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# Surveys indicate that 52 percent of all women aged eighteen

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Re: Surveys indicate that 52 percent of all women aged eighteen [#permalink]
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jlgdr wrote:
Surveys indicate that 52 percent of all women aged eighteen to sixty-five are in the labor force (employed outside the home) in any given month. On the basis of these surveys, a market researcher concluded that 48 percent of all women aged eighteen to sixty-five are full-time homemakers year-round.
Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the researcher's conclusion?

(A) More women are in the labor force today than during any other period since the Second World War.
(B) Many workers, both men and women, enter and exit the labor force frequently.
(C) Although only a small sample of the total population is surveyed each month, these samples have been found to be a reliable indicator of total monthly employment.
(D) Surveys show that more women than ever before consider having a rewarding job an important priority.
(E) Women who are in the labor force have more discretionary income available to them than do women who are not.

52% women are in labour force in any given month.
Conclusion: 48% women are full time homemakers year-round.

There are multiple issues with this conclusion, right?
They may not be homemakers. They may be studying.
They may not be homemakers and might be doing some other non-economic activity.
They may not be homemakers all year round - perhaps they work outside home for 4 months in a year.

(B) Many workers, both men and women, enter and exit the labor force frequently.
This supports our theory that they may not be homemakers are year round. What if the 52% number constitutes different people every month? Say one woman works outside every alternate month (Jan, March, May ...) and another woman works outside other alternate months (Feb, April...). Then overall numbers don't change but neither woman in a full time homemaker.

Hence (B) weakens our conclusion.
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Re: Surveys indicate that 52 percent of all women aged eighteen [#permalink]
vishnuns39620 wrote:
I think the answer is Option B.

The fact is that monthly results show 52% working rates. The conclusion is that 48% of women are full time in a year

To most weaken, the above conclusion, if we know that monthly rates are not true indicators of year round performance, that'd be the best choice. Option B states that there are many "ins" and "out" in the job market -> So no particular worker is employed year round with 100% surety. Thus, option B is the best choice.

Hope it helps!

I do understand your point but in the comparison it is stated that any given month.So it mean the 52% is representation of 12 months of data instead of 1 month.
Can you pls let me know if I am missing any thing.
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Re: Surveys indicate that 52 percent of all women aged eighteen [#permalink]
jlgdr wrote:
Surveys indicate that 52 percent of all women aged eighteen to sixty-five are in the labor force (employed outside the home) in any given month. On the basis of these surveys, a market researcher concluded that 48 percent of all women aged eighteen to sixty-five are full-time homemakers year-round.
Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the researcher's conclusion?

(A) More women are in the labor force today than during any other period since the Second World War.
(B) Many workers, both men and women, enter and exit the labor force frequently.
(C) Although only a small sample of the total population is surveyed each month, these samples have been found to be a reliable indicator of total monthly employment.
(D) Surveys show that more women than ever before consider having a rewarding job an important priority.
(E) Women who are in the labor force have more discretionary income available to them than do women who are not.

I thought of D Because.

Surveys shows more women will be interested and hence this result may go up from 52%.
Have said that I would like to know whether the resercher report is about the past year or he is stating some fact about the future year?

@magoosh:Pls help me out.
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Re: Surveys indicate that 52 percent of all women aged eighteen [#permalink]
jlgdr wrote:
Surveys indicate that 52 percent of all women aged eighteen to sixty-five are in the labor force (employed outside the home) in any given month. On the basis of these surveys, a market researcher concluded that 48 percent of all women aged eighteen to sixty-five are full-time homemakers year-round.
Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the researcher's conclusion?

(A) More women are in the labor force today than during any other period since the Second World War.
(B) Many workers, both men and women, enter and exit the labor force frequently.
(C) Although only a small sample of the total population is surveyed each month, these samples have been found to be a reliable indicator of total monthly employment.
(D) Surveys show that more women than ever before consider having a rewarding job an important priority.
(E) Women who are in the labor force have more discretionary income available to them than do women who are not.

