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Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are

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Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are [#permalink]

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Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone not normally found in the organ in which the tumor appears.

(A) because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone
(B) because they are composed of tissues like tooth and bone that are
(C) because they are composed of tissues, like tooth and bone, tissues
(D) in that their composition, tissues such as tooth and bone, is
(E) in that they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone, tissues
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are [#permalink]

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New post 03 Aug 2010, 10:12
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Happy to help :-D
Sorry for messing the term - its resumptive modifier.

A resumptive modifier picks up a word or phrase from a sentence that seems to be
finished and then adds information and takes the reader into new territory of thought.



Example :
Since the 1930’s aircraft manufacturers have tried to build airplanes with frictionless
wings, shaped so smoothly and perfectly that the air passing over them would not
become turbulent.
(A) wings, shaped so smoothly and perfectly
(B) wings, wings so smooth and so perfectly shaped
(C) wings that are shaped so smooth and perfect
(D) wings, shaped in such a smooth and perfect manner
(E) wings, wings having been shaped smoothly and perfectly so

OA : B


Wings is required to unambiguously convey the meaning of the sentence. It is the wings that are shaped so perfectly and smoothly (adjective). Note how the subject "wings" is unambiguously and descriptively modified in B. Whereas A has ambiguity - it can modify "airplanes" instead of "wings".

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Re: Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are [#permalink]

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I will try to answer why A is wrong
:wink:

(A) because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone
(E) in that they are composed of tissues such tooth and bone, tissues

Vertical splits- "because / in that" and whether to use the resumptive modifier.

resumative modifier - "tissues". Should I use it or not??? ------> Pick the God damn modifier! Its like a gift from GMAT Gods. GMAT is itself guiding you to lift the answer E.

Split - because / in that. Prefer "in that". "in that" modifies the previous clause. In fact its modifying the verb "are".

One major problem in A. It means that "tooth and bone" are not found in the organ. Which is not the intended meaning. Tooth and bones are examples of tissues and it is the tissues that are not found in the organ. Look at E.

tissues not normally found in the organ in which the tumor appears. ---> This is the effect of the resumative modifier.

Hope this is clear.

psychomath wrote:
Narrowed down to A and E and chose A :(
BTW in option E "in that they are composed of tissues such tooth and bone, tissues " shouldnt it be "in that they are composed of tissues such AS tooth and bone, tissues " i mean shouldnt there be an AS after such? If there is one then it might make sense!!!.....Could someone clarify?!?!

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Last edited by nusmavrik on 03 Aug 2010, 10:15, edited 1 time in total.
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Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are [#permalink]

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Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone not normally found in the organ in which the tumor appears.

(A) because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone

(B) because they are composed of tissues like tooth and bone that are

(C) because they are composed of tissues, like tooth and bone, tissues

(D) in that their composition, tissues such as tooth and bone, is

(E) in that they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone, tissues

Last edited by nguyendinhtuong on 07 Jun 2017, 01:44, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are [#permalink]

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Re: Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are [#permalink]

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abrakadabra21 wrote:
Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone not normally found in the organ in which the tumor appears.

(A) because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone
((B) because they are composed of tissues like tooth and bone that are

tooth and bone are not normally found in the organ. that's not the point. Point is Teratomas are composed of tissues that
are not normally found in the organ.

(C) because they are composed of tissues, like tooth and bone, tissues
(D) in that their composition, tissues such as tooth and bone, is :
their composition is not normally found in the organ in which the tumor appears. This is not the intended meaning.

(E) in that they are composed of tissues such tooth and bone, tissues

I think "because" is wrong here. because that presents a causal effect relationship. Sentence want to explain how teratomas are unusal form of cancer. Key is here to understand difference between "How" and "Why". Here the meaning of sentence emphasise to "how" part.

E option is not correctly written.it should be : in that they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone, tissues


I have one doubt tissues such as tooth and bones : tooth and bones are not example of tissues. should n't right word here is "Like"



Tissue is a cellular organizational level intermediate between cells and a complete organ. There are four types of tissues one of which is connective tissue. Blood, bone, tendon, ligament, adipose and areolar tissues are examples of connective tissues.

For more: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tissue_(biology)
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Re: Teratomas [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jun 2009, 10:26
For examples use - such as and not like

A
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Re: Teratomas [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jun 2009, 10:33
It is E!

sanoasis wrote:
Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone not normally found in the organ in which the tumor appears.

