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Teenagers are often priced out of the labor market by the

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Intern
Joined: 22 Feb 2010
Posts: 49

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23 May 2012, 11:05
DanaJ wrote:
I'd go for C on this one. A and B actually strengthen the argument, since teenage unemployment rose in two situations opposed to the one suggested in the argument. D has nothing to do with the argument, it's just statistical stuff. E I feel is also of little interest, since some decreases will not override the general trend.

C weakens the statement by saying that even though there is no subminimum wage, employers will still hire extra help when teenagers are available to offer it (during the summer holidays).

You are assuming too much from the answer choice. C says that more extra help will be hired. Teenagers generally work as extra help. Can we take a leap of faith to assume that all the extra help will be teenagers only? That extra help may come from some other labor force, may be from organised labor.

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Re: Teenagers are often priced out of the labor market by the [#permalink]

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01 Jul 2013, 22:30
A question to everyone who picked B.

What if this so called 'constant minimum wage' was something which was considered high by Employers.

Eg. If min wage was \$10 and employers thought this was too much to hire teens, wouldn't they have stopped. This leading to high unemployment rate?

If we go with POE, then yeah, we arrive @B but it doesn't stand well

I wonder what the source of this question is

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Manager
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Re: Teenagers are often priced out of the labor market by the [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2013, 02:45
crejoc wrote:
Teenagers are often priced out of the labor market by the government-mandated minimum-wage level because employers cannot afford to pay that much for extra help. Therefore, if Congress institutes a subminimum wage, a new lower legal wage for teenagers, the teenage unemployment rate, which has been rising since 1960, will no longer increase.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the argument above?

A. Since 1960 the teenage unemployment rate has risen when the minimum wage has risen.

B. Since 1960 the teenage unemployment rate has risen even when the minimum wage remained constant.

C. Employers often hire extra help during holiday and warm weather seasons.

D. The teenage unemployment rate rose more quickly in the 1970's than it did in the 1960's.

E. The teenage unemployment rate has occasionally declined in the years since 1960.

OA later after discussion..

We need to weaken the conclusion that
due to the sub minimum wage program ----> Unemployment rate in teenagers will no longer increase..

A. Since 1960 the teenage unemployment rate has risen when the minimum wage has risen. { employers are not able to hire teenagers at the current wages as extra help, how will they be able to hire them if minimum wages are increased}

B. Since 1960 the teenage unemployment rate has risen even when the minimum wage remained constant.
Does not effect, the minimum wages are the same as mentioned in the premise, the teenagers unemployment rate should not be affected}
Don't the exact reason to eliminate B.

C. Employers often hire extra help during holiday and warm weather seasons.
This can be a suitable answer, since it is mentioned in the passage that employers need teenagers as extra help. Now, if teenagers are employed during holidays and warm weather season, their unemployment rate is occasional... It's temporary, not stable.. Suppose teenagers are employed on Christmas, how do you expect the overall unemployment rate to change for a every minimal change.

D. The teenage unemployment rate rose more quickly in the 1970's than it did in the 1960's.
No effect...

E. The teenage unemployment rate has occasionally declined in the years since 1960.
This states that the unemployement rate ocassinaly decined and might rise in future or remain stable.
SInce if it would have rised, it would have weakened, but as we have a stable case here... No comments..>!!!!

Confused b/w B and C...
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MODULUS Concept ---> http://gmatclub.com/forum/inequalities-158054.html#p1257636
HEXAGON Theory ---> http://gmatclub.com/forum/hexagon-theory-tips-to-solve-any-heaxgon-question-158189.html#p1258308

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Re: Teenagers are often priced out of the labor market by the [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2013, 09:16
jaituteja wrote:
crejoc wrote:
Teenagers are often priced out of the labor market by the government-mandated minimum-wage level because employers cannot afford to pay that much for extra help. Therefore, if Congress institutes a subminimum wage, a new lower legal wage for teenagers, the teenage unemployment rate, which has been rising since 1960, will no longer increase.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the argument above?

A. Since 1960 the teenage unemployment rate has risen when the minimum wage has risen.

B. Since 1960 the teenage unemployment rate has risen even when the minimum wage remained constant.

C. Employers often hire extra help during holiday and warm weather seasons.

D. The teenage unemployment rate rose more quickly in the 1970's than it did in the 1960's.

E. The teenage unemployment rate has occasionally declined in the years since 1960.

OA later after discussion..

We need to weaken the conclusion that
due to the sub minimum wage program ----> Unemployment rate in teenagers will no longer increase..