To me, the conclusion is too strong to conclude that 48 percent of all women aged eighteen to sixty-five are full-time homemakers year-round. we need something that says 48% of all women may be full-time homemakers but not all year- round. B explains that women enter and exit the labor force frequently, so 48% of women may still participate in labor force but not during the time of the survey.
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Re: Surveys indicate that 52 percent of all women aged eighteen [#permalink]
I think it is B.in those 52% there might be part timers who only work for few days in a week.hence B

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Surveys indicate that 52 percent of all women aged eighteen [#permalink]
sanjeebpanda wrote:
jlgdr wrote:
Surveys indicate that 52 percent of all women aged eighteen to sixty-five are in the labor force (employed outside the home) in any given month. On the basis of these surveys, a market researcher concluded that 48 percent of all women aged eighteen to sixty-five are full-time homemakers year-round.
Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the researcher's conclusion?

(A) More women are in the labor force today than during any other period since the Second World War.
(B) Many workers, both men and women, enter and exit the labor force frequently.
(C) Although only a small sample of the total population is surveyed each month, these samples have been found to be a reliable indicator of total monthly employment.
(D) Surveys show that more women than ever before consider having a rewarding job an important priority.
(E) Women who are in the labor force have more discretionary income available to them than do women who are not.

I thought of D Because.

Surveys shows more women will be interested and hence this result may go up from 52%.
Have said that I would like to know whether the resercher report is about the past year or he is stating some fact about the future year?

@magoosh:Pls help me out.

The conclusion is : 48 percent of all women aged eighteen to sixty-five are full-time homemakers year-round.

We need to show that " 48 percent of all women aged eighteen to sixty-five are NOT full-time homemakers year-round.
Option B states that " Many workers, both men and women, enter and exit the labor force frequently.".

If " Many workers, both men and women, enter and exit the labor force frequently." , then we can say that "48 percent of all women aged eighteen to sixty-five are NOT full-time homemakers year-round." Some woman is homemaker now but at some other point of time , she joins the labor force. So we can not say the woman is a home maker year-round.

Is my explanation correct VeritasKarishma chetan2u GMATNinja generis ?
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Re: Surveys indicate that 52 percent of all women aged eighteen [#permalink]
The argument is that 48% of all women aged 18-55 are full-time homemakers YEAR_Round.
This is based on a survey that indicates that 52% of all women aged 18 to 65 are in the labour force in any given month.

We are asked to weaken this argument.
A is incorrect. we aren't concerned about WW2 times.
B is correct because we are presented a fact that counters the claim that 48% are full-time YEAR-round house-makers. If women enter and exit the LF frequently then the accuracy of the integrity and accuracy of the survey is at hand.
C is incorrect because it solidifies the researchers claim. If the data is actually accurate then it may be more likely that accurate deductions can be made about the data.
D is irrelevant to the deduction made.
E is irrelevant to the deduction from the statistics.
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Surveys indicate that 52 percent of all women aged eighteen [#permalink]
jlgdr wrote:
Surveys indicate that 52 percent of all women aged eighteen to sixty-five are in the labor force (employed outside the home) in any given month. On the basis of these surveys, a market researcher concluded that 48 percent of all women aged eighteen to sixty-five are full-time homemakers year-round.
Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the researcher's conclusion?

(A) More women are in the labor force today than during any other period since the Second World War.
(B) Many workers, both men and women, enter and exit the labor force frequently.
(C) Although only a small sample of the total population is surveyed each month, these samples have been found to be a reliable indicator of total monthly employment.
(D) Surveys show that more women than ever before consider having a rewarding job an important priority.
(E) Women who are in the labor force have more discretionary income available to them than do women who are not.

Hi VeritasKarishma could you help explain this?
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Re: Surveys indicate that 52 percent of all women aged eighteen [#permalink]
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Re: Surveys indicate that 52 percent of all women aged eighteen [#permalink]
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