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Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an especially ser

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Re: Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an especially ser [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2016, 21:10
Between A and D, especially is used to denote how often the thing can happen (Negative Qualities) while specially is used to give the unique qualities of the object in question (Positive Qualities).

Ability to is the correct idiom.

Plus it should be respiratory system’s ..... rather than capability of the respiratory.
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Re: Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an especially ser [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2017, 05:48
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1st step: Check if the Subject and the verb agree.
In this case, there is no Subject verb agreement error.
Use the Acronym, VIPMPS to check for the common grammatical errors tested on the GMAT.
V: Verb Tense
I: Idioms
P: Pronouns
M: Misplaced Modifier
P : Parallelism
S : Subject Verb Agreement.
This acronym is not in a hierarchical order; you always check for the Subject Verb agreement first.
We will now use the Process of Elimination to eliminate wrong answers and hold on to the right one.

A. an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the respiratory system’s ability to deal. (Correct Answer.) The subject and verb agree and it is clear that the Pronoun ‘it’ refers to ‘ sulphur dioxide and not acid rain, as ‘ a major contributor to acid rain’ is a modifying phrase which modifies Sulphur Dioxide. ‘Ability to’ is the correct idiom usage.

B. an especially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s capability of dealing (“ because of diminishing” is not a correct usage as ‘because of” is usually followed by a Noun phrase which gives a reason for something.) “capability of ……...ing is unidiomatic

C. an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory system in dealing-Can be knocked off) “capability in …………………….. Ing is not the correct idiomatic usage

D. a specially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory system to deal: This option can be knocked off as : “Specially” means in a special way and therefore is incorrect here. In the context of this sentence, “Especially”, which means ‘in particular’ or ‘ than the others’ should be used
E. a specially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s ability to deal: This option can be knocked off for two reasons: “Specially” means in a special way and therefore is incorrect here. In the context of this sentence, “Especially”, which means ‘in particular’ or ‘ than the others’ should be used” AND “ because of diminishing” is not a correct usage as ‘because of” is usually followed by a Noun phrase which gives a reason for something.) “capability of ……...ing is unidiomatic

CORRECT ANSWER: A
Re: Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an especially ser   [#permalink] 06 Mar 2017, 05:48

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