(A) because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone--'not normally found' incorrectly modifies bone
(B) because they are composed of tissues like tooth and bone that are--'Like' is wrong; a comparison takes up like and we need examples. 'Such as' is required
(C) because they are composed of tissues, like tooth and bone, tissues--ding it
(D) in that their composition, tissues such as tooth and bone, is--out because the construction is awkward; 'composition' is modified by certain tissues
(E) in that they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone, tissues

I think its 'B'.

C & E - tissues is redundant.
D - wordy not concise


HONESTLY, I solved this question by POE. 8-)
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Re: Teratomas [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jun 2009, 10:49
I too think that B is the correct option.

'because' is better than 'in that' since we are giving a reason why Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer. That leaves us with A, B and C.

(A) because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone incorrect tenses
(B) because they are composed of tissues like tooth and bone that are
(C) because they are composed of tissues, like tooth and bone, tissues redundancy
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Re: Teratomas [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jun 2009, 10:49
Thanks paneer.. Your explanation makes sense..the answer is 'E'.
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Re: Teratomas [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jun 2009, 11:46
A is incorrect as "That" is required after the underlined sentence.
In E it is replaced by tissues itself
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Re: Teratomas [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jun 2009, 12:27
[quote="sanoasis"]Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone not
normally found in the organ in which the tumor appears.

(A) because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone
(B) because they are composed of tissues like tooth and bone that are
(C) because they are composed of tissues, like tooth and bone, tissues
(D) in that their composition, tissues such as tooth and bone, is
(E) in that they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone, tissues

"such as" and "like" are not interchangeable, answers B and C are eliminated. In D subject-verb agreement rule is violated, as for A it seems only "bone" is midified by the following clause. E must be correct I think.
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Re: Teratomas [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2009, 03:46
E. as explained by Paneer & Natia
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Re: Teratomas [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2010, 05:36
don't know guys, I think E doesn't sound right...why repeat "tissues" twice? and "tissues" after the comma doesn't serve the logical flow of the ideas...
it might as well have been: "such as tooth and bone; such tissues are not normally found in the organ in which the tumor appears"...that makes more sense to me if we are to repeat "tissues"...

I go for B..."like" or "such as" are the same to me...but that's just me...
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Re: Teratomas [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2010, 06:11
[quote="sanoasis"]Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone not normally found in the organ in which the tumor appears.

To provide an example - use such as, but not like.

(A) because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone tooth and bones are amonf the things that are normally found - wrong modifier
(B) because they are composed of tissues like tooth and bone that are
(C) because they are composed of tissues, like tooth and bone, tissues
(D) in that their composition, tissues such as tooth and bone, is awkward
(E) in that they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone, tissues


E
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Re: Teratomas [#permalink]

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IMO E.

Today, I read one post here which said that:
When GMAT puts ‘because’ and ‘in that’ in a sentence, more often than not, ‘in that’ would be correct. ‘In that qualifies’ the previous sentence, while ‘because’ is just used to show a simple causal relationship. Read the post:

sc1000-895-warbler-48355.html
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Re: Teratomas [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2010, 09:29
ykaiim wrote:
IMO E.

Today, I read one post here which said that:
When GMAT puts ‘because’ and ‘in that’ in a sentence, more often than not, ‘in that’ would be correct. ‘In that qualifies’ the previous sentence, while ‘because’ is just used to show a simple causal relationship. Read the post:

sc1000-895-warbler-48355.html


As per me E is wordy, can u pls explain reason for ur answer.

Thanks in advance
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Re: Teratomas [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2010, 09:54
I first remove the part which shows some examples to get the connectivity b/w subject and verb:
Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tissues not normally found in the organ in which the tumor appears.

Here what THEY refer to: Teratomas or unusal forms of cancer?
No clear referrent. So, we need to replace this with the correct noun, TISSUES

If you donot append TISSUES after ...tooth and bone, then it indicated that tooth and bone are part of the not normally found in the organ, which is not the meaning.

B/w IN THAT and BECAUSE, I prefer IN THAT.
So, E is correct.


sanoasis wrote:
Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone not normally found in the organ in which the tumor appears.

(A) because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone
(B) because they are composed of tissues like tooth and bone that are
(C) because they are composed of tissues, like tooth and bone, tissues
(D) in that their composition, tissues such as tooth and bone, is
(E) in that they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone, tissues

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
E


I think its 'B'.

C & E - tissues is redundant.
D - wordy not concise

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Re: Teratomas [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2010, 10:30
I just scanned the "in that" in SC pf OG10. Refer the questions: 161, 208.
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Re: Teratomas [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2010, 01:18
I think it should be B as we need to compare apple to apple
tissue with tissue.
Re: Teratomas   [#permalink] 03 Jun 2010, 01:18

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