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# Technological advancements affect all aspects of human

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Intern
Joined: 21 Mar 2013
Posts: 37
GMAT Date: 03-20-2014

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Updated on: 08 Mar 2014, 20:05
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Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

21% (01:54) correct 79% (01:46) wrong based on 816 sessions

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Technological advancements affect all aspects of human development but their repercussions affect the flora, fauna, and geology of the planet as well.

A) Technological advancements affect all aspects of human development but their repercussions affect the flora, fauna

B) Technological advancements are affecting all aspects of human development but have repercussions that reach into the flora, fauna

C) Technology advancements are affecting all aspects of human development but have repercussions that reach into the fauna, flora

D) Technological advancements are affecting all aspects of human development but have repercussions that can reach into the fauna, flora

E) Technology advancements affect all aspects of human development but have repercussions that reach into the flora, fauna

Originally posted by idinuv on 08 Mar 2014, 03:55.
Last edited by idinuv on 08 Mar 2014, 20:05, edited 1 time in total.
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10 Mar 2014, 04:25
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Quote:
Technological advancements affect all aspects of human development but their repercussions affect the flora, fauna, and geology of the planet as well.

A) Technological advancements affect all aspects of human development but their repercussions affect the flora, fauna

B) Technological advancements are affecting all aspects of human development but have repercussions that reach into the flora, fauna

C) Technology advancements are affecting all aspects of human development but have repercussions that reach into the fauna, flora

D) Technological advancements are affecting all aspects of human development but have repercussions that can reach into the fauna, flora

E) Technology advancements affect all aspects of human development but have repercussions that reach into the flora, fauna

This eliminates options C and E. Now we won't go back to these.

Moving on, in option A, whose repercussions are we taking about?
Is it the repercussions of "Technological advancements" or of "all aspects of human development" that we are talking about?
Even though it sounds like Technological advancements have repercussions, use of "their" makes it ambiguous.
For the lack of clarity in meaning, I will eliminate A.

Moving on to B, it has a suitable parallel structure and clear cut meaning.
[ Don't get confused. I will give you an example: I am a Tutor and have a score of 750 on GMAT. (Is this parallel? Definitely yes) ]

Now, if you look at option D, the only difference from option B is the use of word "can" which entirely changes the meaning of the sentence.
[ "I have a Mercedes" or "I can have a Mercedes" are two entirely different sentences, aren't they? ]

This leaves us with option B as the correct option choice.

Any further doubts?

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08 Mar 2014, 10:32
No idea whether it should be 'technology advancements' or 'technological advancements' and how to make out what is the right pick?

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08 Mar 2014, 12:44
idinuv wrote:
Technological advancements affect all aspects of human development but their repercussions affect the flora, fauna, and geology of the planet as well.

A) Technological advancements are affecting all aspects of human development but have repercussions that reach into the flora, fauna

B) Technology advancements are affecting all aspects of human development but have repercussions that reach into the fauna, flora

C) Technological advancements are affecting all aspects of human development but have repercussions that also reach into the fauna, flora

D) Technological advancements are affecting all aspects of human development but have repercussions that can reach into the fauna, flora

E) Technology advancements affect all aspects of human development but have repercussions that reach into the flora, fauna

Between A and D the only difference is the word 'can'. Experts please suggest how this usage renders option D as a wrong option.
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08 Mar 2014, 22:40
Picked B because it sounds better.
Though I am confused why A isnt right?Help....
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09 Mar 2014, 00:49
Very subtle differences between options.Still cant understand why A is wrong!

Posted from my mobile device
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09 Mar 2014, 02:37
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The word Repercussions means consequences. So it does not make sense to say consequences affect flora, fauna. Thus A I think is wrong.

C & E are incorrect because of usage of technology advancements.

I was confused between B & D and chose D. But D is changing the intended meaning of the sentence.

The non-underlined part of original statement uses "as well"

....and geology of the planet as well.

So the sentence is trying to convey the idea that what ever affects A has repercussions that reach into B as well.

So "can reach into" is incorrect.
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09 Mar 2014, 04:16
Technology is a noun and Technological is its adjective form, and we require adjective to modify advancement. (C and E out).
I am not sure if we can rule out A for the ambiguous pronoun(their - aspects vs advancements), but I kind of like A. 'their' could refer to the subject of Technological Advancement'

in B and D, 'are affecting' but 'have repercussion' - do not sound parallel, as you would expect two clauses joined by a conjunction.
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31 Aug 2015, 03:41
Technological advancements affect all aspects of human development but their repercussions affect the flora, fauna, and geology of the planet as well.

