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Teenagers are often priced out of the labor market by the

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Teenagers are often priced out of the labor market by the government-mandated minimum-wage level because employers cannot afford to pay that much for extra help. Therefore, if Congress institutes a subminimum wage, a new lower legal wage for teenagers, the teenage unemployment rate, which has been rising since 1960, will no longer increase.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the argument above?

(A) Since 1960 the teenage unemployment rate has risen when the minimum wage has risen.
(B) Since 1960 the teenage unemployment rate has risen even when the minimum wage remained constant.
(C) Employers often hire extra help during holiday and warm weather seasons.
(D) The teenage unemployment rate rose more quickly in the 1970тАЩs than it did in the 1960тАЩs.
(E) The teenage unemployment rate has occasionally declined in the years since 1960.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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New post 01 Nov 2005, 10:23
B.....

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New post 01 Nov 2005, 10:29
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E.

One of the premise for the argument is that since 1960 teenage unemployment has kept on increasing and the reason for that is that employers are unwilling to pay them the (what they think as high) minimum wage.

But if in certain years, the unemployment has declined then it stands to reason that unemployment in teenagers doesn't depend only on the minimum wage and other factors must play a part and should be considered thereby weakening the argument.

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New post 01 Nov 2005, 10:55
Agree with E.

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New post 01 Nov 2005, 12:37
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Doesnt B really say the same thing? I see that E is could be right too but B says that since 1960 even when the minimum wage was constant unemployment rate went up, which means some other factor drove the teenage unemplyment rate up.

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New post 01 Nov 2005, 12:41
Blue Agave, I don't think B is the right answer. The recommendation is to have a sub-minimum wage for teenagers because the minimum wage is considered too high to pay teens. So if as per B, the minimum wage is constant (but still too high to pay to teens), then it follows that teen unemployment will keep on increasing. So B is consistent with the argument presented in the passage and therefore not the right answer.

Of course, this is just my reply to your question. We will have to wait for OA.

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New post 01 Nov 2005, 12:44
olorin wrote:
Blue Agave, I don't think B is the right answer. The recommendation is to have a sub-minimum wage for teenagers because the minimum wage is considered too high to pay teens. So if as per B, the minimum wage is constant (but still too high to pay to teens), then it follows that teen unemployment will keep on increasing. So B is consistent with the argument presented in the passage and therefore not the right answer.

Of course, this is just my reply to your question. We will have to wait for OA.


Fair enough, that makes sense. Thanks for the explanation.

I vote E too :-D

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New post 01 Nov 2005, 17:18
The argument is based in the assumption that if the minimun level is lowered, than the unemployment rate will not increase. Only B provides evidence to weaken the argument.

B for me.

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New post 01 Nov 2005, 18:31
I don't see any good answer here...only by POE I would go with B

(A) Since 1960 the teenage unemployment rate has risen when the minimum wage has risen.
it doesn't mean that if the minimum wage declines, the rate will decline too
(B) Since 1960 the teenage unemployment rate has risen even when the minimum wage remained constant.
seems the best answer here, but only because the others are really bad :?
(C) Employers often hire extra help during holiday and warm weather seasons.
out of scope
(D) The teenage unemployment rate rose more quickly in the 1970тАЩs than it did in the 1960тАЩs.
no information that could be used with the rate/wage relation
(E) The teenage unemployment rate has occasionally declined in the years since 1960.
we just know that the rate has already declined even with the high current wages however it doesn't mean that reducing the wages would not work. Moreover we can not assume the reason of the decline.

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New post 02 Nov 2005, 03:01
C,D,E - Out of scope.
A - Incorrect. Too much inference.
B is the only one which is close.

Hence B

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New post 02 Nov 2005, 03:09
C,D,E - Out of scope.
A - Incorrect. Too much inference.
B is the only one which is close.

Hence B

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New post 02 Nov 2005, 03:09
C,D,E - Out of scope.
A - Incorrect. Too much inference.
B is the only one which is close.

Hence B

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New post 02 Nov 2005, 17:29
OA is B.
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Teenagers are often priced out of the labor market by the government-mandated minimum-wage level because employers cannot afford to pay that much for extra help. Therefore, if Congress institutes a subminimum wage, a new lower legal wage for teenagers, the teenage unemployment rate, which has been rising since 1960, will no longer increase.
Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the argument above?
(A) Since 1960 the teenage unemployment rate has risen when the minimum wage has risen.
(B) Since 1960 the teenage unemployment rate has risen even when the minimum wage remained constant.
(C) Employers often hire extra help during holiday and warm weather seasons.
(D) The teenage unemployment rate rose more quickly in the 1970’s than it did in the 1960’s.
(E) The teenage unemployment rate has occasionally declined in the years since 1960.

Answer is not E but B. Let's discuss why not E. Let me know what is your logic.
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I think, because the questions is related to 2 parts, minimum wage and the decrease in teenager's rate of working. Among these questions, only B involve in those two ideas.

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Answer is clearly B , which states that the rate of unemployment is not dependent on the minimum wage. this statement weakens the arguments conclusion that raising minimum wage will increase unemployment.

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New post 15 Jan 2010, 11:18
Thanks...I choose B too but wanted be sync with others about the logic
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New post 16 Jan 2010, 13:12
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Its a cause effect reasoning question.

Clearly the answer is B as it shows that the minimum ages has no effect on the rise of teenage unemployment.
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New post 06 Jun 2010, 04:35
Though I marked B, which clearly says the MW is constant so there has to be some other reasons for high UR. But, there is an interesting thing to note that in A, the MW is increasing besides rate of Unemployement.

So, this also can be correct. What do you think guys?
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New post 06 Jun 2010, 04:57
B states that there is no effect on teenage unemployment rate when MW remains constant .. How can we deduce from this that the teenage unemployment will increase or decrease or remain constant even if MW is decreased or increased ?

By the reasoning others are giving .. if B is right then A should also be right .. as ykaiim pointed out.

I feel E is a better option as it states that unemployment rate has decreased since 1960 without any modification to MW. So there are other factors affecting unemployment rate.

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Re: Teenagers are often priced out of the labor market by the   [#permalink] 06 Jun 2010, 04:57

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