been reading - the whole phrase - "not only due to" needs to be in // to "sacrificing"? Why is that? Why can't it just be "due to gale winds" // to "sacrificing" in which case, wouldn't this represent the correct // structure? Can't I assume that the "due to" carries over to "sacrificing" and "gale winds"?

In option C - "not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also due to the sacrificing " = How is this considered //? Due to gale winds(past) vs. due to sacrificing which is an ing -- present?

My issue is always with the "amount of words" I consider to be parallel. If someone could clarify this issue, which is present in a lot of 700 level questions, I will be eternally grateful.

Thanks!

Hi russ9,

The parallel list always contains a marker. Markers are the words that join the entities in the parallel list. The markers can be divided into two categories: a. Single-word Markers and b. Double-word Markers.

You can read the following article for more detail on this topic:
markers-in-parallelism-139076.html

This sentence also employs a parallelism marker. That marker is "not only... but also...". It is evident that it is a Double-word Marker. And the rule to apply these markers is that they must be followed by "grammatically as well logically identical entities".

So basically, not only X but also Y where X must be parallel to Y.

Now in Choice A: X = due to gale winds...
Y = the sacrificing...

These entities are not parallel. We must repeat "due to" after :but also" as well to make both the entities "identical". This is the reason why Choice A is incorrect.

Now let's analyze if Choice C is correct on parallelism: X = gale winds...
Y = the sacrificing...

As I have already mentioned in my previous post, these two entities APPEAR to be parallel because both are Noun Entities, but these entities are NOT parallel. The reason is that "gale winds" is a "proper noun entity" but "the sacrificing" is not a "proper noun entity". It is a verb-ing noun ( a gerund) that actually denotes an action. So an action word CANNOT be parallel to a noun word. So Choice C also fails in parallelism.

Now let's analyze the correct answer Choice E for parallelism: X = gale winds...
Y = the sacrifice...
Here both the entities are "identically parallel entities". They both are perfect noun entities.

So, whenever we have a Double-word Marker, we must make sure that they both are followed by he "identical entities".

One more thing I would like to talk about is that "the sacrificing" is a noun. A noun does not have tense. Only verbs have tense. Even if "sacrificing" end with "-ing", it does not show any tense. So there is no question of "sacrificing" being in present tense.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.

Hi Shraddha, can we say that the proper way of differentiating a present/past participle from the present continuous/past continuous/perfect verb is that the participles do not have the helping (auxiliary verbs) before them, whereas the real verbs have them?
_________________

Kudos would be appreciated -:) !

http://www.EnglishForEveryone.in

GMAT Prep : Critical Reasoning Decoded

Re: Stymieing the Armadas plans to meet up with the Duke of   [#permalink] 19 Sep 2013, 00:04

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 38 posts ]

Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
11 #Top150 SC: Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of 10 29 Dec 2015, 06:54
Will meet or is meeting 3 02 Jul 2013, 13:27
Only after I went home did I remember I had plans to meet up 5 15 Mar 2009, 10:35
Only after I went home did I remember I had plans to meet up 2 15 Mar 2009, 10:35
No other business arising, the meeting was adjourned. This 0 01 Aug 2007, 22:48
Display posts from previous: Sort by