A. Since 1960 the teenage unemployment rate has risen when the minimum wage has risen. { employers are not able to hire teenagers at the current wages as extra help, how will they be able to hire them if minimum wages are increased}

B. Since 1960 the teenage unemployment rate has risen even when the minimum wage remained constant.
Does not effect, the minimum wages are the same as mentioned in the premise, the teenagers unemployment rate should not be affected}
Don't the exact reason to eliminate B.

C. Employers often hire extra help during holiday and warm weather seasons.
This can be a suitable answer, since it is mentioned in the passage that employers need teenagers as extra help. Now, if teenagers are employed during holidays and warm weather season, their unemployment rate is occasional... It's temporary, not stable.. Suppose teenagers are employed on Christmas, how do you expect the overall unemployment rate to change for a every minimal change.

D. The teenage unemployment rate rose more quickly in the 1970's than it did in the 1960's.
No effect...

E. The teenage unemployment rate has occasionally declined in the years since 1960.
This states that the unemployement rate ocassinaly decined and might rise in future or remain stable.
SInce if it would have rised, it would have weakened, but as we have a stable case here... No comments..>!!!!

Confused b/w B and C...

Awaiting some experts response over this..!!!!
_________________

MODULUS Concept ---> http://gmatclub.com/forum/inequalities-158054.html#p1257636
HEXAGON Theory ---> http://gmatclub.com/forum/hexagon-theory-tips-to-solve-any-heaxgon-question-158189.html#p1258308

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Intern
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Concentration: Finance, Strategy
GMAT 1: 730 Q49 V41
GPA: 3.39
Re: Teenagers are often priced out of the labor market by the [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2013, 13:13
The hypothesis can be stated as: If minimum wage for teens is lowered then teenage unemployment will go down. Equivalently: If teenage unemployment goes up then minimum wage for teenagers was risen. In Answer B, teenage unemployment went up and wage did not rise. This historical data contradicts the hypothesis. Therefore B is the answer.

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Re: Teenagers are often priced out of the labor market by the [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2013, 21:33
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Received a PM to respond to this.

Frankly, there is no correct choice here.

Neither option B nor option C is a valid weakener, if we stay within the context of GMAT.

Option B: It says that unemployment rose when wages remained constant - So what? We are given in the passage that unemployment has risen since 1960. Most probably, there would be years when the wages were constant. So, this option statement cannot weaken the argument since we can already expect this from the given information. Besides, the conclusion is that unemployment will not increase if wages decrease. It is not at all weakened by saying that unemployment rose when wages remained constant.

Option C, for me, is completely off-track. It introduces new information like holiday and warm weather seasons. Probably, the question maker thinks that people can pay higher during warm weather seasons; he thinks that probably there are no ACs out there or that the summers are really cruel. But whatever he thinks, this is not universal knowledge that can be assumed by GMAT test makers for candidates to possess. So, if I see this option in the actual GMAT, I would simply reject it and move forward.

Chiranjeev
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Re: Teenagers are often priced out of the labor market by the [#permalink]

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05 Jul 2013, 00:00
egmat wrote:
Received a PM to respond to this.

Frankly, there is no correct choice here.

Neither option B nor option C is a valid weakener, if we stay within the context of GMAT.

Option B: It says that unemployment rose when wages remained constant - So what? We are given in the passage that unemployment has risen since 1960. Most probably, there would be years when the wages were constant. So, this option statement cannot weaken the argument since we can already expect this from the given information. Besides, the conclusion is that unemployment will not increase if wages decrease. It is not at all weakened by saying that unemployment rose when wages remained constant.

Option C, for me, is completely off-track. It introduces new information like holiday and warm weather seasons. Probably, the question maker thinks that people can pay higher during warm weather seasons; he thinks that probably there are no ACs out there or that the summers are really cruel. But whatever he thinks, this is not universal knowledge that can be assumed by GMAT test makers for candidates to possess. So, if I see this option in the actual GMAT, I would simply reject it and move forward.

Chiranjeev

I chose B cause the rest, in my eyes, were huge OFS's.
I agree that B is not a complete weakener but among the given answers, what would you pick?

What is the source of this question OP?
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Re: Teenagers are often priced out of the labor market by the [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2013, 10:59
Still don't agree that ans is B.IMO ans is E

B is a rephrase of the premise(the teenage unemployment rate, which has been rising since 1960, ) and does not provide new information.

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Re: Teenagers are often priced out of the labor market by the [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2015, 05:06
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Re: Teenagers are often priced out of the labor market by the [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2016, 03:44
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