A) Technological advancements affect all aspects of human development but their repercussions affect the flora, fauna >> pronoun ambiguity, aspects or advancements?

B) Technological advancements are affecting all aspects of human development but have repercussions that reach into the flora, fauna

C) Technology advancements are affecting all aspects of human development but have repercussions that reach into the fauna, flora >> Technology is not an adj.

D) Technological advancements are affecting all aspects of human development but have repercussions that can reach into the fauna, flora >> can change the meaning "introduce capability"

E) Technology advancements affect all aspects of human development but have repercussions that reach into the flora, fauna >> same as in choice C.
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31 Aug 2015, 09:10
Problems with this question

1. Humans are part of the fauna of a given area. Humans are mammalian animals such as rats, cattle, lions, tigers or bats and the like. I see no logic in separating the fauna from humans.

2. While advancements affect (help) all aspects of human development, in the planet, the advancements’ repercussions affect (disturb) the other dependants in the same planet. That is perhaps the contrast intended by the fanboy ‘but’. The problem is the use of the same word ‘affect’ with different meanings in different contexts. This is a logical aberration.

3. What is the difference between the ‘affect’ in the original and ‘reach into’ or ‘can reach into’ most of the answer choices? There must be a valid reason for changing the original version.

4. The passage focuses on the difference between technological developments and technology developments, both which mean the same thing after some point. No GMAT question will hinge on such a flimsy point.

I have a doubt. Is this question from Economist GMAT or has the source been mistakenly represented?
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10 Oct 2016, 09:07
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idinuv wrote:
Technological advancements affect all aspects of human development but their repercussions affect the flora, fauna, and geology of the planet as well.

A) Technological advancements affect all aspects of human development but their repercussions affect the flora, fauna

B) Technological advancements are affecting all aspects of human development but have repercussions that reach into the flora, fauna

C) Technology advancements are affecting all aspects of human development but have repercussions that reach into the fauna, flora

D) Technological advancements are affecting all aspects of human development but have repercussions that can reach into the fauna, flora

E) Technology advancements affect all aspects of human development but have repercussions that reach into the flora, fauna

I have read the posts and they focus mostly in two differences: the correct choice between "technology or technological" and the ambiguity of the pronoun "their".

I agree that the pronoun "their" is ambiguous, but I would not eliminate it right away.

I also believe that the correct choice for the word is the adjective "technological"; however, I believe that nouns can also be used as adjectives, as in "chicken soup" or "home improvement", so I would not eliminate this choice right away either.

Getting these two factors together it is easy to see that B is the best choice.

Nevertheless, I disagree with choice B. No one has mentioned anything about the verb tense. The original uses the present simple "affect", while B uses the present progressive "are affecting". As I see it, this change affects the meaning of the sentence: while the present simple means "always", the present progressive means "these days". This change in meaning makes B, C, and D incorrect.

A uses the ambiguous "their", and E uses the word "technology" instead of "technological.

If I had to choose one, I would choose E, because it is the only choice that reflects the correct meaning without ambiguity.
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23 Jan 2020, 08:43
idinuv wrote:
Technological advancements affect all aspects of human development but their repercussions affect the flora, fauna, and geology of the planet as well.

A) Technological advancements affect all aspects of human development but their repercussions affect the flora, fauna

B) Technological advancements are affecting all aspects of human development but have repercussions that reach into the flora, fauna

C) Technology advancements are affecting all aspects of human development but have repercussions that reach into the fauna, flora

D) Technological advancements are affecting all aspects of human development but have repercussions that can reach into the fauna, flora

E) Technology advancements affect all aspects of human development but have repercussions that reach into the flora, fauna

I ended up choosing E. My reasons for eliminating each of the answer choices:
A. Pronoun ambiguity. "Their" has two antecedents, but hold on to it until you find a better one.
B. Tense issue. The difference between Present Simple and Present Progressive is that the former is used to mention universal facts, while the latter used to mention things that are happening now, but soon will finish. For instance, I am reading now, I am surfing now, I am going to my home. These actions are bound to end. Are Tech advancements end? No. So Eliminate B
C. Same as B
D. Same as B.
E. Technology advancements -- I guess this is acceptable and compared to A, E does not have any errors.
Any thoughts on my reasoning?
Re: Technological advancements affect all aspects of human   [#permalink] 23 Jan 2020, 08:43
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